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more noble and magnificent than that The Pursuits OF ARCHITECTURAL with all those gaudy enrichments, INNOVATION. No. XLVI. which alls expenfive as they are, give

CHEPSTOW. the whole edilice an air of hiulenets and Traile. This, vaft, pile is elaborate confusion, while the easy erecied on a height made by the fimplicity in the difpofition of the other allociation of many rocks, as one eierual opens to the mind a majetic idea of fupport to fuch an aggrandised work of beauty and grandcur, wherein every delence. The North side of this member appears distinct, meets the eye bicight rites perpendicular from the in a pleating significancy, and, all feen Wie, presenting a natural batement together, compoie an entire figure, wall; while the other three sides shew without redundance, confufion, or de- the excavated labours of man, which, ficiency.

as at Goodrich castle, not only gave It will be found that the rules of the fofs, but fupplied the materials for fynimetry and preferiptions of difpo- the edifice above; an undertaking of filion delivered by Vitruvius, conduce the greateli concern to the Architect, much to this defíreable end of a ma- who, by the expanse here allowed him, jeltic fimplicity, which is ihe criterion had an opportunity to exercise the utof true genius and good tatie. Yet inost of his skill. As for vie expence neither his laws nor the antique re- incurred on works like there, that muti mains are to be obeyed with a timid have been but a negative thought; exfervility ; deviations inay be sometimes tent, grandeur, and fecurity, were, made from both, and fuccefs better beyond a doubt, the emulating causes secured by confulting a little the taste which directed the formation of Chepof the age we live in. Lut, before li- tiow calile. The general plan is diherties of this kind are taken, the prac- vided into four large courts, having two titioner Nould be sure that be under- entrances, one to the East, and one to ftands Vitruvius; otherwise he may the Weit. Their South fides run along think that he is improving on his do- the fols, and their North sides overcuments, when he is only confining hang the river. This latter range behimtels within excefles that Vitruvius ing inaccellible to any force, the never thought of, as Perrault has some line of the great kitchen, great hall, times done. They who refiored the grand chambers, and bowers, here preGrecian style thought it incumbent on fent themfelves, in every mark of rich them to adhere minunely to the sym- decoration, in their windows, &c. &c.; metries of the antique, left their own whereas the foriner flanks of the works, authority, had they refted on it, should liable to confiant attacks, are masoned have been disputed, when they com- in the fimpleti and most defensible bated the falle laite of their times and manner, with no other apertures than che prevalence of preporlesions in fa- Joop-boles, in finall square openings, Tour of the Gothic architecture. They and long and narrow, and cross ditto. well knew that there was that beauny In taking ihe out-round of these walls, and excellence in fome of the antique I obtained an intructive leflon of the remains, just as they found thein, to first use, in a progrellive train of arfrike the mind, and bring liome con- chitectural fornis, Troin plain defign, viction of their great fuperiority over

to that of the most eluborate coin, the Gothic. But at present the Gre- pofition, and fet forth in the various cian architeére has merely for its modes of workmanthip from the earenemy the abuses introduced into it liest times down to the sixteenth cenby unqualified practitioners; its own beauties and excellence bire been fo The West entrance, which is a large long and so universally acknowledged square tower with an arch vay the and enjoyed, as to be in line danger centre, has before it a portion of a cenfrom the transient attempts to revive ưical pier to a tivo-arched bridge croírthe explored flights of Goths and Sa- in the loss into the entrance here fpesacens, in extolling whose works fome cified. As on the right of this remare paying that tribute of veneration to namt bridge the fofs is feen, fo on the the memory of barbarian plunderers left is decried a headlong declivity prewhich is due to the majestic pilęs laid paring the hollow course for its terwaste by their favage rage.

mination in the sometimes agitated and Yours, &c. POHLO-TECHNON. whirlpooled fireain below. This an(To be continued.)



