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there can be no doubt that he had practi- er Country of a deliberate sacrifice of the incally in the last resort a veto on the Cana- terests of the Colony is sufficiently rebutted dian portion of the Treaty, since his declared by the favourable reception of the Treaty dissent would have rendered it impossible among a considerable section of our own for the British Ministry to obtain the acqui- people. We have already referred to the escence even of their own followers in the fact, which cannot be doubted, that Great British Parliament. Not only so, but, where- Britain might have purchased immunity for as the Treaty is not submitted for ratifica- herself by abandoning her North American tion to the Parliament of Great Britain, it is, Colonies. But not only was the proposal by a special provision, submitted for ratifi- never entertained by her,--the most distcation to the Parliament of Canada, which ant allusion to it was always met on her is thus, in this instance, treated with more part with scornful indignation. consideration than the Supreme Legislature The conduct of our Mother Country toitself. That, in deciding on the acceptance wards her Colonies may not have been or refusal of the Treaty, the Canadian Par- faultless, but for a generation, at all events, liament is morally bound to have regard to it has been free from serious blame, and at Imperial as well as to Colonial interests is the worst of times it was better than that of perfectly true ; but that the Canadian Parlia- any other mother country in history, unless ment was not intended to have a real voice we think fit to except those parent states, in the matter is a statement which can hardly which, like the States of Ancient Greece, be made in good faith, and which, at all left their colonies independent from the beevents, is totally unfounded.

ginning, and thus escaped all the difficult There is more reason in the allegation, and angry questions, which the connection that it would have been better to keep the with a distant and adult colony cannot fail case of the Alabama claims and that of the to breed. Of this the condition of the Fisheries distinct, and to make them the British Colonies, trained as they are to selfsubject of separate negotiations. But the government, and ripe with all the elements case of the Alabama claims cannot be of a powerful nationality, is at once the treated as one in which Canada has no con- most decisive and the noblest proof. The cern. So long as we are a part of the Em- colonial expenditure of Great Britain may pire, all Imperial questions are Canadian not have been up to the standard of ideal and all Canadian questions are Imperial. If self-sacrifice, but it has been tenfold greater we say that we have nothing to do with than that of any other country, and it has the Alabama, the people of Great Britain been sustained under a load of debt and will say that they have nothing to do with taxation, which constitutes not only a fiscal the Fisheries, and the unity of the Empire burden, but a grave political danger, as the will be dissolved. The awkwardness of the popular outbreak caused the other day by double diplomacy is manifest; but a double the match-tax proved. The little island diplomacy is inevitable where two communi- has done great things, in proportion to her ties, each having national interests and ques- size, for herself and for her children; she tions of its own, are combined under one has secured to her children the amplest,

Compensation must be looked for fairest, and most hopeful heritage in the in the other consequences of the connec- world, and held it for them, during their mi

nority, against the world's arms. But there Without discussing again the merits of is a limit to her power. To say that the Canadian portion of the Treaty, we may she has become a cypher in the counsafely say that any charge against the Moth-cil of nations is absurd : prostrate France implored her mediation, and imperilled Bel- and on our side for deliberation. But let gium eagerly accepted her guarantee. Her us not degrade Canada in the eyes of the strength, so far from having declined, is at world by joining with the enemies of the this moment greater than ever. But the empire in calumnious disparagement of a strength of her rivals has increased, and she mother country, of which, on the whole, we is no longer, as at the close of the Napo- have good reason to be proud, and our leonic war, sole mistress of the seas. She is kindly relations with which will always be threatened by the jealousy of European valuable to us, even in a material point of powers, by Russian aggression, by American view, and as the source of our best immigrarancour, and burdened with the exigencies tion, whatever our political destiny may be. and anxieties of that vast and multifarious It is possible that the hour of Canadian naempire, of which, after all, the North Ameri- tionality may be drawing near. If so, let us can Colonies are but a part. This is a state prepare to found the nation, not in ingratiof things calling on her side for frankness, tude, but in truth and honour.




(Translated for THE CANADIAN MONTHLY, from the German of Liebetreu.)


