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now speak of trust in God, considered as an effect of love, and as a part of internal worship, whereby we wholly repose on him. 2 Chron. xx. 20. believe in Jehovah your God, so shall ye be established.' Psal. xviii. 2, 3, &c. • Jehovah is


fortress..... in whom I will trust, my buckler, and the horn of my salvation, and my high tower.' So also Psal. xxvii. xxviii. 7. xxxii. 10. xxxvii, 5. ! commit thy way unto Jehovah, trust also in him, and he shall bring it to pass. So also lxi. lxii. lxxiii. 26. lxxxiv. 12. cxii. 7. cxv. 9, &c. cxxiii. cxxx. 6. Prov. xiv. 26. in the fear of Jehovah is strong confidence, and his children shall have a place of refuge.' xvi. 3. 'commit thy works unto Jehovah, and thy thoughts shall be established.' See also xviii. 10. xxx. 5. Isai. lix. 1. behold, Jehovah’s hand is not shortened, that it cannot save.' Jer. xvii. 7. blessed is the man that trusteth in Jehovah, and whose hope Jehovah is.' Mal. iii. 16–18. “then shall ye return, and discern between the righteous and the wicked,' &c.

Opposed to this is, first, distrust of God. Gen. xii, 13. “say, I pray thee, thou art my sister—.' xxxii. 7. 'then Jacob was greatly afraid and distressed.' Numb. xiv. 1, &c. all the congregation lifted Up

their voice and cried xx. 10, 11. 'must we fetch you water out of this rock ?..... with his rod he smote the rock twice. 2 Kings vii. 2. if Jehovah would make windows in heaven, might this thing be? Isai. vii. 12. I will not ask, neither will I tempt Jehovah.'

Secondly, an overweening presumption. Numb. xiv. 44. “they presumed to go up unto the hill top. xv. 30. the soul that doeth ought presumptuously—.'

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Prov. xxvii. 1. boast not thyself of to-morrowAmos v. 18. "woe unto you that desire the day of Jehovah.' Mic. iii. 11. the heads thereof judge for reward, and the priests thereof teach for hire, and the prophets thereof divine for money: yet will they lean upon Jehovah, and say, Is not Jehovah among us ? Matt. ïï. 7. O generation of vipers, who hath warned you to flee from the wrath to come ?' iv. 6, 7. thou shalt not tempt the Lord thy God.' Rom. ii. 4. despisest thou the riches of his goodness- ??

Thirdly, carnal reliance. 2 Chron. xvi. 7. because thou hast relied on the king of Syria— v. 12. ' in his disease he sought not to Jehovah, but to the physicians.' Psal. xiv. 6. 'ye have shamed the counsel of the poor, because Jehovah is his refuge.' See also cxviii. 8, 9. cxlvi. 3. put not your trust in princes.' cxlvii. 10. "he delighteth not in the strength of the horse.' Prov. xxix. 26. 'many seek the ruler's favour.' Isai. xxx. 2. úto strengthen themselves in the strength of Pharaoh,' &c. ii. 1. the Lord doth take away ... the stay and the staff.' xxii. 8. thou didst look in thạt day to the armour of the house of the forest.' xxxi. 1. woe to them that go down to Egypt for help,' Jer. xvii. 5. .cursed be the man that trusteth in man, and maketh flesh his arm, and whose heart departeth from Jehovah. Amos vi. 13. 'ye which rejoice in a thing of nought.'

Fourthly, a trust in idols. 2 Kings i. 2. 'go, inquire of Baalzebub—. More will be said on this subject hereafter, under the head of idolatry.

Hope is that by which we expect with certainty the fulfilment of God's promises. Job xiii. 15. “though he slay me, yet will I trust in him.' Psal. xxxi. 24. * be of good courage, and he shall strengthen your heart, all ye that hope in Jehovah.' xxvii. 14. wait on Jehovah, cxix. 116. let me not be ashamed of my hope.' Prov. x. 28. the hope of the righteous shall be gladness. Isai. xl. 31. “they that wait upon Jehovah shall renew their strength, they shall mount up with wings as eagles.' Rom. v. 4, 5. 'experience worketh hope ; and hope maketh not ashamed ; because the love of God is shed abroad in our hearts.'

