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3. The Tops of Mountains in most Isands and Head

Lands reach to the middle Region of the Air. 4. To enumerate the Mountains remarkable for their

Height. 5. To enumerate the Burning Mountains. 6. To explain the Differences of Mountains. 7. Some Mountains are open, others close. 8. To enumerate the more famous Promontories.. 9. Caves, deep Pits, &c. opposed to Mountains.

C H A P. XI. Of Mines, Woods, and Defarts. Page 158 I. The Difference of Mines, and the more famous

of them enumeraied. 2. The Difference of Woods, and the more famous

enumerated. 3. The Differences of Defarts and the more famous enumerated.

CHA P. XII. Of the Division of the Ocean by the Interposition of the Land.

Page 165 1. The Ocean surrounds the Earth in a continued

Extent. 2. The Parts if the Ocean are of three kinds, viz.

Seas, Bays, and Streights 3. The Ocean divided into four grand Parts, or

Oceans, 4. The Parts of the Ocean named. 5. The eminent Bays enumerated, with their Diffe

rences. 6. The Enumeration and Differences of Streights. 7. The Sea-Coafts traced over the four Quarters,

and the Communication of the Parts of the Ocean.


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Of certain Properties of the Ocean. Page 181

1. The Surface of the Ocean Spherical. 2. The Sea not higher than the Land. 3. Wby the Sea seems to rise big ber when viewed

at à Distance from the Sbore. 4. To explain the Origin of Bays and Streights. 5. Wbether the Ocean be every where of the same

Height, 6. The Depth of the Ocean may be found in many

Places but not in all. 7. The Ocean bas no proper Springs. 8. The Saltness of the Ocean from the Particles of

Salt dissolved in it. 9. Wberber Sea Water be sweeter at the Bottom. 10. The Sea grows falter towards the Equator,

and the Seasons of it's being unequally falt. 11. Wby the Rain is sweet on the Sea. 12. Different Sea Waters are beavier than each

other, and than common Water. 13. Sea-Water does not freeze fo foon as River.

Water. 14. Why the Ocean becomes no larger by receiving

so many Rivers. 15. Different Parts of the Ocean bave different Colours, 16. Certain Peculiarities in certain Parts of the Ocean, 17. Wby the Sea appears luminous ; or shines, by

Night, especially when the Waves are violent. 18. The Ocean tbrows up terrestrial and consistent Bodies to the Shore.

CHA P. XIV. Of the Motions of the Ocean, particular it's Flux and Reflux.

Page 230 1. Water has only one natural Motion. .

2. Wben

2. When a Part of the Ocean moves, the whole

is moved. 3. To observe the Point of the Compass wherein

the Sea moves. 4. The Motion of the Sea is either direit, vortical,

concussory, or tremulous. 5. Some Motions of the Sea are general, fome

particular, and the rest contingent. 6. The Wind causes the contingent Motions of the

Sea. 7. The general Motions of the Ocean double, viz.

continued, and ebbing and flowing. 8. Winds often alter the general Motions of the Ocean. 9. The Cause of the general Motion uncertain. 10. What the Motion of the Flux and Reflux is. 11. The Cause of that Motion. 12. Wby at new and full Moon the general Mo

tion of the Sea is more violent; and also the

Swell larger. 13. Wby on the Days of the Equinoxes the general ..Motion and Swell of the Sea is greater. 14. A great Flux and Reflux on fome Shores,

and on others scarce sensible. 15. The Flux of the Sea violent, the Reflux natural. 16. The Flux largest in those Places where the Moon

is vertical. 17. The Quantity of the Flux not constant, 18. The Time of the beginning and ending of the

Flux different in different Places. 19. In most Places the Sea flows to the Shore : fix Hours, and ebbs as many ; but in some

Places it flows longer than it ebbs, and vice versâ. 20. Wbether the Flood begins when the Moon

touches the Horizon. 21. The Hour being given, wherein the Flood is at

it's greatest Height in any Place, on the Day of new Moon; 10 find the Hour of it's greatest Height for the following Days.

22. The

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22. The Winds prolong and Morten the Duration

of the Flux and Reflux. 23. A great Diversity in the particular Motion of

the Sea. 24. The first particular perpetual Motion. 25. The second 26; The third 27. The fourth -28. The fifth 29. The sixth 30. The seventh 31. The particular periodical Motions enumerated.. 32, Two kinds of Vortices in the Sea. 33. The Cause of the Tremor in the Sea, with :

Examples. 34. Wby the Pacific Ocean is so calm in fair Weather, but easily moved with gentle Winds.

CH A P. XV. Of Lakes, Moors and Bogs.

Page 280 1. Lakes, Moors, and Bogs defined. 2. Four kinds of Lakes. 3. To explain the Origin of those Lakes that

neither receive nor send out Rivers; and to

enumerate them. . 4. To explain the Origin of those that send out

Rivers, but receive none. 5. To explain the Origin of those that receive

Rivers, but fend none out. 6. To explain the Origin of those that both re

ceive and send out Rivers. 7. Most Lakes contain a fresh but fome a falt Water. 8. Whether the Caspian Sea à Lake or a Bay. 9. Whether the Euxine be a Lake or a Bay.. 10. The Lakes enumerated that have Islands in

the middle. VOL. I.


11. To make a Lake in a Place assigned; if the

thing be possible. 12. To dry or drain up a Lake. 13. Bogs of two kinds. 14. Bogs contain a sulphureous Earth. 15. To dry a Bog.


Page 295

Of Rivers in general. 1. The Definition of Rivers, Rivulets, and Springs, &c. 2. Torrents and Rivers sometimes produced by

violent Rains, and melted Snow. 3. Most Rivulets rise from Springs, and Rivers

from a Conflux of Rivulets. 4. Rivers enlarged by Rains and melted Snow at

different Times of the Year. 5. The Causes of Springs, or the Origin of Spring-Water. 6. Some Rivers dip under Ground, and rise again, 7. River's disembogue into the Sea, or Lakes. 8. Few Rivers become stagnant. 9. Whether the Chanels, and Windings of Rivers

were made by Nature or human Industry. . Chanels, the nearer to the Spring-Head the higher ;

and the nearer to the River's mouib the deeper. 11. Of CataraEts. 12. Wby Rivers are broader in one Part than another. 13. The Chanels of Rivers fink more or less in one

Part than another. 14. Why some Rivers are rapid, others gentle ; and

why the same River is more rapid in one

Place than another. 15. Some few Rivers run a dire&t Course; but

most a winding one, to their Exits. 16. The Lakes thro' which certain Rivers have

their Course. 19. Most Rivers the nearer their Mouths, the wider they become.

18. The

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