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their prey;

Or go to Rome, which is the sepulchre, Its charge to each; and if the seal is Oh! not of him, but of our joy: 'tis set, naught

425 Here, on one fountain of a mourning That ages, empires, and religions there

mind, Lie buried in the ravage they have Break it not thou! too surely shalt thou wrought;


455 For such as he can lend,—they borrow Thine own well full, if thou returnest not

home, Glory from those who made the world Of tears and gall. From the world's

bitter wind And he is gathered to the kings of Seek shelter in the shadow of the thought


tomb. Who waged contention with their time's What Adonais is, why fear we to bedecay,

come? And of the past are all that cannot pass away.

The One remains, the many change and pass;

460 Go thou to Rome,-at once the Par

Heaven's light forever shines, Earth's adise,

shadows fly; The grave, the city, and the wilder

Life, like a dome of many-colored glass, ness;

Stains the white radiance of Eternity, And where its wrecks like shattered

Until Death tramples it to fragments.mountains rise,

435 Die, And flowering weeds and fragrant copses If thou wouldst be with that which dress

thou dost seek!

465 The bones of Desolation's nakedness

Follow where all is fled !-Rome's azure Pass, till the Spirit of the spot shall

sky, lead

Flowers, ruins, statues, music, words, Thy footsteps to a slope of green access

are weak Where, like an infant's smile, over the The glory they transfuse with fitting dead


truth to speak. A light of laughing flowers along the grass is spread.

Why linger, why turn back, why shrink, And grey walls moulder round, on which

my Heart? dull Time

Thy hopes are gone before: from all Feeds, like slow fire upon a hoary

things here

470 brand;

They have departed; thou shouldst now And one keen pyramid with wedge sub

depart! lime,

A light is past from the revolving Pavilioning the dust of him who year, planned

And man, and woman; and what still is 445

dear This refuge for his memory, doth stand Like flame transformed to marble; and

Attracts to crush, repels to make thee beneath,

wither. A field is spread, on which a newer band

The soft sky smiles,—the low wind Have pitched in Heaven's smile their

whispers near;

475 camp of death,

'Tis Adonais calls! oh, hasten thither, Welcoming him we lose with scarce ex

No more let Life divide what Death can tinguished breath.

join together.

450 Here pause: these graves are all too That Light whose smile kindles the young as yet

Universe, To have outgrown the sorrow which That Beauty in which all things work


and move,


That Benediction which the eclipsing A new Ulysses leaves once more

480 Calypso for his native shore.
Of birth can quench not, that sustaining Oh, write no more the tale of Troy,

Which, through the web of being Nor mix with Laian rage the joy

If earth Death's scroll must be! blindly wove

Which dawns upon the free: By man and beast and earth and air and

Although a subtler Sphinx renew sea,

Riddles of death Thebes never knew. Burns bright or dim, as each are mirrors of Another Athens shall arise,

25 The fire for which all thirst, now beams And to remoter time on me,

485 Bequeath, like sunset to the skies, Consuming the last clouds of cold mor

The splendor of its prime; tality.

And leave, if naught so bright may live,

All earth can take or Heaven can give. 30 The breath whose might I have invoked

Saturn and Love their long repose Descends on me; my spirit's bark is

Shall burst, more bright and good driven

Than all who fell, than One who rose, Far from the shore, far from the trem- Than many unsubdued: bling throng

Not gold, not blood, their altar dowers, 35 Whose sails were never to the tempest

But votive tears and symbol flowers. given;

490 Oh, cease! must hate and death return? The massy earth and spherèd skies

Cease! must men kill and die? are riven!

Cease! drain not to its dregs the urn I am borne darkly, fearfully, afar; Of bitter prophecy. Whilst, burning through the inmost

The world is weary of the past, veil of Heaven, The soul of Adonais, like a star,

Oh, might it die or rest at last!

494 Beacons from the abode where the Eternal

in song






The world's great age begins anew,

The golden years return,
The earth doth like a snake renew

Her winter weeds outworn:
Heaven smiles, and faiths and empires

5 Like wrecks of a dissolving dream.

A brighter Hellas rears its mountains

From waves serener far;
A new Peneus rolls his fountains

Against the morning-star.
Where fairer Tempes bloom, there sleep
Young Cyclads on a sunnier deep.

When the lamp is shattered,
The light in the dust lies dead;

When the cloud is scattered,
The rainbow's glory is shed.

When the lute is broken,
Sweet tones are remembered not;

When the lips have spoken,
Loved accents are soon forgot.

