Constantine & Rome

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Yale University Press, 2004 - 191 páginas
02 Constantine the Great (285–337) played a crucial role in mediating between the pagan, imperial past of the city of Rome, which he conquered in 312, and its future as a Christian capital. In this learned and highly readable book, R. Ross Holloway examines Constantine's remarkable building program in Rome. Holloway begins by examining the Christian Church in the period before the Peace of 313, when Constantine and his co-emperor Licinius ended the persecution of the Christians. He then focuses on the structure, style, and significance of important monuments: the Arch of Constantine and the two great Christian basilicas, St. John's in the Lateran and St. Peter's, as well as the imperial mausoleum at Tor Pignatara. In a final chapter Holloway advances a new interpretation of the archaeology of the Tomb of St. Peter beneath the high altar of St. Peter's Basilica. The tomb, he concludes, was not the original resting place of the remains venerated as those of the Apostle but was created only in 251 by Pope Cornelius. Drawing on the most up-to-date archaeological evidence, he describes a cityscape that was at once Christian and pagan, mirroring the personality of its ruler. “This book takes on a period of immense historical change and explains how Constantine came to accept Christianity, not only as a spiritual force but as a political institution that reconstituted the empire. It is important for scholars and students alike.”—Eve D'Ambra, Vassar College
Constantine the Great (285–337) played a crucial role in mediating between the pagan, imperial past of the city of Rome, which he conquered in 312, and its future as a Christian capital. In this learned and highly readable book, R. Ross Holloway examines Constantine's remarkable building program in Rome. Holloway begins by examining the Christian Church in the period before the Peace of 313, when Constantine and his co-emperor Licinius ended the persecution of the Christians. He then focuses on the structure, style, and significance of important monuments: the Arch of Constantine and the two great Christian basilicas, St. John's in the Lateran and St. Peter's, as well as the imperial mausoleum at Tor Pignatara. In a final chapter Holloway advances a new interpretation of the archaeology of the Tomb of St. Peter beneath the high altar of St. Peter's Basilica. The tomb, he concludes, was not the original resting place of the remains venerated as those of the Apostle but was created only in 251 by Pope Cornelius. Drawing on the most up-to-date archaeological evidence, he describes a cityscape that was at once Christian and pagan, mirroring the personality of its ruler. “This book takes on a period of immense historical change and explains how Constantine came to accept Christianity, not only as a spiritual force but as a political institution that reconstituted the empire. It is important for scholars and students alike.”—Eve D'Ambra, Vassar College
 

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Índice

Constantine and the Christians
1
The Arches
7
Basilicas Baptistry and Burial
45
The Tomb of St Peter
104
Notes
139
Glossary
159
Bibliography
161
Index
167
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Sobre el autor (2004)

R. Ross Holloway is Elisha Benjamin Andrews Professor of Art at Brown University and the former director of Brown's Center for Old World Archaeology and Art. The author of many books, he is the recipient of the Archaeological Institute of America's highest award for lifetime achievement.

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