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Enclosure in the preceding Despatch.
No. XIII. An Act to facilitate the apprehension and prevent the Introduction into
the Colony of Victoria of Offenders illegally at large. [The whole Act follows, of which one section will suffice as an example. It contains sixteen sections.]
1. Any master-mariner or other person owning, commanding, navigating, or sailing any ship, vessel, or boat for the trip or voyage, when any such ship, vessel, or boat shall bring to any port or other place in the colony of Victoria any runaway convict, or any convict coming under cover of any conditional pardon, ticket of leave, or indulgence of any kind, other than a free pardon or remission of his or her sentence by Her Majesty, shall, upon conviction thereof before any two justices of the peace having jurisdiction within the said colony, or any portion thereof, for every such offence be liable to a fine not exceeding one hundred pounds, or to imprisonment for any time not exceeding six months, or to both, at the discretion of the said justices.
Livy. “ Cum jam humanæ opes egestæ a Veiis essent, amoliri tum Deûm dona ipsosque Deos, sed colentium magis, quam rapientium, modo, coepere ;" &c., sending with]/" Quod decem æstates hyemesque continuas circumsessa, cum plus aliquanto cladium intulisset, quam accepisset, postremo, jam fato tum denique urgente, operibus tamen, non vi, expugnata est.”
Virgil. “Hic Ammone satus, rapta Garamantide Nymphâ, &c. [Ending with]
Quippe tuis ferimus, famamque fovemus inanem.”
Tacitus. “ Vespasianus acer militiæ, anteire agmen,” &c., [ending with]— “ Tribuni centurionesque et vulgus militum industria licentia, per virtutes per voluptates, ut cuique ingenium, adsciscebantur.”
Custos gentis, abes jam nimium diu : &c. [Ending with]
“ Sicci mane die : dicimus uvidi,
Cum sol oceano subest.”
HISTORY. 1. When, and how, was Christianity first introduced and finally
planted in England ? 2. Mention the principal events in the life of Edward I.
3. Under whom were the crowns of England and Scotland united ? 4. When did the English power in France come to an end ? 5. When, and how, did Great Britain become possessed of India and
Canada ? 6. Name four celebrated English admirals, with the sovereigns under
whom they lived. 7. What is the Habeas Corpus Act? 8. Give a short account of the life of one of the following great men :
The Black Prince, Marlborough, Lord Chatham. 9. Name the great civil wars which have taken place in England, and
the causes of any one of them. 10. Name the principal battles in the Peninsula, with the years in
which they were fought. 12th July, 1855.
2 they incipal one of theich have
5. Multiply 865317997 by 8.
9. Multiply £1647. 88. 21d. by 635. 10. Divide 106397320524 by 12. 11. Divide 8740434091488 by 876. 12. Divide £75919. 118. 7d. by 7. 13. Divide £611360. 58. 8d. by 623. 14. Write in figures (1) ninety thousand and forty, (2) three hundred
and four million forty thousand and four. 15. There are two mountains such that if 126 feet are added to four
times the height of the lower one, the sum is half the difference between the heights ; given that the lower one is 441 feet high,
find the height of the other. 16. What is the length of the longest day at a place where the sun rises
on that day at 3 h. 49 m, 51 s. ? 17. How many entire days have elapsed since the opening of the Great
Exhibition in Hyde Park ?
REDUCTION. 1. Reduce 375 cwts., 2 qrs., 1 st., 13 lb. to ounces. 2. Reduce 36 miles, 3 furlongs, 36 poles, 5 yards to feet. 3. How often will a wheel 31 yards in circumference turn between
London and York, the distance being 198 miles ? 4. How many pounds of silver are there in 270 spoons, each of which
weighs 1 oz., 13 dwts., 8 grs. ? 5. How many seconds are there in 35 d., 8 h., 48 m., 29 s. ? 6. How many square yards, feet, and inches, are there in the top of a
table, the sides of which are 21 ft. 74 in. and 19 ft. 5 in. ? 7. How many solid yards, feet, and inches, are there in 175,983 solid inches?
PROPORTION. 8. If £59. 10s. will buy 25 cwts. 2 qrs. of sugar, what quantity will
£6. 148. 2d. buy? 9. If the penny loaf weighs 5 ounces when wheat is at 628. the quarter,
what ought it to weigh when wheat is 64s. the quarter ? 10. If, by paying down £70. 178. 6d. a person becomes entitled to
£2. 98.7d. a year, what income should he gain by paying
£2,151. 178. 8d. in the same way? 11. If a tax on an income of £1,132 amount to £125. 18. 5 d., what is
that in the pound? 12. If the carriage of 107 cwt. 10 lbs. cost £37. 98. 7 d., what would
the carriage of a ton cost ? 13. If 24 men, working 8 hours a day, can build a house in 70 days, in
how many days might it be built by 42 men working 10 hours a day?
