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ye better than yourselves have done in mains of a turkey, and in the doing of that order published next before this, it she burned her hand. I stayed at [10 “that no book be printed, unless the print home all the afternoon, looking over my er's and the author's name, or at least | accounts; then went with my wife to my the printer's, be registered.” Those (600 father's, and in going observed the great which otherwise come forth, if they be posts which the City have set up at the found mischievous and libelous, the fire | Conduit in Fleet Street. and the executioner will be the timeliest | Mar. 5th. To Westminster by water, and the most effectual remedy that man's only seeing Mr. Pinkney at his own prevention can use. For this authentic house, where he showed me how he had Spanish policy of licensing books, if I always kept the lion and unicorn, in the have said aught, will prove the most back of his chimney, bright, in ex- (20 unlicensed book itself within a short while; pectation of the King's coming again. and was the immediate image of a Star At home I found Mr. Hunt, who told me Chamber decree to that purpose made [610 how the Parliament had voted that the in those very times when that court did Covenant be printed and hung in churches the rest of those her pious works, for again. Great hopes of the King's coming which she is now fallen from the stars again. To bed. with Lucifer. Whereby ye may guess | 6th. Everybody now drinks the King's what kind of state prudence, what love health without any fear, whereas before of the people, what care of religion or good it was very private that a man dare do it. manners, there was at the contriving, al 22nd. To Westminster, and re- 130 though with singular hypocrisy it pre-ceived my warrant of Mr. Blackburne to tended to bind books to their good be- be secretary to the two Generals of the havior. ... But of these sophisms [620 | Fleet. and elenchs of merchandise I skill not. 23rd. My Lord, Captain Isham, Mr. This I know, that errors in a good govern Thomas, John Crewe, W. Howe, and I in ment and in a bad are equally almost a hackney to the Tower, where the barges incident; for what magistrate may not stayed for us; my Lord and the Captain be misinformed, and much the sooner, in one, and W. Howe and I, &c., in the if liberty of printing be reduced into the other, to the Long Reach, where the power of a few? But to redress willingly Swiftsure lay at anchor; (in our way we [40 and speedily what hath been erred, and saw the great breach which the late high in highest authority to esteem a plain | water had made, to the loss of many advertisement more than others have (630 £1,000 to the people about Limehouse). done a sumptuous bribe, is a virtue Soon as my Lord on board, the guns went (honored Lords and Commons) answer- off bravely from the ships. And a little able to your highest actions, and whereof while after comes the Vice-Admiral Lawnone can participate but greatest and son, and seemed very respectful to my wisest men.

Lord, and so did the rest of the commanders of the frigates that were there

abouts. I to the cabin allotted for 150 SAMUEL PEPYS (1633–1703) me, which was the best that any had that

belonged to my Lord. From his DIARY

May 1. To-day I hear they were very

merry at Deal setting up the King's flag Jan. I, 1660 (Lord's day). This morn upon one of their maypoles, and drinking (we living lately in the garret), I rose, ing his health upon their knees in the put on my suit with great skirts, having streets, and firing the guns, which the not lately worn any other clothes but soldiers of the castle threatened, but durst them. Went to Mr. Gunning's chapel at not oppose. Exeter House, where he made a very 2nd. In the morning at a breakfast [60 good sermon. Dined at home in the of radishes in the Purser's cabin. After garret, where my wife dressed the re- | that, to writing till dinner. At which

put Oately word Mr. Gune made

time comes Dunne from London, with him so sore all over his feet that he could letters that tell us the welcome news of scarce stir. Yet he was forced to run the Parliament's votes yesterday, which away from a miller and other company will be remembered for the happiest May that took them for rogues. His sitting (120 day that hath been many a year to Eng at table at one place, where the master of land. The King's letter was read in the house, that had not seen him in eight the House, wherein he submits himself and years, did know him, but kept it private; all things to them, as to an Act of 170 when at the same table there was one that Oblivion to all, unless they shall please to had been of his own regiment at Worexcept any.

