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INDEX.

Abelard and Eloisa, story of, 352.

Aberdeen, affairs of, fall into confusion, 503—a poll election refused

to, 504—Magistrates admit of the necessity of a reform, 515.
Albans, St, state of the prison of, 474.

Alberic, visions of, said to have been the model of Dante's poem, 318.

Alceste, account of the loss of, 395.

Alleghany mountains, description of, 375.

Amherst, Lord, shipwrecked in the Alceste, 395.

Aranda, Count de, expels the Jesuits in one day from all the Span-
ish dominions, 429.

Arctic expedition, proposed objects of, 5—principles which regulate
the distribution of heat over the globe explained, 6—sketch of
the revolving year within the Arctic circle, 13—ibrmation of ice-
bergs, 15—varieties of salt-water ice, 16—influence of the polar
ice cannot extend to our shores, 20—supposed deterioration of
the climate of Europe shown to be groundless, 22—list of years
noted for the severity of the winter, 23—of those remarkable for
heat and drought, 28—general description of Greenland, 31—dis-
covery and colonization of that country, 36—plan of reaching the
Pole with sledges drawn by dogs, 39—north-west passage attempt-
ed by Willoughby, 40—by Martin Frobisher, 41—by Davis, 4-5
—by the Danes, 49—by Henry Hudson, 51—by Poole and others,
52—by William Baffin, 55—improbability of the passage ever be-
ing effected, 58.

Aretino, Leonardo, his account of a strange fit of devotion which

seized the Italians, 325.
Arragon, observations on the constitution of, 162.
Augereau, General, sent to disperse the Legislative Bodies, 302.
Baffin, William, voyages of, 54—r-is killed at the siege of Ormus, 57.
Barras, anecdote of, 306.

Barrington, Daines, asserts the possibility of reaching the North
Pole, 2.

Barry, Madame du, account of her origin, 430.
Benedictines, great wealth and power of, 326.

Biot, M.,- assists in the experiments for determining the length of
the pendulum, 422.

Birkbeck, Mr, his Notes on America, one of the most instructive
books that have lately appeared, 120—reasons which induced the
author to emigrate to America, 122—his arrival at Norfolk in
Virginia, 124—Negro slavery, 125—journey across the Alleghany
mountains to Pittsburg, 127—description of that place, 129—
striking features in the great western wilderness, 131—author pur-

chases a tract of land in the Illinois territory, 133—method of
conducting land sales, ib.—instinctive attachment to home a pow-
erful check to emigration, 135—reflections on the vast extension
of American dominion, 137—account of a singular religious so-.
ciety, 139.

Buonaparte, judgment of posterity respecting, not clearly to be fore-
seen, 303—character of", by Mad. de Stael, 304—puts down the
Directory, 307—sets up the Consulate, 308—his unprincipled dis-
simulation, 309—assumes the imperial dignity, 310—his character
as a General, 312—legitimacy of his dynasty examined, 448—
observations on his dethronement, 452—and on the mode of se-
curing his person, 455—and of his treatment in confinement, 457-

Boniface, Pope, banishes Dante, 324—proclaims a plenary indulgence
to all who should make a pilgrimage to Rome, 329.

Boon, General, one of the first settlers of Kentucky, 130.

Borough Compter, description of, 473.

Boscovich, his method of numbering the vibrations of pendulums, 416.
Bradley, Richard, opinion of, that our climate is affected by the isl-
ands of ice drifted into the Atlantic, 21.
Bristol, shocking state of the jail of, 475.

Brougham, Mr, on the Education of the Poor, 486—moves for a
committee to inquire into the state of, 487—object and progress
of the bill, 488—yearly income of charities in England, 492—
instances of the shameful misapplication of, 493—objections by
the enemies of the bill answered, 496.

Brunetto Latini, a work of his said to be the model of Dante's poem,
330.

Bur/ce, Mr, remarks of, on the subject of parties, 191, 194,

Burghs, Scottish, history of, 503—disadvantages of the present sys-
tem, 510—inquiry into the most adequate source of reform, 519.

Button, Sir Thomas, winters in Hudson's Bay, 52.

