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Otterden Church, Kent.
June 1. THE wood-cut prefixed to the account of Otterden Place in your last number, p. 393, represents the Tower, with the west end of the north front. The view which accompanies the pre sent letter (Plate II. shows the east end, and the Church, which has little appearance of an ecclesiastical structure. It is a neat brick building, coigned with stone, having niches or recesses, which give a lightness to the west front. The ancient Church being ruinous, the Rev. Granville Wheler, aided by a bequest of 400l. from the Lady Elizabeth Hastings, undertook the building a new Church nearly on the old site, which he completed (with a due regard to the preservation of the ancient monuments) in the year 1759, at an additional expense of 500l.
The present building has no tower. It appears that the former Church had none. The seats are parted off by a low Chinese railing, which has a singular but not disagreeable effect. The congregation appear assembled as one family, to make their common supplications to the Father of mercies without distinction of persons.
on her knees, and her infant daughter beside her.
Against the south wall:
"Memoriæ sacrum. Johanni Bunce de Ottringden, in com, Kantii, generoso, qui obiit 20° die Februarii, ano D'ni, 1611; et Dorotheæ piæ, pudicæ, et casta uxori ejus, filia Thomæ Grimsdich, ex antiqua familia de Grimsdich in com. Cestriæ, quæ obiit 160 die Martii, an D'ni 1612, e quâ suscepit Anna' filiam suam et hæredem desponsatam Guillielmo Brockman, flio et hæredi Henrici Brockman de Newington juxta Hyth, generosi; et filiam alteram, quae obiit in
"Sacred to the memory of the Rev. Granville Wheler, son and heir of the Rev. Sir George Wheler of Charing, Kent. He was a pious and exemplary member of the Church, one who adorned the duties of the pastoral office, by the Christian graces of charity and hospitality, and devoted his time to the acquirement of literature and natural philosophy. He married the Lady Catherine Maria, daughter of Theophilus, the 7th Earl of Huntingdon, by whom he had issue two sons, Theophilus and Granville, and four daughters, Elizabeth-Anne, Frances, Selina-Margaretta, Catherine-Maria, whose remains (except Selina-Margaretta), rest in the same vault with those of their father and mother. The Rev. Granville Wheler died
The Church, small as it is, contains May 12, 1770, aged 69. Lady Catherine several monuments.
Wheler died January 24, 1740, aged 48.
ville Hastings Wheler, and Jane his wife,
He cometh forth like a flower and is cut down.'-Job, ch. xiv. ver. 2."
"Sacred to the memory of the Rev. John Cecil Tattersall, B. A. who died Dec. 8,
In this monumental inscription there are two inaccuracies. By the pedigree of Wheler in the College of Arms, signed by the Rev. Granville Wheler himself, it appears that he had five daughters, 1st Elizabeth, 2d Frances, 3d Selina-Margaretta, 4th Anne, who died young, 5th Catharine-Maria. Elizabeth married William Medhurst, esq. and was buried at Kippax, co. York.
He was the eldest son of the Rev. Johu Tattersall, by his wife Sibylla Christiana, widow of Granville Wheler, esq. (see the pedigree of Wheler.) He was named Cecil, after the late Marquess of Salisbury, who was his godfather, was educated at Harrow, and took his bachelor's degree at Christ Church, Oxford.
In Moore's notices of the Life of Lord Byron, vol. i. p. 43, we find the following extract from one of his manuscript journals relating to his school friendships at Harrow: "P. Hunter, Curzon, Long, and Tattersall, were my principal friends ;" and at p. 51, in an ac count of the danger his Lordship incurred in a fight with some neighbouring farmers, the name of Tattersall again occurs: "The engagement here recorded was accidentally brought on by the breaking up of school, and the dismissal of the Volunteers from drill, both hapGENT. MAG, June, 1832.
1812, aged 24 years. He was a friend who evinced benevolence not in words, but in zealous acts of kindness; a Christian who displayed his faith by his humble reliance on the merits of his Redeemer, and in patient resignation to the will of God. His early death cut short the hopes of those who saw his virtues, the promise that in the discharge of his sacred office he would with the graces of Christian charity promote glory to God on high, on earth peace and good will."
"In the family vault beneath this Church are deposited the remains of Granville Hastings Wheler, esq. of Otterden Place, Kent, and Ledstone Hall, Yorkshire, who died Feb. 3, 1827, aged 46 years, respected and regretted by all who were in habits of intimacy with him, and had opportunities of observing the strictness of his religious principles, the uprightness of his moral character, and the goodness of his heart. This monumentis erected by his widow as a tribute of her sincere respect and affection for his memory, and of her gratitude for his liberal and affectionate consideration of her. Though the righteous be prevented with death, yet shall he be in rest.'-Wisdom of Solomon, ch. iv. 5.”
