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of England, and falling on the ground at his feet, asked his forgiveness, on which the king of England put an end to all his anger and displeasure against him On the following day, also, the king of France came, and all the principal men of the army, to hear the matters in dispute between king Guido and the marquis Conrad. Accordingly, having taken their seats, the marquis Conrad arose, and standing in the midst of them, demanded the kingdom of Jerusalem in right of his wife; while Guido of Lusignan, who had been king before its capture, and escaped from it when it was taken, and had commenced the siege of Acre, demanded restitution thereof to be made to him, showing that he had done nothing for which he deserved to lose his kingdom. After much bandying of words on both sides, they each of them submitted themselves to the award of the court of the kings, by whose advice and judgment peace and final reconciliation were effected between them, on the following terms :
In the first place, they both made oath, that is to say, king Guido and the marquis Conrad, that they would abide by the judgment of the kings, and faithfully observe the same. On which, the said kings and the whole army adjudged to the said king Guido, for his life, the kingdom of Jerusalem; on the understanding that if he should take a wife and have sons or daughters, they should have no right to claim succession to the kingdom as of hereditary right. But if the marquis Conrad and his wife, the sister of queen Sibylla, should happen to survive him, they should succeed him in the kingdom, and their heirs should in succession wield the sceptre and possess the same by hereditary right. And, in the meantime, all the revenues of the kingdom were to be halved between them, the royal dignity excepted, which was to belong to Guido alone, so long as he should live. · Conrad, also, was to have Tyre, Sidon, and Baruth, and to hold the same by hereditary right; while he and his heirs were always to perform the due and customary services for the same to the king of Jerusalem. Geoffrey of Lusignan, also, the king's brother, was to have the earldom of Joppa and Cæsarea, and to hold the same by hereditary right; and he and his heirs were always to perform the due and customary services for the same to the king of Jerusalem. - On the twenty-ninth day of the month of July, Philip, king of France, gave to Conrad, marquis of Montferrat, the moiety of the city of Acre that belonged to himself. On the same
day, the king of France again asked the king of England to agree to his return home, but he could on no terms obtain his sanction to his withdrawal, unless he should first swear upon the Holy Evangelists that he would well and faithfully protect the territories and subjects of the king of England until his return, and would inflict no injury or grievance upon them, or allow the same to be done by any one else. After this, the king of France appointed the duke of Burgundy chief of his army, giving up to him a great part of his treasure. Before his departure, he also gave to Raymond, prince of Antioch, one hundred knights and five hundred men-at-arms for the defence of his territory against the pagans, and gave to each of the knights forty marks of silver as his pay from the feast of Saint Michael until Easter, appointing Robert de Quincy their governor and captain. The king of England also, on the same day, gave to the prince of Antioch five great ships, laden with horses, arms, and provisions. On the thirtieth day of the month of July, the king of France and the king of England divided among themselves all the pagans who had been captured at Acre. On the thirty-first day of the month of July, that is to say, on the last day of that month, on the feast of Saint German, the king of France departed from Acre, and, taking with him Reginald, bishop of Chartres, and Peter, count de Nevers, went to Tyre; whither he also took Karakois and all the other pagans belonging to him, and made a stay there of two days.
On the third day of the month of August, the king of France left Tyre, giving into the charge of the marquis Conrad all his pagan prisoners. On the same day, the king of England caused his ships to be laden, saying that he would go to Ascalon to lay siege to it, and ordering all to follow him. On the fifth day of the month of August, the king of England sent Hubert Fitz-Walter, bishop of Salisbury, to Tyre, for the pagans whom the king of France had taken thither, in order that he might bring them back; but Conrad refused to let them go. On his return, he related to the king the answer he had received from Conrad, on which the king was enraged, and swore that he would personally go to Tyre for the purpose of bringing them away by force, unless Conrad should speedily let them go. On this, the duke of Burgundy made answer to the king, saying: “My lord, allow me to go, and I will bring them back ;” and accordingly, he went and brought them back.
