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continually employed in various refearches, tending equally to the enlargement of knowledge and to the improvement of virtue. By a judicious management of his time he was enabled to traverse over the greater part of the circle of human fcience, of which the volumes which he has bequeathed to pofterity exhibit an illuftrious monument. In thofe volumes he appears in the different and feemingly irreconcileable characters of an hiftorian, philofopher, lawyer, antiquary, and poet; each of which he futtained with a degree of excellence almoft peculiar to himself. Well therefore has a celebrated writer applied to him, what Plato faid of Socrates, 'H ǹ tekeurn tŷ kraigo huiv eyivito, avdrus, assis Camperas, wartar wystugaÛnp, πολυμάλισατε, και μαλιτα καλά και ayals. From purfuits of this nature, however, his mind was not unfrequently averted to the invigorating and refrething fiudy of Divine Revelation; which, as it is in itfelf the most important enquiry that can engage the thoughts of man, and mott beneficial in its effects, fo it eminently tends, far beyond all other pursuits, to enlarge and ftrengthen the human understanding, and enables it patiently to endure toil in the acquirement of every other fcience. This trait in the character of Sir William Jones will be refpected, I am fure, and, I hope, it will be imitated by thofe who are emulous of running the fame profettional career, and of following his footfieps in the paths of honour. Of this truth let them be affured by his example, that a ftri& attention to religion will render a man better qualified to perform the moft complicated duties of active life; and that the maft active life will always afford fuficient leiture for the public and private exercife of religious duties.

What is here faid of the excellency, the beauty, and the corfiftency, to be found in the facred volume, is in its fullest extent

ftrictly true. If fuch a character were given of any other book, with what eagernels and curiofity would that book be fought after by all, who have any pretenfions to literary tafte! And what are the matters contained in the Holy Scriptures ? Are they not of the most interefting nature, inafuch as they relate to man, his duties, and expectancies. If any other inducement to the study of them were wanting, here it is This is the book of God, which con▾ tains the words of eternal life! Yours, &c, R. H.


Feb. 17.

N the eulogium on the late Sir

William Jones, inferted vol. LXXI. p. 1191, as an extract from the Afiatic Annual Regifier, I was forry to fce an intermixture of crror and fable. The cditor of the Anual Regifter tells us, that Sir William, after having made a tour of feveral months in France, was at Paris introduced at court to the French king; who was much pleafed with his converfation, and made many enquiries refpecting fome of the provinces he had travelled through; to all which Sir William anfwered in the particular dialect of each province. On this I beg to remark, that there was no French court at Paris: foreigners were introduced to the king at Verfailles, who made a point of never exchanging a word with them, the late Duke of Norfolk being the only exception, upon the king's being informed that he was the first Peor of Great Britain, and a Catholic. As to Sir William's acquiring the particular dialects of different provinces in a tour of a few months, the abfurdity of that is its own refutation.

Our friend "THE ARCHITECT' having declined giving a drawing of ABERGAVENNY GATEWAY, we have availed ourfelves of a very excellent view of the tame fent to us from another quarter. (See Plate II. p. 124.)



Feb. 6.

F you infert the view of Exe Bridge, Tiverton (Plate 1.), you will greatly oblige your numerous readers in its vicinity. This antient bridge has for two ages withftood the impetuous current of the River Exe when rofe to an amazing height by the melting of the fnow. It has lately been confiderably widened, and the wall on one fide removed to give room for a raised caufeway railing, which projects fome feet over the water. The temple which is feen on the left, together with the furrounding grounds, belongs to Thomas Phillips, efq. of Colliprieft, a beautiful and pleafant fituation near the banks of the



C. S.

Feb. 8.

I SEND you (fig. 2) a drawing of a ftone mould for marking funeralcakes, in the poffeffion of Thomas Beckwith, of the city of York, painter, and F.A.S. 1785. The outer circle is 11 inches diameter, on a square ftone about two inches thick; the hollow parts funk about 4 of an inch.

miles from Dublin, in the barony of Rathdown. It confifts of fix ftones placed perpendicularly, and on these an enormous one is laid in an inclined pofition, which is in length 154 feet, in breadth 12 feet, and in thickness from 2 to 5. It is computed to weigh 26 tons.

