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Society of Arts Manufactures and Commerce.
ADELPHI, June 21st, 1802.
N Wednesday, the 2d Inst. the Society held the last Meeting of that Session, and adjourned to the fourth Wednesday in October next.
On Tuesday the 25th of May last, agreeably to the Resolutions of the Society, the Premiums and Bounties which had been then adjudged during the Session, were delivered to the Claimants from the Chair, by his Grace the Duke of Norfolk, the President, in presence of a very numerous and respectable Assembly. The Business was begun by an appropriate Speech from the Secretary, noticing the Objects of the Society from its Institution, in the year 1754, to the present Time, and particularising the Rewards which had been then adjudged this Session.
The Rewards awarded, are arranged under the following Classes:
To John Hunter, esq. of Gubbins, in Hertfordshire, for having planted 40,000 Oaks, the Gold Medal.
To Thomas Johnes, esq. of Hafod, in Cardiganshire, for having planted 400,000 Forest Trees, the Gold Medal.
To John Christian Curwen, esq. of Workington Hall, in Cumberland, for having planted 84,900 Larch Trees, the Gold Medal.
To Henry Vernon, esq. of Hilton Park, near Wolverhampton, for planting 10,000 Silver Firs, the Gold Medal.
To James Beech, esq. of Shaw, near Cheadle, in Staffordshire, for his plantation of Timber Trees, the Silver Medal.
To the Rev. Richard Yates, of Chelsea, for his Essay on raising and promoting the growth of Oaks, the Silver Medal.
To Charles Gibson, esq. of Quermore Park, near Lancaster, for planting 6,000 Elms, the Silver Medal.
To William Fairman, esq. of Miller's House, near Sittingbourn, in Kent, for his Experiments on Extreme Branch Grafting of Fruit Trees, the Silver Medal.
To Robert Brown, esq, of Markle, near Haddingten, in Scotland, for his Culture of Beans and Wheat in one year on the same Land, the Silver Medal.
To Mr. Frederic Clifford Cherry, of New Wood Farm, near Stoke d'Aubenton, in Surry, for planting 60 Acres with Osiers, the Sum of Thirty Guineas.
To Mr. Seth Bull, of Ely, in Cambridgeshire, for planting 8 Acres with Osiers, the Sum of Ten Guineas.
To Mr. Thomas Willis, of Lime Street, London, for his preparation of the Bulbs of the Hyacinthus non scriptus, or common Field Blue Bells, as a substitute for Gum Arabic, the Silver Medal.
IN POLITE ARTS.
To George William Gent, esq. of Upper Guildford Street, for a Drawing of Lewes Cas tle, in Essex, the Gold Medal. Cl. 89.
To Miss Elizabeth Mac Dowall, of Brook CENT. MAG. June, 1802.
Street, Holborn, for a Chalk Drawing of the Virgin and Child, the Gold Medal. Cl. 91.
To Miss Winifred Barrett, of Stockwell, in Surry, for a Drawing of a Landscape, the Silver Medal. Cl. 91*.
To Miss Jackson, of Hanover Street, Hanover Square, for a Drawing in Black Chalk, after an Engraving by Bartolozzi, the Silver Me dal.
To Miss Blackburne, of Park Street, Westminster, for a Drawing of Demosthenes from a Bust, the Silver Medal.
To Miss Mary Anne Gilbert, of Devonshire Street, Portland Place, for a Miniature Drawing of an old Woman, after Nature, the Silver Medal.
To Miss Emma Farhill, of Mortimer Street, Cavendish Square, for a Drawing of Peasants in a Storm, the Silver Medal.
To William Stone Lewis, esq. of High Holborn, for a Drawing of Outlines of the Lau. coon, from a Cast, the larger Silver Pallet. CI. 92.
To George Jones, esq. of Great Portland Street, Mary-le-bone, for a Drawing of Outlines of Hercules and Antæus, from a Cast, the, lesser Silver Pallet Cl. 93.
To Richard Speare, esq. of Dean Street, Scho, for a Drawing, a View at Eltham, in Kent, the greater Silver Pallet. Cl. 94.
