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tells us,

published last year in Edinburgh, * very properties we are in search of. Nature there is prefixed a short life of Bacon,

stands ready to minister to our designs, if which, so modest in the manner in

we have only the sagacity to disentangle its which it was annour ounced, has not as

operations from one another, to refer each

event to its real source, and to trace the yet, we believe, attracted any public powers and qualities of objects into their attention.

most abstract form. We shall take the liberty to quote, “ In pursuing the dictates of this noble. from the anonymous and unobtrusive philosophy, man is no longer impotent and production, a few sentences, which ridiculous. He calmly vanquishes the barwe are quite sure will afford great riers which oppose his wishes--he eludes the pleasure to Mr Dugald Stewart, if in- causes of pain-he widens the range of endeed he has not already seen them. joyments, and, at the same time, feels the We trust they will be perused with dignity of intellect, which, like a magician's not a little of what Homer calls

talisman, has made all things bow before

his feet. Lord Verulam was the man who ful shame,” by Mr Macvey Napier. first taught us to cultivate this magic with Before parting, however, with our

When we visit his monument, it pompous essayist, we must express our should be with a sacred awe, which forbids wish, that he, and such as he, would us to remember bis frailties. Envy loves in future confine their labours, or ra- to whisper, that he died in disgrace, but ther their pretensions, to " such things gratitude proclaims, that he still lives and as are meet for them,” and not insult flourishes in the advancement of science; the character of our country, by pre

and when we behold around us the giant

powers of nature performing whatever tasks suming to approach the to them for

man chooses to assign them, we may say to bidden ground of true scholarship and the departed philosopher, in the words of true philosophy But now for our Shakspeare, Oh, St Alban's, thou art contrast,

mighty yet, thy spirit walks abroad ! “ The sum of Lord Bacon's philosophy " To this extraordinary individual we may be stated in a few propositions. He are indebted also for an attempt to reduce

the chaos of literature into some degree of “ I. That the ultimate aim of philosophical order ; and to shew, that notwithstanding investigation is to bring the course of events, the multiplicity and variety of books, there as much as possible, under our own control, are only three different objects, to one or in order that we may turn it to our own other of which the contents of every book advantage.

must apply. Acco to Lord Bacon, “ II. That, as each event depends upon a human knowledge is resolvable into history, certain combination of circumstances which philosophy, and poetry. By history, is precede it, and constitute its cause, it is meant a statement of particular events evident we shall be able to command the which have occurred in past time. By phi. event, whenever we have it in our power losophy, is meant the knowledge of general to produce that combination of circumstan- facts, concerning the relation of one phenoces out of the means which nature has menon to another. By poetry, is meant an placed within our reach.

assemblage of ideas brought together for “ III. That the means of producing the purpose of exciting emotion. many events which we little dream of, are * In contemplating this arrangement, actually placed within our reach ; and that however, we should attend to the distinction nothing prevents us from using those means, between poetry, and the science of making but our inability to select them from the poetry, which last, is nothing but a branch crowd of other circumstances by which they of philosophy: that is to say, the art, in so are disguised and surrounded.

far as it has been reduced into general prin“ IV. That therefore we should endeav- ciples, comes under the same head as any our, by diligent observation, to find out other science ; and may be denominated the what circumstances are essential, and what theory of producing emotion in the human extraneous, to the production of each event; mind, by means of an artificial assemblage and its real cause being stripped free from of ideas. Poetry bears the same relation to all the perplexing concomitants which occur the art of poetry, as a machine bears to the in nature, we shall perceive at once whether science of mechanics. we can command the circumstances that “ At the same time it may be remarked, compose it or not. This, in short, is to

that poets in general do not compose their generalize ; and having done so, we shall pieces theoretically, and by means of calcusometimes discover, that objects which of lations à priori, but by an exercise of the all others appeared the most useless, remote principle of association, in summoning up and inapplicable to our purpose, possess the ideas, and by observing what feeling is ex

cited by those ideas in their own minds. Macredie, Skelly, and Muckersey, They adopt or reject, not for scientific rea1817. 8vo.

sons, but according to a trial of their properties made on the occasion, and with theory of the conduct of others, without à view to the particular case in what they seeking to distinguish himself by the firmare to be employed. Hence it may be said, ness or prudence of his own. 'The bias of that what is done in this art, is for the most our characters is derived from the turn of part done empirically. When a poem is our ambition, and Lord Bacon's ambition finished, it frequently happens that another was purely intellectual." person is better able to explain how it produces its effects, than the author himself.

