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tegrity ? &c.
2 Sam. vi. 20. • Michal the daughter of Saul came out to meet David, and said,' &c. Prov. ix. 13. a foolish woman is clamorous.' vii. 11. her feet abide not in her house."* xiv.1. “the foolish plucketh it down with her hands.' xix. 13. the contentions of a wife are a continual dropping.' See also xxvii. 15. xxi. 9. it is better to dwell in a corner of the house top, than with a brawling woman in a wide house.' v. 19. it is better to dwell in the wilderness, than with a contentious and an angry woman.' See also xxv. 24. Eccles. vii. 26. I find more bitter than death the woman whose heart is snares and nets, and her hands as bands: whoso pleaseth God shall escape from her, but the sinner shall be taken by her.? Above all, adultery : Deut. xxii. 14, 20. “I took this woman, and when I came unto her, I found her not a maid if ..... this thing be true,' &c.
The duties of parents are inculcated Deut. iv. 9. teach them thy sons, and thy sons' sons.' vi. 6, 7. * these words which I command thee this day, shall be in thine heart, and thou shalt teach them diligently unto thy children.' Prov. xiii. 24. he that spareth his rod hateth his son ; but he that loveth him chasteneth him betimes.' Prov. xix. 18. 'chasten thy son while there is hope, and let not thy soul spare for his crying? xxii. 6. ' train up a child in the way he
* • Nevertheless, as I find that Grotius on this place hath observed, the Christian emperors, Theodosius the second, and Justinian, men of high wisdom and reputed piety, decreed it to be a divorcive fornication, if the wife attempted either against the knowledge, or obstinately against the will of her husband, such things as gave open suspicion of adulterizing, as the wilful haunting of feasts, and invitations with men not of her near kindred, the lying forth of her house without probable cause, the frequenting of theatres against her husband's mind,' &c. Doctrine and Discipline of Divorce, II. 45.
should go, and when he is old he will not depart from it.' v. 15. foolishness is bound in the heart of a child ; but the rod of correction shall drive it far from him.' xxiii. 13, 14. withhold not correction from the child ; for if thou beatest him with the rod, he shall not die : thou shalt beat him with the rod, and deliver his soul from hell. xxix. 15, 17. “the rod and reproof give wisdom. Lam. iii. 27, 28. “it is good for a man that he bear the yoke in his youth.' Deut. xxi. 18-20. 5 if a man have a stubborn and rebellious son, which will not obey the voice of his father or the voice of his mother, and that when they have chastened him will not hearken unto them.' Eph. vi. 4. “ve fathers, provoke not your children to wrath ; but bring them up in the nurture and admonition of the Lord. Col. iii. 21. • fathers, provoke not your children to anger, lest they be discouraged.'
The opposites are, first, unbounded indulgence; as that of Eli the priest, 1 Sam. ii. and of David towards his sons Absalom and Adonijah, 1 Kings i. 6. whom his father had not displeased at any time in saying, Why hast thou done so?' Gen. xxv. 28. · Isaac loved Esau, because he did eat of his venison.'
Secondly, excessive severity. 1 Sam. xiv. 44. “thou shalt surely die, Jonathan.'
The duties of children are prescribed Gen. ix. 23. Shem and Japheth took a garment—' xxiv. 15, &c. ' with her pitcher upon her shoulder-,' xxix. 9. · Rachel came with her father's sheep.' Exod. ii. 16. • they came and drew water, and filled the troughs to water their father's flock. xviii. 7. Moses went out to meet his father-in-law.' xx. 12. honour thy father and thy mother.' Lev. xix. 3.'ye shall fear every man his mother and his father.'
1 Sam. xx. 32. Jonathan answered Saul his father, and said unto him, Wherefore shall he be slain ? what hath he done? 1 Kings ü. 19., ' Bathsheba went anto king Solomon ..... and the king rose up to meet her.' Prov. i. 8. "my son, hear the instruction of thy father, and forsake not the law of thy mother. vi. 20, 21. 'my son, keep thy father's commandment.' xxiii. 22, 24, 25. hearken unto thy father that begat thee, and despise not thy mother when she is old. Jer. xxxv. 5, 6. our father commanded us, saying— Eph, vi. 1–3. children, obey your parents in the Lord ; for this is right : honour thy father,' &c. Col. iii. 20.
children, obey your parents in all things; for this is well pleasing unto the Lord.' 1 Tim. v. 4. if any widow have children or nephews, let them learn first to show piety at home, and to requite their parents, for that is good and acceptable before God.'
