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eulogy of Christianity proceeds merely Pardon me, if I have been betrayed on the grounds of temporal utility, into a warmth of language unsuitable and that the gospel of Jesus is recom- to one who willingly confesses that he mended in England for purposes which is addressing his superior. Be assured would have secured equal enthusiasm that I have no motive in all that I in favour of Mahometanism in Turkey, have said, but a strong zeal, both for or Brahminism in Hindostan. You your reputation, and for the cause of are thus coupled, in the minds of those Christianity. It would be superfluous who know not your character but to tell you, that this is not a period in cannot fail soon to recognise the recure which Christians might expect to be rence of your very remarkable style, pardoned for deserting, even for a mowith that band of humble wits who ment, the standards around which it have been so long contented to earn is their duty to be rallied. Infidelity the applauding smile of the vulgar, by does not indeed speak so boldly as it jokes filtered and refined from the once did among us; but I fear-I rotten fountains of the Taureau Blanc greatly fear-whether her silence be and the Dictionnaire Philosophique. not ominous, rather of her settled hosThat foreible sweep of language with tility than of her genuine repentance. which you are accustomed to confound I much suspect, that the candour of the enemies of your creed, is asso- Hume is the only part of his garment ciated, in the minds of these strangers, which has fallen upon no disciples. with the ideas of audacious deceit

and It is useless to multiply names and unblushing charlatanerie. Your su- facts,—but I am sure you internally blime flights are supposed to belong to acknowledge the justness of my posithe same school with the majestic tion, when I assert, that infidelity is exordiums of the Edipus Judaicus; at this moment more extensively difand you are perhaps classed with the fused among the higher orders of Briauthor of that singular performance, tish society,-aye, and taught in a as a man who degrades genius, erudi- manner more dangerous by British tion, and oratory, into the instruments authors, than was ever known, even in of a superstitious and visionary deism. the days when unbelief was the ally

It is needless to explain to you at of open democracy, and the enemies of greater length the dangerous purposes our faith enlisted in their cause all the to which your conduct may be twist- zeal and bigotry of a political insurreced, or the malicious ways in which it tion. In common with many of my may be misrepresented, by the giddy, countrymen I rejoiced in the rise of the superficial, the heartless, the your name, and saw in you a brilliant thoughtless, the faithless, and perhaps luminary likely to dispel much of the the godless readers of this Review. darkness which envelopes the religious Be assured, that however you may be atmosphere of the land. I trust my courted and flattered at head-quarters, forebodings were not in vain. Nay, you will be regarded by the under- I know and feel that you are born to strappers of the array in no other light do great things,-that you are gifted than that of a hireling and dishonoure with very singular talents and feelings, able auxiliary. You will consult well and that these are not more admirfor your own character before you pro- able in themselves, than in their adapceed farther. You will pause before tation to the necessities of the time. you plunge more deeply into the pit Surely you will not allow your name of error. You will hesitate before to be sullied by the breath of calumny, you entangle yourself in such a man- merely that you may gratify your ner, as might render retreat a shame- own vanity or that of Mr Jeffrey.ful, perhaps a fruitless, attempt. You But, indeed, I imagine you have quite will, above all, consider with yourself, mistaken the relation in which your by what means you are most likely to name and character at present stand to prevent your name from being joined, his. He has had his day. The world in the mouths of the public, with is agreed that he is the cleverest of rethose of certain scoffing priests, and viewers, but that he is not, nor ever envious renegadoes, who are already can become, one of the great men desbranded with an everlasting infamy tined to occupy a place in for the share which they have taken

“ That temple where the dead in the guilty triumphs of the Edin Are honoured by the nations.” burgh Review

Your reputation, on the contrary,


from you.

not yet settled. You have done much against so formidable a band of transand delighted many, but your works gressors. abound in marks of hurry and false For you, sir, I cannot conclude taste, which all your readers hope to without again assuring you of my love, see removed hereafter. Your writings respect, and veneration.

