« AnteriorContinuar »
169. 403. Opprobrious hill. The Mount of Charlemain and all his peerage. Charle
Olives, where Solomon built a temple to magne and his twelve knights are the Moloch.
heroes of the Chanson de Roland, which 404, 5. Hinnom. A valley south of the gives an account of their defeat in the Mount of Olives. Tophet, Gehenna. pass of Roncesvalles, not far from FonSynonyms for hell. Gehenna means, lit
tarabbia. erally, “ Valley of Hinnom.”
674. The work of sulphur. It was form406. Chemos. A god of the Moabites.
erly believed that ores could not exist 411. The Asphaltic pool. The Dead Sea. independent of sulphur. 420. The brook that parts. The river 678. Mammon. God of riches. Besor.
164. 720. Belus, Serapis. The first an As422. Baalim and Ashtaroth. Phænician syrian god, the second an Egyptian. gods, here used in the plural form for 728. Cressets. Hanging iron vessels, deities of the sun and moon.
open at the top, containing a burning 438. Ashtoreth. Goddess of love, corre
illuminant. sponding to the Aphrodite of the Greeks. 737. Orders. The nine ranks of angels in 444. That uxorious king. Solomon.
the celestial hierarchy. 446. Thammuz. Corresponding to the 738. His name. Hephæstus, the Greek Greek Adonis, slain by a wild boar.
god of fire; analogous to the Latin Vulcan. 450. Adonis. A river in Phænicia whose 739. Ausonian land. Italy. water is reddened by the soil through 756. Pandemonium. “The hall of all which it flows.
the devils.” Milton coined the word on 455. Ezekiel. See Ezekiel, viii: 14.
the analogy of Pantheon, “ the ball of all 462. Dagon. A Philistine deity; see the gods. I Samuel, v.
769. The Sun with Taurus rides. The 464-6. Azotus ... Gaza. Philistine sun is in the sign of Taurus, or the Bull, cities.
from the middle of April till the middle 471. A leper, etc. See 2 Kings, v.
of May. Cf. Chaucer's Prologue, I. 7. 478. Osiris, Isis, Orus. Egyptian gods. 161. 484. The calf in Oreb. See Exodus, xii:
BOOK II 35-6, and xxxii: 4. The rebel King. 2. Ormus. The island of Hormuz in the Jeroboam; see i Kings, xii: 28-9.
Persian Gulf. 488. Equalled with one stroke. See
167. 74. That forgetful lake. The lake of Exodus, xii: 29.
liquid fire into which the angels had fallen. 490. Belial. Milton's personification of 100. At worst on this side nothing. In wickedness.
as bad a condition as we can be and still 495. As did Eli's sons. See i Samuel, ii:
168. 152. Let this be good. Granting that 502, 3. Sodom, Gibeah. See Genesis, xix; absolute annihilation be good. Judges, xix.
224. For happy. As regards happiness. 508. Ionian Greek. Of Javan's issue.
336. To our power. To the extent of our By the descendants of Javan (Noah's
power. grandson). The account of the supplant 173. 531. The goal. The turning-post in a ing of Titan by Saturn, who was in turn
chariot race. deposed by Jove, is the accepted classical 539. Typhæan rage. Rage like that of myth.
Typhon, who, according to the fables, 519. Doric. Greek.
was imprisoned beneath a volcano. 520. Adria. The Adriatic Sea. Hes
542. Alcides. Hercules. perian. Western; i. e., of Italy.
592. Serbonian bog. An Egyptian lake, 550. Dorian mood. Martial music like near the city of Damietta and Mt. Casius. that of the Spartans.
638. Bengala. Bengal. 162. 573. Since created man. Since man was 639. Ternate and Tidore. Two of the created.
Molucca Islands. 575, 6. That small infantry Warred on by 641. Ethiopian. The Indian Ocean. cranes. The battle between the pygmies Cape. Cape of Good Hope. and the cranes, to which Homer refers 176. 660. Vexed Scylla. Scylla, transformed at the beginning of the third book of the into a monster like Sin, cast herself into Iliad.
the sea between Italy and Sicily, and be577. Phlegra. On the west coast of came a menace to navigation. Italy, where gods and giants fought a 709. Ophiucus. One of the northern congreat battle.
stellations. 580. Uther's son. King Arthur, hero of 178. 904. Barca, Cyrene. Cities of northern many romances.
