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jurious, and infignificant anecdotes, great expectation of him, by his ability as are frequently introduced into the learning, and industry memoirs of literary men, who per- In 1775, a remarkable incident haphaps, like himself, had no ambition to pened, which excited the public atobtain the notice of future biogra- iention. A young

whose phers, and,

nane was Miss Butterfield, was acir That second life in others breath, cused of poisoning Mr. Wm. Scawen, Thieftate, which wiis inherit after death." of Woodcote lodge in Surrey. Mr.

Robertson (JOSEPH) was descend- Robertson thought her very cruelly ed from a respectable family, which treated, and took an active part in her from time immemorial pofleffed a con

defence. On this occasion, he pube hidlerable estate at Rutter, in the parish lished a letter to Mr. Sauxay, a furof Appleby, in Wetimoreland.' His geon, on whose teftimony Miss Butfather was an eminent maltlier; and his terfield had been committed to prison ; mother, the only daughter of Mr. Ed- in which he very severely animadverts ward Stevenfon, of Knipe, in the same

on the conduct and evidence of that county, cousin to Edmund Gibson, gentleman. After she had been ho bishop of London. He was born at nourably acquitted at the allizes at this latter place, August 28, 1726; Croydon, he published a second pambut his father foon afterwards remo

phlet, containing, “Observations on the ving to Rutter, he was sent, at a pro

cale of Miss Butterfield," shewing the per age, to the free-school at Appleby, hardships she had sustained, and the where he received the rudiments of necellity of profecuting her right in a classical learning under Mr. Richard court of justice : that is, her claim to Yates, a man of eminent abilities, and

a considerable legacy, which Mr. distinguished character in his profeflion. Scawen bad bequeathed her by a will, Froni thence, in 1746, he went to

executed with great formality, two or Queen's college, Oxford, where he three years before his death. The took his degree in arts, with confide- cause was accordingly tried in Doctors rable reputation for his ingenuity and Commons. But though it was unilearning. On his receiving orders he versally agreed, that this unfortunate was, for fome time, curate to the ce- young woman had been unjustly aclebrated Dr. Sykes, at Rayleigh in cufed, and that Mr. Scawen had been Effex, “ with whom,” says archdea-induced, by falle fuggestions, to liga con Blackburne, “ his liberal principles, another testamentary paper, in which with respect to religion and govern- redress could be obtained, as the judge

her name was not mentioned, yet no ment, would meet with ample encouragement *." In 1758, he was

observed, “ that it was the business of instituted to the vicarage of Herriard in the court to determine the caufe, acHamplhire; in 1770, to the rectory of cording to what the testator had done; Sutton in Eflex ; and in 1779, to the not according to what he ought to have

done." vicarage of Horncastle in Lincolnshire, to which he was presented by his re

Mr. R. is said to have been the aqlation, Dr. Edmund Law, bishop of thor of a uteful tract, published in Carlille.

1781, .“ On Culinary Poisons." In In 1761, he published a serinon, in- 1782, he published an elegant little vorituled, “ The lubversion of antient lume for the improvement of young Kingdoms confidered," preached at people in reading, intituled, “ An In St. John's, Weftinintier, Feb. 13, the iroduction to the study of Polite Literaday appointed for a general faft. In ture.". This performance was 1772, he revised and corrected for the tioned as the first volume of an intend prefs Dr. Gregory Sharpe's pofthumous ed series on the same fubject; but the fermons; and the same year com

secund never appeared, owing, as it is pleted a new edition of Algernon Sid- supposed, to the plagiarism of onet, ney's Discourses on Government, with who reprinted the greatest part of the historical notes, in one volume quarto. volume then published in a mean and Thomas Hollis, esq. by whole per- vulgar tract, for the use of Sunday fuafion this edition was underta

schools. ken, says, “ the editor has distinguish- lined a medical work of his friend Sir

In the same year he revised and pubed himself eminently, even beyond my Memoirs of Thomas Hollis, esq. vol. * Memoirs of Thomas Hollis, esq. vol.