Opposed to this virtue, as well as to faith, is doubt ; to which even the pious are sometimes liable, at least for a time. 1 Sam. xxvii. 1. • David said in his heart, I shall now perish one day by the hand of Saul.' Matt. xiv. 31. 0 thou of little faith, wherefore didst thou doubt ?' xxi. 21. if ye have faith and doubt not-, Mark xi. 23. whosoever shall not doubt in his heart, but shall believe-.'

Secondly, despair ; which takes place only in the reprobate. Gen. iv. 13. Cain said unto Jehovah, My punishment is greater than I can bear.' Matt. xxvii. 5. “ he cast down the pieces of silver in the temple, and departed, and went and hanged himself.' Acts i. 18. •falling headlong, he burst asunder in the midst.'

Gratitude towards God is that whereby we acknowledge his goodness in conferring benefits upon creatures so unworthy as ourselves. Psal. ciïi. 2. ' forget not all his benefits.' cxvi. 12. "what shall I render unto Jehovah—?1 Cor. vi. 20. “ye are bought with a price; therefore glorify God in your body, and in your spirit, which are God's.' Heb. xii. 28. let us have grace whereby we may serve God acceptably



with reverence and godly fear.' 1 Pet. ii. 9. that ye should shew forth the praises of him who hath called you out of darkness-,' 1 John iv. 19. we love him, because he first loved us.'

Opposed to this is, first, ingratitude towards God. Isai. i. 2. • I have nourished and brought up children, and they have rebelled against me.' Hos. xiii. 6. "according to their pasture, so were they filled ; they were filled, and their heart was exalted : therefore have they forgotten me. Rom. i. 21. when they knew God, they glorified him not as God, neither were thankful.'

Secondly, the bestowing on idols, or on created things, that gratitude which we owe to God. Jer. xliv. 17. to burn incense unto the queen of heaven, and to pour out drink-offerings unto her then had we plenty of victuals, and were well, and saw no evil.' Habak. i. 16. they sacrifice unto their net, and burn incense unto their drag.'

The fear of God is that whereby we reverence God as the supreme Father and Judge of all men, and dread offending him above all things. Deut. xxviii. 58. that thou mayest fear this glorious and fearful name, Jehovah thy God.' Psal. ii. 11. serve Jehovah with fear, and rejoice with trembling.' xxxiv. 11. • I will teach you the fear of Jehovah.' cxxx.4. there is forgiveness with him, that thou mayest be feared.' Prov. xix. 23. the fear of Jehovah tendeth to life.' Mal. i. 6. 'if I be a father, where is mine 'honour ? if I be a master, where is my fear?' 1 Pet. i. 17.

if ye call on the Father, who without respect of persons judgeth according to every man's work, pass the time of your sojourning here in fear.' Matt. x. 28.

rather fear him which is able to destroy both body and soul in hell.' Philipp. ii. 12. work out your own salvation with fear and trembling.'

Opposed to this is, first, carnal security. Job v. 3, &c. “I have seen the foolish taking root.' xxiv. 23, &c. though it be given him to be in safety, whereon he resteth— xxxiv. 22. there is no darkness, nor shadow of death, where the workers of iniquity may hide themselves.' Psal. x. 5, 6. thy judgments are far above out of his sight.' xxx. 6. in my prosperity I said, I shall never be moved.' lxxiii. 6. therefore pride compasseth them about as a chain.' xciv. 7.

yet they say, Jah shall not see.' Eccles. viii. 11. "because sentence against an evil work is not executed speedily, therefore the heart of the sons of men is fully set in them to do evil.' Isai. v. 19. that


Let him make speed and hasten his work. xxviii. 15. because ye have said, We have made a covenant with death.' xxix. 15. "woe unto them that seek deep to hide their counsel from Jehovah.' Ezek. viii. 12. Jehovah seeth us not, Jehovah hath forsaken the earth.' Amos vi. 1. woe to them that are at ease.' Zeph. i. 12. “that say in their hearts, Jehovah will not do good, neither will he do evil.' Matt. xxv. 'the foolish virgins. Luke xii. 2, 3. there is nothing covered that shall not be revealed-,' v. 19. I will say to my soul,' &c. v. 45. “if that servant say in his heart,' &c. 1 Cor. xi. 31. if we would judge ourselves, we should not be judged.'

Secondly, a slavish fear. 1 John iv. 18. there is no fear in love ; but perfect love casteth out fear, because fear hath torment: he that feareth is not made perfect in love."

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