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METEOROLOGICAL DIARY, BY W. CARY, STRAND.
18 1952 82 383 4
New South Sea Annuities, March 30, 81-April 7, 82.-12, 817..
J. J. ARNULL, Stock Broker, Bank-buildings, Cornhill,
late RICHARDSON, GOODLUCK, and Co.
Norwich, Oxf.,Portsm., Pres-
The Member.-The Radical
Early Experiments in Electricity
Wheler Family, of Otterden, Kent.......
Roman Remains discovered in Southwark...899
LITERARY INTELLIGENCE-NewPublications 441
Chessmen carved in the Twelfth Century...445
Anecdote of the celebrated Dr. Harvey. ..407
Proceedings in Parliament..
Ecclesiastical Licence to cure the King's Evil ib.
Successors of Alexander the Great...........418
On the Analogia Lingua Græcæ.......415
Promotions, &c. 459.-Births & Marriages.460
OBITUARY; with Memoirs of the Queen of
bright; Sir J. Blaket; Lord Kirkcud
; Rev. Sir J. Robinson; Adm. Fowke; Gen. Murray; Col. Dashwood; J: Shore, esq.; Goethe; Clementi; Craven Ord, esq.; Dr. Moore; Sir R. Birnie; Major Haswell; Mrs. O'Brien; E, Poulter, &c. &c. ........
Bill of Mortality.-Markets. Shares....479
Embellished with Views of OTTERDEN PLACE, Kent;
Printed by J. B. NICHOLS and SON, CICERO'S HEAD, 25, Parliament Street, Westminster ; where all Letters to the Editor are requested to be sent, POST-PAID.
CROSBY HALL.-We are happy to announce that a meeting was held, May 8th, at the City of London Tavern, W. T. Copeland, Esq. M. P. and Alderman, in the Chair, to consider the best means for preserving and restoring that beautiful specimen of domestic architecture, Crosby Hall, and to appropriate it, when restored, to some useful public object. A Committee was formed (of which Octavius Wigram, Esq. was appointed Treasurer, and S. J. Capper, Esq. Hon. Sec.) and several subscriptions were entered into (see p. 424).
A monument to the memory of Sir Wil-
Aut tumulis flamma, aut imber subducet honores,
Excidet Artifici: stat sine morte decus.
A Plan has been proposed to Government by Wm. Bardwell, esq. architect, for improvements in Westminster, on a most extended scale, which, if executed, would have the effect of raising a new city on S.W. side of the metropolis. The grand features of the plan are first, a street 4,700 feet long, and 100 feet broad, from the Abbey to Grosvenor-place; three squares, each 800 feet long, and 100 broad; and a crescent opening into the Park. The houses of Stafford-row and James-street being all swept away, an extensive circle is struck around Buckingham-palace, the periphery of which circle is planted with quadruple rows of trees. The whole of the squares and new street to be raised three or four feet above the present level, and thus secure the important
advantage of good drainage; the want of which now renders this district a horrible nuisance. The houses to be all fire-proof, and have flat roofs finished with a balustrade, forming an agreeable and useful promenade. The National Gallery presents a façade 710 feet long (half the length of the Louvre Gallery),composed of a grand diastyle twelvecolumned portico, with wings separated from each other by intervals, decorated with rich niches containing statues of professors of the sister arts. The centre is surmounted by an attic supported by caryatides, and crowned with a lofty cupola. The whole of this superstructure is raised upon a rustic basement of arches, which are filled in with glass, forming shops and dwellings, the rents of which it is presumed will return an interest upon the outlay: so that in fact a National Gallery upon this plan may be built and maintained without expense to the country.
A CORRESPONDENT observes-"It has fallen in my way lately to hear several recently ordained Clergymen read the Lord's Prayer, the Apostles' and Nicene Symbols, with a degree of inattention which surprises me, knowing that all of them, except one, are graduates of Oxford or Cambridge. They read Μη εις πειρασμον, instead of μη εισενέγκης ; and lay an improper stress on the substantive verb, as if it were emphatic in the original, where it does not occur at all, being supplied only by the English idiom, Rose again,' as if he had risen before; Come again,' as if he had never come before. Otov EX Otov, as if Θεον Θεου—and δι' όν in immediate connection with Пargi, as if that, and not Kupiov, were its antecedent. A moment's glance at the Greek would surely prevent such inaccuracies, through which, in the two last instances, the doctrine is entirely lost."
In answer to INVESTIGATOR (p. 290), a Correspondent states that "the present Stuart of Tillicultrie is the third Baronet. married a widow lady of the name of M'Lachlan, of the island of Jamaica. I do not know whether he has suns or not. He is a very old man. He was not the son of the 2d Baronet, who married Miss Calderwood of Polton; but rather, I believe, the son of Hugh or James, sons of the 1st Baronet. [Further information is requested.]
There is a little inaccuracy in our review of Mr. Tate's Horatius Restitutus, p. 416, respecting the MSS.-Bentley, whom he quotes, p. iii. notices the different position of the Ars Poetica in some MSS. but no instance is given of such an inversion of the other works of Horace as the first cited D'Orvillian MS. presents.
The profiles of an African Prince and European Princess, of which a drawing was communicated by X. N. are probably cast from an antique gem. It is certainly not a medal: but, without seeing it, it is difficult to say more.
