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1832.] Memorials of" The Martyrs" of Scotland.

Presbyterians, especially those who continue to adhere to the " League and Covenant.'

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Affixed to the exterior wall of the north transept of Glasgow Cathedral is a tablet on which we read,

"Here lies the corps of Robert Bunton, John Hart, Robert Scot, Mathew Patoun, John Richmond, James Johnston, Archibald Stewart, James Winuing, John Main, who suffered at the cross of Glasgow, for their testimony to the covenants, and work of reformation, because they durst not own the authority of the then tyrants, destroying the same, betwixt 1666 and 1688. "Years sixty-six, and eighty-four, Did send their souls home into glore, Whose bodies here interred ly, Then sacrificed to tyranny: To covenants and reformation, 'Cause they adhered to their station. These nine, with others in this yard, Whose heads and bodies were not spar'd, Their testimonies, foes to bury, Caused beat the drums then in great fury. They'll know, at resurrection day,

To murder saints was no sweet play.

"The original stone, and inscription repaired and new lettered MDCCCXXVII. at the expense of a few FRIENDS of the CAUSE for which the MARTYRS suffered."

By the side of the road, northwards from the church, is another monument, on which is the following inscription:

"Behind this stone lyes James Nisbet, who suffered martyrdom at this place, June 5, 1684; also James Lawson and Alexander Wood, who suffered martyrdom, October 24, 1684, for their adherence to the word of God, and Scotland's covenanted work of Reformation.

Here lye martyrs three

Of memory,

Who for the Covenants did die
And witness is

'Gainst all these nations perjury.
Against the Covenanted cause
Of Christ their Royal King,

The British rulers made such laws Declare'd 'twas Satan's reign. As Britain lyes in guilt you see 'Tis ask'd, O reader! art thou free? "This stone was renewed by the proprietors of the Monkland Navigation, April 1818."

It was removed from an adjoining field in the course of improvement.

In an old and secluded burial-ground in the suburbs of the town of Paisley, is an altar monument, to commemorate others who laid down their lives for the Covenant. It is thus inscribed:


"Here lies the corpse of James Agie and John Park, who suffered at the cross of Paisley, for refusing the oath of abjuration, Feb. 3, 1685.

Stay, passenger, as thou goes by,
And take a look where those do ly;
Who for the love they bare to truth
Were deprived of their life and youth.
Tho' laws made then, caus'd many die [r.dee]
Judges and 'sizers were not free.
He that to them did these delate
The greater count he hath to make,
Yet no excuse to them can be
At ten condemn'd, at two to die. [dee]
So cruel did their rage become,
To stop their speech caus'd beat the drum.
This may a standing witness be,
"Twixt Presbytery and Prelacy.

"This stone, with part of the bones and dust of the martyrs, were removed from the common place of execution, to this place, by order of John Storie, John Patison, and John Cochran, magistrates in Paisley, in the year 1779."

In the old burial ground of Eglismagirdle, near Pitkeathly in Perthshire, is a tombstone with this rude inscription :

"Heir lyis ane vertous Husbandman, Thomas Small, who dyed for Religion, Covenant, King and countrie, the 1st of September, 1645, and of his age 58. Me

mento mori."

In the churchyard of Dunnottar, in Kincardineshire, near the interesting, ancient, and formerly almost impregnable castle of the same name, the ruins of which frown over the sea at a fearful height; we find a plain headstone, decently cleaned and painted, bearing the following inscription:

"Here lyes John Stot, James Atchison, James Russel and William Broun; and one whose name wee have not gotten, and two women, whose names also wee know not; and two who perished coming doune the rock, one whose name was James Watson, the other not known; who all died prisoners in Dunottar castle, anno 1685, for their adherance to the word of God, and Scotland's covenanted work of Reformation. Rev. xi. chap. 12th verse."

The tomb of the martyrs in the Grey-friars churchyard, Edinburgh, is well known. It is a neat monument, and was lately repaired.

"From May 27, 1661, that the noble Marquis of Argyl suffered, to the 17th Feb. 1688, that Mr. James Ranwick suffered; were executed at Edinburgh, about one hundred noblemen, gentlemen, ministers, and others; noble martyrs for Jesus Christ: the most part of them lie here."

"Halt, passenger,

take heed what thou dost
[did die.
This tomb doth shew for what some men

Here lies interred the dust of those who stood
'Gainst perjury, resisting unto blood.
Adhering to the Covenants and Laws,
Establishing the same, which was the cause
Their lives are sacrificed unto the lust
Of Prelatists abjured; tho' here their dust
Lies mixt with murderers' and other crew,
Whom justice justly did to death pursue.
But as for these, in them no cause was found
Worthy of death, but only they were sound,
Constant, and steadfast; zealous, witnessing
For the prerogative of Christ their king.
Which truths were seal'd by famous Guth-
rie's head,

And all along to Mr. Ranwick's blood.
They did endure the wrath of enemies,
Reproaches, torments, deaths, and injuries :
But yet they're these who from such trou-
bles came,

And now triumph in glory with the Lamb."

