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their enchantments. * By causing their rods, a* well as that of Aaron's, to be transformed, in order to be swallowed up by his, the Lord strongiy intimated His own supremacy over their idols. But Pharaoh could not discern the power of the Lord, for his foolish heart was full of hatred of God, pride, unmercifulness, maliciousness, and other malignant passions, with which the Holy S-fut.iT will not dwell; therefore God withheld his grace, and Pharaoh's heart was of course hardened.

The miracle which is next recorded was equally astonishing; for what can be more different than the liquid; substance that flows through the veins and: arteries of living animals, and the element of water r" This change was certainly beyond the magicians'art to effect, or: even that of the demons, whose aid they may be supposed to have invoked.

The changing of the water into blood, and killing the fish, was a very heavy judgment upon the Egyptians; as they 'abstained from eating most kind of animals, drank scarcely any thing hut water, and fed greatly upon fish. But though the power of the Creator was so evidently displayed in this miracle, we find that Pharaoh still refused to obey the voice of the Lord.

As the miracles, recorded in this section, were wrought to prove, that the Divine Being, whom we call God,' is the Supreme Lord, we should regard them as evidences of this important truth.

By changing inanimate sticks into living reptiles God demonstrated, that no creature is of any particular order or species, by necessity, or merely by a regular course of nature, but according to his will. How thankful then should those be who are plaped in such a rank

* 2, Tim. iii, 8.

in the creation as enables them to contemplate his wondrous works,, and to hold communion with Him on earth i and who enjoy a well founded hope that they shall, after death, be happy in his presence for ever in heaven!

Water is bestowed by the bountiful Creator in such abundance, that few experience the want of it to a dis.tressing degree; but let us imagine to ouselves what would be our unhappy condition, should this element, so necessary to our comfort and refreshment, be suddenly changed into blood, or taken frtpm us! We learn, •from this section before us, that the Creator lias power to alter it as he sees fit, and he can as easily take it ;away; let us then be very careful not to provoke God, ,to deprive us of so invaluable a blessing, or turn it into -a curse; and let us reflect On the numberless benefits we derive from water, that we may be thankful for •god's goodness in bestowing itr. '.j' -•

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From Exodus, Chap. \m. '.

"And seven days were fulfilled,' after that the Lord

i • . . .-..i} i :1 .. K Oti 1 •' had smitten the nver.

And the Loup" spake unto Moses, Go unto Pharaoh, and say unto liim, Thus saith the Lord, Let my people go, that they may serve me.

And if thou refuse to let them go, behold," I will smite all thy borders with frogs.

And the river shall bring forth frogs abundantly, which shall go up and come into thine house, and into thy bed-chamber, and upon thy bed, and into the house r. of of thy servants, and upon thy people, and into thy ovens, and into thy kneading-troughs.

And the frogs shall come up both upon thee, and upon thy people, and upon all thy servants.

And the Lord spake unto Moses, Say unto Aaron,. Stretch forth thine hand with thy rod over the streams, over the rivers, and over the ponds, and cause frogs to come up upon the land of Egypt.

And Aaron stretched out his hand over the waters of Egypt: and the frogs came up, and covered the land of Egypt.

'And the magicians did so with their enchantments, and brought up frogs upon the land of Egypt.

Then Pharaoh called for Moses and Aaron, and said, Intreat the Lord, that he may take away the frogs frorm me, and from my people; and I will let the people go, that they may do sacrifice unto the Lord.

And Moses said unto Pharaoh, Glory over me: when shall I entreat for thee, and for thy servants, and for thy people, to destroy the frogs from thee and thy houses that they may remain in the river only.

And he said, To-morrow. And he said, Be it accord, ing to thy word: that thou mayest know, that there is none like unto the Lord our Goo.

And the frogs shall depart from thee, and from thy houses, and from thy servants, and from thy people; they shall remain in the river only.

And Moses and Aaron went out from Pharaoh; and Moses cried unto the Lord, because of the frogs which he had brought against Pharaoh.

And the Lord did according to the word of Moses: and the frogs died out of £e houses, out of the villages, and out of the fields.

And they gathered them together upon heaps; and the land stank. But when Pharaoh saw that there was respite, he hardened his heart, and hearkened not unto them: as the Lord had said.

And the Lord said unto Moses, Say unto Aaron, Stretch out thy rod, and smite the dust of the land, that it may become lice throughout all the land of Egypt.

And they did so: for Aaron stretched out his hand with his rod, and smote the dust of the earth, and it became lice in man and in beast: and the dust of the land, became lice throughout all the land of Egypt. .

And the magicians did so with their enchantments, to bring forth lice, but they could not: so there were lice upon man, and upon beast.

Then the magicians said unto Pharaoh, This is the finger of' God; and Pharaoh's heart was hardened, and he hearkened not unto them; as the Lord had said.

And the Lord said unto Moses, Rise up early in the morning, and stand before' Pharaoh: (lo, he conieth forth to the water:) and say unto him, Thus saith the, Lor D, Let my people go, that they may serve me t

Else, if thou wilt not let my people go, behold, I will send swarms of flies upon thee, and upon thy servants, and upon thy people, and into thy houses.; and the houses of the Egyptians shall be full of swarihs of flies, arid also the ground whereon they are.

And I will sever in that day the land of Goshen, in. which my people dwell, that no swarms of flies shall be there; to the end thou mayest know, that 1 am the Lord in the midst of the earth.

And I will put a division between my people and thy people : to-morrow shall thi< sign be.

And' the Lord did so : "and there came a. grievous swarm of flies into the house of Pharaoh, and info his servants houses, and into all the land of Eg-ypt; the land was corrupted by reason of the swarms of flies.


And Pharaoh called for Moses, and Aaron, and said, Go ye sacrifice to your God in the land.

And Moses said, it is not meet so to do; for we shall sacrifice the abomination of the Egyptians to the Lord our God; lo, shall we sacrifice the abomination of the Egyptians before their eyes, and will they not stone us i

We will go three days journey into the wilderness, and sacrifice to the Lord our God, as he shall command us.

And Pharaoh said, I will let you go, that ye may sacrifice to the Lord your God in the wilderness; only ye shall not go very far away: intreat for me.

And Moses said, Behold, I go out from thee, and I will intreat the Lord, that the swarms of flies-may dej part from Pharaoh, from his servants, and from Lis people, to-morrow: but let not Pharaoh deal deceitfully any more, in not letting the people go to sacrifice to the Loud.

And Moses went out from Pharaoh, and intreated the Lord.

And the Lord did according to the word.of Moses; and he removed the swarms of flies from Pharaoh, from his servants, and from his people: there remained not one.

And Pharaoh hardened his heart at this time also, neither would he 1st the people go.


The same that has been said respecting the changing of the water may be applied to the plague of frogs. It is manifest, that neither the magicians nor their idols possessed miraculous power, or it would hase been displayed in driving the frogs, jl'ics, andlice (.way; but instead of their being useful in this respect, Pharaoh was under the


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