To Mi. Richard Cook, of Upper Charlotte Street, Fitzroy Square, for a Drawing of Mutius Scævola, before Porsenna, the Gold Pallet. Cl. 96.
To Mr. John Summerfield, of Packington, Coventry, for a Stroke Engraving, the subject Rubens and his Wife, the Gold Medal. Cl.98.
To Mr. C. Nesbitt, of Fetter Lane, for Engravings on Wood, the Silver Medal. Cl. 103. To Mr. Richard Austin, of Paul's Alley, Barbican, for Engravings on Wood, the Silver Medal.
To Mrs. Elizabeth Coppins, of St. Stephen's, Norwich, for a Drawing in Crayons of Belisarius, copied from a Painting of Salvator Rosa, the greater Suver Pallet.
To Miss Frances Talbot, of Wymondham, Norfolk, for a Painting of an Herb Girl, from Nature, the Silver Medal.
To Miss Brauchamp, of Langley Park, near Beccles, in Suffolk, for a Painting of a Landscape, copied from Both, the Silver Medal.
To Dr. John Evans, of Shrewsbury, for two Maps of North Wales, the Sum of Forty-five Guineas.
To Mr. Thomas Clulow, of Shoreditch, for his Invention of weaving Purses, Pockets, and Sacks, in a Loom, and improving the Construction of Looms in general, Twenty-five Guineas.
To Mr. Henry Greathead, of South Shields, in the Bishoprick of Durham, for his Construction of a Cork Boat, by which the Lives of many Persons shipwrecked have been preserved, the Gold Medal and Fifty Guineas.
To William Hall Timbrel, esq. of Streatly, in the County of Berks, for an improved herniary Truss and new invented Calico Cushion, the Gold Medal.
To Mr. Richard Knight, of Foster Lane, Cheapside, for his Method of clearing Land from Stumps of Trees, and rendering them in a proper State for Fuel, the Silver Medal.
To Mr. James Brownhill, of Alloa Mills, near Stirling, in Scotland, for his Discovery of a Quarry of Stone, proper for making Mill Stones, the Sum of One Hundred Pounds.
To Mr. John Webb, of Dorrington Street, for an Invention in Gun Locks, to prevent accidents in using Guns or Pistols, and to guard against their being improperly fired, the Sum of Twenty Guineas.
To Mr. James Woart, of Fulham, for securing Beams of Timber decayed by Time, or injured by Accidents, in Buildings, the Sum of Ten Guineas.
IN COLONIES AND TRADE. To Dr. Alexander Anderson, of St. Vincent, for the Culture of Cloves and Cinnamon, the Gold Medal.
To the Hon. Joseph Robley, of Tobago, for a Plantation of Bread Fruit Trees, the Guld
An Account of the Number of Noblemen and Gentlemen elected Members since October last, whose Titles and Names are as follow:
The Most Noble the Marquis of Exeter, F. R. S. and S. A. the Right Hon. Lord Viscount Barrington, the Right Hon. Lord Carrington, Sir Geo. Prescot, Bart. Hon. John Henniker Major, John Robinson, esq. M. P. Col. Peachy, M. P. Rowland Burdon, esq. M. P. Lieut. Gen. John Watson, James Brogden, esq. M. P. Mr. Sheriff William Rawlins, Thomas Myers, esq. Joseph Nollekins, esq. R. A. John Dixon, esq. George Prescott, esq. Thomas Calverly, esq. Thomas Taylor, esq. Mr. John Sowerby, John Scott, esq. William
