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Him, haply slumbering on the Norway Of unblest feet. Him followed his next foam,

mate, The pilot of some small night-foundered? Both glorying to have scaped the Stygian skiff

flood Deeming some island, oft, as seamen tell, As gods, and by their own recovered With fixed anchor in his scaly rind, 206 strength, Moors by his side under the lee, while Not by the sufferance of supernal power. night

“Is this the region, this the soil, the Invests the sea, and wished morn delays.

clime," So stretched out huge in length the Arch- Said then the lost Archangel, “this the seat Fiend lay,

That we must change for Heaven? this Chained on the burning lake; nor ever

mournful gloom thence

For that celestial light? Be it so, since Had risen or heaved his head, but that the he

245 will

Who now is sovran can dispose and bid And high permission of all-ruling Heaven What shall be right: farthest from him is Left him at large to his own dark de- best, signs,

Whom reason hath equalled, force hath That with reiterated crimes he might

made supreme Heap on himself damnation, while he Above his equals. Farewell, happy fields, sought


Where joy forever dwells! Hail, horrors! Evil to others, and enraged might see

250 How all his malice served but to bring Infernal world! and thou, profoundest forth

Hell, Infinite goodness, grace, and mercy, shown Receive thy new possessor, one who brings On Man by him seduced; but on himself A mind not to be changed by place or time. Treble confusion, wrath, and vengeance The mind is its own place, and in itself poured.

Can make a Heaven of Hell, a Hell of Forthwith upright he rears from off the Heaven.

255 pool

What matter where, if I be still the same, His mighty stature; on each hand the And what I should be, all but less than he flames

Whom thunder hath made greater? Here Driven backward slope their pointing at least spires, and, rolled

We shall be free; the Almighty hath not In billows, leave i' the midst a horrid vale. built Then with expanded wings he steers his Here for his envy, will not drive us hence: flight


Here we may reign secure, and in my Aloft, incumbent on the dusky air,


261 That felt unusual weight; till on dry To reign is worth ambition, though in Hell: land

Better to reign in Hell, than serve in He lights-if it were land that ever burned Heaven. With solid, as the lake with liquid fire, But wherefore let we then our faithful And such appeared in hue, as when the friends, force


The associates and co-partners of our Of subterranean wind transports a hill


265 Torn from Pelorus, or the shattered side Lie thus astonished on the oblivious pool, Of thundering Ætna, whose combustible And call them not to share with us their And fuelled entrails thence conceiving fire, part Sublimed with mineral fury, aid the In this unhappy mansion, or once more winds,


With rallied arms to try what may be yet And leave a singèd bottom all involved Regained in Heaven, or what more lost in With stench and smoke: such resting found Hell?”

270 the sole

So Satan spake; and him Beëlzebub i overtaken by night.


2 sublimated.

s only.

* confounded.



Thus answered:"Leader of those armies Afloat, when with fierce winds Orion bright


305 Which but the Omnipotent none could Hath vexed the Red Sea coast, whose have foiled,

waves o'erthrew If once they hear that voice, their liveliest Busiris and his Memphian chivalry, pledge

While with perfidious hatred they pursued Of hope in fears and dangers-heard so The sojourners of Goshen, who beheld oft


From the safe shore their floating carIn worst extremes, and on the perilous edge

310 Of battle when it raged, in all assaults And broken chariot-wheels. So thick beTheir surest signal—they will soon resume strown, New courage and revive, though now they Abject and lost lay these, covering the lie

flood, Grovelling and prostrate on yon lake of Under amazement of their hideous fire,

280 change. As we erewhile, astounded and amazed: He called so loud, that all the hollow deep No wonder, fallen such a pernicious Of Hell resounded:"Princes, Poten


315 He scarce had ceased when the superior Warriors, the Flower of Heaven, once Fiend

yours, now lost, Was moving toward the shore; his ponder- If such astonishment as this can seize ous shield,

Eternal Spirits! Or have ye chosen this Ethereal temper, massy, large, and round, place Behind him cast. The broad circum- After the toil of battle to repose ference

286 Your wearied virtue, for the ease you Hung on his shoulders like the moon, find

320 whose orb

To slumber here, as in the vales of Heaven? Through optic glass the Tuscan artist Or in this abject posture have ye sworn views

To adore the Conqueror, who now beholds At evening from the top of Fesole, Cherub and Seraph rolling in the flood Or in Valdarno, to descry new lands, With scattered arms and ensigns, till anon Rivers, or mountains, in her spotty globe. His swift pursuers from Heaven-gates disHis spear-to equal which the tallest pine

326 Hewn on Norwegian hills, to be the mast The advantage, and descending tread us Of some great ammiral,' were but a down wand

Thus drooping, or with linked thunderHe walked with, to support uneasy

bolts steps


Transfix us to the bottom of this gulf? Over the burning marl,not like those Awake, arise, or be for ever fall’n!"