OU need not be surprised, old friend ; | soon found his lodgings. His servant showed

with all your Greek and Latin, you will me into his apartments, announced me, and never captivate a lady's heart. If you do not Monsieur Fernand soon made his appearance : wish to be overlooked in society and kept con- a military figure, with white hair, and a kind stantly in dread of throwing down, with your smile on his face. elbow, the tea-service from the sideboard; or if Good day, Sir,—Do you speak French ?* you do not choose to remain in danger of repeat- Un peu, again all the little blunders you have lately "Eh bien," and now we continued the converperpetrated in company, you must have recourse sation in his language. How can I serve you, to the only way of escape, that is, you must Sir?" learn fencing and dancing.

“My friend, Mr. B- g, was so kind This moral lecture I received from one of my as to give me your address, assuring me that friends many years ago, after I had confessed you would be able to add to my education the the awkwardness of which I had been guilty, accomplishments of dancing and fencing." to the delight of some ladies on a previous even- “Well, very well. When do you wish to ing, at the party of Professor R-h. But my begin ?" friend did more for me than this. He gave me Immediately, if it is convenient to you." the address of a certain French refugee, who “Very well, I am at your service.” called himself Monsieur Fernand; and certainly “ But,” said I, delaying, "we must arrange there appeared to be nothing better for me than about the conditions." to pay a visit to this Doctor of Politeness. I “ Conditions ?"

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“Yes, I mean the terms."

Monsieur Forster," said the old gentleman. “Yes,-well, I did not think of that. It is She bowed according to the rules of etiquette, not agreeable to speak about that.” I could and I tried to return the salutation with as see it was disagreeable.—“ Twelve lessons, two much grace as possible.“ Julie,” continued the Fréderics d'or? Is that — ?”

old gentleman, “my leg troubles me very much “Very well, Sir,"—much easier-—“ Let us to-day; you will have the honour to instruct the now commence, if you please.”

gentleman in dancing." He now walked before me into a large room, Oui, mon père !!having many windows, and furnished with a “ If you please, then, one, two, three. Please piano. On nails between the windows hung notice Mademoiselle's feet carefully, and then fencing gloves and wire masks, and in one make the same movements !" One, two, three; corner stood about a half dozen foils.

and so it went on with the monotonous one, two, " Now, Sir, please stand over here. That's three for nearly an hour. Julie, with the greatright. The arm easy, hanging down. Comme est patience, instructed me in the movements,

her father gliding sometimes with his fingers, The old gentleman's manners told of a dif- sometimes with his bow, over his little ferent position and calling from that in which violin. “Very well,” he said, at last, "you he was now occupied and I could see, notwith-have life, you have blood, hot blood; I mean to standing his noble bearing, a slight limping of say, you have a good ear. You keep step. I the right foot, which seemed to come from a shall gain credit by you.” stiff knee-joint. A strange thing, thought I, to " Julie, pay your compliments." learn fencing and dancing from an old lame Bonjour, Monsieur,” said Julie, and left gentleman, but I soon found that he was com

the room. plete master of his weapon.

“When shall I have the honour again ?" “That will suffice for to-day,” said he, after asked Monsieur Fernand. half an hour's exercise.

“I shall have the pleasure the day after to“ Now for the dancing, if Monsieur is not morrow," I answered. already too tired.”

“Very well, Sir, I hope my leg will not disap"Not in the least, Sir.”

point us. Bonjour, Monsieur.He took from the piano a small violin, and The old gentleman arose. I could see his struck a few chords.

leg pained him; but it did not prevent him "Please place yourself-comme ça.—You see! from accompanying me to the door, and taking One—two_three-voilà tout. First, second, his leave of me with a gentle bow. third position. No, no! You are wrong.

On the appointed day I again returned. Please, try once more. Peste! My leg is Ah, Monsieur !” said the old gentlemen, miserable to-day! I cannot dance.”

when he had received me, “You are very un“Let us leave off to-day, I'll come again.” lucky. I cannot use my leg at all to-day.

“Not at all, Sir,-a minute !” He went to Your German climate does not suit the | the door, opened it, and called, “ Julie! get your wounds of an old soldier. The sun of France dancing shoes on. Be quick, and come into is warmer,” he added, with a light sigh. the hall.”