tient military consignment to a double regicide of that name *, who was condeath in raging cataracts (adverting to fined here till his death after the Reliothe time when the foss was full of wa- ration of Charles II. The doorway, of ter), and rending precipices, refers us primitive and remarkable form, to this again to Goodrich castle in the like me. iower being opened by my conductor, thod of fortification, followed more admillion was had io the firit liory, iminediately at the entrance into either. where the most prominent features A chalın here is alto to be met thewed three loop holes, which, in their with, but it is confiructed directly exientions, gave sufficient room for within the entrance; that at Good- several men at a time to discharge their rich being wholly without the work. arrows, one holding his bow above From the demolished and liazardous another's, by means of the narrow accets into the cafile by this pats, I openings being made adequate in found it not either tafe or practicable to height for that purpose. Under this esplore its particular parts, which, it is fiery is a cavity called “the Dunnot impossible, ere loug, may be pati the geon;" 10 give an insight into which, curious determinations of any ove, as the floor has in moti parts been torn there has been built near it lately a up. Much loom pervaded the whole kiln, which receives at discretion ihe sce:e; and I, as my uliral impulit ftones to be burnt for liwe, either from direcied, was foon convenci back to the adjoiving rocky or the batement of remote times, and to that sie when the this entrance tower, already much un- lirit defenders of his caziile Nourished. dermined by this sort of depredation. In an intiant I found myself bemmed Sursis, when the tower falls, will any in with the archers who maintained one have the efironters to lar the blame this point of the walls. I faw their on Time, the wal talkioy-borfe energetic atitudes, heard their twang with our Antiquity dilapidatos? Re- of bows, their bum of fecurity, and pairing to the Eatt front of the castle, I the dying cries of the believers. Yet, found the approach extremely easy, be in this hiftoric lapfe, I could not be in ing along a gentle rise : indeed, it is formed by my comrades if the dark now 11.2 common entrance for all vili- cell beneath was to contain their pritants into this noble place. I perceived foners ; their tongues were filent, but this entrance was well defended by their fiery eyes fcouling from beneath three circular towers, one at an ad- their iron brows frowned out, “ forbear joining angle, and one on each side of your illtimed enquiries.” And one of the gateway, and as I pafled under its iben being about 10 centre his bow diarches I saw the portcullis groove, and recily against my rufiled brea'i, my true the perforated perpendiculars in their ray of vifion returned ; and I inund my lotiis, for caling down millive wea- conductor then holding me from precipons, or to accelerate the letting down pitating myself into the very abyts that or drawing up of the portcullis. Find bad at my firli entrance caused me to ing myter in the forti' court, Linstantly much terror. I next afcended a circuwas made fusceptible to the poble apo lar staircase in the fecond story, confitta pearance of the erections around; and, ing of one large chamber, and a small notitithianding much disfigurement retiring closet. This was the confine for was discerible on every part, the prin- Martin (his domesticks duelling on the cipal arrangement of the court was floor above), having two bowerwindows, very intelligible. On the left is the the largest of which lookedivtothe court; court front of that round tower (faced theoiher, with two loop-hole windows, with a square wall) which, we have al- hada vie w of the riverandiow nof Chep

was at an angle of the flow. Two compartmenter chimney walk; on the right are the great pieces also had their thare of decorakitchen and great hall, with inter- iion, and on the whole gare a very mediate apartinents between them; good fpecimen of antient accoinino. and dirtly before my position of view dation, meaning long before the Regia circular iower securing the gateway cide had contaminated it. Half way. p

Before I lurvey the tiairs leading to the third tory is a the interior of the tower at the angle Imall but elegant oratory, with three aluseluid it will be proper to fuy, that windows, a chimney piece, holy water it has obtained the appellation of niche. and lite of the altar. The roof " Waruin's tower," from the detestable * ueni. M.g. sol. LXXI. p. 204.


ready hinted,

to the second court.


