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ly good, would entitle him to that structing them, which the facts sum,-it is quite clear that these have not sustained.' gentlemen have furnished us with Least of all should this be looked. at least two cases of a gross waste upon as a political or party question. of Government money; and that, We trust that Parliament will be however painful such a result might prepared to meet with as bold a front be to honest and hard - working as they may, the ominous “ remindparish priests, the New Code will er," that “a goodly portion of the work well if it reduces such schools 9000 certificated teachers are posto the rank of dame-schools, or closes sessed of the elective franchise." + them entirely until better attend- For ourselves, we are content to acance, or better teaching, or both, can cept the principle of the Minute as be secured. The measure is not per a symptom of “ Conservative Reacfect; but it is an honest attempt tion" in the Privy Council itself. in the right direction—the more Stare super antiquas vias” might honest, in that it confesses a failure have been its motto. The chiefs of in the past. It would be better even the Conservative party who have to accept it with all its faults than been the stanchest friends of public to go back to a system of which a education - Sir John Pakington, Royal Commission has declared Lord Stanley, Mr Adderley, and

that the whole scheme of educa- many others — have carefully abtion was settled, that the school- stained from anything like a condembooks were prepared, and, above nation of its principles, and have all, that the teachers were trained, declared their intention of waiting, upon suppositions as to the age of as we hope the country will, until the pupils, and the opportunities they shall have been fairly explained which would be afforded for in- and discussed in Parliament.

CANADA-OUR FROZEN FRONTIER.

The probability of a war with the Government for the United ProNorthern States of America makes vinces of Upper and Lower Canus anxious to inquire what the con- ada. dition of our colonies in that quar The party consisted of a distinter of the globe is at present, and guished officer in the English army what assistance they may expect on full pay; a merchant, resident at to receive from the mother country St John, New Brunswick; an Engduring the winter months.

lishman well "posted" in public Having passed a portion of last affairs at home; and a member of autumn in Nova Scotia, Prince Ed one of the Colonial Legislatures. ward Island, New Brunswick, and These gentlemen we will for breCanada, we may perhaps be able to vity call respectively — “ Miles," throw some light upon a subject “Mercator," "Civis,” and “Senwhich just now is one of great ator.” national interest.

They were all proceeding to OtEarly in September, a conversa- tawa,– Miles to make a report on tion took place in our hearing on certain Government works ; Mercaboard one of those excellent steam- tor to see his partner, who was eners which ply between the rapids gaged in the lumber-trade; Civis of St Anns—the scene of Moore's for curiosity, information, and fish

Canadian Boat-song”—and the ing; Senator for the purpose of town of Ottawa, the new seat of conferring with a contractor respect

Report, i. 260.

+ Resolutions, &c., p. 23.

ing the extension of railways in his can show by books of our own that own province.

we export as much to the United A brandy cocktail

, after a sub- States every year as to Europe.” stantial and well-cooked dinner, had CIVIS._" And what has been the made them all just sufficiently com- falling off this year ?" municative and tolerant to be both MERCATOR.— “ With the United pleasant talkers and good listeners. States we have done nothing ; trade

CIVIS.—“How beautiful this river there has been so paralysed, and is! When one looks at the gorgeous prices have been so low, that we foliage on the banks, the settler could not deal with them, except dropping calmly but quickly down at a loss, and have therefore prethe stream in his canoe, and feels ferred to keep our stock on hand.” the soft, warm, clear air, one can MILES.—“How unfair, then, it hardly realise the fact that before is for England to suppose that three months are passed the broad Canada can defend herself in case rapid stream will be completely of war between Great Britain and frozen over, the branches of the America. Her whole frontier must trees borne down with snow, and bear the brunt of the battle whenthe inhabitants along the banks al ever it comes ; and, owing to her most entirely without occupation.” proximity to the foe, she must suf

MERCATOR.—“Yes; the lumbering fer in a far greater proportion than is nearly over for this year now, the mother country.” and very few rafts will start from Civis.—“Suppose a war were to Ottawa after the first week in Sep- take place between the two nations tember."

upon a subject which did not diCivis.—“When do the steamers rectly affect the interests of Canada, discontinue running ?

what view do you think the CanaMERCATOR. —“ They knock off dians would be likely to take of it?" about the 20th of November, I am MERCATOR.-—"I not only think, sorry to say, as I have shares in the but know, that both provinces are company ; and grumble extremely as loyal as the county of Middlesex. at our property being idle for full We are proud of our connection four months every year.”

