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pp:737-736. The credit of the letter dia (hip, fon of the late ricar of Wire of Gonnezano, accompanying there ar- and si. Paul's, Corent-garden, who 'ricles, was not called in quction; and translated Sophocles; who obsteries, a Turk confirined it to our anthor on of V. Le Chevalier, ihat, “ from the the spot 1788. The barrow was com- bett view of the ground he could take, posed of a layer of line fand 10 feet and the besi comparison of facts and thick, another of stones and find 4, a circuindiances which he could colleit, third of gravel (gluire) and lione 2 the plain of Tros, as described by bin, feet, and the lafi, which covered the is, in all its general features, the very whole, and kept it dry, gravel (. scene of aceion which llomer bas die

Vol. III. comprehends at translation feribed in his pocius." (See our vol. of Mr. Morritt's' Vindication of lo- LSTI. p. 553.) mer," reviewed in our vol. LXIX. p. 873*, with a map of the plain of So. The Three Bucks of M. Teren ius Varro, Troy.

comreining Agriculture, danslated by obe A map of the fame plain and the Rr. T. O*C, V. 21. of Qren's Cole country between the ruins of Troy and lige, in the Univerfity of Oxforral, and Miomi lda,

Rector of Uplou Sudamore, in the Courity General view of the plain.

of Wilts. View of the Sigean cape, and the IN the prisent inundation of agritonils of Achilles and Patroclus. cultural writers in our own island and

View of the Rhetæan cape and tomb on the Continent it may seem lots of of Ajax.

labour 10 bring forward, in an Englith view of the ruins of the temple of drets, an author who treated the libe Apollo Thymbreus.

jeet 130) years ago, and in a part of View of the fources of the Scaman- Europe whole foil, procluce, and cof der, and the village of Bounar Batehi, toms, difler so much from those of limate on the ruins of antieni Trov. Great Britain. When Varro, who - View of the tombs of Hector and wrote on almof every fulujeet, and was Elietes.

looked
upon

by his countrymen as the Plan and fiction of the tombs of mor learned in of his time, wroic Achilles, Patroclus, and Ajax.

about agriculture, there were upwards Bronze figure and cinerary rares of fifty treaties on the time Inbjeri, found in the townb of Achilles. all in Greek, except what Vigo the

At the end of vol. III, are, the Si- Carthaginian collected from them, gean infcriptioit

, thrie Greck found in whole works irere held in lich elimita the ruins of the temple of Apolio tion, that the curgueror of Cirbage Thumbraus, and three others found withheld his defimctive hand from that in ilic neighbourhood of Alexandria devoted city till he brad placed llago's Troas, and Laun ones publithed in a

book in a safe place. Varro divides new work on the Troad published in his lubject into three parts, Agricul Germany.

tire, Cattle, and the Villa department, The lali remarks and obfervations on froun Ciree sources, his own obfervata the plain of Troy were made in June, tion in cultivating his farms, from his 1799, by our countryman, Vr. !!il- realing, and from his converiätion liam Franklin, captam of an Enit-In- with men of experience.

Italy is represented as in the best mutilated, and, in consequence, for many state of cultivation of any country, and vaque conjectures were made, that, fuce the produce of its vines and corn are he had not an opportunity of seeing them, fiated as very high. The tivo great he dare not hazard an account which he confiderations with an Italian former has heard contradicted. Every one grees, Wire, whether the profitnilibe ades however, that charcoal and bones ucre found theie; au imple proof that it was a whether the fination be healthis or

que to the capenee 200 labour, and place of hurial." Mr. Franklin completely

The family of Stolo were adine detects the forgery of the figure and vales. In Chevalier's äral account it was Minerva

cates for full furns. Agriculturisis jouted in a chariot and fut, and a nietal ought to kino booth at utility and plesa ura encircled with a vier-branca).

fure. Thole things which render a * Mr. M. publice a yindication of ground more beautiful in

appearance, tiimself and this work from the “ji spor by culture generally make it pocit only tulation" of Mt. Bryant. (See our vol. more profitable but more Gleable, and LXLX.p 873),

add to the value of the farur; for.

not.