Byron's, Lord, Childe Harold—paints of resemblance between the
author and Rousseau, 87—causes of the deep influence which both
exert on the feelings, 89—remarks on the moral character of By-
ron's poetry, 96—analysis of the present work, 100—reflections
on the character of the Pilgrim, 116.

Cartwright, Major, principles of the faction with which he is con-
nected, 199.

Castile, remarks on the early constitution of, 155.

Cavern, calcareous, in Kentucky described, 386.

Choiseul, Due de, character of, 386—circumstance which made him
so eager for the suppression of the Jesuits, 427—accused of hav-
ing poisoned the Dauphin of France, 429.

Church, gradual usurpations of, on the civil authority, 163.

Cleaveland, Mr, sketch of his treatise on the mineralogy, &c of
America, 382.
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Clement XIV., alleged remorse of, for having consented to the de-
struction of the Jesuits, 427.
Coal, where found in America, 383.

Commodities, difference between the natural and market price of, 60.

Courage, French, peculiar quality of, in all ages, 402—contrasted
with that of the British, 403.

Crawford, Mr Quintin, the editor of Melanges d'Histoire, &c. 352.

Crusades projected hy Pope Gregory VII. 323.

Danes, account of their settlements on Greenland, 38.

Dante accused of being an imitator, 317—what the supposed model
of his poem, ib.—end he aimed at in it, 321—state of Europe
at the time he wrote, ib.—extraordinary fit of devotion throughout
Italy, 325—account of the varions monastic orders, 326—pilgrim*
age to Rome, 329—Dante vindicated from harshness of soul, 333.

Davis, John, voyages of, to discover a north-west passage, 45.

Devonshire• Dutchess of, a munificent patroness of the arts, 529.

Devotion, singular fit of, in Italy, 325.

Disco bay, enormous icebergs at, 17•

Discoveries, geographical, all those of greatest importance in modern
times, have originated in attempts to find out a short route to In-
dia, 40. }

Dominicans, attempt to. substitute the visions of the Abbe Joachim
for the New Testament, 329.

Dominick, Saint, founds the Inquisition, 326.

Egede, Hans, settles a colony in Greenland, 3.

Elba manuscript, authenticity of, examined, 444—sketch of its con-
tents, 446.

Elgin marbles, models of, in miniature, 530.

Emigration, instinctive attachment to home, a sufficiently powerful
check to, 135.

Equinoxial gales, origin of, 10.

Eric Raude settles a colony on Greenland, 35.

Europe, opinion that the climate of has altered for the worse, errone-
ous, 22—list of years remarkable for the severity of the winter, 23
—and of those extremely hot, 28.

Europe, progress of the kingdoms of, from feudal aristocracies t»
limited monarchies, 281—state of, in the middle ages, 321.

Payette, M. de la, character of, 295.

Females, exclusion of, from inheritance, not common among the

Teutonic nations, 151.
Feudal System, view of its effects upon the welfare of mankind, 145—

consequences of its decay in France, 147.
Florence, free constitution of, subverted by the Medici, 154.
Fotherbyc, Robert, voyages of, to Greenland, 53.
Franciscans, foundation of the order of, 326.

Frobisher, Martin, voyages of, to discover a north-west passage, 41.
Fry, Mrs, reform introduced among the female prisoners in New-
gate by the exertions of, 480.

Genoese, discontented with their present government, 527•
Georgel, Abbe, sketch of his life, 425—consequences of the destruc-
tion of the Jesuits, 426—alleged remorse of Clement XIV. for
having consented to it, ib.—anecdotes of the Duke de Choiseul,
427—account of the expulsion of the Jesuits from Spain, 429—J-
of the origin of Madame du Barry, 430—opinions of the court of
Louis XV. on civil government, 432—character of the Prince de
Kaunitz, 433, and of the Emperor Joseph II. 434—singular ac-
cident the Abbe met with at Vienna, 435—intrigues of Madame
la Motte, 437—appointment of the Count de Segur to the mini-
stry by mistake, 441.
Gold found in North Carolina, 385.

Grafton, Duke of, recommends a revisal of the liturgy, 225—letter
from Bishop Watson to, 229.

Granby, Marquis of, letter from, to Dr Watson, 214—remarks on
his political consistency, ib.

Greenland, form and extent of, 31—discovered and colonized by the
Icelanders, 35—their colonies extinct about the commencement
of the 16th century, 37—supposed existence of a colony on the
east side, ib.—state of the Danish settlements at present, 38.