with the old country. We send SENATOR. — “You will have our children there to be educated more reason, I fear, to complain of when we can ; we speak of it as your profits in the timber-trade “home;' we cling to monarchical falling off this year than your divi- principles. When the Prince of dend in the steamboat company.” Wales was here, he was received

MERCATOR. — “ Yes ; but our throughout the whole territory with profits are pretty good most years, an enthusiasm impossible to deand we can afford to have a bad scribe or overrate, in spite of occaone in that trade now and then.” sional maladroit advice and conse

CIVIS.—“ Have the troubles in quent arrangements devoid of tact the States affected the timber-trade and good judginent. In the Upper of Canada much?”

Province of Canada there are many MERCATOR. Yes, sir, enor subjects upon which men differ, mously; and that is one of those and concerning which there are things which you people in Eng- continually angry disputes in the land forget when you tell us that Legislature. In the Lower, the landwe must take care of ourselves in tenure question being now settled, matters of military defence. Peace there can scarcely be said to be onewith the States is essential for the matter of public importance upon prosperity of almost all trades in which the public mind is at all Canada, but especially the timber- agitated. Between the provinces trade. Anything that affects the the question of representation, of quiet of the United States acts im- course, is one that divides parties, mediately upon our business, for I fills the newspapers with angry

arguments, and keeps up that un- quite as numerous and well drilled happy feeling which their union as any soldiers that they would be was intended to obliterate, and likely to meet.” which, in a great measure, it has SENATOR.—“The loyalty of the allayed. But the people of both people was sufficiently shown durprovinces believe that they have a ing the Crimean war, by their conbetter form of government than tributions to the Patriotic Fund, that which any foreign prince or and during the Indian mutiny, by president can offer them.'

the raising of the 100th regiment; CIVIS.—“ You hardly answer my and I believe nothing short of inquestion. If England was obliged sult from the mother country will to embark in a war with the United eradicate the feeling of devotion to States, for the cause of which the England and England's honour, colonies could in no way be held that universally pervades all classes responsible, and the casus belli one in our colonies. At the same time, that they were never asked their I hold it to be the plain duty of opinion upon, and were totally in England, under existing circumdifferent to, do you not think stances, to keep many more troops that the feelings of the Legislature on this continent than she has would be to throw off a connection hitherto done. Look at the fronwhich made them obnoxious to tier we have to defend. From their friends, without giving them Detroit to the River St John is the means of protecting themselves more than nine hundred miles, and from their enemies ?

thence to the Bay of Fundy is more MERCATOR.—“You almost sup- than three hundred.” pose an impossibility. America is Civis.—“You don't propose that not likely to go to war for any cause this should all be placed in a state arising out of European disputes. of defence ?" But if she were to quarrel with you SENATOR.—“ Certainly not; such upon a question which affected a thing would be impossible, of England's honour, no matter how course, but I mention it to show great our stake would be, or how our vulnerability. If a trouble little we had to do with the origin were to arise suddenly, we could of the quarrel, we should prepare only do as Lord Seaton did in 1837 to defend our border with as much -concentrate our forces, form madetermination as if it were a ques- gazines, and organise our militia." tion in which Canada alone was CIVIS.—“For my own part, I do consulted and concerned.”

not see that much ultimate harm SENATOR.—“I am not so sure would ensue if a lodgment were about that. I believe the whole of made in Canada during the winter the North American colonies would, months by a force from the United if possible, on such an occasion, States. It would be impossible for act as Mercator has described; but, them to penetrate far into the intein case of a sudderr invasion in the rior. The absence of roads, the winter season by a large army, they nature of the country, and the sevewould very likely be driven to sur- rity of the climate, would prevent render, and would be obliged to them from making any way.' make the best bargain they could SENATOR.—“I hope that is not for themselves.”

the opinion of English statesmen at MILES.—“I don't fear that any home. It is true that the loyalty disaster of that kind could happen, of the inhabitants of Canada would even with the limited number of render it almost impossible for the troops which we now have on the hostile army to penetrate far; but continent. We could, even with the efforts made by the inhabitants, these, defend some of the strong which alone would prevent a sucplaces and positions, while our cessful invasion, would be founded militia would in a few weeks be upon the conviction that they might

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