“ I can come another day with the greatest Julie came.

A strange girl! She was tall, pleasure, I answered. had large black eyes, a small mouth, with “O, no! Certainly not. That is not necesfull lips, but her cheeks were hollow, and | sary, Julie will teach you. Will you be kind the whole figure lean and emaciated. She enough to open the door? It is impossible eore a dress which she had outgrown long ago. for me to rise." I did as he requested and he The expression of her face was, in spite of the called, “Julie! Julie ! come quick; get your hardness of the lines, childlike. In short, she shoes and your shield.” Julie came in with a was like a child of ten years who, when we little leather breastplate in her hand. look through a telescope, appears to be eigh- Good day, Monsieur.

“Good day, Mademoiselle." "Mademoiselle Julie Fernand, my daughter, “Well, Monsieur Forster, Mademoiselle will

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instruct you," said Monsieur Fernand while he child," said her father, laughing, and looking buckled her shield, and tied the mask before her into the box,“ you have eaten all the chocolate ! face. “Now in position ! Julie, in position ! Coquine! What a little epicure you are." So!" Julie acted with great ease and graceful- She blushed; the tears came into her eyes; ness. She seemed to have inherited this from but she uttered not a word. her father. “ Now, will you please, look at “There! I have broken a string,” said the Mademoiselle's hand, not at her eyes. That old man, tuning his violin. “ Julie, go and you may do, when you are more proficient. Now, fetch me a string. No-I will go myself. You on your guard. Well done! Quarte, so, tierce! would not find them. I beg your pardon a Not so high. That is too high. That is too minute, Sir, Mademoiselle will play a piece on high. Now, thrust!” I did so as skilfully as the piano till I return.” possible, while Julie, the foil in her left hand, The old gentleman left us, and Julie sat let the fingers of her right glide along on my down at the piano. When I opened it, she sword to support the crossing of the blades, just said to me with tears in her eyes, “ You must like an old fencer. Ah bah! Monsieur !" said think me very fond of dainties.” the old gentleman, “you are not so expert yet I answered laughing : “Did you finish the as to be dangerous to Mademoiselle. Once whole box?" more now! More force with the upper part of “It is true,” said she, hesitating ; “but I the body. Mademoiselle will save herself. So! have not eaten anything else since Sunday, Now quarte! Thrust! Parry! That's better. but a small piece of bread; and yesterday ! Once more !"

ate nothing at all.” It was very disagreeable for me to strike for- “For Heaven's sake, child, what do you cibly against the breast of a girl, but she was say? Nothing to eat since Sunday! You'll my instructor, and I could do nothing else. destroy yourself! at your age !"

We went through all the passades, Julie “At my age? We had nothing to eat; for always in the right position, always parrying after the servant had done, nothing was left ** with grace and skill, so that I soon discovered “ Poor, poor child! and I, the wretch, have Julie could fence just as well as her father, Mon- | not paid your father yet. Why did your father sieur Fernand.

not tell me he was

!" The old gentleman's leg had not improved “Monsieur Fernand would sooner die of during the next week, and Julie gave me my hunger,” she replied, with the air of a princess. lessons. My eyes soon began to seek hers be- "I will pay your father immediately, fool hind the wire mask. I had improved under that I am! I might have read it in your face." her instructions so far as to be able to cross “Do I look so starved ?" she said, with a sad blades in a regular attack. And I noticed, in look. these encounters, the childlike, careless expres- “Poor child !” said I embarrassed. “Poor sion of her face vanished, and that an expres- child !" sion of womanhood came over her countenance, “Child? I am seventeen, Monsieur." The eye had not the staring inquisitiveness of “ Really? How sorry I am. But I'll speak the child, or the steady glance of the trained to you" fencer, but that strange restlessness sometimes “For heaven's sake, not now," she cried. “I seen in a deep, glittering, dark eye.