Had I eshave been accepted as the promise of teemed you less, or rated your talents a vigorous genius, new in the occupa- more lowly, I should have spared mytion to which it is devoted ; and all self the trouble of a long address, men are willing to believe that your which many will not fail to consider future exertions may very far surpass as impertinent, but which you yourthose which you have as yet exhibit- self, I feel satisfied, will acknowledge ed. It rests with yourself, whether to be founded in justice and truth. I you may not go down as a British am sensible that you are placed in a classic,-- perhaps as the first, or in the delicate situation. The amiable manvery first rank, of our divines. You ners and kindly dispositions of Mr will not facilitate your path to these Jeffrey are known to none better than worthy objects of ambition, or remove to myself. I pity his errors, but I any misgivings which we may have in never cease to entertain a certain lurkrespect to your future career, by mak- ing affection for the man. It is for ing yourself familiar in the hackneyed you to consider how far feelings of walks of secular criticism and political this kind should be allowed to intereconomy. You will do well to devote fere with matters of a higher order, yourself entirely to your profession; with feelings yet more sacred than any you are at present its ornament, but to which acquaintanceship, or even by its means alone, and in the strength friendship, can give birth." That Mr of its protection, are you destined to Jeffrey is entitled to the warmest love achieve for yourself a literary immor- of those with whom he associates, no tality. You can gain nothing from man who has the least knowledge of Mr Jeffrey ; he may hope for much him and his habits can for a moment

You should calculate well doubt. Had he been the only person before you consent to be generous, interested in the Edinburgh Review, when the object is not good, and the I believe the character of that work, return is sure to be insignificant. even in a religious point of view, would If

you become a regular writer in the have been very superior to what it is. Edinburgh Review, you will certainly But although he is the responsible learn to look upon that work with man, and although the world is quite somewhat of the feelings of parental entitled to take him to task for all the partiality. I hint it merely-I may errors of the book, it is well underadd, modestly and hesitatingly—is stood, among them who are near the there no danger for yourself? There fountain of information, that of those is no wisdom so secure that it may be things which have most offended entitled to despise temptation.

No either the critical or the religious opiprecept is more safe than that which nions of intelligent readers, comparasays that we should “ flee from dan- tively a very small part has been the

actual production of his own pen. His I have spoken of this Review in situation is, indeed, in my opinion, terms which may appear harsh to ma- very far from being an enviable one. ny, and to some unjust. To those He is obliged to stand and receive the who understand, as you do, the pur- blame of blunders which he has not port and scope of the work, no apo- committed, and of meannesses which logy nor explanation can be necessary. his nature would teach him to despise. To those who are blind enough to be in the vigour of his faculties and of gulled by its external smoothness, or his manhood, he is compelled to bear dull enough to be incapable of pene- the burdens of querulous and despairtrating its hidden treacheries, I shall ing age on the one hand, and of pert, at present say nothing. If any hesi- presumptuous, ignorant boyhood on tate to adopt the opinion which I have the other. Himself a man of brilliant expressed concerning it, let them siga fancy and happy temperament, he is nify their wishes, and I shall gladly the captain of a set of obtuse imitators present them in a future letter, with and envious pigmies. The lash which such a body of evidence, as, I flatter he himself wields is sharp and cutting, myself, has not often been called forth but the wound which it leaves is only VOL. II.




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in the flesh, and there is no poison in thair iniquitie, baith because hie doith con. the stroke. But his hireling crew of firme thame in thair error by his silence, executioners indulge in their office the and also confirmis utheris to credit thair docmalignant invention of infants, and trine becaus hie opponis not himself thair. the persevering cruelty of savages. You must not think of Mr Jeffrey remain, sir, your very obedient hum

With every good wish and hope, I alone, when you think of quitting the

ble servant,

IDOLOCLASTES. Review. You must take it into con

May 1st, 1818. sideration, that your contributions assist not him alone, but all his confederates. Among these of later years are

