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Their bristless trim, and smug their faces,
The very minions of the Graces,
Sweet, delicate, and debonair,
No macaroni half so fair.

But with those dandies came to feed
Porkers of European breed;

And quickly (for the March, you know,
Of Intellect is never slow)

Filth, sloth, and guzzling, and brutality,
And every democratic quality,
Became the mode for imitation
(Under the name of Reformation)
To all the grunting generation.
In mud and stench they learned to lie,
Exchanged the meadow for the sty,
Ablution, elegance, forswore-
And, patriot-like, were clean no more.
So, if patrician proud and nice
Turn pandar to the rabble's vice,
From that contagion will be bred
Distemper, both of heart and head,
Gesture and speech will catch a twang
Of clownishness and ribald slang,
Refinement, taste, will wear away,
Truth, honour, sentiment, decay.
And manners that the doctrine suit
Will liberalize him to a brute.

So if ingenuous youth begin
To tamper with the page of sin,
The contact will, like pitch, defile;
And demons looking on will smile-
To see the mind in chaos tost,
Its brightness dimmed, its balance lost,
While livid leprosies of ill
Confuse the brain, corrupt the will,
And souls that better hopes had given
Are moon-struck, plague-struck, lost to
C. H.


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"Says the clear Wharf to turbid Aire:
Though thou be dark, and I be fair,
Though thou run rough, and I run even,
Yet where thou drown'st one, I drowa seven."
Old Yorkshire Rhymes.

THE beauty of a crystal stream
Is very oft the poet's theme;
And yet that beauty hath a smile
Th' impatient traveller to beguile.
So smooth its aspect and so clear,
Scarce any depth can deep appear:
The bridge far off, he hates delay,
The tempting ford invites his way,
Hurry says,
Yes;" and Prudence,

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Lured by the shallow-seeming wave, He trusts, he tries, he finds a grave.

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HOUSE OF COMMONS, JAN. 17. Mr. Ald. Wood brought in a bill to regulate the navigation of steam-vessels on the river Thames.

A bill was brought in by Mr. Sadler to regulate the labour of children in factories.

Lord Ashley announced his intention not to resist the petition against his return for Dorsetshire, on account of the expenses which it would entail on him.

The LAND REVENUE BILL went into a Committee; and the clause for granting 75,000l. for the completion of Buckingham House, was, with other clauses, agreed to, after some discussion.

Mr. Warburton moved the second reading of his ANATOMY BILL; but, there not being 40 members present, an adjournment took place.

Jan. 19. Mr. Stanley moved for leave to bring in the REFORM BILL for IRELAND. He stated that it was in the leading particulars similar to the Bill of last Session; though on some points it differed. Ireland was to return 105 Members. With respect to the franchise for counties, following up the principle of the English Bill, as regards leaseholders, it was proposed to give votes to those who had beneficial interests in leases for 14 years, and where the rent was 201. ; that regulation, it was thought, would be equivalent to the 50%. leaseholders of England-it being remembered, that Ireland was without 40s. freeholders. As to the boroughs, it was unnecessary to extend the principle of disfranchisement to them, because there was not one of them that had not a population which would present a respectable constituency. It was only repuisite to extend the right of voting. It was therefore proposed that all resident 10%. householders should have votes; the payment of local taxes to determine the right to vote. It was not proposed, however, as in England, to continue the rights of the freemen beyond existing interests. As to the right of voting in counties which were cities, freeholders and householders were to be combined to form the constituency.Leader complained of the unsatisfactory and disproportionate character of the intended Bill-maintained that Ireland ought to have more members-and that the proposed measure did not present the conservative link so requisite to preserve the interests and a good understanding between the two countries. After some observations from Mr. Ruthven, Mr. Croker, and the Chancellor of the Exchequer, leave was given to bring in the Bill. -The Lord Advocate then moved for leave to bring in the REFORM BILL for SCOTLAND.



In doing so he was very brief, because,
with the exception of one or two minor
points of detail, the Bill was similar to that
of the last Session. The motion, however,
led to a good deal of discussion, not as re-
garded the arrangements of the Bill, but
with respect to the number of the Repre-
sentatives. It was stated that the English
Bill, assuming that it was requisite to keep
up the present number of 658, left a number
to be disposed of, and that such deficiency
was to be chiefly supplied in the representa-
tion to be allotted to England; whereas, it
was argued by Sir G. Warrender and others,
that the quantum of Representation thus
left ought to be spread in relative proportions
over England, Scotland, and Ireland, instead
of being limited to England. The motion
was eventually agreed to; the Bill was after-
wards brought in; and its second reading
was fixed for Thursday Feb. 2.

