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with you:

Christ abideth for ever: and how sayst thou, The Son of man must be lift up? who is this this Son of man? 35. Then Jesus said unto them, Yet a little while a is the light

walk while ye have the light, left darkness come upon you: for he that walketh in darknels, knoweth not whither he goeth. 36. While ye have light, believe in the light, that ye may be the children of light. These things fpake Jesus and departed, and did • hide himself from them. 37. T But though he had done so many miracles hefore them, yet they believed not on him. 38. (1) That the saying of Efaias the Prophet might be fulfilled, which he spake, Lord, who hath believed our report? and to whom hath the arm of the Lord been revealed? 39. Therfore they could not believe, because that Efaias said again, 40.

He hath (2) blinded their eyes, and hard


+ Ezek. 37. 25.

f* Ifai 53. 1.

Selah. Pfal. 110. 4. The Lord stumble upon the dark Mountains, hath sworn, and will not repent, and while ye look for Light, he Thou art a Priest for ever after the turn it into the Shadow of Death, Order of Melchisedeck. + Isa. 9. and make it grofs Darkness. + Eph. 7. Of the Increase of his Governo 5.5. 8. Ye were sometimes Darknesi

, inent and Peace there shall be no but now are ye Light in the Lord; End, upon the Throne of David walk as Children of Light. and upon his Kingdom, to order

:ct Joh. 11. 10. it, and to establish it with judgment, at Eph. s. 8. t 1 Thef. s. s. and with justice, from henceforth 1o See on Luk. 16. 8. even for ever.

+ Joh. 8. 59. Jesus hid himself, - My Servant David shall be their and went out of the Temple. Prince for ever.

See on Luk. 1. + Joh. 11. 54 Jesus therefore walk33.

ed no more openly among the a See on Joh. 8. 12.

15 Jews. b + Jer. 13. 16. Give Glory to

Rom. 10. 16, the Lord your God before he cause See the Note on Heb. 6.4. Darkness, and before your Feet

h See on Mat. 13. 14. (1) The Word here rendred that, dces not denote the Cause, but the Event. The Meaning then of this place is, it so fell out, or, so it came to pass, that the Saying of the Prophet was fulfilled

God wills not Evil, nor does he by his Prophets foretel it, that it may come to pass

. But since the evil Difpofitions of Men will bring it to pass, he foretels it by his Prophets, and knows how to bring good out of it. The Pro phecy therefore is not the cause of the Event; but the agreeableness of the Event with it, fhews the Exactness and Truth of the Prophecy

. This Word that denotes not the final Cause, but the Event, in Psal. 50. 4. 1 Cor. 11. 19. and in many other Places.

(2) There Words may be rendred, their Eyes were blinded, and their Hleares were hardned ; for fo the fame Form of Speaking is translated in other places. Thus, what is translated Luk. 12. 20. This Night shall thy,


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ned their heart; that they should not see with their eyes, nor understand with their heart, and be converted, and I fhould heal them.

41. These things said Efaias, when he saw his glory, and spake of him. 42. Nevertheless, among the chief Rulers also many believed" on him ; but k because of the Pharisees they did not confess him, left they should be put out of the synagogue. 43. For they loved the 'praise of men more than the praise of God. 44. I Jetus cried, and said, m He that believeth on me, believeth

not it Ifai. 6. 1. I saw the Lord fit 1 * See on Joh. 5. 41, 44. ting upon a Throne high and lifted m+ Mar. 9. 37. Whosoever up, and his Train filled the Tem shall receive me, receiyeth not ine, ple.

buc him that sent me. + See on Joh. 7. 13.

5 Soul be required of thee, is in the Greek, This Night do they require thy soul. It is certain, that it was not abfolutely impossible for them to believe, because our Saviour exhorts them fo to do, Ver. 36. And we cannot suppose that he would exhort Men to do that which he infallibly knew was not possible to be done by them. Further, it is spoken of Ver. 37. as someching extraordinary, that though he had done so many Mia racles before them, yet they believed not on him.

A Man's Heart may be faid to be hardned, when it has such a Stifness and Obftinacy as will yield to no Motives, nor Persuasions. Such a hardness God never infuses or puts into any Man's Heart : But God may be said in another Sense to harden Men, without any impeachment of his Justice, Wisdom, and Goodness; namely, when he does that, which in its own Nature has no tendency to harden them, but they notwithstand. ing take Occasion from thence to harden themselves

. Thus Pharaoh was bardened by the Punishments inflicted upon him, and by the removal of them too ; thus fome, as the Apostle speaks, Rom. 2:4,5. were hirdmed by the Goodness, Forbearance, and Long-suffering of God, which should have led them to Repentance; thus many in our Days harden themselves in Sin, because they are not immediately punished for it: And we in our common Way of Speaking say, that such and such are ruined by the Tenderness and Indulgence of their Parents, &c. And even some will become more hardened by the wise Reproofs given them to reclaim them : But this is their Fault, nor the Fault of God, or of those who endeavour to do them good. Accordingly St. Matthew, Chap: 13. 25. and St. Paul, A&ts 28. 26, 27. ascribe this Blindness and Hardness to themselves.