HORACE WALPOLE'S LETTERS TO ME to be found some, whom a man of

MONTAGU.T true genius, such as you, cannot but despise ; whom a man of pure morali- So much, both good and bad, has been ty and honour, like Mr Jeffrey, should written concerning Horace Walpole, blush for a moment to admit into any that we are sure our readers would portion of his confidence. You were not easily pardon us should we invite formed by nature for higher things them to any new dissertation upon so than to be the companion and coadju- old a subject. We are not aware, tor of such reprobates as these. Have however, of any publication which in a care, lest a name which might have troduces one to so perfect a knowledge gone down to posterity in all the ma- of the lord of Strawberry-hill as the jesty of purity, receive any stain from present. In it we are presented with others, with which you are thus com- a complete and unflattering portrait of pelling it to be associated.

him, his thoughts, and occupations. If you have opinions to express up. The last, as our readers well know, on any subject whatever, be assured were in general sufficiently trifling; that the authority of your name in a

the collecting of anecdotes about detitle-page, goes at least as far at the parted and forgotten rags of qualipresent time as the protecting cover ties," as he himself calls them,-buyof the Edinburgh Review. You are ing, begging, and borrowing bits of • not in the situation of a young painted glass,--and flattering himself nameless author, whose lucubrations, that he was making a castle, when he that they may not languish in obscuri- was only overloading an ill-built cota ty, have need to catch a little second- tage with the gilding and varnishing hand splendour from the established re- of a Dutchman's cabinet. Horace putation of Brougham, Hazlitt, and the Walpole was indeed a very effeminate Rev. Sidney Smith. You have no need person in most of his tastes, but he was of leading strings, and you should no undoubtedly a man of elegant educalonger allow yourself to be dazzled by tion and much wit. When young, he baubles. Stand on your own strength, speaks of every thing with the apa and there are none who will overlook parent heartlessness of a Frenchman; you. Your mind was not meant to but he seems to have grown much be a parasitical plant,—you were born wiser as he grew older, and throughto grow and flourish in independence. out these letters of his, written with

I shall conclude with a sentence all possible haste, and certainly withfrom the writings of one whom you out the most remote expectation of will allow to have been at least as their ever being made into a book, great a man, and as good a judge of there occur many traces of profound conduct, as any of all your coadjutors feeling and sober reflection, which in this Journal.

would do great honour to heads that “ The Spreit of God,” says the firm and made much greater pretensions to fearless John Knox, “ willeth ws to be gravity and wisdom. These letters sa cairfull to avoyd the company of all that were addressed by him to his friend teachis doctrine contrarie to the treuth of Chryst, that we communicat with thame in * See his first letter to Mrs Marjory nathing that may appeir to manteane or de- Bowes, ap. M'Crie. fend thame in thair corrupt opinionn, for of Letters from the Hon. Horace Walhie that bidis thame Godspeid, communi- pole to George Montagu, Esq. from the catis with thair syn; that is, hie that ap- year 1736 to the year 1770. Now first pubpeiris, by keiping thame company, or assist- lished from the Originals in the possession ing unto thame in thair proceedings, to fa- of the Editor. 4to, pp. 446. Rodwell and vour thair doctrine, is guilty before God of Martin, &c. London.

George Montagu, between the years stroke should cut his skull or his shoulders; 1736 and 1770,--the first of them and advised him to bite his lips. As they written before he had left Cambridge,

were to return, he begged they might have and the last from Strawberry-hill al- another bottle together, as they should never most immediately before his death. ed to his neck.

-, and then point

At getting into the coach, Nothing can be more interesting than he said to the jailor, • take care, or you will to hear exactly what people of fashion break my shins with this damned axe.' in London did and said at the time “ I must tell you a bon-mot of George when the young Pretender landed in Selwyn's at the trial. He saw Bethel's 1745, and when the Scots lords were sharp visage looking wistfully at the rebel tried and executed in 1746,-or when lords ; he said, . What a shame it is to turn the present king came to the throne in her face to the prisoners till they are con

demned.' 1760. With regard to these, and a thousand other matters which are so

“ My Lord Chancellor has had a thou.