1. p. 448. + Mr. Paley.




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Clifton Wintringham, “ De Morbis Parian Chronicle | it appears, that he quibufdan Conimentarii,” in one vo- was concerned in writing the Critical lume 8vo ; to wbich a fecond volume Review “ for twenty-one years, from was afterwarris added in 1791.

August 1764, to September 1785, in- in 1785, he published an Elay on


During this period he was Puncluation, in 12mo. In this trca- the author of above 2020 articles, on uile he has illustrated a dry and unpro- theological, classical, poeticals and miting fubject, with a variety of ele- miscellaneous publications 97. gant and entertaining exanıples: a In 1797, Mr. Robertson published fourth edition of this ellay was printed “ Observations on the Act for augmentin 1790.

ing the Salaries of Curates, in_four · In 1788, Mr. R. surprised the learned Letters to a Friend," 8vo. ** “ These world by a publication, intituled, letters contain an animated represen“ The Parian Chronicle, or the Chro- tation of the hardships, which may atnicle of the Arundelian Marbles, with tend the rigorous application of the Cua Differtation concerning its authen- rates' act, when extended to a living of ticity." The tendency of this work is eighty or a hundred pounds a year; to thew, that the auibenticity of this with some just and poignant obfervafamous inteription is extremely quef- tions on the little attention and entionable.

couragement paid to probity and learnThe authors of the « English Re- ing in the prefent age tt." These obview,” in their account of this public servations were written in confequence cation, fay, “ However the commonly of what the author thought a difpro

received lyflem of antient chronology portionate and oppreilive inforcement may suffer by this discovery, we can- of the Curates' act, by which the innot help giving our tribute of applause mane and confiderate bishop to the ingenuity, acuteness, and learn- when the vicar was above 70 years of ing, of the author. The reader, who, on age, and in a precarious fate of health, opening this volume, expects only to reduced his tmall living, worth about find a discullion of fome dry points 401. a year, to lets than twenty! of antiquity, will find himself a- In 1798, he published

“ An Exay greeably dilappointed, when he is in- on the Education of Young Ladies, troduced into a field of general history addrelled to a person of distinction, 8vo. and enlarged erudition *.

and the next year,

“ An Etay on the The learned compilers of the Ency- Nature of the English Verse, with Diclopædia Britannica express their opi- rections for reading Poetry,” 12mo. nion of the above-inentioned work in Mr. Robertson married in the year the following terms: " In this difler- 1758, Miss Raikes, the daughter of tation much ingenuity, as

Mr. Timothy Raikes, apothecary, in judgement, and a great extent of an- London, by whom he had several tient learning, are displayed. Some an- children, who died in their infancy. fwers have appeared ; 'bui none of them with this lady, who poflefled many -calculated to remove the objections, or amiable virtues, he found his house the materially to affect the arguments, constant residence of domefiic felicity. which have been stated with lo much [ To these Memoirs, printed literally bom learning and ingenuity against it t." Mr. Robertson's hand writing, we have

10 1795, Mr. R. published a tranf- only to add th the died Jan. 19, 1802, in Jation of Telemachus, with notes, and his 76th year.] the life of Fenelon, in two volumes 12m0 ; on which the Reviewer in the


Jan. 13. Gentleman's Magazine obferves, that, THE following charge by the Rev.

, # this work bears the marks of that elegance, taste, and learning, for which Middletex, delivered to the master of the translator, or the annotator, is the workboule, at a vefirv, held April eminently distinguished 1."

19, 1801, for the purpole of' introdu* By a note to the dillertation on the cing better orders and regulations in the

workhouse, deserves a wide circulation : * Erglish Review for April 17. 8, 275. # Parian Chronicle, p. 205

+ Enc clopædit Britannica, articles Arun. As appels by a lift in MS. del and Chronulngy.