I will only add, that in the Eastern Phrase and manner of Expression, a Person is said to do that which he only permits or suffers to be done. Thus God is said to give the Heathen up to all Uncleanness, and to a reprobate Mind, Rom. 1. Here is no positive Act of God expressed; but the Meaning is, he left them to themfelves, and to those evil Spirits they chose to worship, and the Vices they fell into were the necessary Effett's of their Idolatry. Those who would see this Matter more fully hant. led, may read the late Dean of St. Paul's Dr. Sherlock's Discourte of Divine Providence, Chap. 6.



not on me, à but on him that sent me. 45. And he that seeth me, seeth him that sent me. 46. I am come a light into the World, that whosoever believeth on me, should not abide in darkness. 47. And if any man hear my words, and believe not, I judge him not: for I came not to judge the world, but to e save the world. 48. He that f rejeteth me, and receiveth not my, ivords, hath one that judgeth him : 8 the word that I have spoken, the same fhall judge him in the last day. 49. For I have not h spoken of my self; but the Father which sent me, he gave me a

i commandment what I should say, and what I should speak. 50. And I know that his commandment is life everlasting: whatsoever I speak therefore, even as the Father said unto me, so I speak.

TOW k before the feast of the Passover, when Jesus

knew that his 'hour was come, that he should depart out of this world unto the Father, having loved his own which were in the world, he loved them unto the end. 2. And supper being ended, (the m devil having now " put into the heart of Judas iscariot, Simons son, to betray him) 3. Jesus knowing that the Father o had given all things in

to a t 1 Pet. 1, 21. Who by him

sene me. do believe in God that raised him $ Deut. 18. 19. It fhall come :: up from the Dead, and gave him to pass, that whosoever will not Glory, that your Faith and Hope hearken unto my Words, which he might Le in God.

s shall speak in ịny Name I will re + See on Joh. 14. 9;

quire ir of him.' * Mar. 16. 6 He • Ver. 36. Sie on Joh. 8. that believeth not fall be damned.

d See on Jih. 3. 17. also the ht Joh. 8. 38 f Joh. 14.10. See Note on Joh. 8. 15.

on Joh.7. 16. e Mar. 16. 16. He that believ


1. Deut. 18. 18. See on Joh. eth and is baptized shall be saved. 7.40. i Tim. 1. 15. This is a faithful

k' See on Mar. 14. I. Saying, and worthy of all Accep

1.-Father, the tation, that Christ Jesus came in. Hour is come; glorifie thy Son, to the World to save Sinners. 2


that thy Son also may glorific Pet. 3. 9. The Lord is not slack thee. concerning his Promise (as fome

in f Luk. 22.

3. Then entred Men count slackness) but is Long Satan into Judas, firnamed Iscariot

, fuffering to us-ward, not willing being of the Number of the that any dould perish, but that all 20 Twelve. should come to Repentance. See on Joh. 3:17.

• See on Mat. 11. 27. and Mal Luk. 10. 16. He that de 28. 18. Spisetis me, despiseth him that



it Joh. 17

n Ver. 27.


d Pfal. 51. 2. Was me through.

to his hands, and that he was come from God, and went to God, 4. He riseth from supper, and laid aside his garments, and took a towel and a girded himself. 5. After that he poureth water into a bason, and began to wash the difciples feet, and to wipe them with the towel wherewith he was girded. 6. Then cometh he to Simon Peter : and * Peter [Gr. he] faith unto him, Lord, dost thou wash my feet? 7. Jesus answered and said unto him, What I do, thou knoweft not now; but thou shalt know hereafter. 8. Peter faith unto him, Thou shalt never wash my feet. Jesus answered him, cIf I wash thee not, thou haft no part with me. 90 Simon Peter faith unto him, Lord, not my feet only, but ту hands and


head. 10. Jesus saith to him, He that is washed, needeth not, save to wash his feet, but is clean every whit: and ye are clean, but not all. 11. For he fknew who should s betray him ; therefore said he, Ye åre not all clean. 12. So after he had washed their feet, and had taken his garments, and was set down again, he said unto them, Know ye what I have done to you?. 13. Ye

call mé Master, and Lord: and ye say well; for fo I am. 14. 'If I then your Lord and Master, have washed your

feet, 17.

