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to the place from which he had set out; and, having waited until the ninth hour, he declined to wait there any longer, but approached, in order that he might hold the conference with the king of France. On this, Philip, bishop of Beauvais, said to him, in presence of the king of France, “My master the king of France charges you with breach of faith and perjury; because you swore and gave your word that you would come to-day at the third hour, and did not come, therefore he defies you ;” accordingly, the conference was broken up, and each king returned into his own territory.

The third day after this, the people of the king of France made fierce ravages in Normandy, and in the other territories of the king of England, attended with great tumult; and coming to the town of Dieppe, which the king of England had built shortly before, they burned it, and the ships in the harbour, to ashes by discharging Greek fire against it. After this, Philip, king of France, after many and various casualties of war, came with his army to Issodon, and took the castle. On this being told to the king of England, who at this time was staying in Normandy, at Val Rodol, laying aside all other matters, he made three days' march into one, and came to Issodon, and entered his castle which the king of France had been besieging; upon which a numerous multitude of troops flocked to him from

every side.

The king of France, being greatly terrified at his arrival, asked permission to depart thence with his army without molestation, which being refused him, he requested to have an interview with the king of England, and the same accordingly took place.

At this interview, through the mediation of the archbishops, bishops, and many of the men of either party, an oath was taken by both sides, to the effect that, from that day, that is to say, from the Saturday next after the feast of Saint Nicholas, they would agree to peace and reconciliation between themselves, and their subjects, and territories, until the feast of Saint Hilary next ensuing; at which time, they would meet at Louviers, for the purpose, in a larger assemblage of their subjects, of making peace and a final reconciliation between them. And as the Nativity of our Lord was close at hand, and the said kings had not in those parts means enough to suffice for the expenses of royalty, during such a high festival, they returned into their respective territories. The king of England proceeded thence to Poitou, where he was at the feast of the

Nativity of our Lord, which fell on the second day of the week.

In the meantime, Alphonso, king of Castille, levying an army, and having faith alone in the mercy and goodness of God, fought a battle with the army of the Pagans, and defeated them, and slew the greater part of them with the sword, and drove the rest from his territories.

In the same year, the canons of the church of York often and repeatedly pressed Hugh, bishop of Lincoln, to pronounce sentence of interdict and suspension upon Geoffrey, archbishop of York. For it was known that the said archbishop had not made his appearance in the presence of our lord the pope, at the time appointed for him so to do. The bishop of Lincoln, however, made answer to them that he would rather be suspended himself than suspend the archbishop ; on hearing which, the before-named canons sent messengers to Rome, to pope Celestinus, complaining that the bishop of Lincoln, and his other judges delegate, had not proceeded according tenor of the Apostolic mandate.

In the same year, Henry, bishop of Worcester, departed this life, and was succeeded in the bishopric by John de Coutances, dean of the church of Rouen. In this year, also, died William de Fortz, earl of Aumarle, and was succeeded in the earldom by Baldwin de Bethune, at the presentation of Richard, king of England ; who also married the countess of Aumarle. In this year, also, died Isaac, the former emperor of the island of Cyprus, whom Richard, king of England, had taken.

In the same year, also, died Guido, the former king of Jerusalem, to whom Richard, king of England, had sold the island of Cyprus; after whose decease, his brother Aymer became ruler of Cyprus.

In the same year, Philip, king of France, took to wife the daughter of the duke of Genest, in Germany; on which, Canute, king of the Danes, brother of the before-mentioned Botilda, queen of the Franks, made complaint to pope Celestinus, of the injury which the said king of France had done to his sister, in having divorced her without a cause being known for his so doing. He also made complaint against William, archbishop of Rheims, who, without the Apostolic authority, sitting in judgment, had effected the divorce between the said king of France and Botilda his wife, without enquiry into the cause, He also made complaint against Stephen de Noyon, Philip,

bishop of Beauvais, Reginald, bishop of Chartres, Guido, bishop of Orleans, and Rotrod, bishop of Chalons; and against Robert, count de Drues, Louis, count de Blois, Theobald, count de Champagne, and Stephen, count de Nevers; also, against the barons, Simon de Castelane de l'Isle, Peter de Mainil, and Walter, chamberlain of the king of France, who had made oath before the archbishop of Rheims, that the said Botilda, and the daughter of the earl of Hainault, who had been the wife of the said king of France, were so closely related in consanguinity, that the said king of France ought on no account to, nor indeed could, take the said Botilda to wife. But, although the said king of the Danes was ready to prove that they had borne false testimony against her, and that the said divorce was null and void, and ought not to hold good, still, on account of his good understanding with the king of France, pope Celestinus declined*to listen to him relative thereto.