As music and splendor
Survive not the lamp and the lute,

The heart's echoes render
No song when the spirit is mute:-

No song but sad dirges,
Like the wind through a ruined cell,

Or the mournful surges
That ring the dead seaman's knell.

When hearts have once mingled,
Love first leaves the well-built nest;

The weak one is singled
To endure what it once possessed.



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O Love! who bewailest

Now, in humbler, happier lot,

35 The frailty of all things here,

This is all remembered not; Why choose you the frailest

And now, alas! the poor sprite is For your cradle, your home, and your Imprisoned, for some fault of his, bier?

In a body like a grave; -
From you he only dares to crave,

40 Its passions will rock thee


For his service and his sorrow,
As the storms rock the ravens on high: A smile to-day, a song to-morrow.

Bright reason will mock thee,
Like the sun from a wintry sky.

The artist who this idol wrought, From thy nest every rafter

To echo all harmonious thought, Will rot, and thine eagle home 30

Felled a tree, while on the steep 45 Leave thee naked to laughter,

The woods were in their winter sleep, When leaves fall and cold winds come. Rocked in that repose divine

On the wind-swept Apennine;
And dreaming, some of Autumn past,

And some of Spring approaching fast, 50 WITH A GUITAR, TO JANE And some of April buds and showers,

And some of songs in July bowers, Ariel to Miranda:Take

And all of love; and so this tree, This slave of Music, for the sake

Oh, that such our death may be!Of him who is the slave of thee,

Died in sleep, and felt no pain,

55 And teach it all the harmony

To live in happier form again: In which thou canst, and only thou, 5 From which, beneath Heaven's fairest Make the delighted spirit glow,

star, Till joy denies itself again,

The artist wrought this loved Guitar, And, too intense, is turned to pain; And taught it justly to reply, For by permission and command

To all who question skilfully, Of thine own Prince Ferdinand,

In language gentle as thine own; Poor Ariel sends this silent token

Whispering in enamored tone Of more than ever can be spoken;

Sweet oracles of woods and dells, Your guardian spirit, Ariel, who,

And summer winds in sylvan cells; From life to life, must still pursue

For it had learned all harmonies Your happiness;—for thus alone 15

Of the plains and of the skies, Can Ariel ever find his own.

Of the forests and the mountains, From Prospero's enchanted cell,

And the many-voicèd fountains; As the mighty verses tell,

The clearest echoes of the hills, To the throne of Naples, he

The softest notes of falling rills,

70 Lit you o'er the trackless sea,

The melodies of birds and bees, Flitting on, your prow before,

The murmuring of summer seas, Like a living meteor.

And pattering rain, and breathing dew, When you die, the silent Moon,

And airs of evening; and it knew In her interlunar swoon,

That seldom-heard mysterious sound, 75 Is not sadder in her cell

25 Which, driven on its diurnal round, Than deserted Ariel.

As it floats through boundless day, When you live again on earth,

Our world enkindles on its wayLike an unseen star of birth,

All this it knows, but will not tell Ariel guides you o'er the sea

To those who cannot question well 80 Of life from your nativity.

30 The spirit that inhabits it; Many changes have been run,

It talks according to the wit Since Ferdinand and you begun

Of its companions; and no more Your course of love, and Ariel still

Is heard than has been felt before, Has tracked your steps, and served your | By those who tempt it to betray will;

These secrets of an elder day:





85 9

But sweetly as its answers will Why were ye not awake?

But ye were Flatter hands of perfect skill,

dead It keeps its highest, holiest tone To things ye knew not of,—were closely For our beloved Jane alone. 90

wed To musty laws lined out with wretched


And compass vile: so that ye taught a JOHN KEATS (1796–1821)


35 Of dolts to smooth, inlay, and clip, and fit, From SLEEP AND POETRY Till, like the certain wands of Jacob's wit,

Their verses tallied. Easy was the task: Is there so small a range

A thousand handicraftsmen wore the In the present strength of manhood, that mask the high

Of Poesy. Ill-fated, impious race! 40 Imagination cannot freely fly

That blasphemed the bright Lyrist to As she was wont of old? prepare her steeds, his face, Paw up against the light, and do strange And did not know it,-no, they went deeds


about, Upon the clouds? Has she not shown us Holding a poor, decrepit standard out, all?

Marked with most flimsy mottoes, and in From the clear space of ether, to the small large Breath of new buds unfolding? From The name of one Boileau!

