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selves also allow, that there shall be a resurrection of the dead, both of the just and unjust.' xxvi. 6—8. “I stand and am judged for the hope of the promise made of God unto our fathers.......why should it be thought a thing incredible with you, that God should raise the dead?' Heb. xi. 10. - he looked for a city which hath foundations, whose builder and maker is God.'
This expectation was confirmed under the Gospel by the testimony of Christ. Matt. xii. 41. the men of Nineveh shall rise in judgment with this generation. John r. 28, 29. the hour is coming, in the which all that are in the graves shall hear his voice, and shall come forth, they that have done good, unto the resurrection of life, and they that have done evil unto the resurrection of damnation.' See also vi. 39, 40. and 1 Cor. vi. 14. xv. 52. the trumpet shall sound, and the dead shall be raised incorruptible.' 2 Cor. iv. 14. “knowing that he which raised up
the Lord Jesus, shall raise up us also by Jesus, and shall present us with you. See also 1 Thess. iv. 14.
To these testimonies from Seripture, may be added several arguments from reason in support of the doctrine. First, the covenant with God is not dissolved by death. Matt. xxii. 32. “God is not the God of the dead, but of the living. Secondly, if there be no resurrection of the dead, then is Christ not risen.' 1 Cor. xv. 13-20.
v. 23. “every man in his own order ; Christ the first-fruits, afterward they that are Christ's at his coming.' John xi. 25. • Jesus said unto her, I am the resurrection and the life.' Thirdly, were there no resurrection, the righteous would be of all men most miserable, and the wicked, who have a better portion in this life, most happy; which would be altogether inconsistent with the providence and justice of God. 1 Cor. xv. 19. “if in this life only we have hope in Christm.' v. 30–32. “why stand we in jeopardy every hour ? '. · This resurrection will take place partly through the resuscitation of the dead, and partly through a sudden change operated upon the living.
It appears indicated in Scripture that every man will rise numerically one and the same person. Job xix. 26, 27. though after my skin worms destroy this body, yet in my flesh shall I see God: whom I shall see for myself, and mine eyes shall behold, and not another.' 1 Cor. xv. 53. this corruptible must put on incorruption. 2 Cor. v. 4. not for that we would be unclothed, but clothed upon, that mortality might be swallowed up of life.'
v. 10. that every one may receive the things done in his body, according to that he hath done, whether it be good or bad.' Otherwise we should not be conformed to Christ, who entered into glory with that identical body of flesh and blood, wherewith he had died and risen again.
The change to be undergone by the living is predicted 1 Cor. xv. 51. behold, I show you a mystery ........ we shall all be changed.' 1 Thess. iv. 15—18. * this we say unto you by the word of the Lord, that we which are alive and remain unto the coming of the Lord shall not prevent them which are asleep........ and the dead in Christ shall rise first: then we which are alive and remain shall be caught up together with them in the clouds, to meet the Lord in the air, and so shall we ever be with the Lord.”
The last judgment is that wherein Christ with the saints, arrayed in the glory and power of the Father, shall judge the evil angels, and the whole race of mankind.*
Arrayed in the glory and power of the Father. John v. 22. the Father judgeth no man, but hath committed all judgment unto the Son.' v. 27. he hath given him authority to execute judgment also, because he is the Son of man;' that is, because he is himself man. So Acts xvii. 31. " he will judge the world in righteousness by that man—, Rom. ii. 16. in the day when God shall judge the secrets of men by Jesus Christ, according to my Gospel.?
With the saints. Matt. xix. 28. 'ye which have followed me in the regeneration, when the Son of man shall sit in the throne of his glory, ye also shall sit upon twelve thrones, judging the twelve tribes of Israel.' See also Luke xxii. 30. 1 Cor. vi. 2, 3. do ye not know that the saints shall judge the world ?.... know ye not that we shall judge angels ?'
* When thou, attended gloriously from heav'n
Shalt in the sky appear, and from thee send
Thence shall come
† Vicegerent Son, to thee I have transferr'd
All judgment, whether in heaven, or earth, or hell.
Shall judge. Eccles. xii. 14. 'God shall bring every work into judgment, with every secret thing, whether it be good, or whether it be evil.' Matt. xii. 36, 37. "every idle word that men shall speak, they shall give account thereof in the day of judgment; for by thy words thou shalt be justified, and by thy words thou shalt be condemned ;' that is to say where our actions do not correspond with our words.* Rom. xiv. 12. so then every one of us shall give account of himself to God.' 1 Cor. iv. 5. until the Lord come, who both will bring to light the hidden things of darkness, and will make manifest the counsels of the hearts; and then shall every man have praise of God.' 2 Cor. v. 10. that every one may receive the things done in his body, according to that he hath done, whether it be good or bad.'
The evil angels. 1 Cor. vi. 2, 3, as above.
The whole race of mankind. Matt. xxiv. 31. “he shall send his angels with a great shoot of a trumpet, and they shall gather together his elect from the four winds, from one end of heaven to the other.' xxv. 32, &c. ' before him shall be gathered all nations; and he shall separate them one from another, as a shepherd
... only add Deeds to thy knowledge answerable. Paradise Lost, XII. 581. He who from such a kind of psalmistry, or any other verbal devotion, without the pledge and earnest of suitable deeds, can be persuaded of a real and true r ghteousness in the person, hath yet much to learn.' Answer to Eikon Basilike. Prose Works, II. 406.
divideth his sheep from the goats. Rom. xiv. 10.we shall all stand before the judgment-seat of Christ.' 2 Cor. v. 10. we must all appear before the judgment-seat of Christ. Rev. xx. 12, 13. "I saw the dead, small and great, stand before God.....and the sea gave up the dead which were in it, and death and hell delivered up the dead which were in them.” '
The rule of judgment will be the conscience of each individual, according to the measure of light which he has enjoyed. John xii. 48. “ he that rejecteth me, and receiveth not my words, hath one that judgeth him ; the word that I have spoken, the same shall judge him at the last day. Rom. ii. 12. “as many as have sinned without law, shall also perish without law; and as many as have sinned in the law shall be judged by the law. v. 14. when the Gentiles, which have not the law, do by nature the things contained in the law, these having not the law, are a law unto themselves : which shew the work of the law written in their hearts, their consciences also bearing witness, and their thoughts the meanwhile accusing or else excusing one another; in the day when God shall judge the secrets of men by Jesus Christ according to my gospel.' James ii. 12. as they that shall be judged by the law of liberty.' Rev. xx. 12. “the books were opened; and another book was opened, which is the book of life ; and the dead were judged out of those things which were written in the books, according to their works.'
Coincident, as appears, with the time of this last judgment (I use the indefinite expression time, as the word day is often used to denote any given period, and as it is not easily imaginable that so many myriads