It was

not pro




and Aoor were destroyed; when look- The remains of the walls of Cheping through the latter part

, a fensible fow town are only to be met with on inlight, not unmixed with some degree the North and West (ides thereof, in of aflright, was bad to a portcullised whose line are two circular towers, and avenue (a particular new to me in a sta- one gatewar. 'Inis gateway tion like this) leading on to the battle- the walls at ibe junction of the roads ments of the walls below me.

from Monmouth and Newport; in its with some dificulty that I got on the form fimplicity prevails, and the proleads of this Varun's tower, to loo at portions of shie archway are very corthe statues fculptured on the hartlements sect. One or two ancient buildings around it; as the whole work of this pirt fand on each side of the High-ftreet ; in particular, and indeed the tower ittelf, but they are either converted into fiawas in a very decaying liate, for want bles, or storehouses, the usual lot of of fome neceflary repairs to a building fuch-like fructures out of habitable truly meriting preservation. Descendo ute, or religious worship ; fiructures ing ihe tower, I crotied the court, and endeared to us Antiquity lovers, by went into the great kitchen, a reinnant their hiftoric inference, and their rare of a large ans, rich consiruction. The specimens of arches, columus, groins, apartments between this place and &c. &c. Why are they great ball arc rather entire, and are claimed by their posellors, and sheived occupied by the people wiio thew forth us ireasures worthy the eye of the calile. The inoii remarkable lub- Travellers, either profeftional or tourjects therein were a bower groined, iftical? Why indeed! their callous retaining its window, &c. and poiletfors think them wwworthy of curious

with arches and public notice. The Professionalisis are groins, descending to extendre ioo rain and confident of their alien acvault, newed under the title of “ The quirements from the “ Grecian" or the Cellar.” Due conlidera:ion is requi- Roman mocles of architecture, to consite to note over the corbells, groins, defrend to felect from such national and the opening, or door hinging trials of skill. And the Tourilis, lent on' over the river, whicii at high tide How's the clegance of modern refinement and into a clift in the rock under this cellar, hospitable recepiions (I do not include arched and groined in a very fin mar in ine many at this time the writers of way. The great hall is a compleat tours), can never turn their attention to ruin, that is, a dilapidated reproach to thote particulars, which have, within the owner, who suffers by neglect fuch their dank and stre-legraded boundaArchitectural lunovation. The fecond ries, no fparks to guide i hem to finecure court containsaninsignificant portion of patronage, or banquet domes, through remnant buildings. The third court is the aqueducts of grois Hatiery or sernearly taken up by a fumptuous allem- vile potillanimity. blage of architeciural relicks on three The Church. This edifice owes its stories; and alihongh the floors, groins, origin to the Saxon fiyle: a large archand cielings, have been carried off, vet tray at ihe West froit, a imaller one there exilis fich a multifarious ditplay in ihe North porch, and the uprighes of windows, columns, arched recelles, in the interior, fufficiently convince is chimney pieces, &c. &c. that partici- that high tase directed iis firti complepating minds, intent to give antient me- tion. Ages palling on have introduced sit its rightful degree of attemion, may other modes on the various parts of the with a ready hand particularize out the fabrich; and the last alteration (a few finest combinations oi art constilut- vcars back) on the I Veit front has made ing a lordly, nav a princely abode, that a vile mockery of all the preceding 24can any where be encountered. The iempis, in a ridiculous farrago patched fourth court thewsone cominued rage of on by fome conceited comiry mafun, innovation, convulsed in charms, tum- whote habits as an Architect seem to bled walls, inverted arches, opened have been squared by the theoretical vaults, rocks rent, and earth uptorn! dreamings of amateur Scribes, who In real vilinay at these facrifices to hu- may have at times prefumed to set in man power, 'I withdrew entirely out competition unpruétical propofitions of he calile, without one flaitering with the actual furiers of those who hope that what I had beheld of its prof. hold np to England's sons the architraie horrors was either a delusion, or tectural glory of their ancellors. But, the effecis of a heated imagination. no more of this - The moment fuiis

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uş not; foon, foon the hour will mas Becket, and is circumscribed,
come to antwer its defamers, and

