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tending the case they were to inquire into. But their great business was to inquire who were the per
sons that had perpetrated this atroMURDER.
cious deed. He would shortly state
the outline of the evidence to be laid Durham Assizes, Friday, before them. Isabella Young had August 13.
been in the service of Miss Jane
Smith, since Lady Peat, a lady of This case, which excited very great opulence, and of singular great interest, was remarkably simi- habits and manners. One of her lar to that of the Ashcrofts. But singular habits was to have only one here only one unhappy woman was female servant in her house. Miss in the house. To her murder, how. Smith had been from home for a ever, was added the burning of the week previous to the murder, and house, in order to conceal both the had left Isabella Young in her house robbery and the murder. In this at Herrington, a village four or five case, too, as in that of the Ashcrofts, miles from the town of Sunderland. the evidence against the prisoners Isabella Young had been alarmed was entirely circumstantial; but the the night before this fatal attempt ; difficulty was much increased by the she had heard the bar removed from lapse of four years since the atro- the door, and in consequence had solicious deed had been perpetrated. cited a neighbour to sleep with her on
John Eden, aged 28, James the night of the 28th of August 1815. Wolfe, aged 56, and George Wolfe, Her solicitation failed ; but that his son, aged 30, were charged with neighbour heard her bolt the door the wilful murder of Isabella Young, at 10 o'clock. Another neighbour at Herrington, on the night of the found her about two o'clock next 28th August 1815.
morning murdered. The house had Mr Williams opened the case to been set fire to; but the fire had not the Jury. The nature of the charge reached the part where she was at against the prisoners could not fail the time she was seen, and dragged to have engaged their attention. out. That the murder had been Any attempt on his part to excite committed by some persons or other their attention would be improper, would be proved, therefore, beyond therefore, as being superfluous. But all controversy. He would now it would be improper for another state to them the evidence which reason : any thing of exaggeration affected the several prisoners. John or inflammation which might with Eden had been a soldier in the Durdraw their minds from sober and de- ham militia, who marched into Newliberate investigation would be most castle on the 26th of August, the improper. But there was in this Saturday before this tragedy. It case wherewithal to rouse their feel. would be proved that he was absent ings, if he were to dwell upon the from his regiment on the night of the circumstances. A young woman, 28th and the morning of the 29th ; and helpless and defenceless, was the if the Jury would believe one of the person brutally butchered; and the witnesses, they would find that Eden house was set in flames to conceal the called at that witness's house on the bloody deed. Such were the circum- evening of Monday the 28th, and stances of enormity and atrocity at., told him, that he and two others were going to Herrington on a very turned on the morning of the 29th, disagreeable business, and spoke of he was observed to have a black eye, Miss Smith's mouldy money. An and to have scratches on his face, as idea had prevailed that she had ac, if done with nails. His first account cumulated money; this had excited of it was, “ I was drunk, and fell in cupidity; and her retired manner of the streets of Sunderland.” On anliving gave hopes of gratifying that other occasion he said, one of his cupidity. Eden spoke of her mouldy children had been unwell, and he had money, and if the witness should be risen to get some water for the child, believed,-and he knew no reason and hurt himself. He was apprewhy he should not,—they would find hended in Edinburgh and a pockethim that night upon this very busi- book was found with him, which he ness. Eden had been a keelman. said he had got from the family of his In the evening he had been in blue wife six years before. Lady Peat clothes; and next morning he was seen would prove this pocket-book to have neatly dressed, and having a bun- been hers, and to have been in her dle, (no unimportant circumstance,) dwelling a week before the murder. twelve miles from Newcastle. He Such was the evidence which would had every appearance of having be laid before them; they would changed his clothes. On one occa- weigh it with that measured consi. sion he said he could establish an deration and that attentive caution alibi, and prove that he was at New. which it was their province to exercastle. There he certainly ought to cise; and they would, he doubted have been, but he would be proved not, come to such a conclusion as the by the muster-roll to have been ab. evidence warranted. sent. He would now proceed to Mr Holt stated he was counsel for James Wolfe. He had held a farm the two Wolfes. from Miss Smith, and had fallen in Mr Wilkinson said he was counsel arrear with his rent. She had be. for John Eden. come displeased with him, and got Evidence was first given respectrid of him. It would be proved that he ing John Eden. had afterwards, on many occasions, Ann Howe lived at Herrington in said he would be revenged, and that the month of August 1815, at the he was not done with her yet. In addi. time Miss Smith's house was set on tion it would be proved, that in De- fire; she lived fifty yards from the cember 1814, on a remarkably windy house, and knew Isabella Young day, when a wall had been thrown well. On Monday night, about halfdown, and had killed a man, a circum- past nine, Isabella Young came to stance that naturally fastened on the witness's house to ask her to sleep memory, Wolfe mentioned to a with her, and said she was frightenJames Shaw the pretended wrongs ed to sleep alone. Witness crossed and injustice done to him by Miss the road with her as she returned to Smith, and said that he would be re- Miss Smith's; it was then a quarter venged. To Shaw he remarked that it to ten. Witness stopped at the win. would be easy to rob her house. Next dow till she got into bed in the kitas to George Wolfe, he had been re- chen. Witness heard her lock and markably regular in his employment, bolt the door. Isabella Young told which was that of a furrier, at Bishop her she might go away when she got Wearmouth; but on the night of the to bed, and she went away. She saw 28th he was absent, and when he re- her next morning murdered.