330 steps

They heard, and were abashed, and up On Heaven's azure; and the torrid clime

they sprung Smote on him sore besides, vaulted with Upon the wing; as when men, wont to fire.

watch, Nathless he so endured, till on the beach On duty sleeping found by whom they Of that inflamèd sea he stood, and called dread, His legions, Angel forms, who lay en- Rouse and bestir themselves ere well tranced,


awake. Thick as autumnal leaves, that strew the Nor did they not perceive the evil plight brooks

In which they were, or the fierce pains not In Vallombrosa, where the Etrurian shades,

Yet to their General's voice they soon High over-arched, embower; or scattered obeyed, sedge

Innumerable. As when the potent rod 1 flag-ship.



336 385

i overwhelmed by.

? soil.

Of Amram's son,' in Egypt's evil day, Then were they known to men by various Waved round the coast, up-called a pitchy names, cloud


And various idols through the heathen Of locusts, warping on the eastern wind, world.

375 That o'er the realm of impious Pharaoh Say, Muse, their names then known, hung

who first, who last, Like night, and darkened all the land of Roused from the slumber on that fiery Nile:

couch, So numberless were those bad Angels seen At their great Emperor's call, as next in Hovering on wing under the cope of Hell, worth, *Twixt upper, nether, and surrounding Came singly where he stood on the bare fires;

346 strand, Till, as a signal given, the uplifted spear While the promiscuous crowd stood yet Of their great Sultan waving to direct


380 Their course, in even balance down they The chief were those who from the pit of light

Hell On the firm brimstone, and fill all the Roaming to seek their prey on Earth, durst plain:


fix A multitude like which the populous Their seats, long after, next the seat of North

God, Poured never from her frozen loins, to Their altars by his altar, gods adored pass

Among the nations round, and durst Rhene or the Danaw, when her barbarous abide sons

Jehovah thundering out of Sion, throned Came like a deluge on the South, and Between the Cherubim; yea, often placed spread

Within his sanctuary itself their shrines, Beneath Gibraltar to the Libyan sands. Abominations; and with cursed things Forthwith from every squadron and each His holy rites and solemn feasts profaned, band

356 And with their darkness durst affront his The heads and leaders thither haste where light.

391 stood

First, Moloch, horrid king, besmeared with Their great Commander; godlike shapes, blood and forms

Of human sacrifice, and parents' tears; Excelling human, princely Dignities, Though, for the noise of drums and timAnd Powers that erst in Heaven sat on brels loud, thrones;

360 | Their children's cries unheard that passed Though of their names in Heavenly records through fire

395 now

To his grim idol. Him the Ammonite Be no memorial, blotted out and rased Worshipped in Rabba and her watery By their rebellion from the Books of Life. plain, Nor had they yet among the sons of Eve In Argob and in Basan, to the stream Got them new names, till, wandering o'er Of utmost Arnon. Nor content with such the Earth,

365 Audacious neighborhood, the wisest heart Through God's high sufferance, for the Of Solomon he led by fraud to build

401 trial of man,

His temple right against the temple of By falsities and lies the greatest part

God, Of mankind they corrupted to forsake On that opprobrious hill, and made his God their Creator, and the invisible

grove Glory of him that made them, to trans- The pleasant valley of Hinnom, Tophet form


thence Oft to the image of a brute, adorned And black Gehenna called, the type of With gay religions4 full of pomp and gold, Hell.

405 And devils to adore for deities:

Next, Chemos, the obscene dread of 2 Danube. 3 south of.

Moab's sons,

1 Moses.

* rites.




lopt off


From Aroer to Nebo and the wild

To idols foul. Thammuz came next beOf southmost Abarim; in Hesebon

hind, And Horonáim, Seon's realm, beyond Whose annual wound in Lebanon allured The flowery dale of Sibma clad with vines, The Syrian damsels to lament his fate And Eleäle to the Asphaltic pool; 411 In amorous ditties all a summer's day, Peor his other name, when he enticed While smooth Adonis from his native rock Israel in Sittim, on their march from Nile, Ran purple to the sea, supposed with To do him wanton rites, which cost them


Of Thammuz yearly wounded: the loveYet thence his lustful orgies he enlarged 415 tale Even to that hill of scandal, by the grove Infected Sion's daughters with like heat, Of Moloch homicide, lust hard by hate, Whose wanton passions in the sacred Till good Josiah drove them thence to porch Hell. Ezekiel saw, when, by the vision led,

455 With these came they who, from the His eye surveyed the dark idolatries bordering flood

Of alienated Judah. Next came one Of old Euphrates to the brook that parts Who mourned in earnest, when the captive Egypt from Syrian ground, had general ark

421 Maimed his brute image, head and hands Of Baälim and Ashtaroth: those male, These feminine. For Spirits, when they In his own temple, on the grunsel-edge, 460 please,

Where he fell flat, and shamed his worCan either sex assume, or both; so soft

shippers: And uncompounded is their essence pure, Dagon his name, sea-monster, upward Not tied or manacled with joint or limb, 426 Nor founded on the brittle strength of And downward fish; yet had his temple bones,

high Like cumbrous flesh; but, in what shape Reared in Azotus, dreaded through the they choose,

coast Dilated or condensed, bright or obscure, Of Palestine, in Gath and Ascalon, 465 Can execute their aëry purposes,


And Accaron and Gaza's frontier bounds. And works of love or enmity fulfil.