Gosling, esq. Alexander Scott, esq. Mr. William Woodbuin, Mr. Vaughan Griffiths, Charles Tufton Blicke, esq. Mr. John Francis Desanges, William living, esq. Lieut. Col. Francis John Wilder, James Anderson, esq. LL. D. Daniel Moore, esq. Solomon Levien, esq. W. H. Pepys, jun. James Green, esq. Mr. John Fuller, David Pike Watts, esq. William Bridgman, esq. William Phillips, esq. Richard Sykes, esq. Mr. John Dutton, Henry Leader, csq. Rev. Mr. J. Clay, Josiah Robert Harrison, esq. John Gold, esq. Richard Varal, esq. Richard Godwin, esq. Thomas Edwards, esq. William Butler, esq. Mr. William Peter Whyte, Mr. Thomas Bish, Henry Decort, esq. Valentine Green, esq. Martin Brce, esq. James Kendrick, csq. Henry Gore Clough, esq. Mr. William Woodthorp, Charles Winstanley, esq. Joseph Ablett, esq. Dr. Clough, William Tooke, esq. William Coles, esq. Mr. William March, Mr. William Chapman, Joseph Williams, esq. Samuel Lovat, esq. Walter Bracebridge, esq. Henry Winstanley, jun. esq. Daniel Llewellin, esq. John M'Arthur, esq. William Minnitt, esq. Mr. Thomas Jones, David Forbes, esq. Joseph Martin, esq. William Lechmer, esq. Ambrose Pitman, esq. Mr. George Samuel, Col. William Tatham, J. S. Munnings, esq. Mr. Edward Vennor, George Lockett, esq. William Green, esq. Christopher Fowler, esq. Mr. Samuel John Neal, William Nethersole, esq. William Pierrie, esq. George Banastre Pix, esq. John Hunter, esq. Mr. Alexander Sheafe Birkett, Mr. Joseph Bunnell, Mr. Willian Marston, Mr. James Little, Stephen Scarbrow, esq. Col. William Gent, Dr. Ogilvie, William Breton, esq. Thomas Cartwright Slack, esq. John Watkin Phipps, esq. Mr. Thomas Courtney Devenish, Mr. William Bennett, Major Henry Eustace, William James, esq. Thomas Poynder, jun. esq. Henry Michele, esq. SaRev. William Phillips, Thomas Leys, esq. muel Gunnel, esq. Drewhurst Bilsborow, esq. James St. Aubyn, esq. William Henry Cheek, sq. Thomas Stackhouse, esq. George Clark, esq. Philip Neill, esq. William Wills, esq. John Maud, esq. Thomas Windus, esq. Lewis Buckle, esq. Ralph Dodd, esq. Mr. Thomas Wilson, Charles Browning, esq. Mr. Henr Greathead, Mr. Richard Reeve, John Rowej esq. Thomas Andrews, esq. Mr. Gilson Reeve, Edward Biven, esq. John Barnwell Murphy, esq. Peter Green, Esq. John Abearn Palmer, esq. John Flamank, esq. Joseph Ivatt Harwood, esq. Mr. William Gedge, John Jones, esq. Robert Bevil, esq. Mr. John Fletcher, Robert Blake, esq. Capt. H. L. Frezill, Mr. Joseph Cooper, Benjamin Hall, esq. Cuthbert Sharp, esq. Robert Drury, esq. Captain F. M. Keith, M. George Arnoldi.
CHARLES TAYLOR, Secretary.
PROCEEDINGS IN PARLIAMENT, 1802.
The Secretary at War prefented Eftimate of Embodied Milma of Great Bri ́tain and Ireland, from March 25 to May 24, 1802.
Mr. Gerry prefented feveral Eimates for Mifcellaneous Services in Ireland.
Mr. Tierney moved for Accounts of the 4 and a half per cent. duty; which, after fome obfervations by the Chancellor of the Exchequer, were ordered.
The order of the day being read for the fecond reading of the Coron rs Fees Bill, it was opp fed by Mr. Dickinson and Mr. Ellifon, and fupported by Mr. Buller. There being only 23 Members prefent, an adjournment of course took place.
H. OF LORDS.
The Royd Affent was given, by Commiffion, to the Irish Dory, the Mutiny and Defertion, the M rine Forces Regwation, the American Countervailing Dury, the Felons Tranfportation amended, the fort Marlborough Factory, the Clergy Nonrefidence, the Plymouth Embankment, and feven other pestic and private bills.