cester, could not know him, but made him 13th (Lord's day). Trimmed in the drink the King's health, and said that the morning, after that to the cook's room King was at least four fingers higher than with Mr. Sheply, the first time I was there he. At another place he was by some this voyage. Then to the quarter-deck, servants of the house made to drink, (130 upon which the tailors and painters were that they might know him not to be a at work cutting out some pieces of yellow Roundhead, which they swore he was. cloth into the fashion of a crown and C. R. In another place at his inn, the master of and put it upon a fine sheet, and that (80 the house, as the King was standing with into the flag instead of the State's arms; his hands upon the back of a chair by the which, after dinner, was finished and set fireside, kneeled down and kissed his hand, up, after it had been shown to my Lord, | privately, saying that he would not ask who liked it so well as to bid me give the him who he was, but bid God bless him tailors 205. among them for doing of it. whither he was going. ... Under sail

23rd. The Doctor and I waked very all night, and most glorious weather. [140 merry, only my eye was very red and ill | 24th. Up, and make myself as fine as in the morning from yesterday's hurt. I could, with the linen stockings on and In the morning came infinity of people wide canons that I bought the other day on board from the King to go along (90 at Hague. Extraordinary press of noble with him. ... The King, with the two company, and great mirth all the day. Dukes, and Queen of Bohemia, Prin 25th. By the morning we were come cess Royal, and Prince of Orange, came close to the land, and everybody made on board, where I in their coming in ready to get on shore. The King and the kissed the King's, Queen's, and Princess's two dukes did eat their breakfast before hands. ... Infinite shooting off of the they went, and there being set some (150 guns, and that in a disorder on purpose, ship's diet before them, only to show them which was better than if it had been the manner of the ship's diet, they eat of otherwise. ... After dinner the King nothing else but peas and pork and boiled and duke altered the names of some (100 | beef. I had Mr. Darcy in my cabin; and of the ships; viz., the Naseby into Charles; | Dr. Clerke, who eat with me, told me how the Richard, James; the Speaker, Mary; the King had given £50 to Mr. Sheply the Dunbar, the Henry. ... All the | for my Lord's servants, and £500 among afternoon the King walked here and there, the officers and common men of the ship. up and down (quite contrary to what I | I spoke with the Duke of York about thought him to have been), very active | business, who called me Pepys by (160 and stirring. Upon the quarter-deck he name, and upon my desire did promise fell into discourse of his escape from me his future favor. Great expectation Worcester, where it made me ready to l of the King's making some knights, but weep to hear the stories that he told (110 there was none. About noon . . . went of his difficulties that he had passed in a boat by ourselves, and so got on shore through, as his travelling four days and | when the King did, who was received by three nights on foot, every step up to General Monk with all imaginable love his knees in dirt, with nothing but a green and respect at his entrance upon the land coat and a pair of country breeches on, of Dover. Infinite the crowd of people, and a pair of country shoes that made and the horsemen, citizens, and noble- (170

men of all sorts. The Mayor of the town remove their goods, and flinging into came and gave him his white staff, the the river, or bringing them into lighters badge of his place, which the King did that lay off; poor people staying in their give him again. The Mayor also pre- houses as long as till the very fire touched sented him from the town a very rich them, and then running into boats, or Bible, which he took, and said it was the clambering from one pair of stairs by the thing that he loved above all things in the waterside to another. And among (230 world.

