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1t were, first that it had bene soe heretofore, & soe is conceaved to be an auntient right: 2" that y' ill effects that have bene by y” councells & accoons of olde officers, councellors, &c. & y” feares that there may be yo like by the new ; will make all that hath bene hitherto donne nothing, if this may not be graunted to secure them, whereby the kingdome may be as well p"served as purged. 3" that yo' Ma" did heare partic'lar & privat mens advise in y' choyce of yo’ offi", councellors, &c. & therefore it can be noe derogac'on for yo' Ma" to take therein y' advise of yo Pliament. Some said that untill such things as these shalbe granted they cannot w" a good conscyence supply yo' Ma" necessities: after a long debate this busines was at length referred to a Select Com’ittee to p"pare forthw" heads for a pet” to be “sented to yo' Ma" to receave the Pliam" approac'on of such officers, councellors, &c. as yo' Ma" shall choose, for better povenc'on of y"great & many mischeifs that may befall y Comonwealth by y' choyce of ill councellors, officers, amb'dors & ministers of state, wo" pet" is to be ripened woo all speede & to be p"sented to y' House: there appeared soe many in y” Com’ons House against this busines, that some conceave that there wilbe noe further proceeding in it, but I doubt it: howsoever I may not forbeare to let yo' Ma" know, that the Lo: falkland, S' Jo. Strangwishe,' Mr. Waller, Mr. Ed. Bide, & Mr. Holborne, & diverse others stood as Champions in maynten'nce of yo' Prerogative, and shewed for it unaunswerable reason & undenyable I comande p'sedents, whereof yo Ma" shall doe well to take "...." some notice (as yo' Ma" shall thinke best) for their to them encouragm’t. ...! *

The Com’ons House having gotten notice of y" ...of

those planets in conjunction, they then cause a deeper eclipse.” He then concludes a string of uncouth metaphors by assuring the House that it was necessary “so to provide that the Maecenas's of the times may not, like great jacks in a pool, devour their inferiors, and make poverty a pavement for themselves to trample on.”

1 Sir John Strangeways, knt. of Melbury Stampford, Dorsetshire.

on the con new B"' that are now making, some did mervale trair. Icom, that any man should move yo' Ma" for making of §.” B" in these tymes, when it is well knowne how great #. complaints are against them in generall, & some j would have had a pet” or message to be sent to pray o ". all yo' Ma" to be pleased to stay yo constituting of any jo" more B" tilly" busines concerning Episcopacy shalbe #... end determyned: but this moc'on was not resented in

the Parle -
Iment. y" House, & soe y” discourse thereof fell.”

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* The superstitious feeling which entered largely into all the judgments, of political events at this period is curiously exemplified by a contemporary writer, speaking of the occurrences immediately after Charles's return : “It happened one day, as some of the ruder sort of citizens came by Whitehall, one busie citizen must needs cry, “No Bishops | Some of the gentlemen issued out of Whitehall, either to correct the sauciness of the fool in words, if they would serve, else, it seemes, with blowes; what passed on either side in words none but themselves knew ; the citizen, being more tongue than souldier, was wounded, and I have heard dyed of his wounds receaved at that tyme; it hath been affirmed by very many, that in or near unto that place where this fellow was hurt and wounded, the late King's head was cut off, the Scaffold standing just over that place.”

*The Parliamentary History asserts that the motion for a conference with the Lords, for the purpose of drawing up a petition on this subject, was carried, on a division, by 71 to 53.

* Hertford, at this period, was Governor to the Prince of Wales. This branch of the Seymours became extinct in 1675.

move y' Pliam' here to that purpose; most of yorest ofy" Lo" of y Councele declyned it, in regarde y” le' was not written to y' Boorde but to me, & that Mr. Th’rer left it to my choyce whether to acquaint them w” it or noe; whereby I observe that every one of yo' Ma". Pr. Councele is not fond of yo' speedy returne hither. Yo Ma" can best make indgm' by there carriages how much it imports you to hasten hither.

I have delivered yo' Ma” warraunt concerning yo Collar of Rubies, and am promised that this weeke ordershalbe sent into y' Low Countries for delivery of y'same accordinglyw" all dilligence possible. The Queene toulde me on Wemsday last, that she would send an expresse to yo Ma" w”in a few dayes, wo"I beleeve she hath donne by this tyme. This from my L0. Keeper was delivered to me for yo' Ma" this afternoone.

I assure yo' Ma" I have bene warn’d by some of my best friends to be wary what I wryte to yo"Ma", for that there are many eyes upon me both here & in Scotl. & that l'trs that come to yo' Royall hands doe after oft miscarry & come to others view: albeit this shall not deterré me from *... of m duty in advertising yo' Ma" of all things that sha occurreto my knowledge of certeynty, importing yo' Ma" service, yet I humbly beseech yo' Mao to Youchsafe to keepe toyo'self what I takey" freedome to imparte, least, in these tymes, that may be rendred to be treason in me, wo"I humbly conceave to be yo duty of

Yoo sacred Matie”
Most humble and most obedient servaunt,
|FDw. NICHOLAs.

