The Romance Languages
Filling a critical gap in modern Romance language scholarship, and providing a theoretically strong, factually reliable reference source for future generations of linguists, this book surveys the structure and evolution of the Romance language family. A systematic balance of diachronic and synchronic approaches, it is the most comprehensive treatment of Romance languages available for both general reference and specialized linguistic investigation, examining Latin, French, Spanish, Italian, Portuguese, Rumanian, Catalan, Occitan, Sardinian, Rhaeto-Romance, and Romance-based pidgins and creoles. The treatments of each Romance language, by scholars of established reputation in that language, cover all main features, including phonology, morphology, syntax, and lexis. To aid the reader, each chapter concludes with a select list of reference works and further readings, and the book includes both an analytic index and a system of cross-reference within the main body of the text.
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acrolect adjectives adverbs alternations atonic Auvernhat auxiliary basilectal Brazilian Portuguese Campidanese Castilian Catalan century Chabacano chart clauses clitic cognate complement conjugation consonant contexts contrast creoles derived diphthongs direct object distinction European Portuguese example feminine final forms French fricatives Friulan function Gascon gender grammatical imperfect infinitive inflection intervocalic Italian dialects Ladin Latin Lengadocian lexical lexifier linguistic literally marked marker masculine metaphony morphological nasal neuter nominal noun Nuorese object pronouns Occitan occur origin orthography palatalisation Papiamentu paradigms past participle pattern perfect periphrastic person plural person singular phonemic phonological phrases position precede preposition preterit pronominal reflexive relative Rhaeto-Romance Romance creoles Romance languages Rumanian Sardinian second person semantic sentence Spanish speakers spoken standard stem stress structure subj subjunctive suffix Surselvan Swiss dialects syllable syntactic syntax tense theme vowel third person unmarked usage variants varieties velar verb verbal vocabulary word order