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witness, Barton Stafford, affirms, that not one of the family had the least claims to respectability; and that Joseph Jun. especially, was very much addicted to intemperance'—one very disgusting example of which, occurring too after he had professed to be inspired to translate the Book of Mormon, is related by this witness.
C. Two publications of solid interest and trust-worthiness have very lately appeared in relation to the region which the Mormons are colonizing, and their community itself -written respectively by Capt. Stansbury and Lieut. Gunnison, who were the principal officers employed by the United States Government, to take a topographical survey of the district. The Great Salt Lake was found to be 291 miles in circumference, and dotted with islands from sixteen to two miles round; some of them mere masses of rock springing boldly up, more than a thousand feet from the surface of the lake. About fifteen miles distant, at the base of the Wahsatch mountains, and in sight of the lake, is the Mormon metropolis; which, according to another report, is laid out into blocks of ten acres area, with rectangular streets, about sixty yards in width, having running on each side of them small streams of cool clear water, brought in trenches from the adjacent mountains. The custom of having land under cultivation round the private dwellings. which are usually quite small,' gives an oriental aspect to the place. Brigham Young, the temporal and spiritual Prefect, occupies one of the large and substantial buildings. Many of the inhabitants sleep in tents and wagon bodies, covered with cotton and linen cloths.' The only noticeable public structures are—the Council or Court house, and the Tabernacle—'a very long broad low building, capable of containing 5 or 6000 persons' (the fellow, it would thus seem, of the Free Trade Hall of Manchester)—where religious worship is conducted. The Mormons are not all collected in this spot, but are thinly scattered over the territory, which includes an area of several hundred miles, much of it the finest land that could be wished, and needing nothing but the hand of industry to make it one series of spacious tables, all sumptuously covered with 'food and gladness.'
D. Passages in plenty to corroborate the statement in the text could be extracted from the official books of the sect --some so irreverent in their language, as to make their transference to these pages an impossibility To shew that the old animus is unchanged, a few references to the speeches delivered at the last Conference, may be allowed.
The President Young remarked—“I expect if I am faithful with yourselves, that I shall see the time with yourselves, that we shall know how to prepare to organize an earth like this; how to people that earth, how to redeem it, how to sanctify it, and how to glorify it, with those who live upon it, who hearken to our counsel. The Father and the Son have attained to this point already : I AM ON THE WAY, and so are you, and every faithful servant of God !"—"After men have got their exaltations and their crowns, have become Gods even the Sons of God, -are made Kings of kings and Lords of lords, &c.” “We are born for the express purpose of growing up from the low estate of manhood, to become Gods like our Father in heaven. That is the truth about it, just as it is."
Mr. Orson Pratt spoke equally intelligible blasphemy, and disposes of the fiction that the Mormoris resemble Christians in retaining the doctrine of the Adorable Trinity. “In one sense of the word there are more Gods than one; and in another sense there is but one God. The Scriptures speak of more Gods than one. All these beings of course are one, the same as the Father and the Son are one. The Son is called God, and so is the Father; and in some places the Holy Ghost is called God. They are one in power, in wisdom, in knowledge, and in the inheritance of celestial glory; they are one in their works; they possess all things and all things are subject to them; they act in unison; and if one has power to become the Father of spirits, so has another ; if one God can propagate his species and raise up spirits after his own image and likeness and call them his sons and daughters, so can ALL OTHER Gods that become like him do the same thing; consequently there will be many Fathers, and there will be many families, and many sons and daughters; and they will be the children of those glorified celestial beings that are counted worthy to be Gods."
