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66. 318. Morpheus. God of sleep.
328. Blacke Plutoes griesly dame. Pro-
gestion of sense by sound. 56. 376. Dryer braine. Brain too dry or
feverish. It was supposed that lack of moisture in the brain was the cause of fitful, dream-broken sleep.
Stanza XLV. Archimago fashions one of his sprites into the likeness of Una, and by the aid of the false dream deceives the Red Cross Knight into believing Una false to him. In Canto II the Knight deserts Una and flees from Archimago's cabin. Meeting on his way a Saracen knight Sansfoy, with a beautiful lady, he kills the knight and takes the lady Duessa (Falsehood, though she is at present going under the name of Fidessa-Faith), as his companion. Una meanwhile has set forth in search of her knight, and has lost her way in a wood.
with Sarazin blood bedyde' suggests
of-God's arms. 69. 74. So couched neare. Placed so close
230. Him. The Knight. 62. 235. That great champion. Hercules, the
occasion of whose death was the shirt
than usual. 63. 300. As eagle, fresh out of the ocean
wave. “Every ten years the eagle mounts
any living person have promised him life. 64. 356. Engorged. This is the reading in edi
tions of Spenser, but it makes no good
engore.” 381. The warlike pledge. The shield. 66. 414. The crime of our first father's fell.
The occasion of the crime, etc.
PROTHALAMION 66. The poem was written in honor of the
approaching double marriage of the
CANTO XI 67. In the interval between the third and
eleventh cantos Una and the Red Cross Knight, who had been parted from each other by Archimago, and forced to undergo many hardships, are reunited by Arthur, who rescues the Knight from the castle of the giant Orgoglio. After this deliverance Una leads the Knight to the house of Holiness, where he is purged of his sin, learns his lineage, and his name, George:
" Thou. ... Shalt be a saint, and thine own nation's
frend And patrone: thou Saint George shalt
called be, Saint George of mery England, the signe
of victoree.” (I. x. 66). Then follows the struggle between George and the dragon (the devil), occupying the entire eleventh canto, which is here re
printed without omission. 58. 43. Faire ympe of Phæbus, etc. Clio,
muse of History, daughter of Phæbus
SHAKESPEARE: HARK, HARK! THE LARK WYATT: THE LOVER COMPARETH HIS STATE
82. Compare the second of Lyly's songs, p. 77. 69. This is a translation of one of Petrarch's sonnets.
FEAR NO MORE
Dirge sung over the body of the supposedly SHAKESPEARE: XCVIII
dead Imogen, disguised as a boy, Fidele. 74. 4. Heavy Saturn. In astrology the planet
Saturn is supposed to exert a melancholy influence, since the god Saturn was
CAMPION: WHEN THOU MUST HOME morose.
83. Bullen (Lyrics from Elizabethan Song
Books) remarks that for romantic beauty ELIZABETHAN SONG WRITERS
this can hardly be matched outside the
sonnets of Shakespeare. LYLY: SPRING'S WELCOME 77. 2. Ravished nightingale. A reference to
CHERRY-RIPE the story of Philomela; see note on Arnold's Philomela, p. 687.
84. “ Cherry-ripe" was the cry of street 5. Prick-song. “Harmony written or
venders of cherries. pricked down in opposition to plainsong.” (Chappell's Popular Music of
DRAYTON: AGINCOURT the Olden Time.) 7. At heaven's gates she claps her wings.
186. The full title runs To the Cambro-Britons Cf. Shakespeare's “ Hark, hark! the lark and their Harp His Ballad of Agincourt. at heaven's gate sings,” p. 82.
Cambro-Britons-Welsh, who fought val
iantly in the battle. Henry V, invading GREENE: SWEET ARE THE THOUGHTS
France to make good his claim to the
French throne, in 1415 won the battle of 78. 9. The mean. The middle part in three
Agincourt from a French army four part music. The philosophic ideal of
times as numerous as his own. “the golden mean,” moderation, is also
41. Poitiers, Cressy. Like Agincourt, suggested.
battles of the Hundred Years' War,
fought in 1356 and 1346 respectively, and RALEIGH: HIS PILGRIMAGE
like Agincourt, English victories against 79. Supposed to have been written while great odds.