45 the meaning Of Jove's large eyebrow, to the tender

greening Of April meadows? Here her altar shone, From ENDYMION, BOOK I E'en in this isle; and who could paragon The fervid choir that lifted up a noise A thing of beauty is a joy for ever: Of harmony, to where it aye will poise Its loveliness increases; it will never Its mighty self of convoluting sound, Pass into nothingness; but still will keep Huge as a planet, and like that roll round, A bower quiet for us, and a sleep Eternally around a dizzy void?

16 Full of sweet dreams, and health, and quiet Ay, in those days the muses were nigh breathing cloyed

Therefore, on every morrow, With honors; nor had any other

wreathing Than to sing out and soothe their wavy A flowery band to bind us to the earth, hair.

Spite of despondence, of the inhuman Could all this be forgotten? Yes, a dearth schism

Of noble natures, of the gloomy days, Nurtured by foppery and barbarism, Of all the unhealthy and o'er-darkened Made great Apollo blush for this his land. ways Men were thought wise who could not Made for our searching: yes, in spite of understand

all, His glories; with a puling infant's force Some shape of beauty moves away the pall They swayed about upon a rocking-horse, From our dark spirits. Such the sun, the And thought it Pegasus. Ah, dismal- moon, souled!

26 Trees old and young, sprouting a shady The winds of heaven blew, the ocean boon rolled

For simple sheep: and such are daffodils 15 Its gathering waves—ye felt it not. The With the green world they live in; and blue

clear rills Bared its eternal bosom, and the dew That for themselves a cooling covert make Of summer nights collected still to make 30 'Gainst the hot season; the mid-forest The morning precious: beauty was awake! brake,

5 we




IO 10



Rich with a sprinkling of fair musk-rose LA BELLE DAME SANS MERCI

blooms: And such too is the grandeur of the dooms O what can ail thee, knight-at-arms, We have imagined for the mighty dead; 21 Alone and palely loitering? All lovely tales that we have heard or The sedge has withered from the lake, read:

And no birds sing.
An endless fountain of immortal drink,
Pouring unto us from the heaven's brink. O what can ail thee, knight-at-arms, 5

Nor do we merely feel these essences 25 So haggard and so woe-begone?
For one short hour; no, even as the trees The squirrel's granary is full,
That whisper round a temple become soon And the harvest's done.
Dear as the temple's self, so does the moon,
The passion poesy, glories infinite,

Haunt us till they become a cheering light with anguish moist and fever dew;
Unto our souls, and bound to us so fast, 31

And on thy cheeks a fading rose
That, whether there be shine, or gloom

Fast withereth too.
They alway must be with us, or we die.
Therefore, 'tis with full happiness that I

"I met a lady in the meads, Will trace the story of Endymion.

Full beautiful-a faery's child;

35 The very music of the name has gone

Her hair was long, her foot was light, Into my being, and each pleasant scene

And her eyes were wild.
Is growing fresh before me as the green
Of our own valleys: so I will begin

"I made a garland for her head, Now while I cannot hear the city's din; 40

And bracelets too, and fragrant zone;' Now while the early budders are just new,

She looked at me as she did love,
And run in mazes of the youngest hue

And made sweet moan.
About old forests; while the willow trails
Its delicate amber; and the dairy pails

"I set her on my pacing steed, Bring home increase of milk. And, as the And nothing else saw all day long; year


For sideways would she lean, and sing Grows lush in juicy stalks, I'll smoothly A faery's song

steer My little boat, for many quiet hours, “She found me roots of relish sweet, With streams that deepen freshly into And honey wild, and manna-dew, bowers.

And sure in language strange she said Many and many a verse I hope to write, 'I love thee true. Before the daisies, vermeil rimmed and white,

50 “She took me to her elfin grot, Hide in deep herbage; and ere yet the bees And there she wept,and sighed full sore,30 Hum about globes of clover and sweet And there I shut her wild, wild eyes, peas,

With kisses four.
I must be near the middle of my story.
O may no wintry season, bare and hoary, "And there she lulled me asleep,
See it half finished: but let Autumn bold, 55 And there I dreamed-ah! woe betide! -
With universal tinge of sober gold, The latest dream I ever dreamed
Be all about me when I make an end.

On the cold hill's side.
And now at once, adventuresome, I send
My herald thought into a wilderness:

"I saw pale kings and princes too, There let its trumpet blow, and quickly

Pale warriors, death-pale were they all, dress

Who cried— La Belle Dame sans Merci My uncertain path with green, that I

Hath thee in thrall!' may speed Easily onward, thorough flowers and weed.

1 girdle.




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