There is also a monument to Walter Mill, who suffered at St. Andrew's, April 1558; where we read,

model of a steam engine constructed, which was to be attached to a barge, and I perfectly recollect the general principle of it being the same as those now in use. The model was laid by, and he did not take any steps for making his invention more fully known. In the year 1799, he became acquainted with Mr. Fulton, an American engineer, to whom he gave the plan or model of the steam-boat, which I have been informed was first used in America by Mr. Fulton, who had the credit of the invention.

As none of my father's family are likely to enjoy any benefit from his inventions, beyond the fame of them, I have thought it right to state these particulars, in justice to his memory, and for the satisfaction of his descendants. EDM. CARTWRIGHT.

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"Non nostra impietas, non actæ crimina merset, there are two or three spots

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I WAS much gratified with the article in your last Magazine, on the subject of Steam Carriages. My father, the late Rev. Dr. Cartwright, whose various mechanical inventions, especially the power loom, are well known to your scientific readers, has frequently told me, when a boy, that I should live to see vessels on the water and carriages on land, impelled by steam; and that he had no doubt but that the use of horses for this latter purpose would be superseded altogether. About 45 years ago he had a

called "The Conygar," the derivation of which seems to puzzle not only your correspondent, p. 205, but has also called forth all the ingenuity of the Rev. Hyde Cassan in his History of the Bishops of Bath and Wells, in one of his notes in that work; I think, however, ineffectually.

On all sides, the "conies or rabbits" are put in requisition to drag the etymologist through the slough of despond; let the studious reader say to what purpose.* *

For many a long year have I been at a loss upon the subject, until it appeared to me that the difficulty was felicitously resolved by a Welsh gentleman, a friend of mine, who is acquainted with more than a dozen languages-William Williams, esq. of Aberpergwm, who with laudable_nationality recurred to his native Welsh

The following is an extract from Hargrove's History of Knaresborough: "Near the village of Scriven is, an eminence called Conyng Garth, alias King's Garth. This piece of ground is about six hundred yards in length and two hundred in breadth, nearly encompassed on three sides by a precipice; and on the remaining part the precipice is supplied by various terraces cut in the side of the hill rising above each other; a mode of fortification very common amongst the Northern nations in ancient times. The name of this hill, its form and situation, reuder it very probable that here some Saxon monarch with his army were formerly encamped. At a small distance, is a piece of ground called Market Flat, probably the place where provisions were brought to supply the camp. On a rising ground, about half a mile off, were found some years ago six human skeletons laid side by side, with each a small ura placed at its head." We have extracted this passage, thinking it may afford a new light to our present correspondent, as well as those who have preceded him. -EDIT.

1832.] Table of Commandments in for the solution, which I deem a most satisfactory one, taking the local circumstances into account. He derives, then, Conygar from Keven-y-caer the back of the fort or strong ridge.

To the same quarter am I indebted for the derivation of Glastonbury, similarly borne out. The (burg) or fortified place of the green (glas) mount or tump (twim), and I believe in many cases, where ton is found in the name of a place, it does not mean town, but a mount near.

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Mr. URBAN, Kensington, Jan. 16. I AM anxious to draw the attention of the proper authorities to an innovation which has attracted my notice, that the error may be at once corrected, and its repetition prevented.

In two places of public worship recently consecrated, the one a District Church, a few miles from town, the other a Chapel re-opened after repair, and which had not previously been thus solemnly set apart from all common and trivial uses, I observed a deviation from established usage, which can only have arisen in culpable negligence or ignorance. What I allude to is the unauthorised, and unseemly DIVISION of the fourth commandment. So that instead of the fifth commandment standing where it was placed by the finger of God, at the head of the second table, a portion of the fourth usurps its place; at the same time that the fourth commandment, to hallow the Sabbath, is thus irreverently deprived of the honour due to it, in belonging exclusively to the first table, appropriated to the enforcement of the first and great commandment.

I hope these animadversions, by finding a place in your well-known columns, may be the means of restoring one precious stone of our Zion, and preserving it unmutilated from the unhallowed hand of design, or profane indifference. But, if not, direct information will be conveyed to the authority from whose decision there can be no appeal.

Yours, &c.

M. S.

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Churches.-Calthorpe Family. 109 descendants of Sir Henry Calthorpe, formerly of this parish, Knt. in continuation of the article inserted in your number for November, p. 406.

