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in the middle of them walked the king of the Scots, with the earl of Warenne on his right hand, and the earl of Chester on his left. And thus, wearing the crown, he was led into the metropolitan church of Saint Swithin up to the altar; where, falling on his knees, he devoutly received the benediction from Hugh, archbishop of Canterbury, and was then led to his seat. Eleanor, the queen's mother, was seated with her maids of honor on the northern side of the church, opposite the king. The archbishop of Canterbury also celebrated the mass; and the king was led by the before-named bishops to the offertory, and was then re-conducted to his seat.

After the celebration of the mass, the king was re-conducted to his chamber, the procession going before him in the order above stated. Having taken off his more weighty vestments and his crown, the king put on lighter garments and a lighter crown, and then entered the refectory of the monks to dine there; on which the before-mentioned archbishops and bishops, with the king of Scotland, and the earls and barons, took their seats at table, each according to his rank and dignity, and feasted magnificently. The citizens of London, having made the king a payment of two hundred marks, served in the cellars, notwithstanding the claim of the citizens of Winchester. The citizens of Winchester, however, served in the kitchen. On the same day, at a late hour, after dinner, the king returned to his mansion in Winchester castle.

On the eighteenth day of the month of April, being the day after the king's coronation, Jollan, 1 brother of Henry?? de la Pomeroy, was accused of having traitorously taken part in the capture of Saint Michael's Mount, in Cornwall, and he chose rather to be banished from England than take his trial on the charge in the king's court. On the nineteenth day of the month of April, Hugh, bishop of Durham, of his own accord, no one compelling him so to do, gave up to the king the county of Northumberland, with its castles and other appurtenances; and the king ordered him to deliver the same to Hugh Bardolph.

When William, king of Scotland, heard of this, he immediately offered the king of England fifteen thousand marks of silver for Northumberland and its appurtenances; saying that earl Henry, his father, held it by gift of king Henry the for five years.

16 V. r. John. 17 The word “regis" after this word is superfluous, and evidently a typographical error.

Second, and that after him, king Malcolm, his son, held it in peace

Upon this, the king of England, after taking counsel with his people, made answer to the king of Scotland that he would give him the whole of Northumberland, excepting the castles, for the said sum ; but the king of Scotland declined to receive it without the castles. On the twentieth day of the month of April, the king of England caused the more wealthy persons to be separated from the rest of those who had been taken prisoners in the castles of Tickhill and Nottingham, and the other castles of earl John, and to be placed in prison to be ransomed; while the others he let go, on their finding sureties that they would appear at his summons, and abide by the judgment of his court; on which each of them found sureties for a hundred marks, if he should not return to the court of the king.

On the twenty-first day of the month of April, William, king of the Scots, again made an attempt to see if he could in any way obtain the earldom of Northumberland with the castles ; but it did not suit the purpose of the king of England to trust him with any castles. However, he gave him hopes of obtaining them at a future time, after his return from Normandy. On the twenty-second day of the month of April, being the sixth day of the week, William, king of Scotland, left the court of the king of England, sorrowful and in confusion at the repulse he had there received. On the same day, the king of England left Winchester, on his way to the sea, for the purpose of crossing over, on account of the unfavourable reports which he had heard from Normandy, and lay at Waltham.

On the twenty-third day of the month of April, the king of England remained at Waltham, and Geoffrey, archbishop of York, came thither to the king, and caused his cross to be carried before him. On this, Hubert Fitz-Walter, archbishop of Canterbury, greatly complained to the king ; but the king made answer that the matter was not one for him to decide, but rather our lord the pope. On the same day, the king restored to Geoffrey, archbishop of York, Baugy and Langis, in Anjou, and by his charter confirmed the same.

On the twenty-fourth day of April, the king made peace and a final reconciliation between Geoffrey, archbishop of York, and William, bishop of Ely, his chancellor, as to all the matters in dispute between them, both the arrest of the arch

bishop of York, at Dover, as also the expulsion of the chancellor from England, upon condition that the said bishop of Ely should, at the summons of the archbishop of York, make oath, at the hands 18 of one hundred priests, that he had neither ordered nor desired that the said archbishop of York should be arrested. After this reconciliation was effected, on the same day, the king departed from Waltham, and proceeded to Portsmouth, for the purpose of crossing over, and queen Eleanor, his mother, with him.

On the twenty-fifth, twenty-sixth, and twenty-seventh days of the month of April, the king was staying at Portsmouth. On the twenty-eighth day of the month of April, the king left Portsmouth, and proceeded as far as Stansted, for the sake of hunting; but, after his departure, the Welch and the Brabanters had a hostile meeting, and slew one another. On the twenty-ninth day of April, the king returned to Portsmouth, for the purpose of quelling the dissensions of the Welch and the Brabanters, which was accordingly done.

