Obedience to Authority
HarperCollins, 11 jul 2017 - 256 páginas
A part of Harper Perennial’s special “Resistance Library” highlighting classic works that illuminate our times: A special edition reissue of Stanley Milgram’s landmark examination of humanity’s susceptibility to authoritarianism.
“The classic account of the human tendency to follow orders, no matter who they hurt or what their consequences.” — Washington Post Book World
In the 1960s, Yale University psychologist Stanley Milgram famously carried out a series of experiments that forever changed our perceptions of morality and free will. The subjects—or “teachers”—were instructed to administer electroshocks to a human “learner,” with the shocks becoming progressively more powerful and painful. Controversial but now strongly vindicated by the scientific community, these experiments attempted to determine to what extent people will obey orders from authority figures regardless of consequences. “Milgram’s experiments on obedience have made us more aware of the dangers of uncritically accepting authority,” wrote Peter Singer in the New York Times Book Review.
With an introduction from Dr. Philip Zimbardo, who conducted the famous Stanford Prison Experiment, Obedience to Authority is Milgram’s fascinating and troubling chronicle of his classic study and a vivid and persuasive explanation of his conclusions.
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The main question is how far the participant will comply with the experimenter's instructions before refusing to carry out the actions required of him. But the reader needs to know a little more detail about the experiment.
At what point will the subject refuse to obey the experimenter? Conflict arises when the man receiving the shock begins to indicate that he is experiencing discomfort. At 75 volts, the “learner” grunts. At 120 volts he complains ...
Since the subject has come to the laboratory to aid the experimenter, he is quite willing to start off with the procedure. ... What is surprising is how far ordinary individuals will go in complying with the experimenter's instructions.
What, then, keeps the person obeying the experimenter? First, there is a set of “binding factors” that lock the subject into the situation. They include such factors as politeness on his part, his desire to uphold his initial promise of ...
He divests himself of responsibility by attributing all initiative to the experimenter, a legitimate authority. He sees himself not as a person acting in a morally accountable way but as the agent of external authority.
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LibraryThing ReviewReseña de usuario - Danie_Jorgenson - LibraryThing
i loved reading this book even though it was research for a paper in my sociology because of its lessons it had to teach. The lessons are scary but necessary to confront in any time of how far the human species can go and truly feel with all their heart "their just following orders" Leer reseña completa
LibraryThing ReviewReseña de usuario - benjamin7857 - LibraryThing
One of the most famous experiments in psychology, Milgram's obedience study continues to disturb psychologists and laymen alike today just as much as when the results were first revealed. And it's not ... Leer reseña completa
Method of Inquiry
Closeness of the Victim
Individuals Confront Authority II
Why Obedience?An Analysis
Applying the Analysis to the Experiment
Strain and Disobedience
Is Aggression the Key?
About the Author
Individuals Confront Authority
Further Variations and Controls