In the Commons, the fime day, Mr. Corry had leave to prefent feveral Pentions from Public Charities, &c. in Ireland, brying the accustomed annual aid of Paihament
The Honfe having gone into the Committee of Supply, the Chancellor of the Exchequer rofe to move certain refolutions refpecting feveral branches of the public fervice. The first would be to defray the intereft on Exchequer bills funded and pid laft year. This would amount to the fum of 505.5201. 95. 1 d. The fecond would comprize the filares and incidental Xpences of the Office of Commuliocers for reducing the National Debt, amounting to 286,000l. 15s. The third was for the purchase of one-third of the Duke of Richmond's annuity of 19,000l. The Committee were aware that an Act had petfed three years ago, to allot stock, fo as to yield fufficient intereft to cover one third of the purchase money of that annuity, and difcharge the demand which the noble Duke had upon his Majesty, in confequence of the grant made to the family in the reign of Charle the Second. The fum neceffary to complete the porchafe would be 144,611. 25. The fourth would be a fum of 500l for the extra trouble of the Exchequer Officers in making out Exche quer hills. The fifth would be for the discount on prompt payments to the loan and lottery for the year 1801, amounting to 4:8.5141. 8 s. 6 d. The fixth was for GENT MAC. June, 1802.
an allowance to the Bank of England, for receiving the loan and lottery, 23,5621 35.48. and incidental expences, fame as occurred during the drawing of former lotteries, (1500). In addition to these articles, he had three others to propofe. The first was, to difcharge the Exchequer bills affued by the Act of the 41ft George 1:1. and which had been paving off in the Bank, amounting to three millions, advanced in 1798 to the Bank, for which new Exchequer bills will be iffed when the old ones are paid off. In confequence of the peace, it would not be neceffary to renew the loans. The next article confifted of the indemnity which it was neceifary t give to Eart St. Vincent and Lord Grey, for the claims made against them for the detention of certain American veffels at Marinique. It would be recollected, that in 1793, in confequence of an order of Council, or dering all American fhips which thould be found trading with France to be feized, thofe noble Lords quitted this country for that purpose. On their are val in the West Indies then declared the in and to be in a fate or blockade, and made a fe zure of all vell is carving on trade with France. In 1794 the fyftem was cloned, and a Treaty was entered into between this coun try and America, by which it was ftipulated, that all the veffels feized thould be reftored, an! compenfation made for the loffes, Application was accordingly mode to the Lords of Anneal, who adjudged that the noble Lords thould make good to the fofferers what the clanned; and ti y were obliged to pay the demands. An ayseil was then made to the Lords of the Irifors, on bet alf of Lord St. Vincent and Lord Grey; and the King's Protor was d-fired to examine the cafe; which was done; and he whole of it was foly fated to their Lordships, who had ventured to recommend the indemnifications to he made to Lord St. Vincent and Lord Gree. If any gentleman wished to fee the Proctor's letter, it was ready for their inspection on the table. The fum neceffary to reimbuite the expences of the noble Lords would be 45,3321. 175. 6d. The next article was for the deficiency which arote in the convoy duties on iniports and exports. He should propofe a refolution for providing for this deficiency of 1,200,000l. of goods imported and exported. He then moved the refolutions; which, after feveral objections from Mr. Jones and Mr. Robfon, were carried without a divifion.
Accounts of all Gram and Rice imported and exported, from O&. 10, 1801, to Jan, 5, 18c2, were presented.
The Report from the Committee of Supply,
ply, of the refolution for an indemnity to Lords St. Vincent and Grey, brought on a debate, in which Meffrs. Robfon. Vanfittart, Neboll, Jones Jobnfan, the Chancellor of ke Ex bequer, Captain Malesim, and the Atorney-General, fpoke; after which, this and the other refolutions were agreed to.