We all know the general oufom,

within practice, or fuperfti:ion if you please,

SANCTUS THO' of interring the dead on the Souih fide The murder of Thomas Becket. of our churches, in preference in the The legend is not lets rude in Ute North-lide ; so much 10, that this lat- cut of the letters than the representater place is never dug open but to tion of the fact. A view and account urow therein poor unfortunate tiran- oftlus aubey may be seen in Mr. Perigers who may happen to die in the pa- nani's Tour in Scotland 1779, I. 183. rith, and those who tign their own dilo lo the Statistical Account of Scotland, de le. Yet all do not know why or VII. 340, it is barely mentioned. wherefore there is such a diffolutionary The feal engraved pl. II. fig. 6, vol. partiality to this Souih portion of ruit LIV. p. 19.), is another rude repreto receive defunct moriality. The fentation of the fame, fubject. The caule is thus defined. On this faid archbi0zop is at the altar, and his Southern point the “ warm" lun darts cross-bearer behind him interpoling his his genial infinence, within whole arm, while the four knights advance rävs no imp, or fairy, denon of ill, or with their swords drawn, and the forefpecire pale, can haunt the filent graves, mon levels a blow at the archbishop's to torture hovering tools unwilling to head with his fivord, which in this seal lease their clay-cold comples, to teek is warded off by the cross. in midway air an imperfect immorta- The fmaller' feal, fig. 9,' represents lity. Chilling blatis, damps, and the same erent: only two knights ana fpace for rites infernal, premeditating pear, and the face of a third ; the croisdireful wreck on holy tanes, mark bearer is behind the altar as in fig. 1. the Northern fod ; on every blade of

Infcription: blighted grafs lurks fome tarperuatural Galfridi vila ulim (f. utinam] fiat ila. foe in qniet in man's lait above. The On. if a wiih ior mariyrdom or for a Church overshadlows this precluded holy life. {pot; there, where the all-cheering ord Over the builling, a cherub bet of day is never "felt,“ hias Fancy bred tiyeen two caudeliicks : 0d each side, a train of dreaded miseries, driving Po-ro; and under the building, REL. fading Life to link in Death's more Fig. S. SIGILIVM bleli domain, midit hallowed mould, niidfi fpirits good, and cood men's This is the feal of the custom-boure pravers! What fity the Chepliow or office where goods to be exported men 10 this religious propeusits? Vihr, were firfi entered and paid their cultier dery Satan's part thecin and laugh tom, and had a cochet, or certificate at all the reli, for they have the barving of discharge, a fcroll of purchinent ground on the North side of their fealed and delivered by the officers of church, and a carpeuter's yard on the the custom house to the merchants, as South fide of the fame! Strange affi- a warrant that their merchandizes are nity: materials for living manfions cutiomed, or had paid custom. The bear on the South, while on the North term is, therefore, used! promiscuously lie nooks for bones and worms! busy for the foal, the certificate samoped employ for to-day on the one hand, with it, and the cujlom paid in consewhile on the other fufpended frames quence of it. await their final doom!-- Things are as By a charter of Henry IV. all wool we find them. Av ARCHITECT. or hides fold without the sign or stainp (To le continued.)

called coket were forfeitable to the bi

thop of Durham *. - By another of Mr. URBAN,

Ldward Ill. † the mayor of the flap! T HE first ieal in Plale 1. belongs to at Bruges was to seize ihem, and claiin

the burgh of Aberbrothoc, or Ar- half. broash, erected into a royalty hy hing The antiont manner of mtering the William the Lion, who founded here esports. If the goods were to be Thipa Tyronetian abbey, in honour of Tho- ped outwards, then they went to the mas Becket, A.D. 1178.

This feal exhibits one of the rudest * Rimer, verd VIII. p. 573.
Depresentations of the murder of Tho- + Ib. vol. V. p. 274,
Gent. MAG. March; 1802.





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March 9.