John Ramsay lived at Herrington ton.". He said, “ I warrant you at the time, and was disturbed about know Miss Smith, James.” “ Aye,” two o'clock of the morning of the said witness, “and her father many 29th: he got up and saw Miss Smith's years ago." “ That,” he said, “ is
" house in fames. He went to the the house we are going to to-night, house, ran along a passage, and at and I expect Wolfe is the man that the kitchen door saw Isabella Young will go through the business: I would lying; he dragged her out, and per. not give a den for a man if he canceived no sign of life in her. She not go through his business. This was undressed, and had her under is the third night and the last night petticoat grasped in her left hand. I shall be at Herrington, and to
Joho Creduce, surgeon at Bishop- night I mean to do something, and Wearmouth, was sent for, and saw I have to be at Newcastle at six o'. the body on the morning of the 29th. clock in the morning, for I have run He found two large wounds on the it. If you go to Herrington with me back of her head, and a fracture on to-night, James, I don't know but the right side of her head, The I'll be able to give you more money blows had undoubtedly occasioned than you can work for, for twelve her death.
months.' “ John," said witness, James Lincoln, a seafaring man at
" I'll not go.”
He said, “ No man Sunderland, knew the prisoner Eden need be frightened to go along with for twenty years.
In 1815 Eden was me, for I would never give that man in the Durham militia, and had pre- or woman leave to stand before me viously been a keelman at Sunder. in a Court to condemn me. I don't land. About five o'clock in the want you to go into the house with evening before this woful affair hapo us; I'll tell you what to do when you pened, Eden came to the witness in get there." “ John,” said witness, his own house, stood on the middle " I'll not go.” No, James," of the floor with his hat on one side said he, 16 your heart lies in the of his head, and appeared very grog. wrong place before you go with us, gy. Witness sat in an arm chair, you will sit there till you perish like and smoked his pipe. Eden had on a thoul” (a pin for fastening boats a blue jacket and trowsers. He to; the phrase was common there.) said, “ James, I am going to Her- “ No, John,” said witness, “ while rington to-night ; will
you go along I can walk up to the colliery and ask with us?” Witness said, “I don't for a bit of bread.” “Why, James,"
a know.” “ Why, James ?” Eden he said, “ I am sorry at nought, for said.
“ I am going to Herrington we shall have to do away with the on a very disagreeable piece of busi- poor lass before we can go through Dess; I don't know whether I should with this piece of business.” Witgo or not." “ Well, John,” said ness said, “ Don't go, John.” Eden witness, “ don't go.” “ Do you replied, “I promised to go, and go
any body about Herrington, I will. Miss Smith's maiden is a bit James ?» Witness said, “ Not of a sweetheart of mine, and to-night many." He said, “ Do you know I expect to make her confess where one Wolfe ?" Witness said, “ I all Miss Smith's mouldy money is. know Mr Wolfe, the gaol-keeper, at The b-ch denied me what I wanted Durham.” He said, * That is not of her; but to-night I'll have her the man; this is a farmer man ; he was whether she will or not-but I mu'n farmer to Miss Smith at Herring. (must) away." He took a step to
wards the door, and turned sudden- would not refuse it. One bundred ly round to witness again, and said, pounds had been offered by an ada " James, you need not take any no- vertisement from Bow-street-office, tice of what I have said to you. But and one hundred pounds by Miss I need not mind, for you are not that Smith. He never knew Savory, but man able to go through that piece of he understood he was a gingerbreadbusiness. Good night.” He then baker at Bishop-Wearmouth. He ran down stairs, and witness saw no said, “ We have got Savory." He more of him till about seven weeks meant that he was in custody upon after, when the regiment was dis- that charge. banded; he had no further talk with Re-examined in chief.--He spoke him. Next morning witness heard of Savory about two months ago the dreadful news that the house was There was a great talk of Savory burnt down, and the poor maiden coming from America. There was a murdered. That was in Sunderland, talk that he had brought with him about ten o'clock. Witness saw Eden some golden images from America. and his wife together, when he had (Miss Smith was a Catholic.) Hearing been at home about two months : that Savory was coming home priEden and his wife had very high soner concerning the images, he words. The wife said, when she might have said in the streets, “We was felled by him on the floor, “ O have got Savory.” He meant nothing you villain ! I could hang thee for a respecting this murder or robbery, word.”