If you deem it worthy of a corner in your next Miscellaneous Plate, it is wholly at your service.



Feb. 1. HE inclofed view in Hyde Park, T fig. 4, the production of a young lady, turnifhes a pleafing profpect of the Serpentine river; and of that very ufeful building on its Northern bank, the Receiving-houfe of the Royal Humane Society. The building in the back-ground is the Cake-houfe, an oppofite view of which you gave in vol. ISLINGTONIENSIS. LXXI. p. 401.

THE PROJECTOR, No. II. "Verte omnes tete in FACIES; et contrahe quicquid


Sive animis, five arte vales."
"Get all the HEADS you can, no matter


F fecrecy has its advantages, it has its difadvantages likewife. If he who determines to carry on his bufinefs incog. efcapes fome dangers to which the profeflion of Author as well as Projector is expofed, he is at the fame time the continual prey of fufpicions and fears, and may be faid to enjoy the fnugnefs rather than the fecurity of a private ftation. He is apt to fancy that he is difcovered by those who are thinking on other fubjects, and to take to himfelf cafual hints and expreflions which are not levelled at him. He confequently often endeavours to escape when there is nothing to fly from, and guards anxioufly against detection before he has even excited curiofity.

It hath been long a cuftom in Yorkfhire to give a fort of light fweetened cakes to those who attended funerals. This cake the guests put in their pocket or in their handkerchief, to carry home and share among the family. Befides this, they had given at the houfe of the deceafed hot ale fweetened, and fpices in it, and the fame fort of cake in pieces. But if at the funeral of the richer fort, inftead of hot ale they had burnt wine and Savoy bifcuits, and a paper with two Naples bifcuits fealed up to carry home for their families. The in which thefe bifcuits were paper fealed was printed on one fide with a coffin, crois-bones, fkulls, hacks, fpades, hour-glafs, &c.; but this cuftom is now, I think, left off, and they wrap them only in a fheet of clean writing-paper fealed with black wax. It may be thought that one who is is cuftomary alfo to fet a plate or difh fenfible of all this would be proof against in the room where the company are fuch vain fears and imaginations; but with fprigs of rofemary; and every one I know by experience that Philofophy takes a prig, which they carry in their is a much better thing to write about hand to the grave, and, as foon as the than to practife; and, therefore, withceremony is ended, every one throws out boating of fuperior resolution and their rofemary into the grave. T. B. firmness, I muft humbly take the liberty to fhelter myfelf under the authority of a learned Divine, who affures but men at the beft." his readers, that "the best of men are



Feb. 9.
HE iuclofed (fig. 3) is a repre-

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in the glen of Bryanstown, about feven GENT. MAG. February, 1802

A few days ago I met with an inci


dent which certainly tried my courage,
and which, I hope, it will be allowed
was fomewhat disheartening to a PRO-
JECTOR in the commencement of his
public labours. As I was walking
through the Strand, I happened to
overtake a man and woman, evidently
of the lower order, in clofe converia-
tion. What the fubject was I had no
bufinefs to enquire, and no anxiety to
difcover; and I thought indeed that I
had heard quite enough, when, on my
pafling them, the woman exclaimed,
Ay, he had always too many projects
in his head to do any good."
Now, although it may be
lowable in my literary friends to give
me their advice, caution me again
precipitation, and exhort me to weigh


Quid ferre recufen',


Quid valeant humeri," the pride of authorship difdains to fubmit to the fucers and difcouragement of the vulgar, who can be ro judges, or very indifferent ones, of the weighty matters of the quill. We are lefs afhamed to be conquered by the lion than by an animal of more ignoble breed. It is the kick of the afs which aggravates the injury, and turns misfortune into infult. It may be faid, however, that the ominous words above recorded were not addreffed to me. Perhaps not, although of that I have no proof; yet I confefs I could not help feeling their force, as a man will not be lefs hurt by a fione thrown at random than if it had been pointed. The incident afforded me many grave and dejecting reflections on the ufage I may expect, unless I can contrive to refèue the name of PROJECTOR from the difrepute into which it has fallen, and give a fort of confequence to thofe who confefledly have no object in view but the good of mankind.