In the year of grace 1196, being the seventh year of the reign of Richard, king of England, the said king was at Poitou, on the day of the Nativity of our Lord, which fell on the second day of the week; and on the same day, Hubert, archbishop of Canterbury, justiciary of all England, and legate of the Apostolic See, was at York, being sent, on the king's behalf, to hold a conference with William, king of the Scots, on the subject of contracting a marriage between Otho, son of Henry, duke of Saxony, and nephew of Richard, king of England, and his daughter Margaret. For there had been an agreement made between Richard, king of England, and William, king of Scotland, that the said king of Scotland should give to the before-named Otho his daughter Margaret in marriage, with the whole of Lothian; and that the king of England should give to Otho, and the daughter of the king of Scotland, and their heirs, the whole of Northumberland, and the county of Carlisle ; and that the king of England should have in his charge the whole of Lothian, with its castles; and the king of Scotland should have in his charge the whole of Northumberland, and the county of Carlisle, with its castles. But, because the queen of Scots was at that time in a state of pregnancy, the king of Scotland was unwilling to abide by the said agreement, hoping that the Lord would give him a son.

40 Roger of Wendover, however, says that the pope pronounced the divorce to be null and void, and gives a copy of this Apostolic letter to that effect.

In the same year, on the fifth day of the Nativity of our Lord, Bertram, prior of the church of Durham, met Hubert, archbishop of Canterbury, at Alverton; and there, in his presence, elected Master Philip, a clerk, and one of the household of the king of England, bishop of Durham.

In the same year, pope Celestinus, at the urgent request of the envoys of the dean and canons of York, wrote to the following effect to Simon, dean of the church of York. The Letter of pope Celestinus to Simon, dean of York, on the

administration of that diocese. Celestinus, the bishop, servant of the servants of God, to his dearly beloved son, Simon, dean of York, health and the Apostolic benediction. Whereas, insufficient as we are, the government of the universal Church has been, by the favour of the Divine grace, entrusted to ourselves, and we are bound in everything to take due precautions against casualties, and to provide for the interests of the same, so are we bound with the greatest care to use all precaution that churches may not incur any injury in things temporal or spiritual, in those matters on which it is our object to consult their honor and convenience. And whereas, on considering the merits of persons, and diligently examining into the same, a person may, according to the merits of his actions, be found deserving to be suspended by us from the exercise of his dignity, and to be removed for a time from the prelacy of churches, to the end that matter may not be furnished to private persons, placed under his pastoral care, for speaking ill of him, and that all occasions for litigation

may be removed; we are still bound in such case to provide them with a person who shall know how to decide the disputes of those engaged in litigation, and to correct the excesses of those subject to him, and, so far as the duties of his office will allow, to love and cherish them with all affection. Wherefore, inasmuch as, his deeds so requiring and his contumacy demanding it, for abusing our patience, and not ceasing from his iniquities, nor yet presenting himself before us within the term, mercifully, by our indulgence, granted him, the archbishop of York has been, by our authority, suspended both from the use of the pall, from the discharge of Episcopal duties, and from all ministration, in things spiritual as well as temporal, and from the receipt of all profits thereof; we have thought proper, on the authority of these presents, to show

our indulgence to your discreetness, that thereby, with the sanction of the canons residing in the church of York, you may be enabled to correct the excesses of the clergy of the diocese of York, and canonically to settle the disputes of clergy, as well as laity, in the diocese of York, engaged in litigation, which require to be terminated by ecclesiastical judgment; that so, all power of appeal taken away, you may be able to smite him with canonical rigour who shall think fit herein contumaciously to oppose you, until such time as, in our solicitude, it shall have been otherwise provided for the Church. Therefore, be it lawful for no man to infringe upon this page of our conclusion so made, or, with rash presumption, to contravene the same: but if any person shall dare attempt so to do, let him know that he will incur the indignation of Almighty God, and of Saint Peter and Saint Paul, the Apostles. Given at the Lateran, on the tenth day before the calends of January, in the fifth year of our pontificate." Another Letter of pope Celestinus relative to the same matter.

Celestinus, the bishop, servant of the servants of God, to his dearly beloved sons, all the abbats, priors, archdeacons, deans, and other clergy, and to the earls, barons, and other persons in the province of York appointed, health, and the Apostolic benediction. How mercifully the Roman Church has dealt with the deeds of the archbishop of York, is easily to be seen,


you, with due care, consider the tendr of our letters which both parties have at different times obtained from the Apostolic See. For when, our dearly beloved sons, the dean and chapter of York, and not a few of the abbats, priors, and other prelates of the church in the kingdom of England established, informing us thereon, it had come to the hearing of our Apostolate that the said archbishop, neglecting the duties of his Apostolic office, was involved in secular

affairs, and not in his sacred duties, not in ordaining the clergy, not in dedicating churches, not in holding synods, not in pronouncing benedictions on abbats, but, on the contrary, was giving the whole of his attention to hunting and hawking, and was engaged in other things which were derogatory in no slight degree to the pontifical office entrusted to him and to his honor, we did not immediately form a judgment against him, but thought proper to entrust the enquiry into these reports to our venerable brother the bishop of Lincoln, and our dearly beloved sons the archdeacon of Northampton and the prior of Pontefract, calling upon the said archbishop, under

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