Raleigh was confined in the Tower on a 45. Grandsire. John of Gaunt, son of charge of treason. “It would be difficult Edward III. to find a poem more truly representative 86. 82. Bilbows. Swords; the name comes of the age of Elizabeth, with its poetical from Bilboa, a Spanish town famous for fervor, its beauty and vividness of expres
the swords it made. sion, its juggling with words, and its 113. St. Crispin's day, October 25.
CARE-CHARMING SLEEP 91. Cf. Daniel's sonnet, p. 72.
5. Sweet. So read the early editions; it should perhaps be light.
SONG TO BACCHUS 1. Lyæus. A name for Bacchus.
WEBSTER: A DIRGE “I never saw anything like this funeral dirge except the ditty which reminds Ferdinand of his drowned father in The Tempest (cf. p. 83). As that is of the water, watery; so this is of the earth, earthy. Both have that intenseness of feeling, which seems to resolve itself into the element which it contemplates." (Charles Lamb.)
BEN JONSON: TO THE MEMORY OF MY BE
LOVED MASTER, WILLIAM SHAKESPEARE 87. Prefaced to the First Folio edition of
Shakespeare's works, 1623
worn in comedy, 88. 51. Tart Aristophanes. Most famous of
Greek satirical dramatists; he wrote in the
EPITAPH ON SALATHIEL PAVY
HARK, NOW EVERYTHING IS STILL From The Duchess of Malfi, where it is sung, with great dramatic effect, just before the heroine of the play is strangled. 17. Full tide. There may be a reference here to the popular belief that sick people usually died at the turning of the tide. So Falstaff “parted ... even at the turning of the tide,” Henry V, II. iii.
BROWNE: ON THE COUNTESS DOWAGER OF
PEMBROKE 3. Sidney's sister. It was to this lady, Mary Sidney, later Countess of Pembroke, that Sir Philip Sidney dedicated his Arcadia. Pembroke's mother. The third Earl of Pembroke, a minor poet, to whom, with his brother, the first folio of Shakespeare was dedicated, was the Countess's son. This epitaph, delicate and chastely beautiful, has been erroneously ascribed to Ben Jonson. There is a second and inferior stanza, which may not be by the same hand.
DONNE: SWEETEST LOVE, I DO NOT GO 89. This, one of the sweetest and most musical
of Donne's poems, was probably addressed
9. Acre. I. e., God's acre; grave yard.
THE DEATH OF CÆSAR 92. 69. The first Brutus. Lucius Junius
Brutus, who led the revolt expelling the
feat by Cæsar at Pharsalia. 93. 132. Element. Sky.
166. Preventing. Anticipating., 95. 436. Forms. Benches. 96. 499. Journey. Day..
FLETCHER: SWEETEST MELANCHOLY Milton is supposed to have obtained from this lyric suggestions for Il Penseroso.
QUEEN ELIZABETH 97. The text is based on Bond's edition, vol.
II., pp. 206 ff.; spelling and punctuation have been modernized.
97. 1. This queen. Mary, elder sister of
Elizabeth. 13. Praxitiles. A fondness for citing classical illustrations is one of Lyly's distinguishing characteristics. 67. As she hath lived forty years. “Actually, 47. ... The following words allude to the projected Anjou match, which in the autumn of 1579 she was known to favor; and reflect the general anxiety for an heir to the crown." (Bond, II. 534.) 78. Tickle. Uncertain. 79. Twist. Small thread or piece of silk. 88. Like the bird Ibis. Reference to the so-called “ unnatural natural history,” most of which goes back to Pliny, is characteristic of Lyly and his Euphuistic
133. Twice directed her progress unto
157. Admiration. Wonder. 99. 202. The curses of the Pope. “ Pius V.'s
bull of excommunication and deposition,
spelling and punctuation are modernized. 103. 3. This late encounter. The battle be
tween the Revenge and the Spanish fleet
THE DEFENCE OF POESY 100. 9. Mirror of Magistrates. A collection of
tales published first in 1559, and with
the Latin tragedies of Seneca. 101. 109. Pacolet's horse. An enchanted
steed in the romance of Valentine and Orson.