Africa. 583-7. Aspramont ... Fontarabbia. 922. Bellona. The Roman goddess of The names are those of places mentioned
war. in mediæval romances describing con- | 179. 945. Pursues the Arimaspian. The leg. flicts between Christians and Saracens. endary Arimaspians, of Scythia, fought
the gryphons for the gold which the
monsters guarded. 180. 1029. The utmost orb. The outermost of
the ten concentric spheres which, according to Ptolemaic astronomy, constituted the universe; at the center was the earth.
BOOK XII 604. He ended. The archangel Michael, who had been sent to drive Adam and Eve out of Paradise.
183. 187. Pluralities. The churchman who
was the possessor of several benefices
the world would be easy. 186. 412. Janus. The two-faced god of the
Romans, whose temple doors were opened
xxii: 13-15. 186. 502. Many subdichotomies. Many minor
subdivisions. 187. 613. She is now fallen from the stars.
The Star-chamber court was abolished in
AREOPAGITICA 181. “I wrote my Areopagitica,” said Milton
in his Defensio Secunda, “in order to
a license. 182. 58. Lullius. Raymond Lully, a scientist
of the thirteenth century. Sublimate.
ophers. 183. 166. Guyon. The knight of temperance,
hero of Book II of the Faerie Queene.
THE DIARY 23. The Covenant. The Scottish Covenant, or agreement for the conduct of the church, was promulgated in 1638; in 1643 the “ Solemn League and Covenant" between the Parliamentary forces and Scotland was signed, providing for the abolition in England of Popery and Prelacy. In 1662 Charles abrogated the covenants. 34. My Lord. Sir Edward Montagu, to whom Pepys was secretary, and who afterwards secured Pepys's appointment as Clerk of the Acts in the Navy Office. 39. The Long Reach. The part of the
river between Erith and Gravesend. 188. 73. Trimmed in the morning. Thus
Pepys records his visits to the barber.
tial in bringing about the Restoration. 190. 301. The Three Cranes. A tavern on
upper Thames Street.
190. 379. The Custom of the Country. A
tragi-comedy by Fletcher; printed in the
Shaftesbury (Achitophel) planned to set
was first crowned. 196. 82. The good old cause. The cause of
the Commonwealth; the phrase was
175. The triple bond. An alliance formed in 1668 between England, Sweden, and the Dutch Republic.
THE PROTECTING BREWER 193. The legend that Cromwell was a brewer
by trade appears in many of the songs and satires of the period.
THE LAWYERS' LAMENTATION Charing Cross had been torn down by Parliament along with many other insignia of royalty and ecclesiasticism.
ABSALOM AND ACHITOPHEL 195. The poem appeared in 1681, when the
question of the successor to Charles II, in the event of the King's death, was agitating all England. The heir-apparent was the King's brother James, the Duke of York, who was generally unpopular on account of his Catholicism. James, Duke of Monmouth, the Absalom of the poem, an illegitimate son of Charles, was a Protestant, and in general favor with the Whig and anti-Catholic parties. Despite the stain on his birth his friends, led by Anthony Ashley Cooper, first earl of
197. 177. A foreign yoke. An alliance with There is also a reference to the title of France.
Shadwell's play Epsom Wells.”—(Noyes; 188. Abbethdin. The highest officer of Camb. ed., p. 959). the Jewish court of justice.
204. 43. The new Arion. Arion was a Greek 198. 264. Gath. Brussels.
musician of the eighth century B. C. 270. Jordan's sand. Dover beach, where
53. St. André. A French dancing-master. Charles II landed at the Restoration.
54. Thy own Psyche. One of Shadwell's 199. 352. The collateral line. James, Duke of plays.
York, brother of the king, stood at the 206. 57. Singleton. A contemporary singer head of this line of descent.
who had taken the rôle of Villerius in 200. 529. A numerous host of dreaming saints. Davenant's The Siege of Rhodes. The non-conforming Protestants, sar
64. Fair Augusta. London, which at the castically called “ saints."
time was fearful of Popish plotters. 539. Born to be saved. A sarcastic refer
74. A Nursery. A theatre given over to ence to the doctrine of election.
training young actors. 544. Zimri. George Villiers, Duke of 78. Maximin. A defiant character in Buckingham, who in The Rehearsal had Dryden's Tyrannic Love. satirized Dryden as “ John Bayes." In 79, 80. Buskins, socks. See notes on his Discourse Concerning Satire Dryden
L’Allegro, 1. 132, and Il Penseroso, 1. 102. afterwards wrote: “The character of 81. Gentle Simkin. A clown.com Zimri in my Absalom is, in my opinion, 84. Panton. “A celebrated punster, worth the whole poem: 'tis not bloody, according to Derrick.” (Scott.) but 'tis ridiculous enough; and he for whom
105. Herringman. A contemporary pubit was intended was too witty to resent lisher. it as an injury.”
122. Love's Kingdom. A play by Fleck585. Shimei. Slingsby Bethel, whom
noe. the Whigs had elected one of the two 206. 149. Let Virtuosos, etc. The Virtuoso Sheriffs in 1680.