other things, the poor pigeons, I perceive,

were loth to leave their houses, but September 2nd, 1666 (Lord's day). | hovered about the windows and balconies Some of our maids sitting up late (180 till they were some of them burned, their last night to get things ready against our wings, and fell down. Having stayed, feast today, Jane called us up about three and in an hour's time seen the fire rage in the morning, to tell us of a great fire every way, and nobody, to my sight, enthey saw in the city. So I rose and slipped | deavoring to quench it, but to remove on my night-gown, and went to her win- | their goods, and leave all to the fire, and dow, and thought it to be on the back having seen it get as far as the Steel- (240 side of Mark Lane at the farthest; but, | yard, and the wind mighty high and drivbeing unused to such fires as followed, I ing it into the city, and every thing, after thought it far enough off; and so went so long a drought, proving combustible, to bed again and to sleep. About (190 | even the very stones of the churches, and seven rose again to dress myself, and there among other things the poor steeple by looked out at the window, and saw the which pretty Mrs. — lives, and whereof fire not so much as it was and further off. my old schoolfellow Elborough is parSo to my closet to set things to rights after son, taken fire in the very top, and there yesterday's cleaning. By and by Jane burned till it fell down: I to Whitehall comes and tells me that she hears that (with a gentleman with me who de- (250 above three hundred houses have been sired to go off from the Tower, to see the burned down tonight by the fire we saw, fire, in my boat); to Whitehall, and there and that it is now burning down all Fish up to the King's closet in the Chapel, Street, by London Bridge. So I made (200 where people come about me, and I did myself ready presently, and walked to give them an account dismayed them all, the Tower, and there got up upon one and word was carried in to the King. So of the high places, Sir J. Robinson's little I was called for, and did tell the King son going up with me; and there I did see and Duke of York what I saw, and that the houses at that end of the bridge all on unless his Majesty did command houses fire, and an infinite great fire on this and to be pulled down nothing could stop (260 the other side the end of the bridge; which, the fire. They seemed much troubled, among other people, did trouble me for and the King commanded me to go to poor little Michell and our Sarah on the my Lord Mayor from him, and command bridge. So down, with my heart full [210 him to spare no houses, but to pull down of trouble, to the Lieutenant of the Tower, before the fire every way. ... Here who tells me that it begun this morning | meeting with Captain Cock, I in his in the King's baker's house in Pudding coach, which he lent me, and Creed with Lane, and that it hath burned St. Mag- | me, to Paul's, and there walked along nus's Church and most part of Fish Street | | Watling Street, as well as I could; every already. So I down to the waterside, and creature coming away loaden with (270 there got a boat, and through bridge, goods to save, and here and there sick and there saw a lamentable fire. Poor people carried away in beds. ExtraorMichell's house, as far as the Old Swan, dinary good goods carried in carts and already burned that way, and the (220 on backs. At last met my Lord Mayor fire running further, that in a very little | in Canning Street, like a man spent, with time it got as far as the Steel-yard, while a handkercher about his neck. To the I was there. Everybody endeavoring to King's message he cried, like a fainting woman, “Lord! what can I do? I am 3rd. About four o'clock in the mornspent: people will not obey me. I have ing, my Lady Batten sent me a cart to been pulling down houses; but the fire (280 carry away all my money, and plate, and overtakes us faster than we can do it.” best things, to Sir W. Rider's at Bednall That be needed no more soldiers; and that Green. Which I did, riding myself in for himself, he must go and refresh him my night-gown in the cart; and Lord! to self, having been up all night. So he see how the streets and the highways are left me, and I him, and walked home, crowded with people running and riding, seeing people all almost distracted, and and getting of carts at any rate to (340 no manner of means used to quench the fetch away things. ... At night lay fire. The houses, too, so very thick there- a little upon a quilt of W. Hewer's abouts, and full of matter for burning, as in the office, all my own things being pitch and tar, in Thames Street; and (290 packed up or gone; and after me my poor warehouses of oil, and wines, and brandy, wife did the like, we having fed upon the and other things. ...

remains of yesterday's dinner, having no Met with the King and Duke of York fire nor dishes, nor any opportunity of in their barge, and with them to Queen- dressing anything. hithe, and there called Sir Richard Browne | 4th. Up by break of day to get away to them. Their order was only to pull | the remainder of my things; which 1350 down houses apace, and so below bridge I did by a lighter at the Iron Gate; and at the waterside; but little was or could my hands so few, that it was the afternoon be done, the fire coming upon them so before we could get them all away. ... fast. Good hopes there was of stop- (300 Sir W. Batten not knowing how to remove ping it at the Three Cranes above, and his wine, did dig a pit in the garden, and at Buttolph's wharf below bridge, if care laid it in there; and I took the opportunity be used; but the wind carries it into the of laying all the papers of my office that city, so as we know not by the waterside I could not otherwise dispose of. And what it do there. River full of lighters in the evening Sir W. Penn and I did dig and boats taking in goods, and good another, and put our wine in it, and (360 goods swimming in the water. ... So I my Parmezan cheese, as well as my wine near the fire as we could for smoke; and and some other things. ... Now begins all over the Thames, with one's face in the practise of blowing up of houses the wind, you were almost burned (310) in Tower Street, those next the Tower; with a shower of fire-drops. This is very which at first did frighten people more true; so as houses were burned by these than anything; but it stopped the fire drops and flakes of fire,—three or four, where it was done, it bringing down the nay, five or six houses, one from another. houses to the ground in the same places When we could endure no more upon the they stood; and then it was easy to quench water, we to a little ale-house on the what little fire was in it, though it (370 Bankside, over against the Three Cranes, kindled nothing almost. and there stayed till it was dark almost, and saw the fire grow; and as it grew January 2nd, 1667. Up, I, and walked darker, appeared more and more, and (320 to Whitehall to attend the Duke of York, in corners and upon steeples, and between as usual. My wife up, and with Mrs. churches and houses, as far as we could | Penn to walk in the fields to frost-bite see up the hill of the city, in a most hor themselves. ... With Sir W. Penn by rid, malicious, bloody flame, not like the coach to the Temple, and there 'light and fine flame of an ordinary fire. ... We eat a bit at an ordinary by, and then alone stayed till, it being darkish, we saw the to the King's House, and there saw The fire as only one entire arch of fire from Custom of the Country, the second (380 this to the other side the bridge, and in time of its being acted, wherein Knipp a bow up the hill for an arch of above does the Widow well; but, of all the plays a mile long: it made me weep to see (330 that ever I did see, the worst-having it. ... So home with a sad heart. neither plot, language, nor anything in