every one wishes to purchase what has tions concerning the choice and maa good appearance of the same value at

nagement of the latter, and of dogs for a higher price than he would a farm guard, and of the farming infirumenis; in a neglected state. (p. 44.) The four the fituations for fowing and planung points concerning a farm are, its form, grass, corn, vines, and olives; for pro its quality, its quantity, and its fences. vender, basil, mongcorn, reiches, me(p: 47.) Land is of four kinds: cham- dica [lucerne), cytilus, lupins; the pain (rather floping) for corn, hilly for foils, the featons, or the farmer's cavineyards, mountainous for wood, and lendar; which occupy teu chapters: a fourth compounded of the other manure; teed; planting and transthree. Cato preferred, for culture, planting; proportion of leeds to acres; ground situated at the foot of a moun, time of growth; change of leaves ; detain, in a South afpect; and he divided fence of plantations; parts of com; ground into a scale of nine divisions. mowing, and second mowing; harvett; Some thought that vineyards ate up the threshing, gleaning, and tiubble; viniprofits; but this depended on the me- age; olives; hay, beuer under cover ihod of training them, the poles and than in ricks, and better liked by the forks for which purpose are of different cattle ; granaries ; apples; apples' laid foris. Land is of three qualities: com- on firaw in rooms with windows to mon, proper, and mixed. The mea- the North ; turnips in mujlard seed; fures are also different, and the farm- walnuts and pomegranates in jand; house should be proportioned to the olives, and the amurca, a watery fluid, extent of the cellar as much as the prest from the olive; muft to be made cellar or granaries to the produce of into wine, and bread-corn. the vineyard or corn-land; and there Book II. treats, in eleven chapters, must be water within or near it. The of the live frock of the farm ; and, in boufe should be built at the foot of a the outlet, the author laments that his wooded bill, among extensive parures, countrymen and their families had befronting to the mos healthy winds: if gun to creep into towns, and takert near a river, not so as to be woo cold leave of the scythe and the plough, in Wiuter, or unhealthy in Summer; The herds of Epirus and Brutrium not too near a marsh, on an emi. were reckoned among the first. Varro nence and funny spot. Warm ox-falls suppotes men began paftoral life by in Winter ; level' cellars, convenient catching and aming animals, the kitchen, waggon-Sheds, two couris, sheep first, on account of its utiliey and one to have a pond, and in the outer placid nature; there heing till herds court, or straw-yard, another pond, of wild caule, sheep, goals, alles, wherein to foak lupines and other horles, and swinc. "Paitoral know. things, which are inore fit for use ledge is divided into nine distereit when macerated; two dung-hills, or parts: 1. the Hock, in three paris, one divided into fresh dung and that iheep, goats, fwine; 2. the herd, in which is tit for manure, sheltered from three more, oxen [catile), horfes, the fun by underwood and leaves, or affes ; 3. what relates to the uses of capable of having water let in, that the Hock, as mules, dogs. shepherds. the juices may not be drained, Furm- Every one of the li comprides nine gehoutes in Varro's time were beginning neral divifions : four for procuring ihe to depart from the antient limplicity of Bock, four for feeding it, and one tiyle.

called common.

Thus all the parts Fences are of four kinds: the natu- are at least eighty.one, and they are ral fence, or quick hedge; the com- really necesary, and of no liule im. mon, or dead hedge, of poles and port.". In the chapter of milk we are stakes; the ditch and bank ; and the cold that "it is the moti nutritious of wall. Boundaries farther ascertained every liquid fubriance; finti, (herpe by trees. Extraneous advantages are,

milk, then that of the goal; but that good and fale neighbourhood, good which is of the mofi cleanling quality conveyance by roads or canals, and is mares' milk, then alles milk, thea advantages on the contine's, particu- cows' milk, afterwards goats' inilk." Jarls near cities or great towns. (ul. (p. 187.). Livintion is carried on by flares or free- Book III. treats, in feren chapters, men. The ground is to be propore of the villa, or coury-houle: this of rioned to the families and the time for