The Houfe in a Committee of Supply, Mr. Corry moved a refolution refpecting Ireland; hich, being objected to by Mr. Baker and Mr. Robfon, was fupported by the Chancellor of the Exchequer, Lord De Blaquiere, and Mr. Corry; the latter of whom f'ated, that, by the Act of Union, it was coven inted that Ireland fhould retain the difpofition of a specific fum for particular fervices; and that the Foundling Hofpital, which maintained 3500 children, required rocol. more this year than formerly, in confequence of the increased price of provisions. After fome further explations, the following refolut ons were agreed to. The estimates were for nine months, viz. to the 5th January, 1803:
Pratique Dublin port, 7261, os. 2d —Apprehending public offenders in heland, 173. 155. 42d.-For defraying thege of criminal protections, 17,3erk 148. 140.For proclamations and advertitements in the Dublin Gazette, &c. 48651. Is. 6d. Printing and stationary for public offices, 13,621. Is. 23d.-lucidental expences of the Treafury, 13841 125 4!-or building offices for records, &5.4153l. 175 — For working e Wicklow golt mine, 18461. 38 -Clow ug the battle axe gumus, 632 18. 6 The Dublin Society, for prometing hobandry and other ufeful arts 3807 12. 11.-Further grant to the Dub in Sec pry, 3115. 75. 9.-To the Farming Society of Dublin, 13841. 125, 48.English Protefiant Schools, 13 5041.75. gd Fouadling Hospital, 12.6921 68. 31d.-Hibernian Marine Nurtery for favors' children, 1532). 188 94.-Hibernian School for fold er children, 3:451. co. old.-Lock Hofpital, 41641. 185. u.—for the Roman Cathore Seminary, 4381 95.4.-For the Houfe of induftr; inDolin, 13,1671.35.0. For the Soner for difcountenancing Vice, and promoting the knowledge and practice of the Chriftian Religion, 5531. 1és 1148.For the Female Orphan tufe near Dublin, 3461. 3rd -For fitting up and fupporting a Penitentiary-house for young cruninals, $8691. 4. 716.
Lord Pelham, in moving the order of the day for tek ug into confideration his Ma jefty's Meff ge refpecting the Civil Lift, thewed, with much ability, the caufes of
the excels, which he ftated to have been unavoidable. His Lordship concluded, by moving an Addrefs to his Majefty, exprefs ing their Lordships thanks for his Majesty's communication, and their difpofition to adopt any reasonable plan for the difcharge of the debts affecting the Civil Lift.
Earl Fitzwilliam concurred in the Addrefs; but moved, that, for the word "peedily," thould be fubftituted, "that their Lordships would proceed to enquire," &c.
Lord Hobart conceived that the information before the Houfe rendered further inquiry needlefs; added to which, there was no inftance of fuch a measure having been adopted.
Lord Holland felt the neceffity of fupporting the dignity of the Crown of a great and powerful country like this; but ftated feveral inftances, which he deemed to demonArate that the information before the Boufe was materia ly deficient.
The Earl of Moira entered into an animated eulogiam on the fuperiority of the British Constitution; reproba'ed the hacknied attempt of fome writers to imprefs a belief, that the entire of the Civil Lift was applied to the individual ufes of the Sovereign; and contended that the allowance to the junior branches of the Royal Family were greatly inadequate.
The Earl of Carnarvon argued for further enquiry; which was oppofed by the Earl of W fimorland as unnecessary.
Loids Pelbam and Hobart generally explained.
On a divifion, the numbers were, for the Addrefs, 60-against it, 4.
The Commons, the fame day, in a Committee, voted 50,000l. out of the confoli dated fund, for the improvement of the port of London, to be paid by the fale of certain lands.
The Chancellor of the Exchequer gave notice, that he should next Monday bring for ward the account of the Expenditure, and of the Ways and Means, for the prefent year; and that, being now juftified by the peace in doing fo, he should move for the Repeal of the Tax on Income.
Te Houfe in a Committee on the Civil Lut, the Chancellor of the Exchequer minutely detailed its nature and origin, in order to prove that the fubject was mate. rally benefited by the prefent difpofition, the Sovereign having had the uncontrouled direction of the national revenue till that dipolition took place. In the year 1697, the Civil Lift was established at 680,000l. per annum. In the reign of George 1. it was increafed to 850,000l.; added to which, Parliament was twice called upon
to make good deficiencies. The Civil Lift, having been encumbered during the late reign with annuities to the Princefs Dowager of Wales, the Duke of Cumberland, and Princefs Amelia, amonted, on the acceflion of his prefent M jefty, to no more than 750,000l.; in confcquence of which, Parliament found it expedient to grant 513,000 1. in the year 1769, to pay off arrears upon this clablishment. In the year 1775, 100,0 ol. more was granted; as were 618,340 1. in the year 1776; 60,000l. in the year 1784; and 210,000l. in the year 1786; a bounting in all to 1,501,851. The Right Hon. Gentleman here contended, that, exclufive of the reduced value of money, the increased price of every article, &c. thefe foveral grants did not make the Civil Lift, during the reign of his present Majefty, amount to fo much as it had done during the time of his three immediate predeceffors. Upon the penfions at home, there was a decrease of 175 7001.; upon thofe to Foreign Ministers, there was an increafe of 92,523. The profecutions of offer ders against the State, various negotiations with Foreign Powers, the increased number of meffengers, &c. had tended to the establishment of the prefent debt affecting the Civil Lift, and which amounted to 990,0531. After adverting to the fatre propriety of felling the Crown lands in the West Indies, and strongly enforcing the neceffity of difcharging the prefent arrears of the Civil Lift, Mr. Addington moved a refolution to that effect.