Gregory VII., Pope, assumes the supremacy over the sovereigns of
his time, and prohibits marriage to the priesthood, 322—projects
the Crusades, 323—great improvement which took place in Italy
immediately after his death, ib.

Guelfi and Ghibelini, factions of, 324.

Hallam, Mr, object and character of his work on the State of Eu-
rope during the middle ages, 140—remarks on the history of
France, from its conquest by Clovis to the invasion of Naples, 142
—rise, &c. of the feudal system, 145—consequences of its decay,
147—introduction of hired soldiers, 151—some doubtful positions
in the work examined, ib.—of the struggle between Frederic Bar-
barossa and the Lombard cities, 153—dissensions of the Italian
•republics, 154—mistakes in the account of Castile, 155—of the
constitution of Arragon, 162—usurpations of the ecclesiastical
power, 163—of the constitution of England, 165.

Hallam, Mr, remarks of, on the character of Dante, 333.

Harmonists, a singular religious society in America, 139.

Hausset, Madame de, remarks on the journal of, 359—account of
Quesnay, the founder of the sect of the Economists, 361.

Heat, principles which regulate the distribution1 of, over the globe,
explained, 6.

Henning, Mr, miniature models of the Elgin marbles executed by,
530.

History, to be pleasing and instructive, must be written at a distance
from the time to which it relates, 277.

Hudson, Henry, sent to attempt the discovery of a North-west pas-
sage, 50—is turned adrift by his crew, and perishes, 52.

Hudson's Bay Company erected, 57.

Ice, different kinds by which the navigation of the Arctic seas is ob-
structed, 14—influence of, cannot extend to our shores, 20—
mountains or islands of, drifted into the Atlantic, supposed by-
some to affect our climate, 21.

Icebergs formed by the congelation of fresh water, 15—enormous di-
mensions of, in Davis's Strait, 17.

Ice-blink described, 17.

Iceland discovered, 35—sends colonies to Greenland, ib.

Jesuits, account of the order of, 327—expulsion of, from the Spanish

dominions, 429.
Illinois territory, account of the new settlement in, 133.
Joseph II, character of, 434.

Iron, native, mass of, found in America, 387—ore abundant in many
places there, 384.

Iron crown, a relic highly valued in Hungary, 434.

Iron mask, man in, conjectures concerning the, 357.

Kater, Captain on the length of the pendulum, 407—great improve-
ment in instruments from the substitution of the entire circle
for the quadrant, &c. ib.—first idea of this contrivance owing to,
Mayer, 408—new system of weights and measures adopted by the
French, 409—similar plan in England hitherto unsuccessful, 411
—account of experiments to determine the length of the pendulum,
412—description of the author's convertible pendulum, 414—his
ingenious method of determining the number of vibrations made by
it in twenty-four hours, 415—what the precise object of his expe-
riments, 420—French Academy of Sciences join in the experimental
researches of the Royal Society, 422.

Kaunitz, Prince, character of, 432.

Knight, John, murdered by the natives on the coast of America, 50.

Laplace, remarkable property of the pendulum discovered by, 420.

Louis X VI. unfit for the throne in the times wherein he lived, 28(5—
carried prisoner by the mob from Versailles to Paris, 296—re-
solves to retire to Compiegne, 299—his demeanour at the anniver-
sary of the 14th July, 300—and execution, 301.

Lombard cities, remarks on the struggle between Frederick Barbae
rossa and the, 153. .

L&tve, Sir Hudson, remarks on his treatment of Mr O'Meara, 459.

Lyons, discontents in that city, 172—speedily allayed by Marshal
Marmont, 173—similarity of to some late disturbances in our own
country, 174.

Maclure, Mr, sketch of the contents of his work on American geo-
logy, 375.
Marble, quarries of, in Vermont, 385.

Marmont, Marshal, disturbances at Lyons, composed by, 175.

Marriage of the clergy prohibited by Pope Gregory VII., 322.

Maturin's, Mr, Women, or Pour et Contre, 234—the author's opi-
nion of his own former works, 235—sketch of the present work,
with extracts, 236—remarkable alteration introduced in the tra-v.
gedy of Bertram, 254.

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