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*I am the Lord, who commanded you to observe the holy day of the Lord, and ye have not kept it, and have not repented of your sins, as I have said in my Gospel, ‘Heaven and earth shall pass away, but my words shall not pass away.' Whereas I caused to be preached unto you repentance and amendment of life, you did not believe me, I have sent against you the pagans, who have shed your blood on the earth; and yet you have not believed; and, because you did not keep the Lord's day holy, for a few days you suffered hunger, but soon I gave you fulness, and after that you did still worse again. Once more,
it is that no one, from the ninth hour on Saturday until sunrise on Monday, shall do any work except that which is good. And if any person shall do so, he shall with penance make amends for the same.
And if you do not pay obedience to this command, verily, I say unto you, and I swear to you, by my seat and by my throne, and by the cherubim who watch my holy seat, that I will give you my commands by no other Epistle, but I will
open the heavens, and for rain I will rain upon you stones, and wood, and hot water, in the night, that no one may take
the same, and that so I may destroy all wicked This do I say unto you; for the Lord's holy day, you shall die the death, and for the other festivals of my Saints which you have not kept: I will send unto you beasts that have the heads of lions, the hair of women, the tails of camels, and they shall be so ravenous that they shall devour your flesh, and you shall long to flee away to the tombs of the dead, and to hide yourselves for fear of the beasts; and I will take away the light of the sun from before your eyes, and will send darkness upon you, that not seeing, you may slay one another, and that I may remove from you my face, and may not show mercy upon you. For I will burn the bodies and the hearts of you, and of all of those who do not keep as holy the day of the Lord. Hear ye my voice, that so ye may not perish in the land, for the holy day of the Lord. Depart from evil, and shew repentance for your sins. For, if you do not do so, even as Sodom and Gomorrah shall you perish. Now, know ye, that you are saved by the prayers of my most holy Mother, Mary, and of my most holy angels, who pray for you daily. I have given unto you wheat and wine in abundance, and for the same ye have not obeyed me. For the widows and orphans cry unto you daily, and unto them
no mercy 87 St. Matt. xxiv. 35. St. Mark xiii. 31. St. Luke xxi. 33.
For me you
The pagans show mercy, but you show none at all. The trees which bear fruit, I will cause to be dried up, for your sins; the rivers and the fountains shall not give water. I gave unto you a law in Mount Sinai, which you have not kept. I gave you a law with mine own hands, which you have not observed. For you was I born into the world, and my festive day ye knew not. Being wicked men, ye have not kept the Lord's day of my resurrection. By my right hand I swear unto you, that if you do not observe the Lord's day, and the festivals of my Saints, I will send unto you the pagan nations, that they may slay you. And still do you attend to the business of others, and take no consideration of this ? For this will I send against you, still worse beasts, who shall devour the breasts of your women. I will curse those who on the Lord's day have wrought evil. Those who act unjustly towards their brethren, will I curse. Those who judge unrighteously the poor and the orphans, upon the earth, will I curse. forsake, and you follow the prince of this world. Give heed to my voice, and you shall have the blessing of mercy. But you cease not from your bad works, nor from the works of the devil. Beause you are guilty of perjuries and adulteries, therefore the nations shall surround you, and shall, like beasts, devour you."
Accordingly, Eustace, the lord abbat of Flaye, came to York, and, being honorably received by Geoffrey, the archbishop of York, and the clergy and people of the city, preached the word of the Lord, and on the breaking of the Lord's Day and the other festivals, and imposed upon the people penance and gave absolution, upon condition that in future they would pay due reverence to the Lord's Day and the other festivals of the Saints, doing therein no servile work, and that on the Lord's Day they would hold no market of things on sale, but devoutly attend to good works and to prayer. This ordinance he appointed to be observed from the ninth hour on Saturday until sunrise on Monday.
Upon this, the people who were dutiful to God, at his preaching, vowed before God that, for the future, on the Lord's Day, they would neither buy nor sell any thing, unless, perchance, victuals and drink to wayfarers. They also vowed, that from each five shillings' worth of such things as they might sell, they would give one farthing towards buying lights for the church and the burial of the poor. And, for the collection of these sums, the said abbat directed that in each church
a hollow chest should be placed, under the care of two or three trustworthy men, into which the people might throw the money before mentioned. The said abbat also appointed that an alms’-dish should be placed every day upon the tables of the rich, in which they might place a part of their victuals for the benefit of the poor, who had nothing of their own. The said abbat also forbade any person to buy or sell any thing, or to plead causes, in churches or in the porches thereof.
Accordingly, through these and other warnings of this holy man, the enemy of mankind being rendered envious, he put it into the heart of the king and of the princes of darkness to command that all who should observe the before-stated doctrines, and more especially all those who had discountenanced the markets on the Lord's Day, should be brought before the king's court of justice, to make satisfaction as to the observance of the Lord's Day. But our Lord Jesus Christ, whom it is better to obey than man, and who, by His Nativity, and Resurrection, and Advent, and by sending the Holy Ghost upon His disciples, rendered glorious this day, which we, accordingly, name the Lord's Day, and hallowed it as being the most distinguished, aroused the miraculous powers of His might, and thus manifested the same against some breakers of the Lord's Day.