** Geni. Mag. vol. LXVII. P-314. Gent. Mag. vol. LXVI. p. 47.

It European Magazine, April 1797


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At a time when many of the shew them, as they grow up, the im poor are labouring under peculiar ditli- portance or making tome provition for culties, and are exerting their utmost ihemselves against lickness, accident, or efforts to maintain their families with- the infirmities of old age. They are out parocbial aid, it seems highly ne- ofien to be reminded, that, through cessary to fate to you the principle, the blellings of Providence, their chief which ought both to actuate you, as preservative from future dilireis muli be master of our workhoute, and ihe poor their own prudence, arvnomy, and who are supported in it at to great an induliry: You are, therefore, io dia expence.

rect and encourage their exertions, to “ In the first place, you are hereby elevate their minds gradually to a liate required to maintain order and regulis of manliness and independence, and to rity, and to repress idleness and pro- inculcaie gratinude, conteniment, and fligacy, among those entrufied to your benignity of heart. care. With this important view, none « A book is to be procured, in of the poor are to be permitted to leave which fall be intered the names, the premifles of the workhoute without ages, times of admillion, and former your knowledge and content.

occupations, of all the poor in the “ In the next place, you are to keep workhouse; and a weekly account them employed in picking, oakum, Mall be taken, fpecifying liow each horse-hair, wool, and feai hers; in of them has been employed, for the ina making niops, cutting, furze, knitting spection of the minitier, parish-officers, stockings ; in works of hutbandry, or and other refpeciable inliabitants. other necessary and useful occupations; 6 While the poor are to be thus oror, they may be more particularly em- derly, and thus utifully employed, acployed in the various branches of the cording 10 Heir ages and abilities, you woollen and worsied manufactory. Re- are further required to maintain and member, however, that 10 procure clothe them properly, to pay great and regular employment for them, is a most daily attention 10 their baleto and important part of your duty. You are cleanliness, to make them atond public not to allow any io be idle, who are worthip every Sunday, and to treat capable of labour.

them at all times with humanity. And “in carrying on these beneficial ob- we carnefily requell, that on a Sunday jects, we trust that you will pay per evening you will allemble them waculiar attention to the manners and gether, and read io vem come portion conduct of those who, through their of Scripture, and some fermon or reown mismanagement, improvidence, or ligious tract, which will be put into vices, are reduced to indigence, and your hands, for the purpose of in, become burdenfone to the parish; and iirueting the ignorant, comforting the that you will endeavour to reform their unfortunate, and reforming the vicious principles, to lead them to a more fo- or the thonghilels. ber and orderly niode of life, and to iue “ While you are to be thus afliduous troduce moral habits among them. We in promoting those regulations ihat are expect that you will make a marked etiential to industry and good morals, distinction between the indufirious and we cannot omit this opportunity of the idle, the orderly and the turbulent. mentioning another poini, of no finall And we highly recommend it to you importance to the health and comiort to give premiums occaliunally (luppose of the poor. It will naturally be exonce a momh) to the moli indufirions pected, that cleanliness among ibe poor, and delerving among the poor, and and in the workhoute, mould be a thereby excite a landable spirit of ex- coniiant object of your aitention. It ertion and improvement. But thole will also, we are confident, be your who do not perform their businets wish and endeavour to prevent any peaceably and properly, or are indo- contagious disorder from spreading. lent, refractory; or profligate, are 10 For these purposes, we think that the be restricted in their dici, or to be work-rooui should be well venulated. otherwise punihed.

The foors and the machinery Abould “ With respect to the children, you be regularly washed once a week with are to take the utmoit pains to inuoct

The bed-rooms hould them in reading and in the Church Ca- be iwept every morning, and washed vechism, to form them to early liabits every timek; and the windows kept of indufiry, piety, and viriue; and to


warm water.

