Rogue Waves in the Ocean
Springer Science & Business Media, 11 dic. 2008 - 216 páginas
“It came from nowhere, snapping giant ships in two. No one believed the survivors . . . until now” —New Scientist magazine cover, June 30, 2001 Rogue waves are the focus of this book. They are among the waves naturally - served by people on the sea surface that represent an inseparable feature of the Ocean. Rogue waves appear from nowhere, cause danger, and disappear at once. They may occur on the surface of a relatively calm sea and not reach very high amplitudes, but still be fatal for ships and crew due to their unexpectedness and abnormal features. Seamen are known to be unsurpassed authors of exciting and horrifying stories about the sea and sea waves. This could explain why, despite the increasing number of documented cases, that sailors’ observations of “walls of - ter” have been considered ctitious for a while. These stories are now addressed again due to the amount of doubtless evidence of the existence of the phenomenon, but still without suf cient information to - able interested researchers and engineers to completely understand it. The billows appear suddenly, exceeding the surrounding waves by two times their size and more, and obtaining many names: abnormal, exceptional, extreme, giant, huge, s- den, episodic, freak, monster, rogue, vicious, killer, mad- or rabid-dog waves, cape rollers, holes in the sea, walls of water, three sisters, etc.
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ampliﬁcation factor amplitude carrier wave caustics Chap Clamond considered corresponds deep water deﬁned deﬁnition dimensionless dispersion relation dispersive focusing Dysthe envelope soliton evolution extreme wave events Fetch ﬁnite depth ﬁrst ﬂow ﬂuid Fluid Mech freak wave free surface fully nonlinear Gaussian gravity waves group velocity Ifremer inﬁnite inﬂuence initial interaction KdV equation Kharif kinematic kurtosis linear long waves mechanism models modiﬁed modulational instability NLS equation nonlinear wave numerical simulations ocean ocean surface waves Olagnon Pelinovsky perturbation Phys plane wave problem Proc proﬁle random wave Rayleigh distribution reﬂection rogue waves sea surface sea waves Sect shallow water signiﬁcant wave height Slunyaev solution spatial spectral spectrum statistical Stokes wave sufﬁciently surface elevation surface waves theory tion troughs Trulsen velocity potential water waves wave amplitude wave dynamics wave ﬁeld wave focusing wave groups wave occurrence wave packet wave steepness wave train wave vector wavenumber wind Zakharov