Him followed Rimmon, whose delightful For those the race of Israel oft forsook

seat Their living Strength, and unfrequented Was fair Damascus, on the fertile banks left

Of Abbana and Pharphar, lucid streams. His righteous altar, bowing lowly down He also against the house of God was bold: To bestial gods; for which their heads as A leper once he lost, and gained a king, 471 low

435 Ahaz, his sottish conqueror, whom he drew Bowed down in battle, sunk before the God's altar to disparage and displace spear

For one of Syrian mode, whereon to burn Of despicable foes. With these in troop His odious offerings, and adore the gods 475 Came Astoreth, whom the Phenicians Whom he had vanquished. After these called

appeared Astarté, Queen of Heaven, with crescent A crew who, under names of old renown, horns;

Osiris, Isis, Orus, and their train, To whose bright image nightly by the With monstrous shapes and sorceries

440 abused2 Sidonian virgins paid their vows and songs; Fanatic Egypt and her priests, to seek 480 In Sion also not unsung, where stood Their wandering gods disguised in brutish Her temple on the offensive mountain, forms built

Rather than human. Nor did Israel scape By that uxorious king whose heart, though The infection, when their borrowed gold large,

composed Beguiled by fair idolatresses, fell 445 I threshold.

. deceived.


The calf in Oreb, and the rebel king

And o'er the Celtic roamed the utmost Doubled that sin in Bethel and in Dan, 485 isles. Likening his Maker to the grazèd ox

All these and more came flocking; but Jehovah, who, in one night, when he with looks passed

Downcast and damp, yet such wherein From Egypt marching, equalled with one appeared stroke

Obscure some glimpse of joy, to have Both her first-born and all her bleating found their Chief gods.

Not in despair, to have found themselves Belial came last, than whom a Spirit more not lost

525 lewd

490 In loss itself; which on his countenance Fell not from Heaven, or more gross to cast love

Like doubtful hue. But he, his wonted Vice for itself. To him no temple stood

pride Or altar smoked; yet who more oft than Soon recollecting,? with high words that he

In temples and at altars, when the priest Semblance of worth, not substance, gently
Turns atheist, as did Eli's sons, who filled raised
With lust and violence the house of God? Their fainting courage, and dispelled their
In courts and palaces he also reigns,


530 And in luxurious cities, where the noise Then straight commands that at the warof riot ascends above their loftiest towers, like sound And injury and outrage; and when night Of trumpets loud and clarions, be upDarkens the streets, then wander forth the reared sons

501 His mighty standard. That proud honor Of Belial, flown' with insolence and wine. claimed Witness the streets of Sodom, and that Azazel as his right, a Cherub tall: night

Who forthwith from the glittering staff In Gibeah, when the hospitable door


535 Exposed a matron, to avoid worse rape. 505 | The imperial ensign, which, full high adThese were the prime in order and in vanced, might;

Shone like a meteor streaming to the wind, The rest were long to tell, though far re- With gems and golden lustre rich emnowned

blazed, The Ionian gods-of Javan's issue held Seraphic arms and trophies; all the while Gods, yet confessed later than Heaven and Sonorous metal blowing martial sounds:540 Earth,

At which the universal host up-sent Their boasted parents;—Titan, Heaven's A shout that tore Hell's concave, and befirst-born,


yond With his enormous brood, and birthright Frighted the reign of Chaos and old Night. seized

All in a moment through the gloom were By younger Saturn; he from mightier Jove, His own and Rhea's son, like measure Ten thousand banners rise into the air, 545 found;

With orient colors waving; with them rose So Jove usurping reigned. These, first in A forest huge of spears; and thronging Crete

helms And Ida known, thence on the snowy top Appeared, and serried? shields in thick Of cold Olympus ruled the middle air, 516

array Their highest Heaven; or on the Delphian Of depth immeasurable. Anon they move cliff.

In perfect phalanx to the Dorian mood 550 Or in Dodona, and through all the bounds of flutes and soft recorders such as Of Doric land; or who with Saturn old

raised Fled over Adria to the Hesperian fields, 520 To highth of noblest temper heroes old 1 fushed.

2 recovering.
3 interlocked.

• flageolets.


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