Y ,

open all day. And, besides these falu- which had been instilled early inyo her tary precautions, to which we hope mind by her reputed mother, were too you will pay serious attention, you are successfully communicated to her illoccasionally to request the parith-fated lord.

officers to have the different apart-' 7. When did the title of baronet, in 'ments of the house while-walled with the antient family of Jocelyn, of Hidehot lime.

hall, become extinct ? Qu. is the Ba“In short, we trust that you will onetage, about to be published by Becver bear in mind the inomenious duty tham, lo include all the families to you have this day undertaken, and will whom patents have been granted, wheuse your utmost exertions to discharge ther surviving or extinct? °C. P.H.W. it in a manner that will give general satisfaction to the parish, will procure

Mr. Urban, Shreu'slury, Feb. 2. respect from the poor, and will secure BEE

EING in Birmingham lately, I

your went into St. Philip's church, and, own conscience."

among the monumental infcriptions in

that beautiful structure, selected the folMr. Urban,

Jan. 18. lowing on a neat tablet against one of OUR early insertion of the fol- the North pillars. As it perpetuates oblige a constant reader and his friend. I make no doubt of your giving it a

1. Did Mary, Countess of Pem- place in your valuable Vuleuin. broke and Montgomery (relict of Earl ~ Near this place are deposited the remains Henry), leave illue by her fecond hut- of the Hon. PETER OLIVER, LL.D. band North Bernard ?

formerly 2. What iflue-male did Anthony His Majesty's Chief-justice Browne, the first Viscount Montacute, of the Province of Massachusett's Bay, leave, and to whom is that title tup

in New England. poled to belong?

In the year 1776, 3. Whether William Brabazon, the

on a diffolution of government,

he left his native country ; ninth earl of Meath, whofe death is

but in all the consequent calamities recorded in your vol. LXVII. p, 529,

his magnanizuty remained vorhaken; was succeeded by his brother John, or,

and (though the lource of inis misfortunes) as Kearsley has it, by his coulin, Ed

nothing could diffolie bis attachment ward Brabazon ?

to the Briisi. Government, 4. Was not the celebrated beauty, nor lellen hin love and loyalty Lady Ranelagh (whom Fielding, in his

to !'s Sovel'en. Tom Jones, selects as a inodel of beau- On Thursday, the 13th of Auber, 1791, ty), Catherine Boyle, daughter of Ri- in the true faith and hope of a Christian, chard, Earl of Cork, and lady of Ar

be resigned this life, thur, fecond Viscount Ranelagh, fa

agexl 78." ther of the first Earl of R.?

Yours, &c.

D. P. 5. The Moores of Salop, seated at Larden, were said to be defcended from


Foli, 8. the fame stock as Moore, Earl of Drog


T is now much more than a cenheda. Qu. Do any of thit family now tuiry since the following ellimate was exist, and where is an account of them made. If the globe of the earth be dito be met with

vided into 30 parts, thc Pagans inhabit 6. Lady Edward Fitzgerald, better 19, the Mahometans 6, and the Chrifknown by the name of Pamela, is tians 5, of those paris. Since that peo nerally laid to be a daughter of the in- riod, our improvements in geographical famous Duke of Orleans by Madame knowledge have been considerably ende Genlis, ci-devant dutchefs of Sillery ; larged. Many new and mosi estenlive but I find that that lady, in her countries, replenished with numerous “ Tales of the Castle," ailerts, that she inhabitants, have been discovered, and was the daughter of an English Capt. the interior parts of other countries Seymour. What iflie did Lord Ed- more thoroughly explored ; fo :hut the ward leave by her? Before his connec- above eliimate can be no longer confition with her it appears that he had dered as accurate. Perhaps fome of ferved with honour in the army, your readers may be induced to comand deserved the character drawn by municate a more exact calculation. his cousin, Ms, Fox: the principles Yours, &c.

