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he 71st year of his age, as the prin- Frejus, on the 20th of March, and :ipal avenger of the honour of Prus- forced this venerable veteran once ia and of Germany. At Lutzen, he more to take the field. Though unfor. ained the Order of St George, gi- tunate on the 16th of June, at Ligny, er by the Emperor Alexander; and in danger by the fall of his horse, aade a powerful resistance at Baute, and by being twice rode over by en to ihe advance of the enemy; the enemy's cavalry when on the nd on the 26th of August com- ground, of losing either his liberty or nenced the long series of his deci. his life, his presence of mind and heive and glorious actions, by the vic- roic resolution did not forsake him ory on the Katzbach, in which he in this trying emergency; and, only early annihilated the army of Mac- two days after, he led his beaten, but donald. He then marched boldly not conquered Prussians, to the atalong the Elbe, through Lusatia, tack, and by his presence contributpassed that river at Wartburg, and ed to decide the eventful battle of gained the battle of Mockern, the Waterloo, and the fate of Napoleon. prelude to the great and general vic. With the same indefatigable alatory, achieved twelve days after, to crity, with which he joined Wellingwhich his daring valour mainly con- ton on the evening of the 18th, he tributed.

proceeded to follow up his victory, The man whom Buonaparte had and had the singular fortune, within first nicknamed in derision the Gene. little more than a year, twice to enter ral of Hussars, but whom, on account the capital of France as a conqueror. of his fearless courage and indefati. From this time till his death, which gable activity, the Russian soldiers, happened on the 12th of September who knew him better, called Marshal 1819, he lived in retirement, enjoying Forwards, Marchall Worsweerts, the marked favour of his sovereign, pursued the Aying enemy to the and an object of perfect idolatry to Rhine, which he crossed on the 1st the Prussian

army. of January 1814, and penetrated in- Buonaparte, who, as we have seen, to the French territory. A series had first spoken of him with conof severe actions, with alternate suc. tempt, soon learned to respect, if not cess, and, lastly, the decisive victory his military talents, at least his heat Laon, gained on the 9th of Fe- roic devotion and incessant activity; bruary, opened the way to Paris, and after the campaign of 1814 be which was entered by the conquerors stowed on him the expressive sobon the day after the battle of Mont. riquet of Le Vieux Chicaneur, in all martre, March 81. He accompanied his operations and movements, he the Allied Sovereigns in their visit to was ably seconded by the Chief of England, where, as is well-known, Staff, his General Gneisenau, to whose he was greeted by the public with the great talents in that department he utmost enthusiasm ; and to add to was so eager to do justice, that, on his satisfaction, on his return to Ger- one occasion, when his health was many received the most undoubted drank, he is said to have made the marks of the cordial gratitude of his following reply : “ You have drank countrymen.

the health of my body: I beg leave But he was not suffered to enjoy to propose that of my soul, General long repose. Napoleon landed at Gneisenau!"

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CHAP. II.

BIOGRAPHY-LITERARY.

George Wilson Meadley.-Dr Wolcott.- Professor Play fair.Mr Jeans

Watt.-M. Monge.

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GEORGE WILSON MEADLEY, the he appears to have kept up an inbiographer of Paley, was born in the tercourse, and lived in a considercounty-palatine of Durham, in the able degree of familiarity. beginning of the year 1774, and re- The voyage to the Mediterranean ceived only such an education as having considerably benefited Mr a country school could afford. He Meadley's fortune, he was soon after was destined for the mercantile pro. induced, whether by curiosity or itfession, which was that of his father; terest we know not, to visit Dantzie, but having early imbibed an ardent Hamburgh, Lubeck, and other parti love of letters and a desire to ac- of Germany ; and has left behind quire knowledge, soon became dis- him a very judicious account of a gusted with the routine of a count- pedestrian tour from Hamburgā, ing-house, and longed to extend his through the Duchy of Holstein

. views and enlarge his mind by visit. The period of his return has not ing foreign countries. His finances, been mentioned in any notice of his however, not being on a level with life we have seen; but, which is more his ambition, he had recourse to the important, after a residence of some only expedient by which his wishes duration in England, he gave to the could be realized'; and accordingly world, in 1809, the work upon which sailed for the Mediterranean about his literary character chiefly rests, bethe year 1796, in the character of a ing “ Memoirs of William Pales

, merchant-tourist, and visited Italy, D.D." and, in the usual style of the Greece, and Constantinople. After sect of politico-religionists to which he a year and a half spent on this ram- belonged, inscribed, “ To the friends ble, he returned to his native coun- of Civil and Religious Liberty, of try, and about this time became ac- Private Happiness, and Public Vir

. quainted with Dr Paley, who then tue.” It is singular enough, that held a valuable living near Bishop- the biography of Dr Paley, certainWearmouth, the birth place of his ly the ablest and most powerful defuture biographer, and with whom, fender of establishments in religion, notwithstanding the total difference of should have been undertaken by a their religious opinions --Mr Mead. man who, from principle, must bare ley being a Unitarian, and Dr Paley, been opposed to the Church of of course, firmly attached to the which the subject of his work formed tenets of the Church of England, -- one of the most distinguished orna.