“ No one of the fine arts has ever been 80 thoroughly digested into general princi

THE MINSTREL OF BRUGES. ples, as to be entitled to the name of a sci- [The following version, of a most amus. ence. At the same time it is obvious, that ing old French story, was executed by the every effect which is produced in the fine late Mr Johnes of Hafod, the well known arts, must depend upon some general fact, translator of Froissart, &c. We are inwhich, if known, would furnish, à priori, debted for this, and several other pieces of the reason for preferring one combination to the same description, to the gentleman to another. Hence it may be said, that the whom they were given some years ago by sciences and the fine arts have no real differ. his friend Mr Johnes. The Minstrel of ence in their own nature, but that the differ. Bruges is composed in six parts. We shall ence lies in the nature of the human mind, insert the remaining parts in our next Numwhich is less able to ascertain a complete ber.] system of general facts in the arts than in the sciences. “ To reduce poetry into a science, it

Part First. would be necessary first to have a list of A youth of Cambray, setting out emotions respectively owe their birth, before from that town on a party of pleasure, any casual association has linked them to

overtook a wretched looking set of other ideas. Secondly, to have a statistical travellers in a hollow way not far account of the associations of that portion from Cambray, at the source of the of mankind for whom we write. And Scheldt. This company consisted of thirdly, as a certain physical affection of an old man about seventy, a woman the bodily system is necessary for the con- of fifty, a young girl of eighteen, and tinuance of every emotion, it would be ne- two ragged boys of fifteen and sixteen cessary for us to understand how long the physical affection can be sustained without years of age, who were amusing thembecoming morbid; as also, what emotions selves with gathering nuts. are best calculated to relieve each other's ef

The old man had the black collar fects on the bodily system, since it is the of his coat hung round with shells, body, not the mind, that requires change of and at his feet (for he was seated) lay feeling.

his pilgrim's staff and a bagpipe. He " Lord Bacon's Essays are by no means was humming an air to the tune of the least part of his philosophy. As they the Dutchess Golande; the old woapply to the common affairs of life, and the common motives of human action, the young girl seemed lost in thought ;

man was complaining of her misery ; it would be ridiculous to expect in them and the boys were bawling loud ethe formality of science. Wisdom has never appeared in a garb so closely adapted to her nough to stun one,—while the Camperson. Every subject is treated with a bresian observed, from a small emiclear and luminous brevity, which places nence, this discordant group. the propositions side by side, without any The woman spoke to her husband. intermediate ornament. A florid discourse

-“ How can you thus sing in our may astonish us, but it is a simple one like wretched situation?"_" It is to drive this which enables us to arrive at conclusions. Perhaps in most of the essays of the present away sorrow,” replied he.—" Your day, the leading propositions are too far se

have not that virtue. You must

songs parated from each other; and it would be allow that you have made choice of a well if the authors would remember, that pretty trade."-" It is a gay one howto reason is to compare ideas.

ever.”_" To turn Minstrel, and run “ In the mind of Lord Bacon, the char- about the world like a vagabond."acteristic of a powerful and searching intel, “ I have always loved geography and lect predominate almost to a preternatural travels.”_" I do not love them for degree. Perhaps it enfeebled the rest of his qualities, and gave rise to the errors of his my part; you only think of yourself;

and what a fine education are you givlite. Indeed we seldom find great strength of volition united to a fondness for contem- ing your children.”—“ Neither you plation for its own sake. Lord Bacon was nor myself have had a better; in truth, contemplation personified. He lived only our children are grown up.”_" Yes, to observe, and was satisfied if he knew the but they have not a farthing."

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never received more from my parents." one of the best archers of that town; One of the little nut-gatherers now but having received from Nature a interrupted the conversation, by calling strong taste for music, I laid the bow out, Mother, do not scold thus aside, and swelled the bagpipe. Une loudly, for here is a gentleman listen- fortunately at that period Bruges ing to you."

swarmed with Minstrels, and their The Cambresian, at these words, harmony soon overpowered mine. It advanced, and saluted the Minstrel, was in vain that I presented myself at who rose up with dignity, seized his the palaces of the Duke of Brabant staff, and, preparing his bagpipe, said, and Earl of Hainault--they laughed “ Sir, what air would you wish to at my harmony, and plainly told me hear-gay, tender, or grand? say, for that I played most wretchedly on the I can satisfy your taste, however diffi- pipes. Finding, therefore, from my cult it may be.” The Cambresian own experience, that a prophet has presented him with a skelein, and re- no honour in his own country, I left plied, Play whatever air, Minstrel, Belgium and went into Picardy. you may like-I am not difficult to “One day as I was playing an air at please, having never heard other music the foot of the walls of the castle of than the plain chant of our church Coucy, the generous Raoul appeared of St Geri.” The Minstrel struck up on the battlements; he called me to a Virelais of the Count of Barcelona. him, and said, 'Young Minstrel, " That is very melancholy,” said the four leagues hence lies the town of St Cambresian; can not you make me Quentin ; and having passed through laugh instead of making me cry?” it, you will see the fortunate castle of The Minstrel played off a Biscayan Fayel a quarter of a league off, seated air, which delighted the young man; on an eminence, wherein resides my and as he had found out his taste, he love. Go thither, and play off, under continued so many of these airs that the walls, such discordant sounds as the Cambresian no way regretted his you have done here; my love may skelein.

