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have every confidence that the enterprise less a share than $121,259,176 was carried and skill of our artisans will speedily apply on with Great Britain and the United a remedy wherever practicable, and that, States. too, without the Government resorting to As our two largest customers, the fluctuahigh protective duties, or any other mode tions of our trade with Great Britain and the of forcing capital and labour into unproduc- United States, are worthy of attentive contive channels.
sideration. By tracing these changes, the The great bulk of our commerce is car- immense influence of the Reciprocity ried on with two countries-Great Britain Treaty becomes strikingly apparent. From and the United States. The West Indies-- 1850 to 1855--the five years preceding Spanish and British, Newfoundland and Reciprocity—our imports from Great Britain Prince Edward Island and France, take were in round numbers) $73,000,000 as
( rank next, and in the order of their mention. against $50,000,000 from our neighbours ; The trade returns for 1869-70 contain the during the following five years the United names of about thirty different nations with States sold us to the value of $96,000,000, which we dealt more or less. With several but the mother country only $76,000,000. of these our transactions were merely trifling. Since the repeal of the treaty, however, We shall, therefore, confine our list to those Great Britain has again obtained the lion's nations whose trade with us exceeded share. During the four years for which we $50,000, which we find after careful re- have returns, the excess was $48,490,007 in search to be as follows :
her favour,--the difference for 1869-70, as
may be seen above, being $13,867,267. COUNTRIES. EXPORTS. IMPORTS.
This difference is very considerable, but it falls short of the real amount, for in the
statement of onr imports from the United $
$ Great Britain....
States are several millions per annum, for United States... 32,984,652 24,728,166
grain and flour, which, although entered at Spanish West Indies.... 1,280,268 2,423,421 B. N. A. Provinces... 1,421,423
1,268,948 our shipping ports, for the most part simply i British West Indies.. 1,512,780
pass through this country on their way to
278,420 1,394, 346 Germany..
15,535 469,275 market. China..
Another striking change, in the current of Spain...
85,082 314,925 South America
our commerce with the United States, has Belgium...
taken place of late years. We are not of British Guiana
150,006 9,426 those political economists who attach much Holland
importance to the “balance of trade," for Portugal..
108,649 Canada has only thrice had a balance in its St. Pierre et Miquelon.. 91,711
· favour during at least fifteen years, and yet Africa ...
who can doubt that it has steadily grown in Naples.......
wealth and prosperity? But if there be any
virtue in it, it is gratifying to know that Besides the nations mentioned in the whilst, as between the Dominion and Great foregoing table, Australia, Switzerland and Britain, the balance continues to be against Sicily figure in the returns for considerable us, in the case of the United States it has sums—the former buying from, and the turned steadily in our favour. In 1869-70. latter two selling to us.
Of the total com- for instance, whilst we had to pay Great merce of that year, which amounted to Britain $13,644, 508 to square up the trans. $148,387,829, it will be observed that no i actions of the year, our American neighbours
had, per contra, to pay us $8,256,486 for the fied forms of industry. In order to show same purpose. That this circumstance is how sluggishly our trade advances with the not exceptional, but the rule, will appear nations to which we refer, we append a by the following statement of our exports statement of our total transactions with the to, and imports from the United States dur- principal of them during the last two years : ing the last four years for which we have COUNTRIES.
1868-9. 1869-70. France..
British West Indies... 2,408, 115.... 2,404,914 YEAR. EXPORTS.
IMPORTS. B. N. A. Provinces... 2,489, 198.... 2,690, 371 $25,583, 800.... $20,272,907
Spanish West Indies.. (not given).. 3,703,689 1867-8 27,534,292.. 26,315,032
555,733.... 484,810 27,840,461.. 25,477,975
These figures reveal the fact that our 32,984,652. 24,728, 166
trade with these countries remains almost Total........ $13,949, 205 $96,794, 100
stationary, a condition of affairs which, we These statistics are exceedingly signifi- think, an earnest effort should be made by cant when the illiberal character of the the Government to remedy. According to present fiscal policy of our neighbours is con- the report of the Special Commissioners sidered. That policy was framed advisedly who visited the West Indies on the eve of to protect the American farmer, by shutting Confederation, this is quite practicable, for out Canadian products from their markets, these gentlemen confidently affirm that there except on payment of exorbitant duties. is an ample field for the sale of our producBut what has been the result? They have tions in the British and Spanish West Indies, since then bought from us more largely Mexico, Brazil and other South American than ever, whilst, with our markets as free countries. The establishment of regular to them as during Reciprocity, their sales to steam communication, at least fortnightly, us have relatively declined ! Under the with some judicious tariff changes, would, partial free trade of the treaty, the “ balance we feel assured, infuse into our trade with of trade” was almost invariably and largely the tropics fresh life and vigour. in their favour ; since they barred and bolt- Taking our commerce as a whole, the ed their markets against our productions, people of Canada may justly congratulate the balance has turned no less than $17,- themselves on its past growth, present ex155,105 against them! These facts carry tent, and future prospects. It affords contheir own moral. They throw considerable clusive testimony to the great natural relight on the working of the opposite systems sources of British America, and is creditable of political economy practised by the United alike to the industry and intelligence of our States and Canada, and we commend the three millions and a half of people. It is lesson to the legislators of the two countries. yet, however, only in its infancy. What The commerce of the Dominion, with na- will its volume be twenty years hence, when tions other than Great Britain and the the rich prairies of the North-west are peoUnited States, is comparatively limited, and pled by millions—the continent spanned by exhibits very few signs of progress. This is the Canadian Pacific Railway—and the sails much to be regretted, for a varied commerce of our merchant marine, now the third is almost as valuable to a country as diversi- largest in the world, whiten every sea ?