106. 177. Admiral of the Hulks. Flagship
of the transports.
245. But. Nothing but.
372. Fly-boats. Small, swiftly sailing
ships. 107. 384. Road. Roadstead; harbor.
OF TRUTH 107. 1. See John, xviii: 38.
3. There be that. There are those who. 17. One of the later school, etc. Probably a reference to the “ New Academy."
107. 42. Vinum dæmonum. Devils' wine. 113. 68. Ver perpetuum. Perpetual spring. 57. Creature. Creation.
76. Fast flowers of their smells. Yield108. 65. The poet, etc. Lucretius and the ing little perfume. Epicureans.
| 114. 41. Conference. Conversation.
turn into habits. guage; contrasted with the transcendences 52. No stond or impediment. No defect. of poetry, above.
65. Cymini sectores. Hair splitters; 109. 53. Incensed. Diffused as incense, by (lit., splitters of a cummin seed.) burning.
CAROLINE SONG-WRITERS OF MARRIAGE AND SINGLE LIFE
WITHER: SHALL I, WASTING IN DESPAIR 44. Hortatives. Exhortations.
. | 116. 14. Pelican. Taken as a type of devoted 58. Vetulam suam, etc. He preferred his
self-sacrifice, because of the fable that aged wife to immortality.
the pelican fed her young with her own 68. Have a quarrel. Have a reason, blood. ground. OF GREAT PLACE
CAREW: ASK ME NO MORE 15. A melancholy thing. This sentence II. Dividing. The meaning is but little is an apt commentary on Bacon's own
stronger than musical. “Division” was fall from great place. Cum non sis, etc.
a musical term practically equivalent to Since you are not what you were, there
a variation on a theme; “ to run division" is no reason why you should desire to live. was to perform such variations. 39. Illi mors gravis, etc. Death lies heavy on the man who dies known to almost
LOVELACE: TO LUCASTA all, but unknown to himself.
116. The poet fought on the Cavalier side in . 53. Conscience of the same. Conscious
the Civil War. ness of the same. 56. Et conversus Deus, etc. When God
TO ALTHEA had looked, to see the works which his own hands had made, he saw that all
As a consequence of his devotion to the
Royalist cause Lovelace was twice imwere good beyond measure. 86. De facto. As a matter of fact.
prisoned. 111 131. Omnium consensu, etc. In the
10. With no allaying Thames. Undiluted opinion of all, fit to rule, -if only he had
with water. not ruled. 134. Solus imperantium, etc. Of all rulers
HERRICK: ARGUMENT OF HIS BOOK Vespasian alone changed for the better.
117. The poem serves as a sort of foreword to
The Hesperides, as Herrick called his OF WISDOM FOR A MAN'S SELF
book, telling the sorts of things about 2. Shrewd. Mischievous.
which Herrick wrote.
3. Hock-carts. The hock-cart was the 9. Right earth. Simply earth.
last cart in from the field at harvest time. 37. Set a bias upon their bowl. It is
Wassails. Drinking-bouts. Wakes. Vilpossible to roll a bowling ball so that it
lage festivities. will curve while travelling. 64. Sui amantes, etc. Lovers of them
CORINNA'S GOING A-MAYING selves without any rival.
2. God unshorn. The sun adorned in his OF YOUTH AND AGE
4. Fresh-quilted. “Referable to the 112. 16. Juventutem egit, etc. His youth was
bright and variegated colors of sunrise." full of errors, even of madness.
(Schelling, Seventeenth Century Lyrics.) 85. Idem manebat, etc. He remained
14. May. The term was loosely applied the same, but did not appear the same, to all sorts of May blossoms, particularly i. e., was not so pleasing.
those of the hawthorn. 90. Ultima primis cedebant. His last
118. 30 ff. For a good account of the May. years were inferior to his first.
day customs see Brand's Popular As
tiquities. OF GARDENS
51. Green-gown. Tumble on the grass. 113. 22. If they be stoved. If they be artificially warmed.
AN ODE FOR BEN JONSON 23. Warm set. Set out where it will keep 119. 5, 6. Sun, Dog, Triple Tun. Famous warm.
London taverns of Jonson's day.