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'This is the gentleman of facetious memory, generally known only as the Court buffoon of the succeeding reign, but who had other claims, not generally understood, upon the Royal notice. At this period he was, or had been, page to

It is a Ley,

I shall.

I receaued this on Wednesday last. When ye deliver this inclosed to my Wyfe, desyre her not to open it but when she is alone,

Sir Edward Nicholas to the King.

May it please yo' most excell' Ma",
The 29" of y' last moneth I sent yo' Ma" alto

in a packet adressed to Mr. Th’rer, & on Satterday
last about 7 at night I receaued o Capt. Smith'yo'
Ma" co’maunds apostiled 24° 8", & according to

o' Ma" co’maunds Igave him yo"Ma" It to p"sent it to yo Queene. The relac’ons wo" are here made by any that come from thence, are (for yo most p") varied & reported afterward by others according to

*sence and affec'on of each several audito", & soe

ecome very uncertaine, & some are apt to credit & report y” worst of businesses, & to silence what they like not, wherefore I humbly conceave, that a relac'on written by a good & unsuspected hand, would not only gayne best beliefe, but be lesse subiect to mistakes & misreports: & I hope when y” examinac'ons of y" late disturbances there shalbe

ublished, y” same will cleere all doubts, & giue

onnest men full satisfacton. I have shewen y” Queene & some Lo" the coppy of Marq: Hamiltons 2 & 3"lt" to yo' Ma", whereby he begs yo' Ma” pardon, wo" argues he is not soe faultlesse, & innocent, as we would here render him. I humbly Charles the First ; and was afterwards an attendant upon Charles the Second during his exile. Some allusions are made to him in subsequent letters; particularly where the Queen of Bohemia solicits a commission for him. His family was also, in some degree, connected with the Royal family, by the marriage of Mary, daughter of Sir William Killegrew, with Frederic of Zulestein, an illegitimate son of Henry Prince of Orange.

"This Captain Smith displayed great courage, as well as

loyalty, in the King's service. In the Battle of Edgehill, on the 22nd of October, 1642, when Sir Edward Werney, the Royal Standard Bearer, was killed, and the standard taken, Smith rushed amidst the enemy and retook it, for which he was instantly made a knight banneret, and received soon after a large gold medal, “with the King's picture on the one side, and the banner on the other, which he always wore to his dyin day, in a large green watered ribband, cross his shoulders.' He fell, two years afterwards, at Cheriton fight, sometimes called the battle of Alresford.

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thanke yo'Ma" that you have bene soe carefull of yo' faithfull servaunt, as to burne all such of my l’, as you returne not to me apostiled, wo" soe much concernes my safety, as I assure yo' Ma", I have bene warned by some of my best freinds both there and here, to be wary in my advertisem", least being too good a servaunt (these are their very words) doe me hurt. I have, inclosed, sent yo' Ma" y” coppy of an order" of y" Parliam' concerning their abundant care of y" Princes highnes safety and education, the reasons thereof were delivered at Oatlands by my Lo. of Holland” to yo Queene, who (I heare) gave

* A conference took place on this subject between the two Houses, wherein it was urged that the Prince had recentl been often at the Queen’s residence at Oatlands; and . the Commons did not doubt the motherly affection and care of her Majesty towards him, yet there were some dangerous persons at Oatlands, Jesuits and others, and therefore it was desired that the Marquis of Hertford should be enjoined to take the Prince into his custody and charge, attending upon him in person, and also that the Prince would make his ordinary abode and residence at his own house at Richmond. To this it was added, that Lord Hertford should place some person about the Prince to be answerable to both Houses; so that, in fact, the Prince would have been a complete prisoner. When the message was sent to the Queen, she made answer that the Prince was celebrating his Sister's birthday.

* Henry Rich, first Earl of Holland (and second son of the Earl of Warwick), so created by James the First, in 1624. He is recorded in the Loyal Martyrologie by Winstanley, as a special favourite of Charles in the early part of his reign, being then Governor of Windsor Castle; yet, after that date, says Winstanley, “when the Long Parliament began to sit, and religion became the bone of contention, he sided with them; but afterwards perceiving that they made religion only a cloak to cover their rebellion, he deserted them, and took up armes for the Royal interest.” Being defeated and taken prisoner, he suffered on the same scaffold with the Duke of Hamilton and Lord Capel, on the 9th of March, 1648. In the charge of his siding with the Parliament, Winstanley goes further than Dugdale, and those writers who copy from him ; the latter asserting only that the favours heaped on Holland by Charles made that Earl so fearful of the Parliament's enmity as to induce him not only to stand neutral himself, but also to persuade the Earl of Essex, his near kinsman, and Lord Chamberlain, to desert his Royal Master

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