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unthankful to his providence, for keeping us from being devoured by flies. There is not an insect in nature, however small and insignificant many


may appear, but is capable, by an immoderate increase in number, of being a plague to mankind.

It is impossible to reflect on the power of the CREATOR and the love which He displays towards the human race, even in matters which, to the inattentive; appear of little importance, without feeling a thorough conviction, that He must undoubtedly be the greatest and best of Beings. Let us, therefore, be ever ready to acknowledge Gop, as the LORD of the whole creation; and, as such, let us pay Him our willing homage.

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From Exodus, Chap. ix.

Then the LORD said unto Moses, Go in unto Pharaoh, and tell him, Thus saith the LORD God of the Hebrews, Let my people go, that they may serve me.

For if thou refuse to let them go, and wilt hold them


Behold, the hand of the Lord is upon thy cattle whicha

, is in the field, upon the horses, upon the asses, upon the camels, upon the oxen, and upon the sheep: there shall be a very grievous murrain.

And the LORD shall sever between the cattle of Israel, and the cattle of Egypt; and there shall nothing die of all that is the children's of Israel.

And the Lord appointed a set time, saying, To-
morrow the LORD shall do this thing in the land. And
Vol. I.


the Lord did that thing on the morrow, and all the cattle of Egypt died; but of the cattle of the children of Israel died not one.

1.And Pharaoh sent, and behold, there was not one of the cattle of the Israelites dead. And the heart of Pha., raoh was hardened, and he did not let the people go.

And the LORD said unto Moses, and unto Aaron, Take to you handfuls of ashes of the furnace, and let Moses' sprinkle it toward the heaven in the sight of Pharaoh:

* And it shall become 'small dust in all the land of Egypt, and shall be a boil breaking forth with blains, upon man, and upon beast throughout all the land of Egypt,

And they took ashes of the furnace, and stood before Pharaoh ; and Moses sprinkled it up toward heaven : and it became a boil breaking forth with blains upon man, and upon beast.

And the magicians could not stand before Moses, because of the boil: for the boil was upon the magicians, and upon all the Egyptians.

And the LORD hardened the heart of Pharaoh, and he hearkened not unto them; as the LORD had spoken unto Moses.

And the LORD said unto Moses, Rise up early in the morning, and stand before Pharaoh, and say unto him, Thus saith the LORD God of the Hebrews; Let my people go, that they may serve me. For I will at this time send all ny plagues upon

thine heart, and upon thy servants, and upon thy people : that thou mayest know, that there is none like me in all the earth. For now I will stretch out my hand, that I may

smite thee and thy people with pestilence; and thou shalt be cut off from the earth.


And in very deed for this cause have I raised thee up, for to shew in thee my power: and that my name may be declared throughout all the earth. As yet exaltest thou thyself against my people, that thou wilt not let them


Behold, to-morrow about this time, I will cause it to rain a very grievous hail, such as hath not been in Egypt, since the foundation thereof, even until now.

Send therefore now, and gather thy cattle, and all that thou hast in the field : for upon every man and beast which shall be found in the field, and shall not be brought home, the hail shall come down upon them, and they shall die.

He that feared the word of the Lord among the servånts of Pharaoh, made his servants and his cattle flee into the houses. And he that regarded not the word of the Lord, left his servants and his cattle in the field.

And the LORD said unto Moses, Stretch forth thine hand toward heaven, that there may be hail in all the land of Egypt, upon man, and upon beast, and upon every herb in the field, throughout the land of Egypt.

And Moses stretched forth his rod toward heaven : and the LORD sent thunder and hail, and the fire rak along upon the ground : and the LORD rained hail upon the land of Egypt.

So there was hail, and fire mingled with the hail, very grievous, such as there was none like it in all the land of Egypt, since it became a nation.

And the hail smote throughout all the land of Egypt all that was in the field, both man and beast : and the hail smote every herb of the field, and brake every tree of the field.

Only in the land of Goshen, where the children of Is. rael were, was there no hail. And Pharaoh sent, and called for Moses and Aaron,

and said unto them, I have sinned this time: the LORD is righteous, and I and my people are wicked.

Intreat the LORD, (for it is enough) that there be no more mighty thunderings and hail ; and I will let you go, and ye shall stay no longer.

And Moses said unto him, As soon as I am gone out of the city, I will spread abroad my hands unto the LORD: and the thunder shall cease, neither shall there be any more hail ; that thou mayest know, how that the earth is the Lord's, But as for thee and thy servants, I know that ye

will not fear the Lord God. And the fax and the barley was smitten; for the barley was in the ear, and the flax was bolled. But the wheat and the rye were not smitten : for they were not grown up.

And Moses went out of the city from Pharaoh, and spread abroad his hands unto the Lord : and the thunders and hail ceased, and the rain was not poured upon the earth.

And when Pharaoh saw, that the rain, and the hail, and the thunders were ceased, he sinned yet more, and hardened his heart, he and his servants.

And the heart of Pharaoh was hardened, neither would he let the children of Israel go; as the LORD had spoken by Moses.


Though the Egyptians did not feed upon the flesh of oxen, calves, &c. cattle were of great value to them ; some kinds for carrying burdens, others on account of their milk, and some as idols; it must therefore have been a heavy punishment to them to lose these creatures, The text says, all the cattle of Egypt died; meaning


all which had the murrain. By cutting them off in this manner, the LORD evidently proved, that “ all the beasts of the field are his *.”.

It appears very hard, that poor animals should have suffered for the sins of men ; but as God's tender mere cies are over all His works, and the cattle could not have committed any offence against Him, we may be certain that the Lord so ordered the judgment as to inflict less pain on those which died, than they would have endured had their lives been prolonged.'

The plague of boils must have been a very afflictive one, for they were of the most painful and ráncorous + kind; and it is remarkable, that the magicians seem to have been tormented by them to the greatest degree; and that in consequence of them they yielded the contest, which they had hitherto carried on with Moses and Aaron : by this circumstance the supremacy of the Lord Gon of the Hebrews, over the idols of Egypt, was made manifest.

The storm, which the LORD sent upon the Egyptians, was the more dreadful to them, because in Egypt it is a very uncommon thing to see rain, much less hail. The Psalmist has given a very poetic description of this judge mėnt : “ He destroyed the vines with häil, and the sycamore trees with frost: He gave up the cattle also to the hail, and the flocks to hot thunder-bolts [:” And from the account which this section gives of it, we find that God employed three elements against Pharaoh, the air in the thunder, the water in the hail, and the fire in the lightning ; all jointly demonstrating that the God of Israel is the God of nature.

We find, from this section, as well as the foregoing ones, that, so far from impelling or inclining Pharaoh to

* Psalm 1. 10. + See Deut. xxviii. 27. f Psí lxxviii, 47, 48...

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