One Saturday, a certain carpenter of Beverley, who, after the ninth hour of the day was, contrary to the wholesome advice of his wife, making a wooden wedge, fell to the earth, being struck with paralysis. A woman also, a weaver, who, after the ninth hour, on Saturday, in her anxiety to finish a part of the web, persisted in so doing, fell to the ground, struck with paralysis, and lost her voice. At Rafferton also, a vill belonging to Master Roger Arundel, a man made for himself a loaf and baked it under the ashes, after the ninth hour on Saturday, and ate thereof, and put part of it by till the morning, but when he broke it on the Lord's Day, blood started forth therefrom; and he who saw it bore witness, and his testimony is true.
At Wakefield also, one Saturday, while a miller was, after the ninth hour, attending to grinding his corn, there suddenly came forth, instead of flour, such a torrent of blood, that the vessel placed beneath was nearly filled with blood, and the mill-wheel stood immoveable, in spite of the strong rush of the water; and those who beheldit wondered thereat, saying, “Spare us, O Lord, spare thy people!" Also, in Lincolnshire a woman had prepared some dough, and taking it to the oven after the
ninth hour on Saturday, she placed it in the oven, which was then at a very great heat; but when she took it out, she found it raw, on which she again put it into the oven, which was very hot; and, both on the next day, and on Monday, when she supposed that she should find the loaves baked, she found raw dough. In the same county also, when a certain woman had prepared her dough, intending to carry it to the oven, her husband said to her, “It is Saturday, and is now past the ninth hour, put it one side till Monday;" on which the woman, obeying her husband, did as he had commanded : and so, having covered over the dough with a linen cloth, on coming the next day to look at the dough, to see whether it had not, in rising, through the yeast that was in it, gone over the sides of the vessel, she
found there the loaves ready made by the Divine will, and well baked, without any fire of the material of this world. This was a change wrought by the right hand of Him on high.
And yet, although by these and other miracles of His might, the Lord Almighty invited the people to the observance of the Lord's day, still, the people, fearing more the royal and human favour than the Divine, and fearing those who kill the body, but are able to do no more, rather than Him, who, after he has killed the body, has power to send the soul to hell, and fearing more to lose the earthly things than the heavenly, and things transitory than things eternal, have, oh shame! like a dog to his vomit, returned to the holding of markets on the Lord's day.
In the same year, Hugh Bardolph, and some others of the king's justices, came to the fair of Saint Botolph, intending to seize in the king's name the woollen cloths that were not two ells in width between the lists, in conformity with the assize of king Richard. On hearing of this, the dealers prevailed with the judges before mentioned that their cloths should not be seized, and that the said assize of king Richard should be no longer observed, either as to the width of cloth or the measure of corn, and that they might be allowed in future to make their cloths wide or narrow, just as they pleased. On this occasion, to the injury of many, 88 the said justices obtained a large sum of money for the king. “Base means of gain ought to be shamed."'89
In the same year, John, king of England, making satisfaction to queen Berengaria, widow of his brother Richard, king of Eng
83 Who were afterwards cheated by the dealers. $9 “ Vitanda est turpis lucri causa.”
land, for her dowry, gave her the city of Bayeux, with its appurtenances, and two castles in Anjou, to hold the same for life, with a yearly payment of one thousand marks sterling, of which she was to receive each year five hundred marks, at the king's exchequer at London, and another five hundred marks at Caen, in Normandy. This was done at Chinon, in presence of Elias, archbishop of Bordeaux, and Philip, bishop of Durham.
In the same year, Hubert, archbishop of Canterbury, being on Saint Bartholomew's day at Westminster, in London, commanded all his suffragans, in virtue of their obedience, and in the name of our lord the pope, to make diligent enquiry throughout their respective dioceses, and if they should find any persons who had abandoned their vows to assume the cross, to make them resume the same, and to depart on their pilgrimage, appointing as the time for them to resume the cross, at the very latest, the feast of Saint Martin next ensuing, and as the time for their setting out, the Purification of Saint Mary next ensuing.
In the same year died Theobald, count of Champagne, leaving as his heir an only daughter, whom he had by Blanche, his wife, sister of Berengaria, queen of England. In the same year died the German woman, the daughter of Genest, the wife of Philip, king of France, whom pope Innocent, in his letters, called an adulteress; and by whom the said king had a son and a daughter; which daughter the said king of France promised that he would give in marriage to Alexander, son of the king of Scotland.
In the same year died Constance, the mother of Arthur, duke of Brittany. In this year, also, died Margaret, mother of the said Constance, sister of William, king of the Scots, and mother of Henry de Bohun, earl of Hereford. In the same year, also, died Robert, prior of the church of Beverley, whose office Geoffrey, archbishop of York, conferred on Morgant; his brother, a son of king Henry, as was said, in spite of the appeal of Simon, dean of the church of York, who said that the same priorate had been given to him by the said archbishop, while the beforenamed prior Robert was still alive.
In the same year, Philip, bishop of Durham, returned to England from Saint Jago, having performed his pilgrimage. In the same year, John of Salerno, cardinal priest, titular of Saint Stephen in Monte Celi, and legate of the Apostolic See in Scotland, Ireland, and the islands adjacent, came to York. Although he had been one of the two selected for the office of