“ Towards the close of a fine summer's day, a farmer,
in one of the States, found a respectable looking man at his gate, who requested permission to pass the night under his roof. The hospitable farmer readily complied: the stranger was invited into the house, and a warm and substantial supper set before him. After he had eaten, the farmer who appeared to be a jovial, warm-hearted, humorous, and withal, shrewd old man, passed several hours in pleasant conversation with his guest, who seemed to be very ill at ease both in body and mind; yet, as if desirous of pleasing his entertainer replied courteously agreeably to whatever was said to him. Finally he pleaded fatigue and illness as an excuse for retiring to rest, and was conducted by the farmer to an upper chamber, where he went to bed. About the middle of the night, the farmer and his family were awakened by the most dreadful groans, which they soon ascertained proceeded from the chamber of the traveller. On going to investigate the matter, they found that the stranger was dreadfully ill, suffering the most acute pains, and uttering the most dreadful cries, apparently without any consciousness of what was passing around him. Every thing that kindness and experience could suggest was done to relieve the sick man; but all efforts were in vain, and to the consternation of the farmer and his family, their guest expired in the course of a few hours. In the midst of their trouble and anxiety, at an early hour in the morning, two travellers came to the gate, and requested entertainment. The farmer told them that he would willingly offer them hospitality, but that just now his household was in the greatest confusion, on account of the death of a stranger-the particulars of which he proceeded to relate to them. They appeared to be much surprised and grieved at the poor's man's calamity, and politely requested permission to see the corpse. This of course the farmer readily granted and conducted them to the chamber in which the dead body lay. They looked at it for a few minutes in silence, and then the elder of the pair quietly told the farmer that they were elders of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, and were empowered by God to perform miracles, even to the extent of raising the dead; and that they felt quite assured they could bring to life the dead man before them. The farmer was of course con
siderably astonished by the quality and powers of the persons who addressed him, and rather incredulously asked, if they were quite sure that they could perform all they professed. •O, certainly! not a doubt of it. The Lord has commissioned us expressly to work miracles, in order to prove the truth of the prophet Joseph Smith, and the inspiration of the books and doctrines revealed to him. Send for all your neighbours, that in the presence of a multitude we may bring the dead man to life, and that the Lord and his church may be glorified to all men.' The farmer, after a little consideration, agreed to let the miracle-workers proceed, and as they desired, sent his children to his neighbours; who attracted by the expectation of a miracle, flocked to the house in considerable numbers. The Mormon elders commenced their task by kneeling and praying before the body with uplifted hands and eyes, and with most stentorian lungs. Before they had proceeded far with their prayer, a sudden idea struck the farmer, who quietly quitted the house for a few minutes, and then returned, and patiently waited by the bedside until their prayer was finished and the elders ready to perform their miracle. Before they began le respectfully said to them that with their permission, he wished to ask them a few questions, upon the subject of their miracle. They replied that they had no objection. The farmer then asked, “You are quite certain that you can bring this man to life again ? We are.' 'How do you know that you can ?' We have just received a revelation from the Lord informing us that we can. • Are you quite sure that the revelation was from the Lord ?' 'Yes; we cannot be mistaken about it.' • Does your power to raise this man to life again depend upon the particular nature of his disease, or could you now bring any dead man to life?' • It makes no difference to us; we could bring any corpse to life. •Well, if this man had been killed and one of his arms cut off, could you bring him to life, and restore to him his arm ?' "Certainly; there is no limit to the power given us by the Lord. It would make no difference to us even if both his arms and legs were cut off.' Could you restore him if his head had been cut off?' Certainly, we could.' • Well,' said the farmer, with a quiet smile upon his features, 'I do not doubt the
loly men asser,
that my neighbours should be fully converted by having the miracle performed in the completest manner possible; so by your leave, if it makes no difference whatever, í will proceed to cut off the head of the corpse ! Accordingly he produced a huge and well-sharpened broad axe, from beneath his coat, which he swung above his head, and was apparently about to bring it down upon the neck of the corpse—when lo and behold !-to the amazement of all present, the dead man started up in great agitation, and swore he would not have his head cut off for any consideration whatever. The company immediately seized the Mormons, and soon made them confess that the pretended dead man was also a Mormon elder, and that they had sent him to the farmer's house with directions to die there at a particular hour, when they would drop in, as if by chance, and perform a miracle that would astonish every body. The farmers after giving the impostors a severe chastisement, let them depart, to practise their imposition in some other quarter.”
The substance and salient points of this Revelation are subjoined. The Christian reader will be justly horrified at the abominable parodies which are several times made of the Redeemer's sacred words, to whom, indeed, hardly a viler insult could be offered, than ascribing to Him such a farrago of folly.
“If a man marry him a wife in the world, and he marry her not by me, nor by my word; and he covenant with her, so long as he is in the world, and she with him, their covenant and marriage is not of force when they are dead, and when they are out of the world; therefore, they are not bound by any law when they are out of the world; therefore, when they are out of the world, they neither marry, nor are given in marriage, but are appointed angels in heaven, which angels are ministering servants, to minister for those who are worthy of a far more, and an exceeding, and an eternal weight of glory; for these angels did not abide my law, therefore they cannot be enlarged, but remain separately and singly, without exaltation, in their saved condition, to all eternity, and from henceforth are not Gods, but are angels of God for ever and ever.
And again, if a man marry a wife by my word.