On the thirtieth day of the month of April, and the first day of the month of May, on the feasts of the Apostles Saint Philip and Saint James, the king was staying at that place; which appeared to him to be very tedious. On the second day of the month of May, being the second day of the week, the king ordered all his fleet to be laden with men, horses, and arms, and, against the advice of his mariners, entered one of his long ships, hoping to be able to sail across; and although the wind was unfavourable, he refused to return. The other ships, however, remained in harbour, while the king and those with him were tossed about on the waves ; for there was a mighty tempest, and their hearts became fearful.

On the following day, the king returned to the Isle of Wight, and then to Portsmouth. After a stay there and in that county of eight days, on the ninth day, being the fifth day of the week, and the feast of Saint Nereus, and Saint Achilleus, and Saint Pancratius, the Martyrs, he again embarked on board of his ships with his army, and passed over to Normandy, and landed at Harfleur with a hundred large ships, laden with warriors, horses, and arms: on which he immediately hastened to Verneuil, to which the king of France had laid siege. On hearing of his approach, the king of France, without the knowledge of his army, left the siege of Verneuil on the vigil of Pentecost,

after having made a stay there of eighteen days at the siege. In the

18 One hundred priests making oath with him to this effect.

meantime, John, earl of Mortaigne, the king's brother, returned to the king his brother, and through the mediation of queen Eleanor, their mother, the king and he became reconciled : but the king refused to restore to him any castle or lands. As to the army of the king of France, which he had left besieging Verneuil, on seeing that their king had taken his departure, his troops followed him on Monday, in the week of Pentecost. The king of England,

being full of activity, and more swift than the discharge of a Balearic sling, on hearing that the king of France was laying siege to Verneuil, hurried on to that place with all haste, and on not finding the king of France there, pursued his retreating army with the edge of the sword. The king of England then hastened to Verneuil, and fortified the parts that were most unprotected. After so doing, the king hastened to Montmirail, to which the people of Anjou and Maine were laying siege; but, before he arrived, they had taken it and levelled it with the ground.

The king of England next Lastened with all speed to the castle of Loches, passing by the castle of Tours, where he received two thousand marks from the burgesses as a voluntary gift. The knights of Navarre, however, and the Brabanters, laid siege to the castle of Loches. The chieftain and leader of these was Aufuns, son of Sancho, king of Navarre, and brother of Berengaria, queen of England; but he did not lead them as far as Loches, for, before he had arrived there, word was brought to him that his father, the king of Navarre, was dead; for which reason he returned to his country, and was received as king by the people of that kingdom.

On the king of England arriving before the castle of Loches, he there found the before-mentioned Navarrese and Brabanters, amid watchings, and hunger, and other hardships, labouring in vain at the capture of that castle : on which, immediately with his own men and the others who were there, making assaults

upon it day and night, he at length took it by force of arms, and captured in it five knights and four-and-twenty menat-arms, on the second day of the week after the feast of Saint Barnabas the Apostle.

In the meantime, messengers from the king of France appointed a conference with the seneschal, and constable, and nobles of Normandy, at Pont d'Arches. Accordingly, on the day appointed, Walter, archbishop of Rouen, together with the said seneschal, constable, and nobles, came to the place ap

pointed for the conference, and with them awaited the arrival of envoys from the king of France; but to no purpose. The king of France, with no small army, came before a small castle, four miles distant from Rouen, called Fontaines, and laid siege to it; and after labouring at the siege for four days, more than could be conceived, he at length took it, and it was levelled with the ground.

In the meantime, earl John, the brother of the king of England, with Robert, earl of Leicester, and many other barons, had met at Rouen ; but as they had no one under whose guidance in especial to act as they would under our lord the king, and because they were much inferior in numbers and strength to the king of France, they did not dare attack that king. But when the king of France had destroyed the above-mentioned castle, and was on his road thence, he found the earl of Leicester off his guard; he having gone forth from Rouen by night for the purpose of laying an ambush against him, and made a rash sally into the lands of Hugh de Gournay for the purpose of laying them waste; upon which, with a few of his men, he was made prisoner by the king of France.

After this, by the common consent of both kings, William, archbishop of Rheims, the count de Nevers, the count de Bar, master Anselm, the dean of Tours, and many others, on behalf of the king of France, and Walter, archbishop of Rouen, and seneschal and constable of Normandy, and many others, on behalf of the king of England, met near the Val Rodol, on the sixth day of the week after the feast of Saint Barnabas the Apostle, for the purpose of making a truce between the said kings. Accordingly, after a long deliberation held between thein, they at length agreed to the following terms:

The king of England (it being in nowise against the will of the king of France) was to hold all the lands that he then held in his own hands, and in like manner the king of France was to hold in peace the castles which he had taken or then held; and, in the meantime, they were each to be at liberty to fortify and strengthen all the fortresses which whole and unhurt he then held in his hands; but those that had been destroyed, neither was in the meantime to be at liberty to rebuild. But if any other person besides them should wish, in rebuilding his castle, to build houses that had been destroyed or burnt, he was to be at liberty unmolested to make all provision for himself, either in erecting buildings, or in getting in crops of

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