# When escla ut tinc mine parts was lubcullsating it by neu or oxen; direc- divided into ot!ờer nine parts.

Fucianius,

66

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Fundanius, to whom it is addressed, is you set a hen, they say that it must not fit defcribed as having a finished inside, on more than a certain number of eggs and famous tesTelated parements." We although it has laid many more." (js have here the villa department, and 225.). On this Mr. Owen remarkise what things are to be bred in and that “all bis copies mention 25, which about it; as, birds in general, thrushes, seems a great number." The African peacocks, pigeons, turile doves, heus, hens, which the Greeks called Meleco geese, ducks, hares, wild boars, snails, grilles", have lately been fauted for dormice, bces, fish-ponds. Our mot eating. (p. 228) g Hortenfus had a dern epicures will stare to hear of wood of 40 acres, walled in, where the thrushes and peacocks kept in aviaries, guests were entertained at fupper by a to be fattened for file, and bares in Duinber of deer, boars, and other ftone-walled warrens, along with wild quadrupeds, who flocked round them bears and wild goats. Lucullus wilhed when his Orpheus blew his trumpet; to dine on birds in the fame aviary that the fight appeared as beautiful as where the fame kind of birds were fly. when they courted in the great circus ing about alive; but the birds flying of the Ædiles without African [i. e. about the windows did not pleale the wild) bealts. (p. 236.) Snails and doreve to much as the disagreeable linell mice were luxuries of the Roman epioverpowered and offended the nose." cures in the days of the republick, who (p. 207.) These aviaries contained may be fairly' said to have furpalled thrushes and blackbirds for fattening, our bons vivans in the choice and fupand fometimes ortolans and quails. ply of their dainties, which many of Thrushes, turtle doves, and quails, them appear to have reared on iheir were migratory into Italy; and 5000 own eltates for sale and private conof them, when there is a feast and a fumption. Bees are next treated of, triumph, would enable their owners and their produce. One man's hives foon to put 60,000 felterces out to ute. were estimated at 5000 pounds of ho(p. 211.) Varro describes his aviary ney every year; others received not as very extensive, and including an less than 10,000 felterces for their hoitland, with a banqueting-room under rev. (p. 243.) For a conclusion, we a covered roof; under the dome of have an account of liew-ponds for filli, which, in the inside, the star Lucifer both fea and fresh. Hirius received in the day, and Helperus in the nighit, 12,000 fefierces from the buildings goes round to the lower hemisphere, round his filh ponds, and laid out all and inoves so as to Mew what o'clock that sum in provisions for the fish. He it is. In the iniddle of the fame he- fent Cæfar, at one time, 2000 Muræna misphere is a globe with the eight by weight; and, on account of the winds, as on the dial at Athens, which multitude of the fish, he fold the villa Cyrrheltes made; and an index is mo- for forty times that sum of festerces. ved from the pole to the globe, to shew Q. Hortenfius had fish-ponds built, and to those within what wind blows. An- the fish fed, at a great expence, at fidius Lurco is said to have made above Bauli, yet fent to Puteoli to buy fifa 60,000 telierces (4841.) a year of his for supper. Lucullus dug through a

peacocks. Saius expects to have three mountain at Naples, and introduced í young ones from his keeper, and, when into his ponds sea water, which might

they are grown, he tells them for fifty flow in and out with the tide twice denarii (il. 198. 30.1); fo that no a day. Meep turns to fo good account. (p. Such is this compendium of Roman 210.) Many fold their eggs for 5 de- farıning, in all the timplicity, yet all narii (3 s. 2 d.$); the birds themselves the luxury, of republican manners. It are fold for 50 denarii ; so that a flock may be questioned whether all the of 100 may vield 40,000 festerces with writers on agriculture enumerated by çale; or, as Alburius really said, if each Varro amount to the multifarious treahen had 3 young ones, a lúm of 60,000 tiles written by or after the example of might be raised. (p. 217.) Young pi- Boards of Agriculture, speculative gengeons were fattened by cramming; and tlemen, and experiinental furreyors, a good pair of old ones commonly fold within the last titty years, to pake us ac Rome for 200 festerces a pair; and a nation of agriculture, while the bulk such as are famous for 1000; and Asius of the community cannot taste the prorefufed to part with a pair for less than 400 denarii(121, 12 s.) (p.221.) "When Q11. our Guinea fowl! Evit.