Jan. 20. Lord J. Russell having moved
the order of the day for the House going
into a Committee on the REFORM BILL,
Sir R. Peel complained that the House
was called upon to go into Committee to
consent to the disfranchisement of 56 bo-
roughs, and the principle upon which it was
founded, without information as to the ne-
cessary returns to guide their judgment.
The Right Hon. Bart. trusted that Hon.
Members would not be drawn into such a
plan, and declared that he would divide the
House upon the point.-Lord Althorp
contended that the information required was
not essential in this stage of the question,
as the returns did not make any alteration in
the schedules. After some further remarks

from Sir R. Vyvyan, Sir C. Wetherell, Mr.
Hume, Mr. Goulbourn, Mr. Robinson, Mr.
C. Pelham, Sir C. Forbes, and Mr. Hunt,
the House divided; when there appeared for
going into the Committee, 152,-against
it, 99.

The House then went into Committee.
On the question that "each" of the 56
boroughs in schedule A be disfranchised,
Mr. Croker moved, as an amendment, that
the number should be 51 instead of 56, ob-
serving, that if Ministers had acted up to
their original intentions, the borough of
Westbury, which was not now to be found
in either schedule, would have been includ-
ed in the number of those boroughs which
had been curtailed of their representatives
-Sir R. Franco de-
by the Reform Bill.-
nied that any undue influence had been ex-
ercised to induce the Government to give
two Members to Westbury. He should be
a considerable sufferer by the present Bill;
but still he would support it, because he



there appeared-for the original motion, 210;-for the amendment, 112.

1882.] Foreign News. thought Reform necessary for the benefit of the country. After a short but desultory discussion, the House divided, when the numbers were,-for the amendment, 128; for the original motion 198.

The ANATOMY BILL, on the motion of Mr. Warburton, was read a second time, the only dissentient voice being that of Mr. Hunt.

The IRISH REFORM BILL was also read a first time, and the second reading fixed for Friday, the 27th inst.

Jan. 28. The House resolved itself into Committee on the REFORM BILL. On the question that each of the 30 boroughs in schedule B be disfranchised of one member, Mr. Goulbourn requested some information why the word "thirty" should be introduced in the clause. Lord Althorp defended the course pursued by the Government in inserting 56 boroughs in schedule A, and the insertion of 30 boroughs in schedule B, alshough 41 were inserted in the former Bill; but in that Bill the number of representatives were reduced 23 (no diminution of the sumber was contemplated in the present Bill); 11 by the reduction of the number of boroughs in schedule B from 41 to 80, and by giving the remaining twelve members to new towns.Mr. Goulburn justified the course he intended to pursue, for it was an act of injustice to bind the House to the disfranchisement of 30 boroughs, until proper information was laid before the House, as to the propriety of adopt ing such a course. He would move as an amendment, that the word "thirty" be omitted in the clause.- -Sir J. Warrender and Sir R. Peel supported the amendment.

-Lord J. Russell said, the question at present was not, whether any particular borough fell within the line or not, but whether it would be expedient, on looking at the great number of small boroughs, to say whether so many as 56 ought to be disfranchised. The great principle on which the Government acted was to diminish the repre sentation of the smaller boroughs, and transfer the franchise to the large towns. Government had thought that the numbers ought to be 56 and 30; but that, however, was not the main question-the main ques tion was, how to create a House of Cominons which should represent the people of England; and as there were many boroughs of Dearly the same size, it would be for the Com mittee to decide which should have the preference. Mr. Adeane and Mr. Croker supported the Amendment, and the Chancel lor of the Exchequeropposed it. On a division

The schedules C and D, (the details of which have been before explained) were agreed to, after a slight opposition; and the fourth, fifth, and sixth clauses were also agreed to. On clause 7 being proposed, which provides that the boundaries of cities, towns, and boroughs shall be defined by a subsequent Act, Sir R. Vyvyan objected to the provisions of the clause, on the ground that the Bill would pass before the boundaries of cities, towns, and boroughs, came before the House. Mr. Wilks considered the clause objectionable, and moved, as an amendment, "That every borough should remain under the existing boundaries." After a few words from the Chancellor of the Exchequer in explanation, Mr. Wilks did not insist upon his amendment.

Sir J. Hobhouse moved the second read

ing of the SELECT VESTRIES Amendment Bill. He said it was impossible the measure of last session could be acted upon. As it now stood it was in the power of any parochial authorities to prevent it from being carried into effect. On a division, there appeared for the motion, 40; against it, 44.