On my arrival at home, I could not help imparting the circunfiance to a confidential friend who was waiting for me, and whofe opinions feemed in perfect unifon with my own. "I ympathize cordially with you," faid he, and can enter into your feelings. There is nothing hurts me fo much as to fuffer by thofe whom we think our

inferiors. For my part, I carry this doctrine rather farther than yourself, or than mo mien. If I am doomed to receive injuries of any kind, I own I fhould prefer them at the hands of pertons of fuperior rank, or even from in

animate objects of the better fort. For
example, if a man is to lofe his money
on Hounflow-heath or Shooter's hill,
how much more agreeable to part with
it to a highwayman genteely mounted
than to a low-bred footpad, fo poor and
miferably furnished for his trade, that
he is, perhaps, all the while frighten-
ing you with a brafs candlestick? And
if I were to meet with an accident in
the ftreet, I fhould certainly prefer a
patrician to a plebeian cafualty. 1 ne-
ver pats by a chcefemonger's, when
they are popping their cheefes from a
cart into the hop, without fhuddering/
at the difgraceful end of that man who
fhould be killed by one of them. What
a pretty figure a Cheshire cheese would
make in an Obituary, or a few deal-
board's on a marble monument! Who
would not prefer dying under the Lord
Chancellor's coach, or even that of the
Speaker, to the belt dray Mr. Whit-
bread ever fent out? And then, with
respect to the dangers of the fea, who
would not rather go to the bottom in a
74 than in a coafting veffel? As to dif-
cafes too, I think there are diftinctions
to be made. There is fomething be-
coming in a fever or gout; but I am at
this moment tormented with the tooth-
ach, which I tell you between our-
felves. There is a dignity, Mr. Pro-
jector, there is a dignity to be confulted
in our misfortunes; and no man ought
to be fo miferable as not to study the
Graces. You never heard me grumble
about the thousand pounds I loft by
Jack Humbug's bankruptcy; and why?
becaufe I knew he never was worth a
groat, and broke for half a million."

My friend was running on in this ftrain, in which probably few of my readers will be difpofed to follow him, when the fervant brought me the following letter, which operated as a more refreshing cordial than all he had advanced on proud loffes, fpirited robberies, genteel accidents, and righthonourable fractures. I cannot refle to give a preference to a writer who has honoured me with fo early an application.

"To the AUTHOR of the PROJECTOR.

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defty, your humility, and the useful train of ingratiating preliminaries which your predeceffors have advanced, in order to deprecate critical feverity. Perhaps you were about to give us an account of yourfelf, your family, or your club, for Projectors, of all people, ought to keep one another in countenance by ciation; but thefe matters, let me tell you, will come out hereafter with more proprie y. In my epision, you should iritate the dramatic rather than the hiftoric form, and begin in the middle of the pl t, referving the denouement for the laft act, in which we are generally told who and who are related.

"My hunefs is urgent-1 have difcoveries to make of great importance, and which cannot be longer concealed; and I know no better vehicle for the difclofure than that you have chofen for the exhibition of your projects. Most of Mr. Urban's readers are very much concerned in what I am to bring forward; and therefore, without farther preface, I hope you will give this letter a place in your next paper.

