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their oath, their king being still alive, 170 to let them go to New England, and erect and swear to your new hodge-podge of a a new colony; and give them great priviDutch government? These have been leges, grants, and suitable powers; keep turned out of their livings, and they and them under protection, and defend them their families left to starve; their estates against all invaders; and receive no taxes double taxed to carry on a war they had or revenue from them! This was the no hand in, and you got nothing by! cruelty of the Church of England. (130 What account can you give of the multi Fatal lenity! It was the ruin of that tudes you have forced to comply, against excellent prince, King Charles I. Had their consciences, with your new sophis- King James sent all the Puritans in Engtical politics, who, like new converts (80 land away to the West Indies, we had in France, sin because they cannot starve? been a national unmixed Church. The And now the tables are turned upon you, Church of England had been kept undiyou must not be persecuted! It is not a vided and entire! Christian spirit!
To requite the lenity of the father, they You have butchered one king, deposed | take up arms against the son, conquer, another king, and made a mock king of pursue, take, imprison, and at last (140 a third, and yet, you could have the face put to death the anointed of God, and to expect to be employed and trusted by destroy the very being and nature of the fourth! Anybody that did not know government: setting up a sordid impostor, the temper of your party, would stand [90 who had neither title to govern, nor underamazed at the impudence as well as folly standing to manage, but supplied that to think of it!
want, with power, bloody and desperate Your management of your Dutch mon counsels and craft, without conscience. arch, whom you reduced to a mere King Had not King James I withheld the of Clubs, is enough to give any future full execution of the laws, had he given princes such an idea of your principles them strict justice, he had cleared (150 as to warn them sufficiently from coming the nation of them, and the consequences into your clutches; and, God be thanked, had been plain: his son had never been the Queen is out of your hands, knows murdered by them, nor the monarchy you, and will have a care of you!
overwhelmed. It was too much mercy There is no doubt but the supreme au shown them that was the ruin of his posthority of a nation has in itself a power, terity, and the ruin of the nation's peace. and a right to that power, to execute the One would think the Dissenters should laws upon any part of that nation it not have the face to believe that we are governs. The execution of the known laws to be wheedled and canted into peace of the land, and that with but a gentle and toleration, when they know that (160 hand neither, was all that the fanatical they have once requited us with a civil party of this land have ever called perse | war, and once with an intolerable and cution. This they have magnified to unrighteous persecution, for our former a height that the sufferings of the (110 civility. Huguenots in France were not to be com- Nay, to encourage us to be easy with pared with. Now to execute the known them, it is apparent that they never had laws of a nation upon those who trans- | the upper hand of the Church but they gress them, after voluntarily consenting treated her with all the severity, with all to the making of those laws, can never the reproach and contempt as was posbe called persecution, but justice. But sible! What peace and what mercy (170 justice is always violence to the party did they show the loyal' gentry of the offending, for every man is innocent in Church of England, in the time of their his own eyes. The first execution of the triumphant Commonwealth? How did laws against Dissenters in England (120 they put all the gentry of England to was in the days of King James I; and ransom, whether they were actually in what did it amount to? Truly, the worst arms for the king or not, making people they suffered was, at their own request, compound for their estates, and starve their families! How did they treat the depose the late king; as if the grievance clergy of the Church of England, sequester of the nation could not have been rethe ministers, devour the patrimony (180 dressed but by the absolute ruin of the of the Church and divide the spoil, by prince. Here is an instance of their sharing the Church lands among their | temper, their peace, and charity! To soldiers, and turning her clergy out to what height they carried themselves durstarve! Just such measure as they have ing the reign of a king of their own, how meted, should be measured them again! they crept into all places of trust and
Charity and love is the known doctrine profit; how they insinuated them- (240 of the Church of England, and it is plain selves into the favor of the king, and she has put it in practise towards the were at first preferred to the highest Dissenters, even beyond what they ought, places in the nation, how they engrossed till she has been wanting to herself, (190 the ministry; and, above all, how pitifully and in effect unkind to her own sons; par they managed, is too plain to need any ticularly, in the too much lenity of King | remarks. ... James I, mentioned before. Had he so These are the gentlemen! these, their rooted the Puritans from the face of the ways of treating the Church, both at land, which he had an opportunity early home and abroad! Now let us examine to have done, they had not had the power the reasons they pretend to give, why (250 to vex the Church, as since they have we should be favorable to them; why we done.
