Centennial History of the Carnegie Institution of Washington: Volume 1, The Mount Wilson Observatory: Breaking the Code of Cosmic Evolution

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Cambridge University Press, 2004 - 664 páginas
Since its foundation in 1904, the Mount Wilson Observatory has been at the centre of the development of astrophysics. Perched atop a mountain wilderness, two mammoth solar tower telescopes and the 60- and 100-inch behemoth night-time reflectors were all the largest in the world. Research has centred around two main themes - the evolution of stars and the development of the universe. This first volume in a series of five histories of the Carnegie Institution describes the people and events, the challenges and successes that the Observatory has witnessed. It includes biographical sketches of forty of the most famous Mount Wilson pioneer astronomers working during the first half of the twentieth century. Contemporary photographs illustrate the development and use of some of the innovative instruments that filled the observatory during this time. This story brings together the elements that formed modern theories of stellar evolution and cosmology.
 

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Índice

Prologue
1
A telegram
8
Three observatories for Mount Wilson before the real one
19
The creation of the Carnegie Institution and its initial
29
solar telescopes coelostats
45
just the right people to study
57
Tower telescopes and magnetic fields and cycles
68
Pioneers of peering the scientific staff in the early years
85
Globular star clusters and the galactocentric revolution
288
Stromberg Lindblad and Oort
312
The Carnegie Meridian Astrometry Department at
332
Absolute magnitudes from direct parallaxes and stellar
357
Threads leading to the population concept that became
369
Five problems in astrophysics
394
Longterm research associates and shortterm visitors
422
Interstellar gas instruments and the spiral arms
448

the intermediate years 19101930
112
motions on the surface clocks in
130
The beginning of nighttime sidereal astronomy
157
The coming of the 60inch and Iooinch reflectors
180
Anatomy of an observatory
196
Preparation for an understanding of stellar
209
Spectral classification and the invention of spectroscopic
234
parallaxes
245
Radial velocity
262
galaxy classification and
481
the expansion of the universe
499
Down more corridors of time
524
The observational approach to stellar evolution
538
Abbreviations
559
Bibliography
598
Index
621
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