"Your readers have, doubtless, heard of the miferies created in Europe by a fect Called the Illuminés, or Illuminati, whose object was to throw every kingdom and state into confufion, and to take off the beads of all perfons of worth and diftinction. I need not fay how well they fucceeded. But you may be jufly alarmed when I inform you, that a party has been gradually forming in this country, whofe defigns are no lefs aimed at the beads of the better part of the community than thofe of the Illuminati, and who imitate them in many particulars. They affume, for instance, the name of Illufirantes, or Illuftrators, which, I think, will be allowed to fignify much the fame with Illuminati; and fo eager are they to take off the heads of perfons eminent for rank, talents, wifdem, and piety, that they care not what risks they run, nor what depredations they commit, to attain the defired object. Having been a confiderable fufferer by them, although my own bead be too infignificant for their notice, I trust I am qualified to explain their hiftory, and I shall not be fcrupulous in my narrative.

"At what time this confpiracy was formed I have not been able to learn; but the more early confpirators betrayed their defigns as far back as the 17th century. I have been able to recover the names of Evelyn, Afhmole, and Pepys, who left large collections of beads fevered from the bodies of the most diftinguithed characters of their day. The Earl of Oxford, in the beginning of the aft century, was another ot the fame fchool. One Ames, in later times, wrote a book expreffly in favour of their doctrines, which he called a Catalogue, as the French Illuminati chose to difperfe

their principles in a Dictionary, or Eney clopedia: it is not difficult to fee through fuch tricks. The late Earl of Orford, better known by the name of Horace Walpole, was a diftinguished partizan of this fect, and contributed more to bebeadings than any man in our times. It is incredible how many perfons of note he brought to the block; and fo hardened was he in this wickedness, that, when he published what he had done, he called the work Anecdotes: I could alfo mention a Mr. Cracherode, Istely deceased, of whom it was faid, that 'no money could ftand between him and any man's bead he took a fancy to.' And I might point out fome of the sect who are living, and, what is very extraordinary, hold valuable and lucrative offices under Government, and yet are notoriously addicted to the principles of the Illufirantes.

"But I wave the mention of individuals, fome of whom, we must in charity believe, may have been artfully feduced into the notion that detruncation is neceffary to human happiness, and that an Englith gentleman is valued, like an Indian warrior, for the number of fcalps he can produce. I fay, I wave this, and pass to one GRANGER, whom I take to be the Robespierre of the faction, the bydrabeaded monster, whom nothing could fatisfy, who devoured innumerable ranks and claffes, and fixed their beads in his repofitories, as the Turks are faid to decorate their palaces with the beads of their prifoners. To this man, who, strange to fay! was a clergyman of the Church of England, we are to look, if not for the rife, certainly for the extenfive spread of the feet of Illuftrators; and it is wonderful to me that he should have been so long unnoticed, and be permitted to die quie ly in his bed, although, I make no, doubt, he must in his last days have been houoted by the beadless corpora, opera omnia, fyftemata, &c. which he had to cruelly mutilated. Be that as it may, he wrote four volumes explaining the doctrines of the fect, offering rules and maxims, and pointing out where beads may be got let them be ever so private. Of this work I am forry to record the fuccefs, but my library furnishes me with fo many melancholy proofs, that I cannot be filent; and if this thould be thought a matter which perfonally concerns myself, I appeal to thofe ftanding evidences, the book-talls of London and Westminster, where the trunks of all the eminent men of the latt three centuries lie expofed without a bead among them, and are fold as mere trash and rubbish; for, alas! in the opinion of moft men, what is a body without a head?

"I have ftated fome degrees of comparifon between the Illuminati and the Illuftrators`; but I must now explain wherein they differ, and wherein, in my opinion, the former are the more confiftent charac

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ters. The Illuminati had for their object the deftruction of monarchy and religion. Thus far we know; they fcarcely affected to difguife it, for the object pervades all their undertakings. But the Illuftrators cannot be accufed of aiming their weapons at the beads of kings and clergy fo much as at confounding all ranks, orders, and degrees, jumbling together peers, gentry, clergy, lawyers, foldiers, authors, artifts, and women, without any diftinction arifing from profeffional merit, wifdom, valour, wit, or beauty; often indeed preferring deformity to fymmetry, a Hunchback to an Adonis, a fool to a Newton, and setting a value on fome beads for no reason that I can difcover but because the parties they belonged to happened to be hanged. The object of the feet, therefore, you may perceive, Mr. PROJECTOR, is fheer anarchy, as may be farther elucidated by mentioning fome of their well-known practices.