never would have said a word, but I could not One day the old gentleman himself instructed bear your regarding me as a greedy It chanced that I had brought with me a Promise never to say a word about this to my little box of chocolate, which I gave to Monsieur father. He would never forgive me.” Fernand. He ate a few pieces and handed the “ You may rely upon me, Mademoiselle," I box to his daughter, while he gave me my fen- answered. cing lesson. Julie remained in the room to be Monsieur Fernand returned. A new string in readiness for the dancing lesson. When the had been supplied, and he played with the fencing was over, “Now for my chocolate," usual kindly expression on his face. Julie and said my instructor. At these words Julie started | I danced. as if she had been in a deep dream. “But, One, two, three! Julie ! plus machinalment! The gentleman is here to learn danc- how to disarm an adversary. “Very well, Sir, ing, not to dance for pleasure. Plus machin- one course more ; but my arm is now as stiff alement, more quietly, more quietly, comme ça!" | as my leg ; Mademoiselle must therefore teach

So we danced to the tune of the violin. But you. Julie's hand is as firm as steel. If you as soon as we danced with more animation than are able to disarm Mademoiselle you are a was necessary for the object of instruction, we complete fencer.” were restored to propriety by the old gentle- I came to my lessons as formerly, but withman's plus machinalement.

out the old interest. I was entirely changed, At the end of the lesson I told Monsieur How had it happened? Well, the reason was Fernand that I should very likely leave town this : one evening while visiting some relations, for a few days, and begged him to accept the I had met a young lady, looked too deeply into fee for the lessons.

her brown eyes, and had been caught in her net. “But Monsieur forgets," was the reply. I thought of her, and dreamed about her night "The courses are not yet finished, therefore and day. Fencing and dancing, as well as there is no need to pay now.”

everything else, lost interest for me. Before “ But you would oblige me very much if you the last lesson, I met Monsieur Fernand and would allow me to do so; for it is unpleasant his daughter on the street. I bowed in recogfor me to leave the town without paying my nition. “Who was that?" said my betrothed, debts.”

whom I had taken out in that capacity, for the Bien," answered my instructor ; and put the first time. gold pieces, with the greatest nonchalance, into “My fencing master and his child," I anshis vest pocket. His manner was so dignified, wered. that I could have laughed to myself, if I had “His child !" was the somewhat lengthened not heard Julie's sad story. I left, and watched reply. for a little at the street corner. After a short “Well then, his daughter. I take my last time the servant left the house of Monsieur lesson to-morrow." Fernand, with a basket, and returned, bring- “Ah!" said my betrothed, and was unusually ing what I had expected-a basket-full of quiet during the remainder of the day. victuals. I returned home with a light heart, The next day I went to Monsieur Fernand's and promised to myself to protect Julie, at least, and met Julie alone. The old gentleman had a from hunger.

visitor. He came in only for a moment, and After about eight days I returned to continue politely excused himself. Julie had no mask my lessons. The change was remarkable : over her face, and stood opposite me, with the Julie was a virgin, a blooming virgin. Almost rapier in her right hand. magical was the change which the food had "Well, Julie,” said 1-we lately had called effected. Her dress, too, had been changed, each other by our Christian names—this is the and rendered more suitable to her age. Mon- last lesson.” sieur Fernand did not show the least change. “My name is Mademoiselle Fernand. Who He was dignified, but affable as ever. When was that fair haired lady in your company yeshis leg permitted, he instructed, and I fenced terday?" with him, while Julie played. Afterwards I “Well, a lady," said I, somewhat bewildanced with Julie, and her father played ; but dered, but attempting to laugh, “who in two very often we were interrupted by the old gen- months will become my wife. But what is the tieman's "plus machinalement, Julie !" matter, Julie? Are you ill?"

In this way a few months passed, till one day “O, no ! Nothing is amiss.” Monsieur Fernand said to me : “Sir, you But why without masks to-day?" may now discontinue your lessons ; for you are “We do not always fight like children, Monan excellent fencer, only you must continue to sieur," she answered, with a hard voice. practise a little for some time ; but I cannot I threw away my mask. We commenced; I take your money any longer; for you can learn was perfectly collected, but she seemed to be nothing more from me.” I urged him strongly very excited. Her attacks were violent. With to give me another course, as I wished to learn eagerness she rushed upon me. In parrying


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