PRACTICE. 14. Find the value of 373 at £2. 168. 101d. 15. What is the rent of 67 acres of land for 2 years, 9 months, 11 days,
the yearly rent of an acre being £2. 58. ? 16. Find the value of 9 tons, 4 cwt., 3 qrs., 21 lbs., at £14. 158. 9d. per
ton. 17. Find the price of 2171 yards of lace at £2. 178. 7 d. per yard. 18. What is the price of 329 yds., 3 qrs. 2 nls. at 58. 2 d. per quarter ? 19. What is the dividend on £2,734. 168. 8d. at 98. 4 d. in the pound ?
INTEREST. 20. Find the interest on £1,257. 158. for 5 years at 4 per cent. per
annum. 21. Find the interest on £194, at 5 per cent. per annum from the 3rd
of March to the 18th of December following. 22. At what rate per cent., simple interest, will £951. 7s. 6d. amount to
£1,141. 138. in five years ? 23. Find the discount on £594. 148. 9d., due 8 months hence, at 5 per
cent. simple interest ? 24. When the Three per Cents. are at £85. 178. 6d., what is the rate of
interest ? 25. Find the amount of £225 for 3 years, at £41 per cent. compound
VULGAR FRACTIONS. 26. Add together , 4, 4, and is of 74, and subtract the result from
27. Multiply of 11 of 15 by 1 of 12. 28. What number, multiplied by will give 155 as the product ? 29. If of a quarter of wheat cost 54s., what will be the price of of a
bushel ? 30. What fraction of half-a-crown is įths of 6s. 8d. ? 31. Add together 35 pounds, 9 shillings, and 24 pence?
DECIMAL FRACTIONS. 32. Add together .130055, 900, 57.1, 1334 and .00000397, and subtract
the result from 1314.9. 33. Multiply 95.376 by .0283. 34. Divide 16 by 2, and the result by :0002.
241 35. Express 15424 as 36. Reduce 88. 11 d. to the decimal of a guinea. 37. Add together •3211 of a guinea, şths of a crown, and ·6925 of a
shilling, expressing the result as a decimal of a pound.
Crudle (croodle), to grumble.
Wiver, to flicker. One cannot help suspecting, that if glossaries of local patois were more generally compiled, and if those that do now exist were more carefully used by our writers on the English language, some very curious results would be obtained, as well as a great accession made to our ethnographical knowledge of the English counties. In Yorkshire, for instance, how large a vocabulary might be collected of words, either quite peculiar to certain parts, or at least obsolete elsewhere. In the district of Craven the language of the common people is quite remarkable for its diversity from the ordinary English dialect ; in Lancashire and Cumberland there are hardly less striking peculiarities ; and from Cornwall it is probable that many Celtic or British words might still be recovered. I remember hearing a country lass from Lincolnshire call backbiting by the happy compound, tongue-banging ; and the same unsophisticated maiden described a close atmosphere as mulfery.I am, Sir, your Well-wisher and Subscriber,
F. A. P.
ON TEACHING READING. Part of a Lecture delivered before the United Association of Schoolmasters at the Second Anniversary Meeting. By WALTER MCLEOD, Esq., F.R.G.S., Head Master of the Model School, and Master of Method, in the Royal Military Asylum, Chelsea.
ERRORS IN READING. Errors in reading may be classed under the heads of (1) Errors in Enunciation, (2) Errors in Pronunciation, (3) Errors in Accent, (4) Errors in Emphasis.
Enunciation. The errors in enunciation may be classed under the heads of feebleness, omission of letters, and obscureness of sound.
1. Feebleness.—The air is too often expelled from the lungs without any energy. Feebleness marks the sounds that are made. To remedy this, let the tongue, teeth, and lips be used forcibly.
2. Omission of Letters.—The omission of letters or sounds is a common error ; it arises from hurry and feebleness. It is common to omit the d in the word and, and e in the word several.
3. Obscureness of Sound.—The sounds of the voice are, in many cases, very obscure. One sound is run into another, or, what is far worse, a sound is uttered which is unknown to our language ; all this arises from carelessness, hurry, and feebleness in the use of the several organs of speech. As examples of obscure enunciation, e is changed into u, as momunt ; a into i, as defendint. To remedy the evils referred to, the children should be carefully practised in exercises which promotes the deliberate and forcible use of the organs of speech.
Pronunciation. Pronunciation is the art of giving the true sound of letters in words, and the true accent and quantity of syllables. It includes the knowledge and practice of most of the points already noticed.
1. Pronunciation attends to the exact sound of letters in words. Letters, as they appear in words, undergo some changes. They have different sounds; a, for instance, has four sounds, as, in fate, hat, father, law.
2. Pronunciation attends to accent. Accent, or stress of voice, may be placed on any syllable ; it should be on the right one ; as, perfume, scent ; perfume, to scent.
3. Pronunciation attends to the quantity of vowels and syllables. This is a nice point, and adds much beauty to speech ; thus, if we say lunācy for lunăcy, we make a mistake regarding the particular sound of the letter a. This, then, is an error in pronunciation.
Errors in Enunciation and Pronunciation. The following are the most common errors that occur in reading, as regards enunciation and pronunciation.
1. When pronouncing the word and, there is a tendency to cut off the d, or to omit the initial letter a. These mistakes happen, for the