A Short History of Medicine

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JHU Press, 1 may 2016 - 272 páginas
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A bestselling history of medicine, enriched with a new foreword, concluding essay, and bibliographic essay.

Erwin H. Ackerknecht’s A Short History of Medicine is a concise narrative, long appreciated by students in the history of medicine, medical students, historians, and medical professionals as well as all those seeking to understand the history of medicine.

Covering the broad sweep of discoveries from parasitic worms to bacilli and x-rays, and highlighting physicians and scientists from Hippocrates and Galen to Pasteur, Koch, and Roentgen, Ackerknecht narrates Western and Eastern civilization’s work at identifying and curing disease. He follows these discoveries from the library to the bedside, hospital, and laboratory, illuminating how basic biological sciences interacted with clinical practice over time. But his story is more than one of laudable scientific and therapeutic achievement. Ackerknecht also points toward the social, ecological, economic, and political conditions that shape the incidence of disease. Improvements in health, Ackerknecht argues, depend on more than laboratory knowledge: they also require that we improve the lives of ordinary men and women by altering social conditions such as poverty and hunger.

This revised and expanded edition includes a new foreword and concluding biographical essay by Charles E. Rosenberg, Ackerknecht’s former student and a distinguished historian of medicine. A new bibliographic essay by Lisa Haushofer explores recent scholarship in the history of medicine.

 

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Índice

1 Paleopathology and Paleomedicine
1
2 Primitive Medicine
7
3 Medicine of Ancient Civilizations
14
4 Ancient India and China
27
Physicians Priests Philosophers
36
Hippocratic Medicine
43
Alexandria and Rome
50
8 Medieval Medicine
62
13 The Basic Sciences during the Nineteenth Century
125
14 Clinical Medicine of the Second Half of the Nineteenth Century
135
15 Microbiology
139
16 Surgery and Gynecologyin the Nineteenth Century
148
17 The New Specialism of the Nineteenth Century
155
18 Public Health and Professional Developments in the Nineteenth Century
168
19 Medicine in the United States Prior to 1900
174
Trends in TwentiethCentury Medicine
181

9 Renaissance Medicine
74
10 Medicine in the Seventeenth Century
89
11 Medicine in the Eighteenth Century
102
12 The Clinical Schools of the First Half of the Nineteenth Century
115
Concluding Essay Erwin H Ackerknecht Social Medicine and the History of Medicine
193
Bibliographic Essay by Lisa Haushofer
213
Index
235
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Sobre el autor (2016)

Erwin H. Ackerknecht (1906–1988), a professor of the history of medicine at the University of Zurich from 1957 to 1971 and one of the world’s most distinguished medical historians, was the author of Short History of Psychiatry and Medicine at the Paris Hospital, 1794–1848. Charles E. Rosenberg is the Ernest E. Monrad Professor in the Social Sciences and professor of the history of science emeritus at Harvard University. He is the author of Our Present Complaint: American Medicine, Then and Now and The Cholera Years: The United States in 1832, 1849, and 1866.

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