A Companion to Ethics

Portada
Peter Singer
John Wiley & Sons, 5 jun. 2013 - 592 páginas
In this volume, some of today's most distinguished philosophers survey the whole field of ethics, from its origins, through the great ethical traditions, to theories of how we ought to live, arguments about specific ethical issues, and the nature of ethics itself. The book can be read straight through from beginning to end; yet the inclusion of a multi-layered index, coupled with a descriptive outline of contents and bibliographies of relevant literature, means that the volume also serves as a work of reference, both for those coming afresh to the study of ethics and for readers already familiar with the subject.
 

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LibraryThing Review

Reseña de usuario  - heidilove - LibraryThing

Oxford's encyclopedia is, well, encyclopedic, while this book helps put the various schools of thought in a meaningful context withing the framework of ethics and philosophy. Nicely done. Leer reseña completa

LibraryThing Review

Reseña de usuario  - almigwin - LibraryThing

Very useful compendium with good bibliography. Covers most topics succinctly. I especially liked the section on consequentialism. Leer reseña completa

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Índice

Introduction
Animals
The origin of ethics
Ethics in smallscale societies
Christian ethics
Indian ethics
Buddhist ethics
Classical Chinese ethics
Questions about the moral status of fetuses
The ethic of reverence for life vi Genetic humanity
The sentience criterion
Personhood and moral rights
Why birth matters morally
Potential personhood xi Summary and conclusion
Sex i Introduction
Traditional Western morality

Jewish ethics
Islamic ethics
Ethics in ancient Greece
Medieval and Renaissance ethics
Modern moral philosophy
Natural
Conclusion
Kantian ethics
The social contract tradition
Egoism
Egoism as a means to the common good
Rational and ethical egoism
Conclusion
Contemporary deontology
Teleological vs deontological theories
The nature and structure of deontological constraints
Unanswered questions and potential problems
Concluding remarks
An ethic of prima facie duties
Conseguentialism i The definition of conseguentialism
Once more with some formality
The main argument against conseguentialism
The main argument for conseguentialism
Utility and the good
Virtue theory i Introduction
Anscombe and Maclntyre
The historical foundation of virtue theory
Eliminatism v Courage
Eliminatism again
Essentialism
Moral feelings desires wants
Character self and society
Introduction
World poverty
Environmental ethics
Euthanasia
Abortion i Introduction
Conseguentialist arguments for abortion
Abortion and Womens rights
Contractarian approaches
Challenges from the political left
Epilogue
Do they conflict?
The interplay of morality and personal relationships
Equality discrimination and preferential treatment i Introduction
The backwardlooking argument iii The forwardlooking argument
Business ethics
Crime and punishment
Politics and the problem of dirty hands
War and peace
Realism
lntuitionism
Subiectivism
Universal prescriptivism
Morality and psychological development
Method and moral theory
The methods of theorizing
The role of examples
Conclusion
The idea of a female ethic
The si nificance of evolution M
from altruism to altruism
The biological contract
Conclusion
Marx against morality i Introduction ii Marxs antimoralism
Historical materialism
Ideology v Ideology as unfreedom
Morality as ideology
Justice
Morality and rationality
The illusion of impartial benevolence
Can Marx do Without morality?
Has morality any future?
Conclusion
How could ethics depend on religion?
The implications of determinism
Afte rword
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Sobre el autor (2013)

Peter Singer is Ira W. DeCamp Professor of Bioethics at the University Center for Human Values, Princeton University. He is the author of Animal Liberation, first published in 1975, and is widely credited with triggering the modern animal-rights movement. His Practical Ethics is one of the most widely used texts in applied ethics, and Rethinking Life and Death received the 1995 National Book Council's Banjo Award for non-fiction. He was the foundation president of the International Association of Bioethics.

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