“And here, I must say, they difcover an uncommon artfulneís. You know not exactly where to bate them. If from their cruel practices on the bodies of Kings (and they have actually cut off the heads of fome from their monuments *), you accuse them of antimonarchical principles, they smile, talk of their impartiality, and thew you that they have done the fame thing to Freethinkers and Philofophers. In truth, if the fubject were not too ferious, one would be induced to think they were a fpecies of humourists who indulged in odd fancies for the amufement of mankind. I have known one of them exchange the Seven Bishops for a fearce Chimney Sweeper, and barter the family of Stewart for a gang of confpirators. So little taste and gallantry have they, that I have teen Anne Boleyne and Mary Queen of Scots given for Moil Cut. purfe; and it is not above a month ago that one of the fect, in a public fhop in Westminster, in the prefence of feveral clergymen, offered Bishop Latimer, Sir John More, and five Grebam Profeffors, for Colly Molly Puff. A gay youth may be of opinion, that the exchange of a fuperannuated judge for a wife virgin is not very inju

dicious; but it is intolerable to think that an old fexton fhould be pitted against a whole dean and chapter, and Mother Loufe take precedence of een Elizabeth. Yet fuch anarchy of tafte and eftimation is peculiar to the bigots of this fect, who refpect none of thofe qualities which the rest of mankind have agreed to reverence. Principles, political or religious, are nothing in their reckoning. The Reformation, the Reftoration, and the Revolution, are with them mere dates, and nothing else. I have known a whole feries of Arminian Divines

me, can attest this.

exchanged for 'a hairy woman playing on the barpfichord, and the venerable head of Calvin bafely bartered for dumb Jack; nay, if Tiddy Doll could be purchafed by the Long Parliament, there are many who would think it an excellent bargain. The moft learned of our Prelates cannot fometimes ftand in competition with Hugb Peters; and thofe illuftrators will often prefer confpirators to loyal fubjects, for no reafon that I can conceive unless that they are ready beheaded to their hand. One of them, by way of a great fi vour, shewed me the other day a head of Efop of Eton, the drunken, funking, rhyming cobler. And what do you fuppofe, M. Projector, had he given for this worthy perfonage? I tremble while I write it but the price of this drunken, funking, rhyming cobler, was three of Queen Mary's Martyrs, two Geneva Reformers, Archbiskop Granmer, and a head that once belonged to Charles I.

"Such are fome of the practices of this fect. And now I leave it to be determined by your leaders, whether they do not deferve to be taken into very serious confideration. I have furnished you with the data, and I hope you will make a proper ufe of them. I am, Sir, your humble ferANTI-GUILLOTINE."


The length of my correfpondent's letter will neceffarily prevent my of fering many remarks on the fubject of it in this paper; but it has not escaped my obfervation, although, what my correfpondent terms a fect and a confpiracy, I am rather inclined to think is a difcafe; and I freely confefs I myfelf have not been without fome smart attacks of it, however I may have endeavoured to keep it down. The difeafe is very well known, principally under the name of a Granger; it is a vaft gathering, and the characteristic fymptom is a reluctance in the patient to have it difperfed. I know a very worthy young man who was feized with it a few months ago, and is a deplorable inftance of its power. I shall, perhaps, relate his unhappy cafe in a future paper.


REV. Mr. JOSEPH ROBERTSON; [Found among his papers, directed to Mr. John Nichols, Fleet-ftreet; and evidently intended for the Gentleman's Magazine, to which Mr. R. was a frequent and valuable Correfpondent, principally under the fignature of EUSEBIUS.]

THIS biographical sketch was writ

ten by Mr. Robertfon, to afcertain his genuine publications, to pre

*One Rapin, who is now ftanding by vent mifreprefentations in fome particular circumftances, and fuch falfe, injurious,

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