should continue and tolerate them among In the days of King Charles II, how us. did the Church reward their bloody (200 First. They are very numerous, they doings with lenity and mercy! Except say. They are a great part of the nation, the barbarous regicides of the pretended į and we cannot suppress them. court of justice, not a soul suffered for all To this, may be answered: the blood in an unnatural war. King First. They are not so numerous as Charles came in all mercy and love, the Protestants in France: and yet the cherished them, preferred them, employed French king effectually cleared the (260 them, withheld the rigor of the law and nation of them at once; and we don't find oftentimes, even against the advice of his he misses them at home! But I am not Parliament, gave them liberty of con- | of the opinion they are so numerous as is science; and how did they requite (210 | pretended. Their party is more numerous him? With the villainous contrivance to than their persons; and those mistaken depose and murder him and his successor, people of the Church who are misled at the Rye House Plot!
and deluded by their wheedling artifices King James II, as if mercy was the to join with them, make their party the inherent quality of the family, began greater: but those will open their eyes his reign with unusual favor to them. when the government shall set heartily (270 Nor could their joining with the Duke of about the work, and come off from them, Monmouth againsi him, move him to do as some animals, which they say, always himself justice upon them. But that desert a house when it is likely to fall. mistaken prince, thinking to win (220 Secondly. The more numerous, the them by gentleness and love, proclaimed | more dangerous; and therefore the more a universal liberty to them, and rather need to suppress them; and God has discountenanced the Church of England suffered us to bear them as goads in our than them. How they requited him, all sides, for not utterly extinguishing them the world knows!
long ago. The late reign is too fresh in the memory Thirdly. If we are to allow them, [280 of all the world to need a comment. How only because we cannot suppress them; under pretense of joining with the Church then it ought to be tried, whether we can in redressing some grievances, they pushed or no. And I am of opinion it is easy to things to that extremity, in conjunc- (230 be done, and could prescribe ways and tion with some mistaken gentlemen, as to / means, if it were proper: but I doubt not the government will find effectual methods you will free the nation from the (340 for the rooting of the contagion from the viperous brood that have so long sucked face of this land.
the blood of their mother; if ever you will Another argument they use, which is leave your posterity free from faction this: that it is a time of war, and we (290 and rebellion, this is the time! This is have need to unite against the common the time to pull up this heretical weed of enemy.
sedition, that has so long disturbed the We answer, this common enemy had peace of our Church, and poisoned the been no enemy, if they had not made him good corn! . So. He was quiet, in peace, and no way But, says another hot and cold objecdisturbed or encroached upon us; and we tor, this is renewing fire and faggot, 1350 know no reason we had to quarrel with reviving the Act De heretico comburendo. him.
This will be cruelty in its nature, and But, further, we make no question but | barbarous to all the world. we are able to deal with this common (300 | I answer, it is cruelty to kill a snake or enemy without their help: but why must a toad in cold blood, but the poison of we unite with them, because of the their nature makes it a charity to our enemy? Will they go over to the enemy, neighbors to destroy those creatures, not if we do not prevent it, by a union with for any personal injury received, but for them? We are very well contented they prevention; not for the evil they have should, and make no question we shall done, but the evil they may do. Ser- (360 be ready to deal with them and the com pents, toads, vipers, etc., are noxious to the mon enemy too; and better without them body, and poison the sensitive life: these than with them. Besides, if we have a poison the soul, corrupt our posterity, common enemy, there is the more (310 ensnare our children, destroy the vitals need to be secure against our private of our happiness, our future felicity, and enemies. If there is one common enemy, contaminate the whole mass! we have the less need to have an enemy Shall any law be given to such wild in our bowels!