JAMES CALTHORPE, Esq. his third and only surviving son, received his academical education at Catherine Hall, Cambridge; and served the office of High Sheriff for Suffolk, in 1656, during the protectorship of Oliver Cromwell, by whom he was knighted at Whitehall, Dec. 10, in the same year.

He resided chiefly in this village, and married Dorothy, second daughter of Sir James Reynolds, of Castle Campo, co. Cambridge, Knt. sister to Sir John Reynolds, Knt. Commissarygeneral in Ireland, on whose death she became his sole heiress. The marriage contract bears date May 10, 1645, by which Sir James covenants to give his daughter a portion of 800%. for the payment of which he assigns over an estate called Gouldstons, in the parish of Ashdon, Essex.

Mr. Calthorpe survived his father just twenty-one years, being interred in the chancel of Ampton Church the same day of the month on which Sir Henry died, Aug. 1, 1658, leaving issue by Dorothy his wife, three sons, James, Christopher, and Reynolds (of whom hereafter), and six daughters: 1. Henrietta-Mary.


2. Dorothy, born at Ampton, Dec. 28, 1648; by will dated May 18, 1693, she bequeathed 1000l. for the endowment of an alms-house in her native village, for six poor old widows or old maids of the age of sixty years and upwards, the interest of the same to be applied to their use and benefit for ever. gave a further sum of one hundred pounds for building the said almshouse upon Ampton Green near the church, with particular directions as to its construction. She also bequeathed 500l. to the town of Bury St. Ed. mund's, to be put out to interest, or lands purchased therewith, and the annual income to be appropriated in apprenticing poor boys to handicraft trades, the Alderman and the two Ministers of the said town to superintend the business, and see to its faithful and careful performance. Small sums were also bequeathed to the poor of some adjoining parishes. This lady died unmarried, Nov. 8, 1693; and her remains were deposited within the altar rails, in the chancel of Ampton

Church, and in compliance with her will, an almshouse was erected under the direction of two of the executors, and completed in 1695, and shortly after the inmates were admitted.

3. Barbara, baptized June 15, 1651. 4. Katherine, baptized June 22, 1656, married Feb. 10, 1680, to the Rev. Robert Lowe, Rector of Ingham in Suffolk, and buried there July 31, 1707.

5. Jane, baptized Aug. 2, 1657; married Mr. Mordaunt Cracherode, citizen of London, buried at Ampton, Jan. 11, 1680.

6. Elizabeth, bapt. Jan. 17, 1658; she married the Rev. Charles Trumbull, LL.D. Rector of Hadleigh, and was buried at Ampton, June 12, 1686. Dame Dorothy Calthorpe, their mother, remarried June 15, 1662, Sir Algernon May of Old Windsor, co. Berks, Knt. by whom she had several children.

REYNOLDS CALTHORPE, Esq. the youngest son of James, was born at Ampton, Aug. 12, 1655; he afterwards resided at Elvetham in Hampshire, and represented Hindon in the first, second, and fifth Parliaments of Great Britain. His first wife was Priscilla, daughter of Sir Robert Reynolds, Knt. and relict of Knight, esq. whom he married at Westminster Abbey, April 11, 1681; and by whom he had issue an only son Reynolds, born Nov. 6, 1689, and who was member for the borough of Hindon in the fourth British Parliament. He died unmarried, April 10, 1714. Priscilla his mother, died Aug. 29, 1709.

His second wife was Barbara, eldest daughter of Henry Yelverton, Viscount Longueville and Baron Grey of Ruthyn, by Barbara his wife, second daughter and one of the coheirs of Sir John Talbot, of Laycock in Wiltshire, Knt.; by this lady he had issue an only son Sir Henry Calthorpe, K. B. and one daughter, Barbara. Mr. C. died in 1719. Barbara, his wife, in 1724.

Sir HENRY CALTHORPE, K. B. their only son, represented the borough of Hindon in Parliament in 1744; was created a Knight of the Bath, May 28, in the same year, and installed Oct. 20 following. Sir Henry died unmarried, at his seat at Elvetham, April 14, 1788; and by his death the male line of this ancient family became extinct. His estates devolved to the issue of Barbara his only sister, who was married in 1741 to Sir Henry

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THERE are some scenes which are so striking in themselves, either from their painful or pleasurable impressions upon the mind, that they form landmarks as it were over the everwidening field of recollection like the white-painted sign-post pointing to the green alley that leads to the home of youth, and bringing before the care-worn mind of manhood the far-off blue mountain, the green hill, the rippling stream with its pebbled shore and mossy bank, and the sequestered house amidst the trees, with the delicious freshness of early association; and others like the cairn on the dreary moor, or the black cross by the way side, marking the scene of some deed of blood, casting a shade of gloom over the thoughts, and saddening with desponding foreboding the mind of the traveller. To the former of these varieties in some degree does my recollection of the Lake of Brientz belong.