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customer and comptroller, and entered ting of administrations, within that the goods, and paid the customs, or district, can only be accounted for by agreed for the customs, outward ; and fuppoting fome rector who firti claimed when such payment or agreement was or exercised these privileges (to which, made, they received from such cuttomer according to Bishop Sandys's return to and comptroller a licence to export Queen Elizabeth, he had no right), not fach goods, which was called a cocket. thrinking it worth while to have a feat

This word cocket Skinner derives made on purpose, availed himself of from the cochloul, because the taking the firli whicti by chance fell into his in this fchedule was an emblem that hands.

R. G. the hip was going to tail; and if there were any cools in the thip not men- Mr. URBAN, Shrewsbury, Feb. 10. tioned in the cocket, they were forfeited. This cocket wout to the searcher. In each teal) are taken from feals . Eduard the l'irli's tine, the feals ap- kept in the Exclxequer, Shrewibury. pointed to be uted by the culiomers for Tig. 4. Arms of England; back of ihe cocket, in customing the wools and thield ornamented with branches. leathers at Len, were delivered to the Seal of the builifts. comunislioners in a purse fealed wiili lög. 5. A lion couchant behind a the Eschequer feal.

tree. Seal of the bailiffs. The treg I el, Coket, a custom-house seated take to be the mode of ornamenting feals bill; allo a parchment fealed and deli- at that period, as this king's moiher's, vered by the officer of the cutions to and that of his viciorious fon Edward, merchants, as a warrant that their with feveral others I have leen, are goods are culiomed.

fufficient proof. I should be glad fome Cochottum, Cocketirm, the office at learned gentleman would inform me the culton-hoquíe where the goods to for what particukur business this lait be exported are entered.

feal wag made. Perhaps it was Cochettata luna, wool-duty entered finaller teal of the fame office. at the culiom-house and cuckelcd, or Fig. 6. The buli of Edward II. fullallowed to be exporteel. Bailey. faced. The castle on each side, with

The feal belonging to the custom- the lion at bafe, are parts of his mohouse of Exeter bears the scal and creil ther's arms, which he introduced to of John Iloland, duke of Exeter, relig- denote bis descent from a daughter of red to that tiile 22 Henry VI. 1449. Catile and Leon: he alto ufed then> On a helmet upon a chapeau doubled, on luis great feal.--Inscription : Ermine, a lion patlant guardant crown

6. EDW.RAI. TNGL, AD ed and gorged with a collar of France, as on his monument in the church of RECOEN. DEBI TOR APD' St. Catharine by the Tower of London. S.NLOP Ile was fecond ton of John Iloland, The leal is silver, and intended to feal earl of Exeter, by Elizabeth, daughter recognizances for debt at Shrewlbury: of John of Gaunt; and married, 1. Vol. LXV. p. 13, The Droitwich Amne, daughter of Edmund of Staf- feal was fent from Shrewsbury, not ford, by Anne, claughter of 'Ilromas of Salisbury, as iliere inferted, J. B Woollock, duke of Gloucetier; 3. Anne, daughter of John Montacute, Mr. URBAN, Marchelier, Fel. 18. ear! of Salisbury". His father was constituted by Ric I Alf an old reader of your lucubran

tions, and a frequent contributor to chard Il. in the 1500 year of his reign, the contents of your Mifcellany. Scie admiral of all the king's feet from the ence, biography; topical hisiory, antimouth of the Thames to the Wei- quities, literary information, niemoirs, wardt; and he lord hroh adiniral of and anecdotes, arc amongst my favouEngland 9.4 Henry VI.!

rite readings; and for the frequent Liow this seal becamerhe seat of office treats on these subjects much praile is to the redor of Bredon, co. Worcefier, due to you, and to many of your who exerciles exempt jurisdiction orer learned and pleating correspondents. his church and parith and three chapels, Though of a fédaie and thoughtful cast, anul tre probate of wills and commit. I can occasionally unfurl my wrinkled

Vincent. on Brooke, po 1957 Sando brow, and moti heartily shake my lides ford, p 219.

at the chullisions of wit and the efforts † Dugdale, l'ol. II. p. 79. Ib. p. 11. of lierling humour. To javul folly us

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