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| East by the 1. The Old Europe ) and is | Pacific' and World which z Asia and bounded Indian Ocean. containeth - | Africa S on the South by the

Southern Ocea

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¡North by

Davis's Streights. East by

the Atlan2. The New Northy s

tic Ocean. World which, and so is bound-} South containeth -- < South Saned on the by the

Streights. of Magellan. West by the Pacific

Ocean. 3. THE Aretic Continent, or Groenland is surrounded on every Side with Seas and Streights.

4. THE AntarEtic Continent, or Terra Australis Incognita.

II. INTO Peninsula's, or Chersonesuffes, which are Parts of these Continents.

Of which fome į Africa. are of a round Fi- North and South America) gure, whose Lon- Peloponnesus, or the Morea in gitude and Lati- Greece, Taurica Chersonesus or tude are almost e- Crim-Tartary. qual, as - ma į Cambaya or Guzarat.



s Chersonesa d'or, or Malacca in India.

Cimbrica, or Jutland, contiguous to Others ob

Holstein. long of which

Corea contiguous to Tartary. there are ma

| * California, Yucatan, the Chersonesus ny, as -- of Romania.

( Ionia (as Smyrna] Cnidus and Myndus.

į Italy, Greece, and proper Achaia.

Spain, Asia minor, and Arabia. Others which | Norway, with Sweden, and Lap. are almoft like land. Peninsula's, which Patagon near the Streights of are

- Magellan and New Guinea.

Indostan, Cochinchina, New Bri. į tain, Monopatapa, &c.

III. INTO INands of which there are three

Classes, viz.

| Luconia]

Madag ajčar 1. [Ele 1 * japan

Borneo ven) very Iceland

* Nova Zembla large ones James Inand]

| Newfoundland] Sumatra


Sicily Java 2. [Eleven] S2


| Friesland
of a middle
Ireland Celebes

Hispaniola Candia

Cuba Sardinia
s Gilolo, Amboina, Timor, among the

Indians Illands 3. [Nine] Corsica, Majorca, Cyprus, Negropont, leffer ones in the Mediterranean

Zealand in Denmark, and Jamaica in

[ the Gulf of Mexico.
* See the Notes upon these Words in the next Chapter.

H 3


[ r. The most remarkable Solitary

ones, are Rhodes, Malta, Very many

Lemnos, St Helena, St Thomas, small ones, of

3. Madera, &c. which we rec

. i 2. The noted Clusters of Islands konnte

which lie near one another in į great Numbers are

The Canary Islands
The Azores
Cape Verd Islands
The Antillis
The Maldivia Inand
The Comoro Isands

The Molucca and Ban

dana Islands.
The Philippine Islands
The Ladrone Isands
Those in the Ægean Sea,
The Britannic Islands
The Islands of Solomon,

IV, Iftbmus's or narrow Necks of Land,

That of Suez, between Africa and Asia.
That of Corinth, joining the Morea to Achaia.
That of Panama, in America, longer than any of the

That between Jutland and Holsteirt.
That joining Malacca to India.


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In which the Constitution of the Earth, or the

dry Part of the Terraqueous Globe, is explained, in four Chapters.

CH A P. VIII. Of the natural Division of the Earth into Parts by the

circumfluent Ocean.

W H AT we shall exhibit in this Chapter, con

VV cerning the Division of the Earth, and that in Chap. xv. about the Distribution of the Sea, will be of great use to young Students, for understanding, and remembring the Bounds and Situation of the several Countries on the Earth's Superficies : wherefore these two Chapters ought to be read throughout with great Attention, and compared with Maps, or the artificial terrestrial Globe. We said before, in the preceding Chapter, that the Terraqueous Globe, as to it's constituent Parts, may be best divided into a Body of a firm Confistence as Earth, and a fluid matter as Water ; to which may be added the Atmosphere as a circumambient Fluid or Covering

IN the first Place, we shall treat of the Earth, or that part of the Globe which hath Confi



Part of the Earth is covered with Water, and Part

of it is raised above the Superficies of the Water, and surrounded thereby.

THE Truth of this Proposition is manifest from Experience. Nevertheless there are some Places which are now and then covered with Water, and at other Times dry and conspicuous, as the INands near Norway, Scotland, and other Countries, to which may be added Sand-beds or Shelves, and Seashores; but because these are so small in comparison of the rest, we shall take no notice of them at present. Nor shall we trouble our felves here with disputing whether the greater Part of the Superficies of the Globe be taken up by Land or Water, but leave it to be discussed in Chap, xviii. and consider here only the apparent Parts of the Earth which we call isands,


The Parts of the Earth, which are raised above

the Waters, are not always joined together by one continued Superficies, but often separated one from another, and formed into Islands by the Interflux of the Sea.

THESE may be distributed into five Classes, viz. Plats of Land or Islands, that are great, and Continents that are greatest; some small, and others that are smallest; and lastly fome of a middle Size.

WE shall treat of the Origin, and Cause of these Inands in the proper Place, Chap. xviii,


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