Centennial History of the Carnegie Institution of Washington: Volume 1, The Mount Wilson Observatory: Breaking the Code of Cosmic Evolution
Since its foundation in 1904, the Mount Wilson Observatory has been at the centre of the development of astrophysics. Perched atop a mountain wilderness, two mammoth solar tower telescopes and the 60- and 100-inch behemoth night-time reflectors were all the largest in the world. Research has centred around two main themes - the evolution of stars and the development of the universe. This first volume in a series of five histories of the Carnegie Institution describes the people and events, the challenges and successes that the Observatory has witnessed. It includes biographical sketches of forty of the most famous Mount Wilson pioneer astronomers working during the first half of the twentieth century. Contemporary photographs illustrate the development and use of some of the innovative instruments that filled the observatory during this time. This story brings together the elements that formed modern theories of stellar evolution and cosmology.
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Three observatories for Mount Wilson before the real one
The creation of the Carnegie Institution and its initial
solar telescopes coelostats
just the right people to study
Tower telescopes and magnetic fields and cycles
Pioneers of peering the scientific staff in the early years
Globular star clusters and the galactocentric revolution
Stromberg Lindblad and Oort
The Carnegie Meridian Astrometry Department at
Absolute magnitudes from direct parallaxes and stellar
Threads leading to the population concept that became
Five problems in astrophysics
Longterm research associates and shortterm visitors
Interstellar gas instruments and the spiral arms
the intermediate years 19101930
motions on the surface clocks in
The beginning of nighttime sidereal astronomy
The coming of the 60inch and Iooinch reflectors
Anatomy of an observatory
Preparation for an understanding of stellar
Spectral classification and the invention of spectroscopic
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A. H. Joy absolute magnitudes absorption apparent magnitude astronomers astrophysics atmosphere Baade Baade's Babcock Boss Bowen calibration Carnegie Institution catalog Cepheids Chapter classification coudé determined discovered discovery disk distance dome Ellerman Figure Galactic galaxies giants globular clusters Hale Hale's Harvard HR diagram Hubble Hubble's Humason instrument interstellar Ioo-inch Kapteyn km/s laboratory later Lewis Boss Lick lines luminosity Maanen magnetic field main sequence measured meridian Merrill Michelson mirror MNRAS Mount Wilson Observatory mountain nebulae Newtonian Nicholson night assistant observing optical Palomar paper parallaxes Pasadena Pease Pettit photographic photometry physics Pickering plates PNAS polar position problem proper motions radial velocities redshift reflector Ritchey rotation RR Lyrae Russell Sandage Seares Shapley Shapley's slit solar motion spectral types spectrograph spectroscopic spectrum staff stars Stebbins stellar evolution Stromberg subgiants sunspot telescope temperature University variables W. S. Adams wavelength Yerkes Zeeman