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nents. Upon the whole, however has already almost escaped from the he work is creditably executed; general memory. he author throughout exhibits the Besides these works, Mr Meadley, greatest reverence for the man whose in the year 1813, published, “ Meife he had undertaken to record; moirs of Algernon Sidney," of which and although the sentiments pecu- we cannot speak, as we have never iar to the sect to which he belong. had the good fortune to meet with ed occasionally betray themselves, the book. Amidst these literary lathey are not so offensively promi: bours, however, his health began nent as to disgust; and he has had sensibly to decline ; and after a linthe good sense to avoid, in a great gering illness, his earthly career was degree, the error which

pervades and brought to a close towards the end vitiates the writings of Belsham, and of the year 1818. Mr Meadley, others of the same sect, who labour though strictly a party writer, apincessantly to transmute every thing pears to have been an amiable and into metal of their own currency. inoffensive man ; endowed with a His next production was one large portion of good sense and with

congenial to his sectarian very respectable talents; but withviews and principles ; namely, the out any pretensions to the possesLife of Mrs Jebb, a woman of some sion of the higher and rarer gift of celebrity in her day, and whose hus- genius. His political, may be eaband, chiefly, as it should seem, by sily derived from his religious sentiher influence, bad very properly re- ments, though, in his works, there is signed his preferments in the Church, no indication of that forward, petuwhen he became a convert to Uni- lant, and insolent spirit of intolerable tarianism. To us, this performance dogmatism, or of that violence and possesses no manner of interest ; exacerbation of 'party feeling for for there is something so repug- which the writers of his sect have Dant to our notions of the legiti- rendered themselves so notorious. mate province of the other sex, in As an author, his style, though not a female bustling forward and min. deficient in clearness, is often clum. gling in religious and political sy, and generally inelegant. He poscontroversy, that it is difficult to sessed industry to accumulate knowendure details, which, though they ledge, but was destitute of the pecutend to show that the subject of liar tact and skill by which it is emthem was very smart, very clever, bellished and adorned. and very sarcastic, leave always the impression, that, to gain this little The next person of whose life we ephemeral notoriety, a sacrifice has are to give a brief sketch, is the cebeen made of that domestic feeling lebrated Dr Wolcott, better known and retiring modesty, which consti- by his political nom de guerre of Petute the great and peculiar orna- TER PINDAR; a man equally eccenments of the female character. Be- tric both in his genius and character, sides, the reputation of this literary and remarkable no less for the poiglady not being embodied in any nancy and originality, than for the substantive performance, distinct frequent coarseness and brutality of from the squabbles and bickerings his wit. John Wolcott was born in of a small and exasperated sect, a village called Dodbrooke in the we have nothing with which we can hundred of Coleridge and county of Connect her name, which, indeed, Devon, in May 1738, and received

the rudiments of his education at man was ever less qualified for holy
the free school of Kingsbridge, and orders, either by nature or by prio-
afterwards at a sort of academy kept ciple. We need not wonder, thett-
at Liskeard; after leaving which, he fore, that he had his duty perform
was somewhat prematurely sent to ed by deputy, and enjoyed all the
travel on the Continent. After his benefits and conveniences arising
return, as it was necessary to choose from non-residence. But he was
a profession, that of medicine was not destined to continue long as
determined on, and he became ap. ornament to the West India Church
prentice to a relation of his own, a His patron died soon after his pro
country practitioner, who had gene. ferment, in consequence of whick
rously borne the chief part, if not be accompanied Lady Trelawney to
the whole, of the expence of his England, and bade adieu to Jamaica
education. Young Wolcott, how. and the pulpit for ever,
ever, made but slender proficiency On his return from Jamaica, le
in the healing art, and manifested made an attempt to settle in practice
an early and strong predilection for at Truro, from which he was soon
the arts of music, painting, and poe- driven by his restless and litigious
try, but especially the latter. But spirit; and a second attempt at Hel-
his kind master thought only of ren- stone was attended with no better
dering him expert in his art, and for success, probably from a similar
this purpose sent him for some time cause. It was about this time that he
to London to attend hospital prac- discovered the talents of the late Mr
tice, and acquire the most valuable John Opie, and rescued him from
species of professional knowledge, worse than Egyptian bondage. He
that founded on experience. How took the youth home with him;
long he resided in the metropolis is gave him instructions in drawing, by
not distinctly known; but we find, which it is said he greatly improved;
that some time after his return to and, when his reputation had ex-
Cornwall, he received an appoint. tended, accompanied him first to
ment, to accompany to Jamaica, in Exeter, and afterwards to London,
the capacity of medical attendant, where the talents of Opie soon made
Sir William Trelawney, who, in him known, and procured him en-
1769, was "nominated Governor of couragement and patronage. It is
that island. To qualify himself more painful to think, that either irritabi-
completely for this office, he applied fity on the part of the patron, or
for and obtained the degree of M.D. ingratitude on that of ihe pupil