On the evening of October 7th, 182-, I left the villages of Unterseen and Interlachen, in Switzerland, with whose beautiful locality on the neck of land that separates the lakes of Thoun and Brientz, I suppose most continental tourists are acquainted. It was a lovely night, and the scenery was at once beautiful and grand: a bright moon, a calm lake, and noble mountains, along the lower parts of which the white cottages of the peasantry were sprinkled. My companions smoked and talked abundantly, but as their confabulations were carried on in German, and my guide had fallen asleep, I was left to my own thoughts. It was Saturday evening, perhaps the most solemn season in the six days of labour, at least I am accustomed to associate with it the idea of greater sobriety and serious


Continental Sketches.-BRIEntz.

ness. I could well dispense with the
common-place verbiage of conversa-
tion, with such magnificence of nature
around me. There is something pe-
culiarly soft and soothing in such
moonlight as shone on that occasion,
different from the icy clearness of a
hard frost. The harsher features of
the landscape are softened in the misty
splendour, the mountain towers his
snowy crest in more silent majesty,
the torrent threads his solitary way
through ravine and dell, where no
voice but his own is heard,-the wa-
ters of the lake are sunk to rest,-na-
ture seems to share the repose of man,
for the light is gone from the cottage
window, and the wreath of smoke
from the roof; and sleep, which has
been beautifully styled by one of the
ancients as
"the lesser mysteries of
death," rests sweetly on the brow of
toil. Let the misanthropic visionary
go and gaze upon such a scene as this,
and drink his fill of its refreshing in-
fluence, and if he has the soul of a
man within him, the gentler sympa-
thies of his nature will be excited, the
phantoms of diseased imagination will
be chased away, and he will return to
the occupation and intercourse of so-
Icial life with a kindlier halo round his
heart, with invigorated energy and
freshened taste. With regard to the
impressions of external nature upon
the mind, much of course must de-
pend upon the mental and physical
temperament; for while the man
whose delicacy of feeling makes joy
more joyous, and sorrow doubly sore,
takes deep delight in the contempla-
tion of the grand and the sublime,
another of firmer fibre and blunter
thought is struck, not moved; his en-
joyment in general is more diffused
and universal, and is less dependent
upon circumstance, and though it may
exceed in quantity so to speak, that of
the former, it seldom or never partakes
of its depth or refinement. It has been
finely observed by a popular writer of
the Western World, that there is a
silent majesty in woodland scenery
which enters into the soul, and dilates
and expands it, and fills it with noble
inclinations. Similar elevating effects,
I am inclined to think, result from the
contemplation of whatever is noble in
nature, be it mountain, river, lake, or
sea. The spell of creation's works
may have a beneficial influence in
raising the mind from what is grovel-


ling and low, or rather may serve as
a hand-maid to principle, for I am
very far from allowing that these
impressions or emotions of exquisite
sensibility to which they are allied,
however salutary in themselves, ought
ever to be regarded as substitutes for
Christian principle; which I believe
to be the only power that can really
be depended upon for that stability of
purpose and exertion so absolutely
necessary in the cause of practical
philanthropy. And yet is this never
tacitly the case? do emotions and feel-
ings never float over the surface of the
heart, and leave its deeper sympathies
in cold and undisturbed repose? The
sphere of sentimentalism is too aerial,
and its taste is too fastidious for the
rough encounter of actual wretched-
ness and vice, which Christian bene-
volence must struggle with and de-
stroy. There is a danger then, as
Wilberforce observes, that persons in
whom such feelings abound,
may be
flattered into a false opinion of them-
selves, by the excessive commenda-
tions often paid to them by others,
and by the beguiling complacencies of
their own minds, which are apt to be
puffed up with a proud though secret
consciousness of their own superior
acuteness and sensibility."


But to return from moral speculation. Our party in the boat consisted of country people and some Swiss soldiers in the French service on leave of absence. Some slept, some laughed and talked, apparently more interested about any thing or every thing than the romance of our voyage.

The German spoken in Switzerland is not reckoned the best, and the language, which in itself is not particularly musical to the ear of a stranger, is not rendered more so by the frequent repetition of the monosyllable ia, yes, which is pronounced with a broad accent. The boats are rather clumsy, but tolerably comfortable, and provided with awnings. The larger ones are worked by three oars, one in the fore part, and two others near the stern. It is common for women to row, which one would think is too hard exercise for a female: it appears, however, that the Swiss gallants think differently.

We arrived at Brientz at rather a late hour. Next morning, being Sabbath, I attended Divine Service in the Church, which is most romantically

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