Contrary to the above is the conduct of Ham, Gen. ix. 22. Ham saw the nakedness of his father.' Exod. xxi. 15. he that smiteth his father, or his mother, shall surely be put to death.' v. 17. “ he that curseth his father, or his mother, shall surely be put to death.' See also Lev. xx. 9. Deut. xxi. 18. if a man have a stubborn and rebellious son- xxvii. 16. cursed be he that setteth light by his father or his mother.' Prov. x. 1. a wise son maketh a glad father, but a foolish son is the heaviness of his mother.' xix. 26. • he that wasteth his father,' &c. xx. 20. 6 whoso curseth his father or his mother, his lamp shall be put out in obscure darkness.' xxiii. 22. hearken unto thy father that begat thee- xxviii. 24. whoso robbeth his father or his mother? Xxx. 17. the
eye that mocketh at his father, and despiseth to obey his mother, the ravens of the valley shall pick it out, and the young eagles shall eat it.' Matt. xv. 5. ' ye say, Whosoever shall say to his father or mother, It is a gift
and honour not his father or mother, he shall be free.' See also Mark vii. 11, 12. Also an extravagant and preposterous regard. Matt. viii. 21, 22. suffer me first to go and bury my father.
Analogous to the relation of parent and child are those of guardian and ward, teacher and pupil, elder and younger ; in a word, of superior and inferior, whatever be the ground of distinction.
For the duties of guardians, see 2 Kings xi. 4, &c. · he shewed them the king's son,' &c.
The duties of wards. 2 Kings xii. 2. Jehoash did that which was right in the sight of Jehovah all his days, wherein Jehoiada the priest instructed him.'
The prophet Samuel did not consider it beneath his dignity in his old age, after having exercised the most important public functions, to discharge the office of teacher in the schools of the prophets.* 1 Sam. xix. 20. they saw the company of the prophets prophesying, and Samuel standing as appointed over them.'
The duties of pupils. 1 Kings xix. 21. he went after Elijah, and ministered unto him.' 2 Kings ii. 2, 4, 6. I will not leave thee.'
* It will be remembered that Milton was reproached by his enemies with having been a schoolmaster. In the Transposer Rehearsed, written by R. Leigh, Oxon. 1673, 12mo. he is called a Latin Secretary and an English Schoolmaster, p. 128. and Salmasius in his posthumous reply to the • Defence of the People of England,' describes him as ludimagister in schola triviali Londinensi.' Newton and Symmons have vindicated him from this crime with more seriousness than the charge seems to deserve.
The duties of the elder. Prov. xvi. 31. “the hoary head is a crown of glory, if it be found in the way of righteousness.' Tit. ii. 2. that the aged men be sober, grave, temperate, sound in faith, in charity, in patience.' The reverse.
Job xx. 11. his bones are full of the sin of his youth, which shall lie down with him in the dust.' Isai. Ixv. 20. “the sinner being an hundred years old shall be accursed.' The duties of the younger.
Lev. xix. 32. thou shalt rise up before the hoary head—' 2 Chron. xxxiv. 3. •in the eighth year of his reign, while he was yet young, he began to seek after God.' . Job xxxii. 4. ·Elihu had waited till Job had spoken, because they were elder than he.'
6. I am young, and ye are very old; wherefore I was afraid, and durst not show you mine opinion.' Psal. xxv. 7. remember not the sins of my youth~;' cxix. 9. • wherewithal shall a young man cleanse his way?-;' cxlviii. 12. 'young men and maidens....praise the name of Jehovah." Eccles. xi. 9, 10. rejoice, O young man, in thy youth....but know thou, that for all these things God will bring thee into judgment.' xii. 143. “ remember now thy Creator in the days of thy youth. 1 Tim. iv. 12. let no man despise thy youth.' 2 Tim. iii. 15. “from a child thou hast known the holy scriptures.' Tit. ii. 6. 'young men likewise exhort to be sober-minded.'
The reverse. 2 Kings ii. 23. there came forth little children out of the city, and mocked him.' 2 Chron. xxxvi. 9. • Jehoiachin was eight years old when he began to reign....and he did that which was evil in the sight of Jehovah.' Psal. lviii. 3. “the wicked are