Jan. 24. The House went into Committee on the Reform Bill. The Committee proceeded from the 7th to the 11th clause, without opposition more decided than that of some little verbal criticism; but on the clause respecting the appointment of the returning officer in places not now sending Members, the Chancellor of the Exchequer intimated that, in the event of inconveniences arising, it was in contemplation to advise the Crown to grant charters to places where Corporations were required, but where they might not exist.-Colonel Sibthorpe objected most strongly to any division of the County of Lincoln, and moved an amendment, that all the words after the word "Lincoln," in line three of the clause, be omitted. The House then divided; when there appearedFor the original motion, 195; for Col. Sibthorpe's amendment, 64.

Mr. Warburton moved that the House should go into Committee to consider of the salaries to be given to officers under the Anatomy Bill. On a division the numbers were-For going into Committee, 87; against it, 4. A resolution that a sum not exceeding 1001. be paid to each of the inspectors under the Bill, and that the expen ses of their offices be paid out of the Consolidated Fund, was then agreed to.



The French Civil List has, of late, occu pied the attention of the Chamber of DepuGENT. MAG. January, 1882.


ties, and has given rise to some tumultuous scenes in that assembly. The Chamber was divided on the amount which the King ought

to receive; some proposed the sum of 82,000,000 francs (half a million sterling,) some 15,000,000; the Committee recommended the latter grant. Ministers wished to have 18,000,000, but they were obliged to compromise for 12,000,000, being 24 millions less than Charles the Tenth enjoyed. The most tumultuous part of the debate took place on the 4th inst., when Comte de Montalivet, Minister of Public Instruction, was defending the provisions proposed by the Ministry. He warmly contended, that a large Civil List would enable the King the more liberally to encourage the fine arts, and effectually to relieve misfortune. Towards the conclusion, he said, "that if the enjoyment of luxuries was denied the King, it would be soon proscribed to his subjects." This set the Chamber in a rage, to describe the effects of which would be a somewhat difficult matter. At one time, near twenty Members were to be seen thumping their desks and bawling out to the extent of their lungs. Many of the Deputies started up, and indignantly denouncing the expression, declared, that they acknowledged subjection to no jurisdiction but the law, to which the King of the barricades was as amenable as any other citizen of France, and with this protest actually left the Chamber. The Minister in vain attempted to explain: he could not obtain a hearing; and the tumult amongst the Members increased to such a height, that the President was obliged to adjourn the sitting. The debate upon the word subject was continued on the following day. M. Barthe, another Minister, and M. Montalivet himself, assured the Chamber, that the expression was not intended differently from the sense of the Charter, and a document was read, signed by M. Mauguin and another violent Member of the Opposition, in which they subscribed themselves the "King's most faithful subjects." The Chamber, after some further squabbling, appears at length to have been pacified, and proceeded with the investigation of the matters before it. A protest has been signed by M. Odillon Barrot and 109 other Deputies against the expression in question.

The Opposition in the Chamber of Deputies appear to carry every thing their own way. Palaces, forests, lands, opera-houses, &c. have been wrenched from the hands of the King, and thrown into the public stock. The chateau of Rambouillet, with its park, is alienated. Some lands and buildings connected with St. Cloud, Versailles, St. Germain-en-Laye, Compiegne, and other places, are ordered to be sold for the state. The royal residences at Strasburg and Bordeaux are to be demolished. All these, with some hotels at Paris, are valued at about 18,000,000 of francs (or upwards of 700,000l.) However, the Tuileries, the Louvre, St. Cloud, Versailles, Meudon, Fontainebleau, and Compiegne are left to the King.

The Bill for the banishment of the elder branch of the Bourbons, and of the family of Buonaparte, has passed the Chamber of Peers, with a majority in its favour of 51.

At a late sitting of the Paris Academy of Sciences, Baron de Humboldt presented the Academy with a cluster of crystals of emeralds, recently found in the middle region of the Ural, to the north of Ekatherineburg. He had received it as a present from the Emperor of Russia; and he remarked that it was not found in the carburetted schistus of transition, like the beautiful emeralds from Muzo mine, in Columbia, but in micaschistus, as is the case with the emeralds found in Upper Egypt. The Muzo emerald weighs 1,200 carats, but that of the Ural cluster 1,514.


The newspaper price current published by the royal Prussian newspaper-office at Berlin, contains a list of 667 German, 177 French, 72 English, 29 Italian, 28 Dutch, 15 Polish, 11 Russian-German, 6 Danish, 5 Swedish, 3 Hungarian, 2 Bohemian, 1 Spanish, 1 Latin, and 1 modern Greek; in all: 1013 newspapers, literary journals, advertisers, and mercantile papers; and to every number a note is added, stating how often the journal is published, of how many sheets it consists, what the postage amounts to, and what is the whole cost. By the publication of this list, which is in every respect very interesting, the Prussian Government gives a manifest proof of its desire to encourage the communication and propagation of knowledge.


