Obedience to Authority
HarperCollins, 11 jul 2017 - 256 páginas
A part of Harper Perennial’s special “Resistance Library” highlighting classic works that illuminate our times: A special edition reissue of Stanley Milgram’s landmark examination of humanity’s susceptibility to authoritarianism.
“The classic account of the human tendency to follow orders, no matter who they hurt or what their consequences.” — Washington Post Book World
In the 1960s, Yale University psychologist Stanley Milgram famously carried out a series of experiments that forever changed our perceptions of morality and free will. The subjects—or “teachers”—were instructed to administer electroshocks to a human “learner,” with the shocks becoming progressively more powerful and painful. Controversial but now strongly vindicated by the scientific community, these experiments attempted to determine to what extent people will obey orders from authority figures regardless of consequences. “Milgram’s experiments on obedience have made us more aware of the dangers of uncritically accepting authority,” wrote Peter Singer in the New York Times Book Review.
With an introduction from Dr. Philip Zimbardo, who conducted the famous Stanford Prison Experiment, Obedience to Authority is Milgram’s fascinating and troubling chronicle of his classic study and a vivid and persuasive explanation of his conclusions.
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In a sense, he is following in the tradition of Kurt Lewin, although he is not generally considered to be in the Lewinian tradition, as Leon Festinger, Stanley Schachter, Lee Ross, and Richard Nisbett are, for example.
It is a study of the failure of most people to resist unjust authority when commands no longer make sense given the seemingly reasonable stated intentions of the just authority who began the study. It makes sense that psychological ...
Hobbes stated further that an act so executed is in no sense the responsibility of the person who carries it out but only of the authority that orders it. But humanists argue for the primacy of individual conscience in such matters, ...
If anything, we may expect the experimenter's power to be considerably less than that of the general, since he has no power to enforce his imperatives, and participation in a psychological experiment scarcely evokes the sense of urgency ...
The ordinary person who shocked the victim did so out of a sense of obligation—a conception of his duties as a subject—and not from any peculiarly aggressive tendencies.
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LibraryThing ReviewReseña de usuario - Danie_Jorgenson - LibraryThing
i loved reading this book even though it was research for a paper in my sociology because of its lessons it had to teach. The lessons are scary but necessary to confront in any time of how far the human species can go and truly feel with all their heart "their just following orders" Leer reseña completa
LibraryThing ReviewReseña de usuario - benjamin7857 - LibraryThing
One of the most famous experiments in psychology, Milgram's obedience study continues to disturb psychologists and laymen alike today just as much as when the results were first revealed. And it's not ... Leer reseña completa
Method of Inquiry
Closeness of the Victim
Individuals Confront Authority II
Why Obedience?An Analysis
Applying the Analysis to the Experiment
Strain and Disobedience
Is Aggression the Key?
About the Author
Individuals Confront Authority
Further Variations and Controls