The Welfare of Sheep
Animal welfare is attracting increasing interest worldwide, but particularly from those in developed countries, who now have the knowledge and resources to be able to improve the welfare of farm animals. The increased attention given to farm animal welfare in the West derives largely from the fact that the relentless pursuit of ?nancial reward and ef?ciency has led to the development of intensive animal production systems that disturb the conscience of many consumers. In developing countries, human survival is still a daily uncertainty, so that provision for animal welfare has to be balanced against human welfare. Welfare is usually provided for only if it supports the output of the animal, be it food, work, clothing, sport or companionship. In reality there are resources for all if they are properly husbanded in both developing and developed countries. The inequitable division of the world’s riches creates physical and psychological poverty for humans and animals alike in many sectors of the world. Livestock are the world’s biggest land user (FAO, 2002) and the population is increasing rapidly to meet the need of an expanding human population. Populations of farm animals managed by humans are therefore incre- ing worldwide, and in some regions there is a tendency to allocate fewer resources, such as labour, to each animal with potentially adverse consequences on the a- mals’ welfare.
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Página 5 - A detailed treatment of these topics is beyond the scope of this chapter and the reader is referred to the references listed at the end of the chapter. 4.7.1 Brief History of Birdcage Coils 0l ¿ ¿ (a) (b) 0,, (c) rIrTrrIffl 1111 111111 ¿ ... 0.899
Página ii - ... for researchers, lecturers, practitioners, and students. My thanks are particularly due to the publishers for their support, and to the authors and editors for their hard work in producing the texts on time and in good order. Clive Phillips, Series Editor Professor of Animal Welfare and Director, Centre for Animal Welfare and Ethics, School of Veterinary Science, University of Queensland, Australia. Reference: Food and Agriculture Organisation (2002). http://www.fao. org/ag/aga/index_en.htm.
Página 8 - Welfare is a wide term that embraces both the physical and the mental well-being of the animal. Any attempt to evaluate welfare, therefore, must take into account the scientific evidence available concerning the feelings of animals that can be derived from their structure and function and also from their behaviour
Página vi - This series has been designed to provide academic texts discussing the provision for the welfare of the major animal species that are managed and cared for by humans. They are not detailed blueprints for the management of each species, rather they describe and consider the major welfare concerns of the species, often in relation to the wild progenitors of the managed animals.
Página vi - ... selfconfidence, stemming largely from the accelerating pace of scientific development. Instead, today's moral codes are derived as much from media reports of animal abuse and the assurances that we receive from supermarkets, that animals used for their products have not suffered in any way. The young were always exhorted to be kind to animals through exposure to fables, whose moral message was the benevolent treatment of animals. Such messages are today enlivened by the powerful images of modern...