, from one of our Scotch Universities, should have created first a coldness, we presume Aberdeen; and thus pre- and afterwards an hostility between pared set sail, with his Excellency them, and dissolved a connexion, and suite, for the West Indies. Here, the formation of which had done however, the worthy Doctor was soon honour to both parties. metamorphosed into a parson; for, During his short residence in Jafinding his situation by no means so maica, and for some time after his re. lucrative as he had anticipated, and turn, Dr Wolcott appears to bave a rectory, in the gift of his Excel. paid little court to the Muses, al. lency, happening to fall vacant, he though, perhaps, like Darwin, be applied for the appointment; and, cultivated his talents in secret, and for this purpose, procured ordination deferred submitting his productions from the Bishop of London. No to the public till his genius, ripened

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by time and experience, should af sidered a blessing to be enjoyed on ford him greater chance of success. any terms, even though accompanie But, be this as it may, before the ed with torture; and when asked by close of the eighteenth century, his an acquaintance, only a day previous fame had risen so high, and his talents to his decease, what he could bring for satirical writing were so much him to add to his comfort, he redreaded, that he became a person of plied, with a sardonic smile, “ Bring consequence to two classes of per- me back my youth !” He breathed sons, not often grouped together in his last at Montgomery's Cottage, the history of a literary man; we Somers' Town, where he had resid. mean the booksellers and the mini- ed for many years, on the 14th of sters. The former courted him, be- January 1819, being then in the 81st cause his works would sell; the late year of his age. ter, because the keenness of his wit It is matter of extreme regret, pointed him out as a proper person that a man so richly endowed by for a party writer. According to nature as Dr Wolcott should have his custom, however, he quarrelled wasted his great and original powers with both parties ; with the book. on subjects of merely ephemeral insellers, about an annuity which they terest, and which will not be underhad agreed to pay him for the copy- stood by the next generation with right of his works, and which, from out a commentary; and that his ex. some obscurity in the wording of the uberant wit, and almost boundless agreement, it was attempted to powers of fancy, should have been evade ; and with the ministers, “be. employed in turning into ridicule

cause,” Lo use his own words," he the innocent foibles of one of the i had no whitewash for devils, and most amiable and virtuous monarchs

would take an annuity of L.300 or that ever lived. That he was capa. L.400 per annum only to be mute." ble of higher and better things than In the case of the booksellers, it is giving a colouring of poetical embelbut right to say, that he appears lishment to filthy tales, gathered from to have had justice on his side; for the very refuse of the retainers of the

a law.suit, which at that time ap- Court, is sufficiently proved by his : peared inevitable, was avoided by Ode to Spring, which contains some

their consenting to pay the annuity, fine, vigorous, and healthful stanzas, to which he had a fair and undoubt. as well as by frequent scintillations ed claim. In that of the ministers, of a lofty spirit, and occasional apit could not be expected that they proaches to sublimity, even in some would pay away the public money of his coarsest effusions. Posterity merely to purchase the silence of a will revenge upon him this misappli. libeller, and thereby to inspire him cation of his powers, and indeed the with such an idea of his own conse- work of even-handed retribution quence as to render him perfectly seems already begun; for at the preuntractable.

sent moment, his fame, by no means Age and infirmity, however, drew proportioned to his powers and geon apace; but though they wasted nius, seems, like that of Churchill

, his body, his mind continued unim. to whom, in some respects, he bore paired to the last. It is said, that a considerable resemblance, quietly he was able, only a few days before verging to the tomb of all the Cahis death, to dictate from his bed, pulets. And thus the future histoverses strongly marked by his former rian, who pays a tribute of grateful strength and humour. Life he con- homage to the virtues of George III.,

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