Mr. Fox expreffed his ftrong defire to fupport the splendour which ought to be attached to each branch of the Royal Family, and particularly to the office of First Magiftrate. It might appear harsh, and it was painful to him, to oppote the prefent motion; but he felt himfelf called upon by public duty to do fo; and he was of opinion, that it ought to be rejected, and an Addrefs prefented to his Majetty, praying, that he would in future live within his income, and make fuch a fund out of the Civil Lift revenue as would be fufficient to quidate the debts already contracted. The "Civil Lift had been determined by Parlisment after the moft mature confideration; and Minsters were therefore bound to confine the expenditure to its amount; or, if they could not do fo, on afcertaining that to be the fact, to have come to Parliament for inftructions; but, inflead of doing either, they expended goo,cool. a year, when only A00,000l. was granted, and, taking the legiflative power imo their own hands, called upon Parlament to make up the deficiency. By Mr. Burke's bill, it was rendered criminal for the Civil Lift to contract debts, and each excefs of expenditure beyond the fnm allowed by the Le"gidature was a misdemeanour, Mr. Fox
went largely into the Civil Lift during former reigns, in order to fhow that it was often incumbered by larger annumies than during the reign of his prefent Majetty; George II. having paid toc,o-ol. à year to the late Prince of Wale and having pad, befides other annuities alluded to by the lift fpeaker, that to the late Duke of Cumberland during 15 years; whereas his prefent Majesty paid it for five only.
The Chancellor of the Exchequer replied; and was followed by M. Pit; who, in a train of irony perhaps peculiar to himself, adverted to many parts of Mr. Fox's fpeech; which our limits prevent our noticing. To prove that Mr. Burke did not att ich to his bill the meaning now given to it, he ftated, that the first excefs of Civil Lift expend ture, after its having been patled, was in the year 1784, during nine months of which Mr. Burke, Mr. Fox, and Lord George Cavendith, were in office; and further, that in the difcuffions which took place in 1786, and at fubfequent periods, when Minifters brought the Civil Litt before the Houfe, fuch a construction had not ever been attempted to be put upon this bill. The Penfion Lift and the falaries, Mr. Pitt obferved, had been kept within bounds; the excess of expenditure, principally under the head of occafional payments, to which the foreign mellengers had largely contributed, was unavoidable: and he felt particular gratification that every circumftance before the House could be clearly and fatisfactorily explained. In the fit 60 years of the loft century the average Civil Lift expenditure amounted to 794,000l. per annum; and the annual expendeure of the last 40 years, including all the grants, together with that now applied for, averaged no more than 918,000l. being at the rate of eight to nine; which, confidering the increased price of provifions, &c. and that the value of money had varied in the proportion of two to three, he conceived did not warrant the obfervations that had been applied to it.
Mr. Fox and Mr. Pitt (everally explained.
Mr. Tierney thought it neceflary to enquire whether the Civil Lift now made the fame payments as formerly. He said, that the 900,000l. at which only the Civil Lift was itated, was confiderably increased by the four and a half per cent. duties to his Majefty, and by the fams to the various branches of the Royal Family out of the confolidated fund. After adverting to the falling-in of annuities, &c. Mr. Tierncy faid, that another confiderable (aving had accrued to the Civil Lift, in the article of fecret fervice money, which, during former wars, had been defrayed out of that fund, but for which Farbament bad, during the late war, voted near 900,000 1. Mr. Tierney concluded by moving, that the Chairman