perhaps come to listen to them as Í Perhaps there is no good thing that have done; thou wilt present her with people so soon tire of as music. The this letter : she may perhaps have the Cambresian, struck with what he had kindness to reply to it, which thou heard of the dispute between the wilt return here with, and I will reMinstrel and his wife, said to him, compense thee more magnificently than “ If I have distinctly understood the if thou hadst been the first musician conversation between you and your in the world. Delighted with só wife, that has just passed, it seems lucky an adventure, I took the letter that your noble profession does not from Sir Raoul, passed through St gain you a great number of ducats.”- Quentin, and was soon at the walls of “No, certainly,” replied the Minstrel, the castle of Fayel. My music re“ but one cannot enjoy every happi- sounded like that of the God Pan, ness at the same time ; rich or poor I when a young lady appeared at her am always gay; I have seen a variety turret with a face as brilliant, and of countries, and have lived more hap- with eyes as bright, as those of the py than many kings ; but, sir, every red-breast when seen in winter in the thing must have an end ; I am now midst of bushes. I ceased playing on thinking to retire, and am on my road her appearance, to offer her the letto end my days in tranquillity at Bru- ter ;-imprudent as I was—for I had ges, my native country.”—“You have been watched-old Fayel was more than time for that,” interrupted hand-he seized the letter, ordered the Cambresian;" and were I not his daughter to retire, and commandafraid of being troublesome, I would ed his pages and bachelors to put me request an account of your adventures, into confinement. Shortly after I which assuredly must be very interest- was brought before this Argus, who ing.”—“ I will cheerfully comply with was foaming with rage ; I attempted your wishes, sir,” said the Minstrel, to soften, or to put him to sleep, with “ for I am always thankful when any my pipe, as Mercury had done to the one shall have the goodness to set me original Argus with his flute; but, talking."

alas! the Lord de Fayel was no lover “I was born, as I before said, at of music; he had me bound by his Bruges, and in my younger days was valets, and, regardless of my talents,


my talents.

had the barbarity to order me one first were chanting their tensons and hundred lashes. I was then thrown lays to the sound of their instruments into a dark hole, with a bundle of in the Cisalpine provinces, our ancesstraw and a most frugal supper, and tors were gayly swelling their pipes to on the morrow dismissed, with the the merry dance of the Courante in advice to examine well all the avenues our marshes of Belgium. to the castle, for if I were again found In the hope, therefore, of meeting within its purlieus, the world would brethren of the pipe, I set out for for ever be deprived of so great a mu- Poitiers ; and whether I really did sician, and Raoul of so faithful a ser- possess a certain degree of merit, or vant. They positively assured me, whether the Poiterians, not much that I should then be delivered over famed for talents, had not the injustice to the high-bailiff of the Vumandor's, to exact from others what they were from whose clutches I might get out wanting in themselves, I soon acquiras well as I could.

ed a tolerable degree of fame,-be“ I dared not return to Coucy, came acquainted with several inhabibut crossed the Somme ; and having tants of the country, who danced to heard that the Lord of Pequigny, a my music- -Was my wife not lispatron of the fine arts, had a large tening, I could tell you, sir, some huparty of Minstrels at his court, I ven- morous adventures that happened to tured thither to make him a judge of me in that fine country.

“ I now began to compose music; “ Vanity has ever been my failing, and should you ever visit Poitiers, you as it is said to be that of my brethren; may hear several of my innocent airs I must therefore own, that the Lord sung in the villages. I believe I of Pequigny was far from considering should have made my fortune in that me as a first-rate performer ; on the province, had not my ruling passion contrary, he told me that I played for travelling caused me to leave it. very badly, and recommended my I traversed Languedoc and Provence, quitting a profession for which I was where the inhabitants have so much not born. His advice, however, was wit, and such eagerness to show it, vain ; I remained constant to my pipes, they never wait to see whether others and resolved to make them celebrated may not be equally gifted. Afraid of throughout the universe.

my success in these countries, I went “I went thence to Paris; and I know into Gascony; but that was ten times not how it happened, but I was well worse. Nothing, however, could equal received there, and I was thought to the petulance of the people of Biscay, possess talents, although I had not whither I next directed my steps; but made any new acquirements. Asto- I soon fled from a country where every nished at this unexpected success, I one seemed bitten by a tarantula. Í was forming the most brilliant expec- began to breathe in Arragon. Here, tations, when one of my friends said said I to myself, is a wise people, who