8. Make ready þ + Mat. 23. 8. Be not ye called wherewith I may fup, and gird

Rabbi: for one is your Master, en thy self, and serve me. Luk. 22.

ven Christ, and all ye are Bre. 27. -I am among you as he that thren Luk. 6 46. Why call ye

s me Lord, Lord, and do not the b + See Mat 3. 14. John forbad things which I fay? Acts 2. 36. him, saying, I have need to be -God hath made that same Jesus baptized of thee, and comest thou whom ye crucified, both Lord and to me ? Luk. Ś 8. When Simon Chrift. Rom. 14. 9. To this End Peter saw it, he fell down at Je-19 Christ both died, and rofe, and resus knees, saying, Depart from me, vived, that he might be Lord both for I am a finful Man, O Lord. of the Dead and Living. t 1 Cor.8. ct į Cor. 6.11.

7 Eph. 5. 26. 6 To us there is but one God the + Tit. 3. 5. + Heb. 10.22. See on Father, of whom are all things,


and we in him; and one Lord Je

fus Christ, by whom are all things, ly from mine Iniquity, and cleanse and we by 'him. t 1 Cor. 12. 3,


5: -No Man can say that Jesus is + Joh. 15. 3. Now ye are clean the Lord, but by the Holy Ghost. through the word which I have 20 There are differences of Admini.

ftrations, but the fame Lord. Eph. * + Joh. 6. 64. There are fome of 4. 5. One Lord.

† Phil. 2. 11. you which believe nor:

That every Tongue should confefs, sus krem from th- Beginning, that tifus Christ is Lord, to the

were that believed not, 25 Glory of God the Father. and who should betray him.

it Luk.21.27. -I am among you as he that servech.

Ee 4

a Luk


Joh. 3:3, 5.




spoken unto you.

For Je

who they

Ver. 18, 21.

done to you.


feet, ye also ought to wash one anothers feet. 15. For $ I have given you an example, that ye should do as I have

16. Verily verily I say unto you, The “lervant is not greater than his Lord, neither he that is sent, greater than he that sent him.' 17. If ye know these things,

happy are ye if ye do them. 18. I speak not of you all; I know whom I have chosen: but that the feripture may be fulfilled, He that e eateth bread with me, hath lift up his heel against me. 19. * Now [Or, from henceforth] I tell you f before it come, that when it is come to pass, 6 ye may believe that I am he. 20. Verily verily I say unto you,

He that receiveth whomsoever I send, receiveth me: and he that receiveth me, receiveth him that fent me. 21. When Jesus had thus faid, he was i troubled in spirit, and testified, and said, Verily verily, I say unto you, that one of you lhall betray me. 22. Then the disciples looked one on another, doubting of whom he spake. 23. Now there was leaning on Jesus bosum, one of his disciples whom Jesus loved. 24. Simon Peter therefore beckened to him that he

should 2 Rom, 12. 13. In Honour pre under Ver. 11, ferring one another. t Gal. 6. 1, 2. Brethren, if a Man be overtaken

& Mat.

Art thou he that in a Fault, ye which are spiritual, should come, or do we look for a restore such an one in the spirit of $ not her ? † Joh. 16 4. These things Neekness; considering thy self left have I told you, that when the thou also be tempted. Bear ye Time shall come, ye may rememone anothers Burdens, and so fulfil ber that I told you of them. the Law of Christ. Į Pet. 5.5.

h* Luk. 18.16. All of you be subject one to ano-10 10: 49. ther.

i Mar. 3. 5. When he had looke bt 1 Pet. 2. 21.

+ 1 Joh. 2.6. ed round about on them with An• See on Mat. 11. 29.

ger, being grieved for the Hardness Mat. 10. 24. * Joh. 15. 20. of their Hearts. Luk. 12. 50.] Şeę on Luk. 6. 40.

15 have a Baptism to be baprized with, + Jam. 1. 25. Whoso looketh and how am I Areitned till it be into the perfect Law of Liberty, accomplished ! Joh. 12. 27. Now and continuerh therein, he being is


Soul troubled. not a forgetful Hearer, but a doer Acts 1. 17. He was numbred of the Work, this Man fhall be 20 with us, and had obtained part of bluffed in his deed. Jam. 4. 17. To this Ministry. t 1 Joh. 2. 19. him that knoweth to do good, and They went out from us, but they doth it not, to him it is Sin.

were not of us. "Pfal. 41.9. Yea, mine own familiar Friend in whom I trusted, 25 + Joh. 19. 26. -The Disciple which did eat of my Bread, hath standing by whom he loved.- St, lift uphis Hee) against me. † Mar. John is styled the Difciple whom 76. 23. He that dippeth his Hand Fclus loved, Joh. 20. 2. and Job. with me in the Dish, the same shall 21. 7, 25, Letray me. Joh.' 6.64. The Words 30

f of Joh. 14. 29.


See on Mat.



See on Luk.

22, 21.


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