The Lords of Otterden were patrons of the rectory till Granville Wheler, esq. in 1778, conveyed it to Edward Bridges, esq. of Wotton Court. The advowson is now the property of W. G. Paxton, esq. late of Henbury in Dorsetshire, who with a liberality not often practised, has rebuilt the rectorial house in a tasteful style, corresponding with the age of Elizabeth. It is covered with Roman cement, and is a comfortable and convenient residence for the incumbent. The Rev. George
Dinely Goodyar* is the present Rector of Otterden.
BENEFACTIONS TO THE PARISH OF,
In 1768, the Rev. Granville Wheler, of Otterden Place, purchased the estate of Hurst, and with his son Granville Wheler, esq. next year conveyed it to the Rev. John Lowther, rector of this parish, for the use of him and his successors, rectors of the parish of Otterden, for ever. This estate consists of about one hundred and sixty-eight acres of land, and was purchased for 11007. of which 1000l. was the benefaction of Lady Elizabeth Hastings, and the remaining part of the Rev. Granville Wheler before mentioned.
Mr. James Bunce, gent. citizen and lea therseller, of London, son of James Bunce, esq. of this parish, devised by his will in 1630 to the Leathersellers' Company, of which he was a member, 350l. in trust, that they should pay 20s. yearly to the poor of this parish, 81. per annum to the minister of it, for preaching three sermons yearly; one on the day of the deliverance in 1588,† one on the 5th day of Nov., and a third on the 17th of that month, and for catechizing the children of this parish twenty Sundays in each year; and for paying 10l. every 10th year to the repair of the Bunces' chapel in this Church, where his ancestors lay in terred, and the repair of the body of the Church, and if the same was not demanded of them, then the whole produce of it to go to the support of the poor of the Leathersellers' Company.
Roger Paine, esq. by his will in 1701, gave the sum of 201. to the rector, churchwardens, and overseers of this parish in trust, for the interest of it to be applied to the relief of such poor housekeepers of it as most regularly attended Divine Service.
pening on that occasion at the same hour. This circumstance accounts for the use of the musket, the but-end of which was aimed at Byrou's head, and would have felled him to the ground, but for the interposition of his friend Tattersall, a lively high-spirited boy, whom he here addresses under the name of Davus:
"Still I remember in the factious strife,
The rustic's musket aim'd against my life;
Mr. Goodyar is the representative of the Dinely Goodyere family, being descended rom George third son of Sir Edward Goodyere of Burhope, co. Hereford, Privy Counsellor and M. P. for the Borough of Evesham, co. Worcester, the first Baronet, who married Eleanor, daughter and heir of Sir Edward Dinely of Charleton, co. Worcester, knt. George above mentioned, went at an early period of life to the East Indies, his grandfather Henry Goodyere having been Governor of Bombay in 1683.
By the defeat of the Spanish Armada.
The Scrope and Grosvenor Roll.
Charles Paine, esq. his son and executor, with this money purchased of Henry Farley, the elder, about four acres of land called Wyebanks, and conveyed them to the rector and parish officers, and their successors for ever, in trust for the uses above mentioned.
Halls Place, in the reign of Henry the Seventh, was the seat of the Bunces, who likewise possessed Bunces' Court; they were originally from Malmesbury, co. Wilts. It afterwards became the property of R. Paine, subsequently of the Rev. Wanley Sawbridge, and lastly, of the late Mr. Wheler. This mansion, which is not coeval with the time of Henry the Seventh, and has been built at various periods, is now in so dilapidated a state, that it must necessarily be taken down.
Oxford, May 17. AN original Letter of Edmund Bolton, the author of Hypercritica, &c. addressed to Sir William Segar, Garter King of Arms, and to the other Kings and Heralds, is extant in the Ashmolean MS. 837, ff. 228-9; which is not only neatly written, but (for the time) well composed. It contains a curious account of his motives for, and the origin of some of his writings, and was unknown to the writers of his life in the Biographia Britannica (ed. Kippis, vol. ii. p. 396-400), where the best account of them may be found. Notices of The Elements of Armories here mentioned, are also in Moule's Bibliotheca Heraldica, p. 71-2; and from this Letter it appears that he was the real author of the tract in defence of civic gentility, entitled "The Cities Advocate," published anonymously in 1629, and republished under a different title in 1674. See Moule's Bibl. Her. pp. 106 and 194, where the latter edition is by mistake attributed to Philipot.
It is not least remarkable for recommending the publication of a record of matchless antiquarian interest (the proceedings between Sir Richard Le Scrope and Sir Robert Grosvenor in the reign of Richard II.) which has now looked out from the printer's press," after the lapse of two hundred years from the time when this testimonial to its value was penned it has been ably edited by Sir Harris. Nicolas, and is, it may be hoped, the
first production only of the Society from whom the publication emanates. The Letter may, I trust, be acceptable to your readers. ΜΕΛΑΣ.