sand pounds in present for his high steward. near as to be wonderfully attractive, ship, and has got the reversion of Clerk of and yet so far off as to be in general the Crown (twelve hundred a-year) for his pretty obscure, we can hear whatever second son. What a long time it will be Horace Walpole knew or felt, exactly before his posterity are drove into rebellion as we should have done had we been for want like Lord Kilmarnock. his contemporaries, and he our daily “ The duke gave his ball last night to correspondent. We have no intention Peggy Banks, at Vauxhall. It was to at present, except of giving a few ex

pique my Lady R. -d in return for the

Prince of Hesse." tracts of various kinds from this cor

Aug. 11.-I shall not be able to be at respondence. The first shall be from Windsor at the quivering dame's before tohis letters written during the year morrow se'nnight, as the rebel lords are not 1746.

to be executed till Monday. I shall stay till Arlington Street, Aug. 2.--You have that is over, though I don't believe I shall see lost nothing by missing yesterday at the it. Lord Cromartie is reprieved for a partrials, but a little additional contempt for don. If wives and children become an arthe —; and even that is recoverable, as gument for saving rebels, there will cease to his long paltry speech is to be printed, for be a reason against their going into rebel. which, and for thanks for it, Lord Lincoln lion. Lady C- F- L's execution moved the House of Lords. Somebody said is certainly to-night. I dare say she will to Sir Charles Windham, • Oh! you don't follow Lord Balmerino's advice to Lord think Lord -'s speech good, because you Kilmarnock, and not wince." have read Lord Cowper's :' No,' replied Aug. 16. I have been this morning he, but I do think it tolerable, because I at the Tower, and passed under the new heard Serjeant Skinners.' Poor brave old heads at Temple Bar, where people make a Balmerino retracted his plea, asked pardon, trade of letting spying-glasses at a halfand desired the lords to intercede for mercy. penny a look. Old Lovat arrived last night. As he returned to the Tower, he stopped I saw Murray, Lord Derwentwater, Lord the coach at Charing-cross to buy honey- Traquair, Lord Cromartie and his son, and blobs, as the Scotch call gooseberries. He the Lord Provost, at their respective windows. says he is extremely afraid Lord Kilmar- The other two wretched lords are in dismal nock will not behave well. The duke said towers, and they have stopped up one of old publicly at his levee, that the latter propos- Balmerino's windows, because he talked to ed murdering the English prisoners. His the populace; and now he has only one, H was to have given Peggy Banks a which looks directly upon all the scaffold. ball last night, but was persuaded to defer ing. They brought in the death-warrant at it, as it would have rather looked like an his dinner. His wife fainted.

He said, insult on the prisoners the very day their • Lieutenant, with your damned warrant sentence was passed."

you have spoiled my lady's stomach.' He Aug. 5.- Lady Cromartie presented has written a sensible letter to the duke to her petition to the king last Sunday. He beg his intercession, and the duke has given was very civil to her, but would not at all it to the king ; but gave a much colder angive her any hopes. She swooned away as swer to Duke Hamilton, who went to beg soon as he was gone.

Lord Cornwallis told it for Lord Kilmarnock; he told him the me that her lord weeps every time any thing affair was in the king's hands, and that he of his fate is mentioned to him. Old Bal. had nothing to do with it. Lord Kilmarmerino keeps up his spirits to the same nock, who has hitherto kept up his spirits, pitch of gaiety. *In the cell at Westminster grows extremely terrified. “It will be diffi. he showed Lord Kilmarnock how he must cult to make you believe to what heights of lay his head; bid him not winch, lest the affectation or extravagance my Lady T

carries her passion for my Lord Kilmar• William Clavering, Earl Cowper, son nock, whom she never saw but at the bar of Earl Cowper, who was twice Lord High of his trial, and was smitten with his falling Chancellor of England.

shoulders. She has been under his win.

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dows,-sends messages to him, has got his fied and the house dignified. We went dog and his snuff-box,-has taken lodgings over to the Grange, that'sweet house of my out of town for to-morrow and Monday Lord Keeper's, that' you saw too. The picnight,--and then goes to Greenwich, for- tures are very good, and I was particularly swears conversing with the bloody English, pleased with the procession, which you were and has taken a French master. She in- told was by Rubens, but is certainly Vansisted on Lord Harvey's promising her he dyke's sketch for part of that great work would not sleep a whole night for my Lord that he was to have executed in the banKilmarnock; - and in return,' says she, quetting-house.