creatures? Some beasts are for sport, It was a great argument some people and the huntsmen give them advantages used against suppressing the old money, of ground, but some are knocked on 1370 that "it was a time of war, and it was the head by all possible ways of violence too great a risk for the nation to run. If and surprise. we should not master it, we should be I do not prescribe fire and faggot; but undone!” And yet the sequel proved (320 | as Scipio said of Carthage, Delenda est the hazard was not so great, but it might Carthago! they are to be rooted out of be mastered, and the success was answer this nation, if ever we will live in peace, able. The suppressing the Dissenters is serve God, or enjoy our own. As for the not a harder work, nor a work of less manner, I leave it to those hands who necessity to the public. We can never have a right to execute God's justice on enjoy a settled, uninterrupted union and the nation's and the Church's enemies. (38) tranquillity in this nation, till the spirit | But if we must be frighted from this of Whiggism, faction, and schism is melted justice, under these specious pretenses, down like the old money! ....
and odious sense of cruelty, nothing will The representatives of the nation (330 | be effected. It will be more barbarous to have now an opportunity. The time is our own children and dear posterity, when come which all good men have wished they shall reproach their fathers, as we for, that the gentlemen of England may do ours, and tell us, “You had an opserve the Church of England, now they | portunity to root out this cursed race are protected and encouraged by a Church from the world under the favor and proof England queen! ....
tection of a true Church of England (390 If ever you will establish the best Chris queen, and out of your foolish pity, you tian Church in the world; if ever you will spared them, because, forsooth, you would suppress the spirit of enthusiasm; if ever | not be cruel! And now our Church is
suppressed and persecuted, our religion coming to the sacrament, and one shilling trampled under foot, our estates plun per week, for not coming to church: dered, our persons imprisoned, and dragged this is such a way of converting 1450 to gaols, gibbets, and scaffolds! Your people as was never known. This is sparing this Amalekite race is our de- selling them a liberty to transgress, for struction! Your mercy to them proves so much money. If it be not a crime, cruelty to your poor posterity!” [400 why don't we give them full license? And
How just will such reflections be when | if it be, no price ought to compound for our posterity shall fall under the merci the committing it, for that is selling a less clutches of this uncharitable genera- liberty to people to sin against God and tion; when our Church shall be swallowed the government. up in schism, faction, enthusiasm, and If it be a crime of the highest conseconfusion; when our government shall quence, both against the peace and (460 be devolved upon foreigners, and our welfare of the nation, the glory of God, monarchy dwindled into a republic! the good of the Church, and the happiness
It would be more rational for us, if we of the soul, let us rank it among capital must spare this generation, to sum- [410 offenses, and let it receive a punishment mon our own to a general massacre; and in proportion to it. as we have brought them into the world We hang men for trifles, and banish free, to send them out so; and not betray | them for things not worth naming; but them to destruction by our supine negli that an offense against God and the gence, and then cry, “It is mercy!” Church, against the welfare of the world,
Moses was a merciful meek man; and and the dignity of religion shall be (470 yet with what fury did he run through bought off for five shillings: this is such the camp, and cut the throats of three a shame to a Christian government that and thirty thousand of his dear Israelites it is with regret I transmit it to posterity. that were fallen into idolatry. What [420 If men sin against God, affront his was the reason? It was mercy to the ordinances, . rebel against his Church, rest, to make these examples, to prevent and disobey the precepts of their suthe destruction of the whole army.
periors; let them suffer, as such capital How many millions of future souls we crimes deserve. So will religion flourish, save from infection and delusion, if the and this divided nation be once again present race of poisoned spirits were united. ...
480 purged from the face of the land!