Accounts from Warsaw describe the barbarities exercised by the Russians towards the unfortunate Poles. The University has been shut. Orders have been given to all the establishments of education to discon tinue the use of the Polish language, 'and to allow the youth of Poland only to learn Russian. The French language has been strictly prohibited in all seminaries of learning, and forbidden even to be taught in private families. All the property, landed as well as moveable, of the most eminent patriots has been confiscated, though confiscation had long been abolished by Polish law. Prince Czartoriski, who is now in London, has received notice that his noble estates at

Pulawy, on the Vistula, where he had collected an immense library and a great museum, have been confiscated by the Emperor, and transferred to Paskewitch.


There is every probability of an early rupture between the Porte and the Pacha of Egypt, who has commenced hostilities against the Pacha of Syria, whom the Sultan has undertaken to support. Ibraham Pacha, so well known in Greece, has made himself master, without opposition, of Gaza, Jaffa, and Caffa, and pushed his advanced guard as

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The condition of Ireland is deplorable. All the elements of civilised society seem to be dissolved in that distracted country, doomed to suffer under the curse of National Unions and seditious demagogues, who have sworn the destruction of the Protestant Church, and the dismemberment of the empire. The Bank protected by the military the Mail attacked, in open day, by an armed banditti-the midnight plunderer and assassin, in defiance of the laws, spreading terror and desolation throughout the land-the Farmers and peasantry every where refusing to pay tithes and the Protestant Church reduced to the most abject state of humiliation. Such is the state of alarm among the Protestants, that 300,000 names have been added in a few days to the Orange lodges in Dublin.


PARTS OF THE COUNTRY. The following is an abstract of the net produce of the Revenue of Great Britain, in the years ended 5th January 1831 and 1832.



Customs. .....£16,343,561 £15,336,715

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16,895,775 14,830,875
6,605,291 6,500,910

.... 1,358,011



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805,236. That of Scotland as follows: in 1801, 1,599,368; in 1811, 1,805,688; in 1821, 2,098,456; and in 1831, 2,365,807. The summary of Great Britain is as follows: in 1801, 10,942,646; in 1811, 12,609,864, being an increase of 154 per cent. ; in 1821, 14,391,631, an increase of 14 per cent.; and in 1831, 16,537,898, an increase of 15 per cent. In 1801, the number of females in Great Britain was 5,492,356; in 1811, 6,269,650, an increase of 14.15 per cent.; in 1821, 7,254,613, an increase of 15.71 per cent.; and in 1831, 8,375,780, an increase of 15.45 per cent. The population of London (that is the metropolis) was in 1801, 864,845; in 1811, 1,009,546; in 1821, 1,225,694; and in 1831, 1,474,069; males, 684,441; females, 789,628.

The last returns to the House of Commons that have been published, state the amount of Poor Rates collected in England and Wales, within the year, to have been 8,111,4227., being an increase of eight per cent. on the previous year.

Extensive repairs have taken place at Norwich Cathedral. Several houses built against the walls have been removed; and various beautiful arches, and other important features, have been disclosed. The south front has been renewed, but is disfigured with a great coloured clock. The stalls of the choir have been cleansed from their "beauti

5,013,405 4,864,342 fying" impurities, and restored to their pristine chesnut. The supplied finials and crocket-work have been carved by Mr. Ollet, an ingenious carpenter, of Mulberton; and the whole has been executed under the superintendence of Mr. Salvin, the architect, of London.

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£46,817,345 £42,888,170 Decrease on the year, £3,984,175 The Population Returns have been printed by order of Parliament. From the summary of this document we find that the population of England was, in 1801,8,331,434; in 1811, 9,538,827; being an increase of 14 per cent. In 1821, 11,261,437, heing an increase of 17 per cent.; and in 1881, 13,089,388-an increase of 16 per cent. The increase within the last thirty years has been 4,757,904. The summary of the annual value of real property in England was 49,744,622l.; in Wales, 2,153,8014.; and in Scotland, 6,652,655l.; making a total of 58,551,0782. The population of Wales stands thus: in 1801, 541,546; in 1811, 611,788; in 1821, 717,438, and in 1831,

Jan. 2. His Majesty's Commission for the trial of the prisoners implicated in the late outrages at Bristol, (see vol. CI. ii. 459,) and also for the delivery of the gaol of all other offenders, was opened in the Guildhall of Bristol. Great preparations had been made to resist any efforts which might be attempted by the lovers of outrage. The Duke of Beaufort, Lord Chief Justice Tindal, Sir W. E. Taunton, and Sir J. B. Bosanquet formed the commission.-On the 4th of January, Williain Clarke, Pat. Kearney, James Williams, Daniel Higgs, James Gregory, and John Kayes were put to

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