A. U.

Mr. Urban, British Museum, Jan.11. penfably necessary, with undaunted

PARTIAL and mutilated pub- fortitude, be ineritorious, how much A ellay, in which it was my anxious de- Christian-like, is it to prevent that nefire to do justice to two very worthy cellity, in the first infancs, by acts of characters, and one of them also very forbearance and benignity! distinguished by rank in the year 1800, ! It has been too much ihe fathion of having appeared in print; I shall esteem late years to call in the allistance of the it as a great favour if you will infert military mpon every trifling diliurbance the whole of it, if not too long, as I in the inetropolis, when a vigorous ex. wrote it on the fpur of the occasion, ertion of the great civil force, wisely and on the best authority, in your ufe. intrufied hy he conftitution to the ful and entertaining Miscellany. I Chief Magifirate, would alone lave conceive it to be entirely within the effectually quelled every cífort of fedi. line of your plan, which is to catch the tion to dittırlı its tranquillity. Thefe striking features and characters of the pioderate and equitable (though rather, times, and hold what is praile-worthy in this marrial age, unlaihionable) and to be admired up to public view and sentiments are well known to have perfor general imitation. It appears, in- vaded the breast, and regulated the condeed, rather late, but still it may not be duct, of the late active and worthy lordwithout

fome good effects. T. M, mayor Harvey CHRISTIAN COMBE,

Firmness ix DANGER: efq. than whom, it may be truly afA Biographical Sketch, written towards firmed, none of his predeceffors ever

the clofe of the Year 1800. filled the civic chair with more dilo IT is the peculiar province of history, tinguished honour to him, with as well as the duty of the biographer, more folid advantage to his fellowto select from the great mass of human citizens, and with more just and decievents, as they are perpetually rolling, ded applaule from the impartial publick on, those more striking incidents, thoté" in general. This gentleman had well deeds of exalted worth, which, when contidered the very arduous oltice blazoned on her recording page, way which he had taken upon himbelf in produce the effect of exciting, in future times the most critical and distrelling, ages, a noble fpirit of emulation. perhaps, ever experienced in this counWhether these splendid instances of try;contendingpartiesrunning high,even magnanimous virtue in individuals to the extreme point of diffention; the force themselves upon the attention of numerous clatles of toiling mechanicks thic historian while he contemplates the unable, by the utmoti exertion of their field of inilitary glory, whither the ar- industry, to provide thcir families with dent love of his country and juft indig.. the neceflaries of life at their present nation at her wrongs transport the im- 'unequal price; and thousands of the petuous youth and urge him to plunge, fill poorer fort abfolutely familhing in unterrified, amidli the fierceli alarms of the streets, goaded by clelyair to conimit battle; or whether they take place in the worli crimes, and brave every fpethe more tranquil walk' of civil and do- cies of punishment ! Tumulis and'rimestic life ; that duty is equally incum- lings were therefore naturally to be exbent: nor can the pen of genius ever pected throughout the whole of the be more nobly employed than in hold- prelent critical year; but, well aware ing up fuch illustrious examples as mo- of the vali power with which, as before dels of imitation to admiring polierity. obferved, on great exigencies, the conI must full, however, be owned, that stitution has witely armed the chief the triumphs of heroes, even in a just magistrate of the first commercial city cause, rather dazzle than delight us: in the world, he was determined, when we always connect with those triumphs necellity called it forth, to depend on the horrors and carnage of the enfan- that force alone; and, from the first guined plain, the shrieks of the un- moment of his entering on his high friended orphan, and the tears of the function, he not only took effectual disconfolate widow. The milder glories care that the police of London Mould that illumine the path of the just in be kept up on the most relpeclable civil and doinestic life, are mixed with footing, but be re:dy at a nioment's no fuch disgusting alloy. But, if to call, and ever prepared to aci will bare the gleaming steel, when indif- firmness and vigour. Mr. Combe autenGent. Mag. February, 1802.


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