NOTE.-Since this article was put in type, the writer has learned from Mr. Langton that the Returns, as finally completed, show the imports for 1870-71 to be $86,947,482 instead of $86,661, 145. The difference does not materially affect the general inferences of the article.
“For in the desert, near and far,
The youth came back and cried : “ The tree
“He hath been here,” the Judge did say,
DINAH BLAKE'S REVENGE.
BY MRS. J. V. NOEL.
beside him, busy with some fancy work, is
his daughter and only child, Isabel Crofton. A STORMY INTERVIEW.
The agent, as he is usually styled, is a native
of England, elderly and of imposing presence. MBOSOMED in the deep solitude of The face, however, is not prepossessing.
a mountain glen, a few miles from Among the tenantry of the Arranmore and Carraghmore, stood Elm Lodge, the resi- Barrington estates he has the reputation of dence of Mr. Crofton, the English agent of being a hard master, a fact which may be Lord Arranmore, and of the heiress of Bar- gathered from the cold gleam of his pale rington Height. The house was a modern blue eye, and the stern decision of the thin dwelling, built of greystone, and in the En-compressed lips. The interests of the landglish style, its situation extremely romantic. lord are always considered by him before It stood on a verdant slope, overlooking a the well-being of the tenant; but his own inpicturesque sheet of water. Lofty rugged terest is paramount to every other consideramountains rose precipitously around, their tion. He manages the property committed naked grey cliffs impending as if to shelter to his care well, gaining for himself the the quiet scene below.
gratitude of his employers, although as much It is the hour of early evening, a beautiful could not be said regarding the often opevening in August. The warm haze which pressed tenantry, and he has prospered in alled the atmosphere during the day, veiling the world, building for himself the handsome with its golden mist the gigantic mountains, residence in this secluded glen, and furnish5 lifting itself up from their heath-clad sides, ing it in a style of modern elegance and comand rolling away westward in fantastic-lin- fort. His wife, an Irishwoman of good ing masses to drape the declining sun. The family, has been some years dead. Their front entrance to Elm Lodge is graced by a union was not a happy one, his domineering marble portico—marble being abundant in habits, his tyrannical spirit, and cold, sullen the neighbourhood. On the steps, enjoying nature had rendered existence to her a dull, a cigar, sits the master of the Lodge, and I monotonous misery.
All the affection he seemed capable of sheltered us so long, you'd listen to rason, feeling was given to his young daughter, of and not be so hard upon us intirely." whose beauty and accomplishments he! “And you came here for the purpose of seemed so proud. Hitherto she had expe- telling me this, did you ?" asked Mr. Crofrienced nothing but unvarying kindness from ton, a ring of cruel scorn in his passionate her stern father; his habitual moroseness was kept in check by the sunshine of her “Sure we did, your honour.” temper, and as yet he had not exhibited! * Then you might have spared yourselves himself to her in his true character—that the trouble !” broke haughtily from him. dark picture, however, was soon to be re- “You ought to know by this time that I am vealed. The green slope on which the house not a man to be turned from my purpose by stood was dotted with ornamental shrubs, appeals from the like of you,” and he surand two rows of young elm trees enclosed veyed the humble group before him with the gravel walk leading up to the hall-door withering contempt. Approaching the house by this walk might! “Well, if you won't listen to the cry for now be seen half-a-dozen men dressed in the marcy, maybe you will mind the threat of picturesque garb of the Connemara peasant vingince!" fiercely exclaimed Flannagan. -the blue frieze coat fastened by a rude brandishing the knotted shillelah he held in clasp at the throat, and hanging loosely from his hand.
. the shoulders. On seeing the agent and the What: you dare to threaten, do you?" young lady sitting in the portico, their pace said Mr. Crofton in the hoarse tones of inslackened, and there was a cringing servility , tense passion. in their look and manner as they slowly ad- “Be asy, Larry! can't ye spake him vanced. Mr. Crofton eyed them sternly, civil?" whispered one of the party. “It'l ,
1 and the expression of his face was anything be betther for us in the end, man alive!" but encouraging. They seemed to feel the But Larry Flannagan's savage nature was baleful influence of that cold blue eye, and roused by the mocking scorn and cruel hung back as if unwilling to address him. heartlessness of Lord Arranmore's agent, He it was who broke the silence.
maddened, too, by the prospect of ejection “What brings you here?” he asked, in from the humble home where his forefathers tones so harsh that Isabel started and looked had lived contented before him. This porat him in surprise. What a changed coun- tion of the estate was situated in an adjactenance met her eye, sending a thrill of pain ent vale, called Glenmore, through which ? through her heart !
deep stream wound its way. The site could “We came to spake about them cabins, be made available for the erection of grist your honour," answered one, a little bolder and other mills wanted in the neighbour
1 than the rest. He was a powerfully-built hood ; and Mr. Crofton determined on eject man, with a sinister expression in his flash- ing the half-dozen tenants who rented the ing grey eye.
land, and leasing it himself with the inten “What's the use of saying any more tion of building the mills, from which he about them, Flannagan? I have already could derive so much pecuniary advantage. told you my mind, and—”
“There's no use mincing matthers wid the “But we thought sir,” broke in another of likes of him, I tell ye !" fiercely retorted the group, timidly, “ that if you knew the Larry Flannagan. “ His heart is made of throuble it put us to, the grief of the wife stone !” he passionately continued. “What and the childher--laving alone ourselves-- hope is there of moving him when anything at being turned from undher the roof that is to be gained ? Isn't the mills to be his