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duce' of extended cultivation and im- a selection of pralins fitted for the se

of Unitarian Chuillians. What be krat

unpubliíned, in his own short haid, 81. A Sermon, premobello a Seciety of Pro he employed his leisure, after being

re;a1 Dijle unters in ibe City of York, ci feired with the paralytic stroke, in Wednesday, Dec. 31, 1800, immediately reading to his wife, who tranícribed apier obe Internen of the R-v. Nes combe them, and, having been brought up Cappe; wisbun Appendix, containing brief under Mr. Lindsay, her fainers luc- ! Memoirs of bis Life. By William Wood; ceflor at Carierick, “ had imbiled his

general tentiments concerning the wrTHE principal objeel of this dif- fon of Christ." From these were pritcourse is, to certify that "the retired, ed his discourse on Providence and the and, in a great degree, mconmmunica:

government of God; and there reo sed iludies of many a laborious year at inain differtations on various theolos dength gave Mr. C. nearly the fame pical fubiccis; fome of his beli ferviews of the New Tellavitut as, in

mons and notes on the Old and New ditierent connexions, and under dif: Teliament; dilleriations on the lelept. ferent influences, lave been gradually ation in the wilderness, op tle into opened to the world by the writings of duction of St. John's Goljel, and on a Liuday, a Jebb; a Priestley, and the meaning of the plırale: Kingdom ollier di ines, who for some tiine have of God and kingdom of Ideale; will been generally known by the name of probably be foon published. The noies Umarian Chritians. · Brethough, in on the New and Old Testament, liathe general iflure, he nearly agreed with ring been written in interleared Bitlivte eminent enquirers into seripure bles, at different periods of liis life, doctrines, bis whole train of thought will require a judicious felvelion. had an original cast, and, in fonie reSpecis, a specific difference, from that 82. The Duties of Man in publie Profis of every oilier Chriftian believer. This

compilerd, in a Charge delivered in the was the natural, the uparodahle etlect

Clergy of the Arch.lencony of N. Alhali's, of an exaniination truly free, conducted at a l'ibialion bloten M*y 2, 1801. By on enlarged principles, and fatisfied Joseph Holden Post, Prebend.try of Luna' with nothing short of what appeared : cola, and Arcbleacon of St. Alba's. to himtelf to defcrrc evidence.” (pp.

Publifedt by Requejl of the Clergy present. 13, 14.) For the rest, we learn now THE Archdeacon inculates the thing more, froup the appendix than duty of Chritian minitiers, both in what has been alreadı fet forth in our their particular and general situations, vol. I.XX. p. 12), and in vol. LXXI. as parochial incumbents and as minif: p. 181, except that Mr. Cappe's faft ters of the Gospel. :“ But whilii we fcrmon, 1782, was “not then printed, labour truly and consiliently to fulfill but orpoated, with some adierations and to the atmoft the peculiar duties of our omiffons, on a fimilar occasion, 1795, allotted cure, we thould also be de. byihe ajifunt minifler, and afierwards firous 10 espress, 'in all fit ways, nur committed to the press. Texi, If.x.4." vigilance for the whole welfare of the His last fermon on public occalions Christian Churchi, and, as connected was preached on the thanksgiving, with the general advantage,' to tetiify, July 29, 1784; but to this “the an- upon every jutt'occation, our concern thor ni shis aketch has not in mediate for the niinillerial characier and func-' 'acols.” He has therefore contented tion. Tonight easily produce intince's himself with analysing the others. Mr. enough, from the pages of Church into C's publications of letters printed in tore, io illustrate and explain the oppothe Tork weekly papers, in ansiver to fite extremes of ill-advilid attempts in tone animaduertions therein ou Mr.' the cirical body whenever then have Linday's apology for resigning the lio aimei at independente prisile res inco:-'. ving of Cüttericli, and an anonymous filient with the comunion good of Chrit vindication of Dr. Prieliler's Hitiory tiap tiates, or, on the other hand, then of the Corruptions of Chriftianity, re- they have difcovered too more relucie fiering the tense of a patlage in Juliin ance to Share in the trouble of attendJurive, are laid alide and forroileri ing upon public bulines, and of addwith other controvertics. He publish- ing dignity and value to its operation. ei, alfor, rolurie of his friend Jr. 'I ne latter print dalis in ore particu' Sundercock's polihumous ferments, and larly with my prefent fubject." (p. 15)