acted; whence, the firshe's Houseay this


the earth that is acceptable; only Knipp way was found that she had them, and I sings a little song admirably. But fully well satisfied, being unwilling to let (440 the worst play that ever I saw or I believe our difference grow higher upon so small shall see. So away home, much displeased an occasion and frowardness of mine. for the loss of so much time, and dis 22nd. After dinner with my Lord obliging my wife by being there with- (390 Bruncker and his mistress to the King's out her. So, by link, walked home, it playhouse, and there saw The Indian being mighty cold but dry, yet bad walk Emperor; where I find Nell come again, ing because very slippery with the frost which I am glad of; but was most inand treading. Home and to my chamber finitely displeased with her being put to to set down my journal, and then to act the Emperor's daughter, which is a thinking upon establishing my vows great and serious part, which she (450 against the next year, and so to supper do most basely. The rest of the play, and to bed.

though pretty good, was not well acted August 19th. Up, and at the office all by most of them, methought; so that I the morning very busy. Towards [400 | took no great content in it. noon I to Westminster about some tallies October 19th. At the office all the mornat the Exchequer, and then straight home ing, where very busy, and at noon home again and dined, and then to sing with to a short dinner, being full of my desire my wife with great content, and then I to of seeing my Lord Orrery's new play this the office again, where busy, and then out afternoon at the King's House, The and took coach and to the Duke of York's Black Prince, the first time it is (460 House, all alone, and there saw Sir acted; where, though we come by two Martin Mar-all again, though I saw him o'clock, yet there was no room in the pit, but two days since, and do find it the most but we were forced to go into one of the comical play that ever I saw in my [410 | upper boxes, at 45. a piece, which is the

first time I ever sat in a box in my life. 20th. Up, and to my chamber to set | And in the same box come, by and by, down my journal for the last three days, behind me, my Lord Berkeley and his and then to the office, where busy all the | lady; but I did not turn my face to them morning. At noon home to dinner, and to be known, so that I was excused from then with my wife abroad; set her down at | giving them my seat; and this pleas- (470 the Exchange, and I to St. James's. ... ure I had, that from this place the scenes Thence with my Lord Bruncker to the do appear very fine indeed, and much Duke's playhouse (telling my wife so at better than in the pit. The house infinite the 'Change, where I left her), and (420 | full, and the King and Duke of York was there saw Sir Martin Mar-all again, which there. . .. So after having done business I have now seen three times, and it hath at the office, I home to supper and to bed. been acted but four times, and still find it a very ingenious play, and full of va LOYALIST STALL BALLADS riety. So home, and to the office, where my eyes would not suffer me to do any TO MAKE CHARLES A GREAT thing by candle-light, and so called my

KING wife and walked in the garden. She mighty pressing for a new pair of cuffs, | To make Charles a great King, and give

ch I am against the laving out lazo him no power: of money upon yet, which makes her | To honor him much, and not obey him an angry. So home to supper and to bed. I bour;

21st. Up, and my wife and I fell out | To provide for his safety, and take away about the pair of cuffs, which she hath a his Tower; mind to have to go to see the ladies danc- And to prove all is sweet, be it never so ing tomorrow at Betty Turner's school; sour: and do vex me so that I am resolved to The new order of the land, and the deny them her. However, by-and-by a land's new order.

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