Syr, Your worthie self (among all other my good freinds) is pleased to remember, that of meer goodwill (without any title among you, or seeking any commoditie by it) I have ever, according to my small powr and slender skill, been a faithfull freind, and defensor of ye doctrines, mysteries, and ceremonies of honor, and of the noble profession of the officers of the same. All which (to the miserable decay of martial and moral vertues among us). are to to much neglected, and embased. For, I dare bee bold to say, and, by the grace of God, am sure, that I can maintain it to bee true, that the old rules, and reverend high regards of external honor, and arms, soberly working upon the most noble of hu mane affections, love of praise and glorie, were supremely instrumental, under allmightie God, to all the renown of our most famous ancestors, which, without the instauration of the same, shall never perhaps return to us the English any more. For those were the glorious dayes, under Edward of Windsore (that most magnanimous and triumphant Monarck) in which the arguments and testimo... nial moniments of noblesse, and of warrlike worth, were in so pretious and so high an estimation, that the famous question between Scrope and Grosvenor, in the Court Marshall of England, about the right of bearing Azure, a bend Gold, filled the longest or one of the longest records, which are at this day extant, in all the close rolls of the Towr of London, and is worthely also, for the dignitie and splendor of the witnesses (vouching theyr own knowledges, and theyr forefathers traditional reports,) and for most brave and heroical qualitie of the evidences (declaring in what feilds and fights that goodly coat of arms was displaid) and unfolding many rare peices, for The Heralds Historie: of the Chevalrie of England, that it should not bee allwayes lockt-up in a cupbord, but look out of the printers presse, upon the degenerous world, and erect the same into a sutable love of glorie for vertues cause.
This my honest and ingenuous affection (never otherwise crowned unto
mee, then with my conscience of facts, and the honor of theyr good acceptance in the world), moved mee about twentie yeares since to publish my book of The Elements of Armories, at the expresse command of the then Earl of Northampton (for the earnest entreaties of such persons are commands), and, of mine own accord, to dedicate the same to him. In which book, that which was never beefore attempted (for any thing I could ever as yet understand to y contrarie), L did endevoir (and did, as I hope, throughly perform what I did intend) to demonstrate, That the reason of heraldrie had foundation for itself in God and nature, and that it was properly a science, as consisting of infallible generalities; thereby to invite and drawe the deeper studious, and philosophicallie learned, to embrace the speculation of the beauties of the same. And afterwards, about sixteen or seaventeen yeares, I published my Cities Advocate, of entire goodwill to the commonweal of England, in favour of honest industrie (a qualitie most necessarie for our nation, considering how superindustrious they are, who beeing from beeyond the seas, are within our bowels, and about us,) and for dew defense of an oppressed truthe against a most prowd, pernicious, dull, and unlearned paradox, That Apprentiseship extinguisheth Gentrie, as finallie also, upon special respect to the good of the officers of arms, none of whose worst clients the citisen is, since to to many gentlemen in the cities and shires abroad, have in a manner quite left the care thereof; I doe not say for unworthier things, but, I would to God, not for odious vices also.
Of these my two several books alreadie in print, the world takes knowledg, but of other labours of mine in that noble argument, beelonging to the abstruser and more learned part thereof, the world can not as yet take knowledg, because they slumber, and must slumber in dust and cobwebbs, till honorable occasion, or like encouragement shall awake, and call them forth into the light, for (as it may fall out, and as my hart doth wish) the common good.
And as I have been, and am, a zelous lover of the renowned profession itself, so also have I been, and am, a most unoffensive and factionlesse well
willer of the professors themselves from the highest to the lowest, as, for ever, by the grace of God, I intend to bee; in full proportion to that vertue and worth, which is held to bee found in each of them, and as they shall vouchsafe to love and favour mee. As for my highest ambition, upon theyr, and theyr professions beehalf, once to see and beehold the office or societie of heralds, afford to the world by favour roial (as it was wunt to doe) the ritual and reverent denunciations of peace and warr, in theyr proper magnificence and form, and other the most majestical duties of theyr places, (as it did no longer since then under King Henrie the eighth, by the memorable ancestor of the Earls of Southampton, a knight of the Wriothsleys, then Garter principal king of arms,) I thinck it much better to concele then to divulge, unlesse the hope thereof were as great, as the right thereof is apparent. For it is testifide so long since as Cicero's time, to have been the famous and sacred custome of the old most victorious, and morallie vertuous Romans; whose words in his secund book of lawes are these:
Fæderum, pacis, belli, induciarum, ora
tores FECIALES judices sunto. But may I not (right worthie Syr) by seeming to doubt of that instauration now, bee apparently thought to wrong the happie reign of our most just and gratious sovereign King Charles, aswell also as the most noble ministerial head of your bodie, the present Earl Marshall of England, then whom none of the former ages did ever see a nobleman more likely to readvance the state of honor and arms, or to enlarge, establish, and conserve the same? Verely, as far of as it is from my thoughts, to approach so much as near to the shadowe of a suspicion, that I would not in loial reverence and dutie to the one, and in reverent love to the other, hope in these our dayes for revival of the very best things, so sure I am there is no cause against my hope, either in his Math or his Lor. To nourish which good hope this is a principal reason, that either very rarely, or perhaps there never was a more generous, able, and industrious companie, or a more antiquarian number of the officers of honour and arms, then are at this hour, since first the office was erected. But