How can we answer it to God, to the It is vain to trifle in this matter. The Church, and to our posterity, to leave light foolish handling of them by mulcts, them entangled with fanaticism, error, fines, etc.,-'tis their glory and their [430 and obstinacy, in the bowels of the nation; advantage! If the gallows instead of the to leave them an enemy in their streets, Counter, and the galleys instead of the that, in time, may involve them in the fines were the reward of going to a con- | same crimes, and endanger the utter exventicle to preach or hear, there would tirpation of the religion of the nation. not be so many sufferers. The spirit of | What is the difference betwixt this, and martyrdom is over. They that will go being subject to the power of the (490 to church to be chosen sheriffs and mayors, Church of Rome, from whence we have would go to forty churches rather than reformed? If one be an extreme on one be hanged!
hand, and one on another, it is equally If one severe law were made and [440 destructive to the truth to have errors punctually executed that whoever was settled among us, let them be of what found at a conventicle should be banished nature they will. Both are enemies of the nation, and the preacher be hanged, | our Church, and of our peace; and why we should soon see an end of the tale. should it not be as criminal to admit an They would all come to church, and one enthusiast as a Jesuit? Why should the age would make us all one again.
Papist with his seven sacraments be 1500 To talk of five shillings a month for not worse than the Quaker with no sacraments at all? Why should religious houses be reason to invent and publish such a story, more intolerable than meeting houses? or any design to forge and tell a lie, being a Alas, the Church of England! What woman of much honesty and virtue, and with popery on one hand, and schismatics her whole life a course, as it were, of on the other, how has she been crucified piety. The use which we ought to make between two thieves. Now, let us crucify of it is to consider that there is a life to the thieves!
come after this, and a just God who will Let her foundations be established upon retribute to every one according to the the destruction of her enemies! The (510 deeds done in the body, and therefore to doors of mercy being always open to the reflect upon our past course of life we (30 returning part of the deluded people, let | have led in the world; that our time is the obstinate be ruled with the rod of short and uncertain; and that if we would iron!
escape the punishment of the ungodly Let all true sons of so holy and op and receive the reward of the righteous, pressed a mother, exasperated by her which is the laying hold of eternal life, afflictions, harden their hearts against | we ought, for the time to come, to return those who have oppressed her.
to God by a speedy repentance, ceasing And may God Almighty put it into the to do evil, and learning to do well; to hearts of all the friends of truth, to [520 seek after God early, if haply He may lift up a standard against pride and Anti- | be found of us, and lead such lives (40 christ, that the posterity of the sons of for the future as may be well pleasing in error may be rooted out from the face of His sight. this land, for ever!
A RELATION OF THE APPARITION OF
This thing is so rare in all its circum-
stances, and on so good authority, that THE APPARITION OF MRS. VEAL
my reading and conversation has not
given me anything like it. It is fit to The next day after her death, to Mrs.
gratify the most ingenious and serious Bargrave, at Canterbury, the eighth
inquirer. Mrs. Bargrave is the person of September, 1705
to whom Mrs. Veal appeared after her
death; she is my intimate friend, and I THE PREFACE
can avouch for her reputation for these This relation is matter of fact, and at- last fifteen or sixteen years, on my [10 tended with such circumstances as may own knowledge; and I can confirm the induce any reasonable man to believe it. good character she had from her youth It was sent by a gentleman, a justice of to the time of my acquaintance; though peace at Maidstone, in Kent, and a very since this relation she is calumniated by intelligent person, to his friend in London, some people that are friends to the as it is here worded; which discourse is at brother of Mrs. Veal who appeared, who tested by a very sober and understanding think the relation of this appearance to gentlewoman and kinswoman (of the said be a reflection, and endeavor what they gentleman's) who lives in Canterbury, 110 | can to blast Mrs. Bargrave's reputation, within a few doors of the house in which and to laugh the story out of coun- (20 the within-named Mrs. Bargrave lives; tenance. But by the circumstances who believes his kinswoman to be of so dis thereof, and the cheerful disposition of cerning a spirit, as not to be put upon by Mrs. Bargrave, notwithstanding the unany fallacy, and who positively assured heard-of ill-usage of a very wicked hushim that the whole matter as it is here re band, there is not the least sign of dejeclated and laid down is what is really true, ' tion in her face; nor did I ever hear her and what she herself had in the same words, let fall a desponding or murmuring exas near as may be, from Mrs. Bargrave's | pression; nay, not when actually under own mouth, who she knows, had no (20 her husband's barbarity, which I have
; and had to tance; ated by