You did not tell me of a never trust me more if I am not as yellow very fine Holbein, a woman, who was evias a jonquil for him. She said gravely dently some princess of the white rose. t'other day, Since I saw my Lord Kil. “ I am just now returned from Ragley, marnock, I really think no more of Sir which has had a great deal done to it since

than if there was no such I was there last. Browne has improved both man in the world. But of all her flights the ground and the water, though not quite yesterday was the strongest. George Sel- to perfection. This is the case of the house, wyn dined with her, and not thinking her where there are no striking faults, but it affliction so serious as she pretends, talked wants a few Chute or Bentley touches. I rather jokingly of the execution. She have recommended some dignifying of the burst into a flood of tears and rage, told saloon with Seymours and Fitzroys, Henry him she now believed all his father and the eights, and Charles the seconds. They mother had said of him, and with a thou- will correspond well to the proudest situasand other reproaches flung upstairs. tion imaginable. I have already dragged George coolly took Mrs Dorcas, her woman, some ancestors out of the dust there, written and made her sit down to finish the bottle : their names on their portraits ; besides • And pray, sir,' said Dorcas, do you which, I have found, and brought up to think my lady will be prevailed upon to let have repaired, an incomparable picture of me go see the execution ? I have a friend Van Helmont by Sir Peter Lely. But now that has promised to take care of me, and I for recoveries--think what have in part can lie in the Tower the night before. My recovered! Only the state papers, private lady has quarrelled with Sir Charles Wind- letters, &c. &c. of the two Lords Conway, ham for calling the two lords malefactors. secretaries of state. How you will rejoice The idea seems to be general, for 'tis said and how you will grieve ! They seem to Lord Cromartie is to be transported, which have laid up every scrap of paper they ever diverts me for the dignity of the peerage. had, from the middle of Queen Elizabeth's The ministry really gave it as a reason a- reign to the middle of Charles the second's. gainst their casting lots for pardon, that it By the accounts of the family there were was below their dignity. I did not know whole rooms full; all which, during the but that might proceed from Balmerino's absence of the last, and the minority of the not being an earl; and therefore now their present lord, were, by the ignorance of a hand is in, would have them make him one.” steward, consigned to the oven and to the

The next is a picture from the life, uses of the house. What remained, except of three parts of all Walpole's exis- one box that was kept till almost rotten in tence. He was never happy unless a cupboard, were thrown loose into the lumrummaging some old house for things ber-room, where, spread on the pavement, that the owners of them despised.

they supported old marbles and screens and Strawberry-hill, Aug. 20, 1758.--Af.

boxes. From thence I have dragged all I ter some silence, one might take the oppor- brought away a chest near five feet long,

could, and have literally, taking altogether, tunity of Cherbourg" and Louisbourg, t to revive a little correspondence with popular

three wide, and two deep, brim full. Half topics; but I think you are no violent poli

are bills, another part rotten, another gnaw. tician, and I am full as little so; I will

ed by rats; yet I have already found enough therefore tell you of what I of course care

to repay my trouble and curiosity, not e more, and I am willing to presume you do three letters of the great Strafford, and three

nough to satisfy it. I will only tell

you too that is myself. I have been journey. long ones of news of Mr Gerrard, master of ing much since I heard from you ; first to the Vine, where I was greatly

pleased with edged with green, like French modern paper,

the Charter-house ; all six written on paper the alterations; the garden is quite beauti

There are hand-writings of every body, all


their seals perfect, and the ribands with which * About the middle of this month, General they tied their letters. The original proBligh had landed with an army on the coast clamations of Charles the first, signed by of France, near Cherbourg, destroyed the the privy council ; a letter to King James bason, harbour, and forts of that place, and from his son-in-law of Bohemia, with his re-embarked his troops without loss. seal ; and many, very many,

letters of + Alluding to the surrender of Louis- gotiation from the F Bristol in bourg, and the whole island of Cape Bre- Sir Dudley Carletoni hichest ton on the coast of North America, to Ge. Sir Thomas Roe.-1 neral Amherst and Admiral Boscawen. here be food for the


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