NOTICES OFf ancient VERULAM-FOUNDATION AND PRESENT DILAPIDATED
This subject, by irresistible association, carries us back to the first germinations of Christianity in Britain.
Whether St. Paul or Joseph of Arimathea first preached the Gospel in our island is a matter with which antiquaries may amuse themselves, without the fear of either opinion being directly refuted. It is more certainly acknowledged that the light of the Gospel had begun to glimmer in Britain as early as the second
century, owing to the facilities afforded for its diffusion by the almost general subjection of the island to the Roman arms; and thus it is that Providence generally works in the gradual maturing of his decrees, not by frequent miraculous interpositions, as visionaries and fanatics would induce us to believe, but by a secret direction of circumstances, which appear at a superficial view to have little connection with His ultimate wise purposes. In this way, for example, we conceive that the admixture of European colonists among semi-barbarous and Pagan nations, will lead those nations to a gradual adoption of their arts and manners, to a desire to participate in their learning, and that thus they will be prepared to receive the truths of orthodox religion, left in these latter days to make its way by natural means. All other expectations and endeavours, however well intended, have for their groundwork a blind enthusiasm, and must therefore end in
Subjoined is a copy of the resolutions alluded to :Resolved, That this meeting see with the deepest regret the very serious accident which has occurred to this venerable edifice, so fine a specimen of ecclesiastical antiquity, and so intimately connected with some of the most interesting events of our national history. That this meeting learn, from the report of a survey recently made and now read, that many parts of the Abbey Church are in a ruinously dilapidated state, and demand immediate and extensive reparation, for which the sum of 15,000l. at least will be required.
That the funds of the parish are wholly inadequate to meet this emergency, and, unless assisted by a national subscription, this most ancient of our sacred edifices must inevitably fall to ruin.
That this meeting cannot contemplate a circumstance so disgraceful to the present age, and they therefore anticipate that the spirit of liberality and good taste which have so recently rescued York Minster and the Lady Chapel at St. Saviour's, Southwark from destruction will be equally instrumental in the restoration of the Abbey Church.
That the cordial and respectful thanks of this meeting are due to the Right Rev. the Bishop of London, and the Rev. Dr. Watson, the Archdeacon of St. Alban's, for their munificent donations and kind support.
That, in order to carry the objects of this meeting into effect, a public meeting be convened for Wednesday, the 23d day of May instant, at one o'clock, at the Thatched House Tavern, St. James's-street.
That such meeting be advertised in all the leading papers, and that the respective editors be requested to advocate the cause.
That the cordial thanks of this meeting be presented to the Earl of Verulam, the Chairman, for his able conduct in the chair, and his furtherance of the purposes of this meeting. VERULAM, Chairman.
The meeting at the Thatched House has been postponed in consequence of the party dissensions which divide and distract the public mind.
the establishment of false principles, or in disappointment. The Roman pilum became indirectly subservient to the spread of Christianity;-so may the British bayonet, when wielded only for the sake of that order and good government which is a real benefit to all-not for oppression or persecution.
There are associations connected with the Abbey Church dedicated to St. Alban, and its immediate vicinity, which irresistibly command respect from the polished and well-constituted mind. Here was the intrenched camp or defensive station of Cassivelaunus, into which the flocks and herds of the pastoral ancient Britons had been driven for security, and which was taken by assault by the Roman legions under Cæsar. From Cæsar's own account of the matter,* we may infer that the resistance of the Britons was very determined. He appears to have been constrained to have recourse to stratagem in order to reduce their citadel, for he attacked it in two places; no doubt one attack was a feint or false demonstration, and, while the attention of the Britons was distracted, the whole Roman force was made to bear upon the other point.
In Nero's time we find this spot elevated to the distinction of a municipal city, Verulamium, with its Decuriones, Equites, Senators, Decemvirs, Triumvirs, Censors, Ediles, Quæstors, and Flamens. It was destroyed by fire and sword in the revolt of Boadicea; but, after the defeat of her army by Suetonius, arose again from its ruins, and continued a flourishing place until the wars between the Britons and Saxons, when it was finally, like many other Roman stations, laid waste. The plough now passes over its area. The massy fragments, ineffaceably pointing out the circuit of its walls, the coin, tor portion of a figured Samian
Comment. Lib. v. cap. 7.
A silver British coin, given both by Camden and Speed, (Britannia, by Gibson, P. 298; Historie of Great Britaine, p. 30), has on one side an unbridled horse, and the letters VIO.
TAS; on the other VER. The first has been read Tascia for Tasc (British) tribute money. I have never seen the coin, but could the inverted A be read as a V., CIVITAS VERVLAM would be an easy soJution.
vase, occasionally turned up, are the sole witnesses of the existence of ancient Verulamium. "Nunc seges ubi Troja fuit!"
Its name, however, still survived its ruin; and, little disposed as its destroyers were to respect such matters, its uníversal notoriety obliged them to call it "Weplam Certep." Spenser, in his Ruins of Time, introduces the genius of Verulam lamenting her fall. I was that city which the garland wore, By Roman victors, which it won of yore; Of Briton's pride delivered unto me, Though nought of all but ruines now I be, And lie in mine owne ashes as ye see; Verlame I was; what boots it what I was?: Sith now I am but weeds and wasteful grass.