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* The main object which I have kepe venedl, and competent to follow their in view at this aime has been to recons- deliberations in the manner which the mend that zeal and promptitude which lau's of our comtry have pretiribeil: should operate in every man who is in- A national church without luch means vetted with an honourable calling.” (p. of difcutlion has heen unknown in the 23.). The Archdeacon, lamenting the Chritian world; to which I may be indolence and inattenion by which allowed to add, that the information men in all depariments too frequenily which may be contributed by men relinquith the juti right which belongs who have had peculiar advantages for to them, adus, “If an inliance vet the knowledge and in veltigation of more recent were required in order to things which lie within their own proshew low casily an antient and accuf- vince cannot properly be lighted by comed right may lapte, almoit imper- those who thare in the counsels of the ceptibly, I might point to what took liate; unless men in this generation place at the Restoration. Before that are 10 happy as to knowy intuitively period the clergy bad been wont to what was formerly supposed to be aigive their aids to the state by their own tainable only by peculiar application votes; but at that time they were and habitual liudy.” (p. 21-23.) The brought on a sudden, by the private Archdeacon is certainly to be con agreement of tivo or three eminent mended for his annual exertious tv liir perfonis in diverle stations, 10 wave that up his brethren to their duty, vhich exercise of their deliberative judgment so many feel ditpofed to decline or and difcretion. The tranfuction is 9ee flight, id ehete critical times, when the cordeid, in very few corils, l'u thuje miniliers of the Golpel and of the Et icho have occujion to make mention of tablished Church are under fo impeit. Nor is it my purpose to offer an rious a neceflity to "look to themfelves oljection to the neature. But furely that they lose not the things which it

may he well remarkui, npon ihis in- they have wrought," or which they are ftance, that the private resolution which to work, and 10 " take heed to the me produced the fufpenfion of a former nifry which they have received in the privilege, and the silence, or referve at Lord that they tulfill it." Perhaps sealt, which accompanied the meafure, now, more inan ever, is felt the force may require fome more of cancion. of Dr. Hammond's obferration on the Whatever be the line which it may be fequefiration of his contcmporiri clorngh for any body of men iu fociety to

Ecomplary birince nult retake with reference to the common be. More the Church.” netit, and I truli that the coinmon wela fare will always be the fingle end of 83; Divine Amburity of the Bible; 97, Retien every incaliure which hill oberin your

lation and Rratin opofoto Sophigéry and approbation, you, where peculiar inte

Riai,ule; being 4 R. fuitisnetine's. relis have been regularly loever, when

Co Racjon, Puerto I, and II," fly

Rhes! I'!! they are to be rielded up, or to be fub. TIUS wier, of whom we know jacied in any manner to change or re- only froin his prefatory advertiserneut antation, they who are to make the thai he wrote in France, where he facrilice, or in act wider the new form

was limited in the privikoc os confuli which is introduced, will lo viel 10 ing criticks and commentators, or of mark their own tiepj, to denote their kjowing much of the answers that own concurrence with deside expreto bind a pored;" and that he diferred fion of their comments, and to furnith his publication in expectation of a public teftimonies that their headlul- third part of Paine's work," which nets has been directed, ai fuch limes, he has at this moment ready for pubto the general conceri. In 1?(13 of lication." Without entering inio a importance, previons applications from comparison wbber there have been the Sunod to the Parliament bare been abier refiers of Pune's fcepticilin, the ufual in this kingdom. Try were in friends of Revelation till feel theinno reipet ditcouraged bride 12:20rna- felves olidlige! to the peeni. tion. The inethods for this course fubbilis tiill; they are not extinct: they 84 Reply in the Pear Horheri Marsh': line. have never been luipended; nor is the sticieron of a les 11 rok, fol.1 "All.jt ry spirienal govern:neni in illis laroid wili

of oss Kontak's of Gris Briand wild ont fui fure of countil ishini is :)

din Villi,in B-1 m." be found in 'stiernaslis legally cut- JR I hung, in the work bere

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