was a play by Shadwell. 201. 617. No Rechabite, etc. “The words 151. Gentle George. Sir George Etherof Jonadab the son of Rechab, that he
edge, the contemporary dramatist. commanded his sons not to drink wine, 152. Dorimant, Loveit, Cully, etc. All are performed; for unto this day they characters in plays by Shadwell. drink none." Jeremiah, xxxv: 14.
163. Let no alien Sedley interpose. Sir 202. 817. Barzillai. James Butler, Duke of Charles Sedley, who had assisted ShadOrmond, always a staunch loyalist.
well in his play-writing. 902. The Sanhedrin. The House of 168. Sir Formal. Sir Formal Trifle apCommons.
pears in Shadwell's The Virtuoso. 910. Unequal ruler of the day. Apollo's 172. By arrogating Jonson's hostile name. son Phaethon, who could not guide suc Shadwell was fervid in his praise of Ben cessfully his father's car of the sun.
Jonson. 203. 921. The true successor. James, Duke 179. Prince Nicander. A character in of York.
185. Oil on water's flow. Flow is a MAC FLECKNOE
207. 212. Bruce and Longville had a trap 204. After the release of Shaftesbury in 1681,
prepared. Thus the two gentlemen dishis Whig friends caused a medal to be
pose of Sir Formal in The Virtuoso. struck commemorating the event. Dryden at once published The Medal: A Satire Against Sedition. Among the re
THE HIND AND THE PANTHER plies was a violent one by Thomas James II, who came to the throne in Shadwell, The Medal of John Bayes. In
1685, was a Roman Catholic. In 1687 October, 1682, Dryden answered with Dryden published this poem, an allegory Mac Flecknoe, than which nothing illus in which the Hind, “immortal and untrates more effectively the caustic nature changed,” represents the Roman, and of his satire.
the Panther, the English Church. The 3. Flecknoe. An inoffensive poet who had various dissenting sects are satirized died in 1678, over whose shoulder Dryden much more harshly than the English strikes Shadwell.
Church. 29. Heywood and Shirley. Elizabethan 9. Her young. Roman Catholic priests. dramatists, not deserving of such harsh 27. The common hunt. The other beasts; criticism.
i. e., the other sects. 36. To King John of Portugal I sung. 35. The bloody Bear. The Independents, King John had entertained Flecknoe at later the Congregationalists. Lisbon.
37. The quaking Hare. The Quakers, 42. In Epsom blankets tossed. “ Tossing who would not take oaths in court. in a blanket is the punishment visited 39. The buffoon Ape. The Freethinkers. upon Sir Samuel Hearty in The Virtuoso. | 41. The Lion. The King of England.
207. 43. The Boar. The Anabaptists.
49. In German forests. "The sect originated in Germany, where their early history is connected with a revolt of the
peasantry.” (Noyes.) 208. 53. False Reynard. The Unitarians.
Athanasius (293--373) was instrumental
plied in The True-Born Englishman. 216. 39. Shibboleth. See Judges, xü: 6.
45. The Norman bastard. William the
ESSAY OF DRAMATIC POESY 1. Neander. The essay is in dialogue form, Neander representing Dryden Eugenius may be Charles Sackville, Lord Buckhurst, afterwards Earl of Dorset. 2. The Silent Woman. A play by Ben
43. Quantum lenta, etc. As the cypresses
ruling passion, was called his “humor.” | 213. 156. The greater wit. The greater genius.
THE SHORTEST WAY WITH THE DISSENTERS 216. The Dissenters, or Nonconformists, were
members of the various anti-episcopal
PREFACE TO THE FABLES The Fables, translations of Homer, Chaucer, and others, were published in 1700. 14. One of our late great poets. Abraham Cowley. 16. Forgive. Forego, leave alone. 41. Nimis poeta. Too much a poet. 46. Auribus istius, etc. Adapted to the ears of that time. 56. The last edition. In 1687 there appeared a reprint, with some additions, of Thomas Speght's 1602 blackletter edition of Chaucer. 65. Numbers. Metre. 72. Dryden did not understand the pronunciation of Chaucer's final e. 88. Baptista Porta. An Italian quack and physiognomist.