as imputed to Savory, only the golCross-examined by Mr Wilkinson. den images, it was said, had been in
He was master of a small sloop, a. the house, and Savory was said to bout the conclusion of the war. When have bought them. He had been in the sloop was laid up by the owners, the work-house, but never in his life he was out of a birth. He was ob- charged with a crime. liged to sell his furniture, and got his By the Court.—He was examined subsistence mostly by going up to the before the magistrates twice, and collieries to beg a bit of bread. He mentioned the same things. He came now from the workhouse. He thought he had stated that Éden had had seen Eden about a fortnight be. said he must be at Newcastle at six fore the 28th of August. Eden had o'clock in the morning, for he had never said any thing of this any other run it. (This was not found in the time. Eden had never gone out of examinations.)
Witness never mentioned Edward Kellet' was acting as a a word about it till about three years watchman at Sunderland, when the after. He always wished and prayed murder and burning happened. it might fall upon some person rather He had known Eden from a child. than on him to put it forth, for he To the best of his belief, he saw knew it was a very dangerous busi- him on the morning he heard ness. (To a juror.) It was not from of the robbery, between_four regard to Eden, but because his own and five o'clock, betwixt the Townlife would not be safe in Sunderland, hall and Bodewell-lane, in Sun. and he must now leave Sunderland derland, having on a regimental with his four children. A reward jacket, a regimental cap, and white of two hundred pounds had been of- trowsers. He had no side-arms, and fered. (To the Court.) He could was carrying nothing. He was very inot say he expected the reward : he clean. Another man, who was with
him, carried a bundle. He saw Mr would be up some night that week: Watkin, Mr Davison, and two other she said, “ Well John, I don't want gentlemen on the morning on which you." John Eden, the prisoner, was he heard of the robbery. To the the man; she was certain of it. best of his belief, but he was not po.
Cross-examined. - He was comsitive, that was the morning he saw ing from Sunderland : he was very Eden.
mild when he spoke. She was never Cross-examined by Mr Wilkinson. sent for to be examined before Tues. Eden did not bear one of the best day last : she could swear that was of characters. Neither of the other the very man. prisoners was the man with him. John Close was in the Durham
Elizabeth Clark lived in Herring. militia in 1813, a corporal. They ton, knew Eden by sight, knew Miss marched into Newcastle on the 26th Smith's house, and saw Eden in the of August 1815. John Eden was in house on the Sunday afternoon be the same company. He had a wise. fore the robbery. There were some A guard report was kept in order to papers on the parlour table before mention the prisoners confined, and him. What he was doing with them the nature of the crime. John Eden witness knew not. Miss Smith was was absent from the company on the not at home. Witness did not see 28th day of August. Witness rethe girl. Witness looked, because collected that very well. Eden had she was surprised to see a stranger been absent on the evening parade man there. She had seen the girl a of Sunday, and the whole day Monlittle before. He was dressed in a day. The report he held in his hand blue jacket and trowsers.
had been made by his direction, and Cross-examined by Mr Wilkin- in it he was entered absent for two son-He looked at her, but did not days. (The report was unintelligible seem alarmed. When she saw him at to the Court, and was most unintel. the time she was before the Magi- ligibly explained by the witness.) strate, she had not the presence of Evidence was next given with mind to recollect that it was the same spect to George Wolfe, the son. man. But upon recollection she af. William Boyd, a police officer of the terwards became perfectly satisfied city of Edinburgh, had searched the that it was the same man.
Alat (floor) occupied by George Ann Howe (again) saw Isabella Wolfe, on the 27th of October last, Young on the Sunday, in the after- and found a pocket-book in a chest, noon, standing at the door, and which was not locked. His wife and walked with her about half-past three officers were with him. That seven, towards Sunderland, about shown was the book; he had made a a mile from Herrington. They small tear upon it for a mark. George met several men, and one man in Wolfe had not been present. sailor's clothes, with whom they en- Cross-examined by Mr Holt.-At tered into conversation : witness ne- that time Wolfe was employed as a ver saw him before : Isabella Young furrier, with Grieve and Scott. Wolfe was acquainted with him : he was a was not present. He was sent to tallish man, pock-fretted, with a England about the 8th of November. thinnish face. * Witness left Isabella Witness saw him again at Edinburgh, Young with him for about ten min in the Cowgate, at large. nutes. He had asked Isabella Young Lady Peat (an elderly personage, how she was. After he had left them, of peculiar appearance) rememberhe called to Isabella Young, that he ed having Isabella Young in her ser