You must not be too much are never too much hurried to act or intoxicated with your success, for in talk. I almost thought myself in my this place moderate abilities only are native country; but I did not add to encouraged ;-make hay while the my riches there. sun shines, for perhaps your fame “ I heard great talk of Barcelona, may on the morrow vanish away like where every one, even a player on the a dream.

bagpipes, could make his fortune. “ What he said was true, for the went thither, and began to blow away public was, if possible, more suddenly on my pipes at the neat tippling, disgusted with me than it had before houses in the suburbs of this capital been delighted. “Ah! the comical town,' of Catalonia. One day, while I was said I, on quitting it, when I found playing to a brilliant company of both there was nothing more to be gotten; sexes, and they amusing themselves in but fortunately 1 had collected some dancing, the lady whom you see by few crowns in my pocket.

my side, hearing me utter some words “ I was told that the court of the in bad French (see how wonderful is Count of Poitiers was the usual resort the love of one's country), felt for me of the Troubadours. From time im- an instanteous passion, at least so she memorial Troubadours and Minstrels has assured me since. For my part, have been brethren ; for whilst the sir, I no way shared her flame, for VOL. III.

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to me,

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the lady was scarce handsomer then coming into life, although I had no than now, when she can count half a hand in it, I swelled my bagpipe the century; but charmed and most grate- merrier, to gain wherewith to support ful to see a woman in love with me, them, and to make a stand against which had never happened to me be- our creditors." fore, I told her that I should be ex- Here the wife interrupted this intremely sorry she should consume discreet babbler.-" Have you not sufherself in vain for my bright eyes, and ficiently stunned the gentleman with that since she would absolutely have your impertinences ? and do you formy hand, I could not have the cruelty get that we have not tasted a morsel to refuse it to her. She assured me all this day, while you hear the bell at that her birth was above the common the neighbouring monastery ring for —that her family, originally from evening prayers?" Berny, still were held in great con- “ You are in the right,” replied the sideration at Châteauroux. But, sir, docile Minstrel, “ let us go and breakthe privilege of a traveller is well fast with the money this generous genknown in regard to truth, and I soon tleman has just given me,-sufficient discovered that the lady had taken ad- for the day is the evil thereof, -we vantage of my youth.”

may possibly find, before night, some At these words the old woman in- other charitable person not invincible terrupted her husband, who was too to the charms of music." discourteous for a Minstrel. “Do you “ You may keep your money in hear this wretched Flemish bagpiper, your pocket,” replied the Cambresian, who dares to insult a woman whose « the monastery, whose bell you now sole misfortune has been caused by her hear, is Vaucelles, where I have some weakness in marrying him? Accursed friends; let us go thither together, be the fatal moment when I first and we shall be well received, for the thought of fixing on such a husband. pious children of St Bernard, to whom If you knew, sir, all the rambles I the convent belongs, are famous for have been forced to make with this their hospitality.” wild fellow- -“ Softly, madam, if The Minstrel takes up his pilgrim's you please, replied the Minstrel, it staff, slings his pipes on his back, and belongs to me to relate them to the offers his arm to his wife, who accomgentleman. When I had married panies him limping and scolding; the madam,” continued he, “it was ne- two boys run before them like two cessary that my pipes should furnish young greyhounds; the girl is silent us with subsistence for both. I quit- and sighs, and thus the Cambresian ted Catalonia, where I gained but lit- conducts the limping caravan to the tle, and conducted my lady to Toledo, monastery. where I formed for her a handsome establishment. Had she not been só

Part Second. extravagant in that town, and had she not unexpectedly made me father of HAPPY were the pilgrims of good old that girl there, I should have become times, who, when worn down with the richest musician in both Castiles. fatigue and hunger, on discovering the But in short, every thing may be exa towers of a monastery, entered inpected in a married state. Do not, stantly its gates, and were received as however, suppose, sir, that I was an- part of the family. It is said that gry with my wife on this account- great changes have since happened, Thanks to Heaven for having given and that convents are not now so charme a sweet temper—She might have itably inclined ; this may, perhaps, be done much worse before I should have caused by pilgrims not being so worfound fault with her. Events will thy and good as in old times. prove what I have said : for instance,

However this may be, our Minstrel examine the features of these young met with a favourable reception ; for nut-crackers, and tell me, on your the Lord Abbot, having noticed the honour, if you can discover any like- company from his narrow painted winness between their faces and mine. dow, descended the stair-case, and met That, however, makes no difference to at the bottom of it his nephew. He, mewhere they are, and I love them the young Cambresian, had the honjust the same as if they were my our so to be. He presented to his own blood. When I perceived them uncle his vagabond companions, who

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