For the day that had been named was now approaching upon
which the pagans were to perform their stipulation, and to be set at liberty. However, upon that day, the pagans neither produced the Holy Cross, nor the Christian captives, nor yet the money which they had promised for the safety of their life and limbs : in consequence of which failure, all those pagans were sentenced to undergo capital punishment. When this was told to Saladin, he sent word to the king of England and the whole army of the Christians, that if they cut off the heads of his pagan subjects, he himself would strike off the heads of all the Christians whom he had in his power.
On the fourteenth day of the month of August, being the fourth day of the week, on the vigil of the Assumption of Saint Mary, the Mother of God and ever a virgin, the king of England went beyond the outer trenches and pitched his tents near the army of the pagans, and remained there some days, having issued orders that all his army should attend him; few, however, did so, in consequence of the deficiency of horses and arms.
On the same day, Saladin sent to the king of Eng. land costly presents, and requested him to put off the day on which he had proposed to cut off the heads of the the king declined to put off the day any longer, or to accept the presents of Saladin. On Saladin seeing and hearing this, he caused the heads of all the Christians, whom he had in his hands, to be cut off; which was accordingly done on the eighteenth day of the month of August, being the Lord's day. On the same day, the king of England moved his army, and drew near to the army of Saladin, and had an engagement with him, on which occasion many fell on both sides both killed and wounded, among whom, Peter Mignot, one of the household of the king of England, was slain.
The king of England, although he heard of the death of the Christians who had been slain, was still unwilling to anticipate the time which he had fixed upon for taking off the heads of the pagans. However, on the seventeenth day of the month of August, being the third day of the week and the thirteenth day before the calends of September, the king of England caused all the pagans who belonged to him from the capture of Acre to be led out before the army of Saladin, and their heads to be struck off in the presence of all. The duke of Burgundy also caused the heads of the pagans to be cut off who had belonged to the king of France, both within the city, and without, and near the walls of the city.
Still, the king of England and the duke of Burgundy preserved some of the pagans for their ransom, whose names were as follow : Mestoc, Karakois, Hessedin, the son of Caulin, Hessedin Jordic, Passelari, Kamardoli, and Kaedin. The number of the pagans thus slain was five thousand, all of whom the Christians disembowelled, and found much gold and silver in their entrails, while they preserved their gall for medical purposes. On the twenty-first day of the month of August, after the slaughter of the pagans, the king of England delivered into the charge of Bertram de Verdun the city of Acre, and the queen of England, the queen of Sicily, and the daughter of the emperor of Cyprus. On the twenty-second day of the month of August, being the fifth day of the week, the king of England crossed the river of Acre with his army, and, pitching his tents between that river and the sea, on the sea-shore between Acre and Cayphas, remained there four days. After this, he proceeded along the sea-shore towards Joppa, while his ships sailed near him on the sea with his provisions and engines of war, in order that if he had any necessity for so doing, he might be enabled to return to his ships. Saladin and his army in the meantime proceeded along the mountain passes, not far from the king's army, that he might impede his passage.
In the month of September, on the third day after the exaltation of the Holy Cross, when the king of England and his army had passed the straits of Merle, and the duke of Burgundy with the Templars and Franks was keeping the rearguard, and the king of England had hoisted his standard in the midst of them, and had delivered his dragona to Peter de Pratelles to carry, against the claim of Robert Trussebut, who had claimed to carry the same according to the right of his predecessors, Saladin made a fierce attack upon the duke of Burgundy and those who were with him. But no Christian was slain on that occasion, with the sole exception of Jacques de Avennes, who, with a few men withstood Saladin and his army; as the duke of Burgundy took to flight. On this, the king of England, hearing the noise in the rear, wheeled about and manfully engaged with the army of Saladin, and gained a victory over him, slaying three thousand of the pagang ; after which he remained there three days. The king then wrote to his deputies and friends to the following effect :
27 The royal standard.
The Letter of Richard, king of England, on the departure of the
king of France from Aore. “ Richard, by the grace of God, king of England, duke of Normandy and Aquitaine, and earl of Anjou, to N., his dearly beloved and faithful subject, greeting, Know, that after the capture of Acre, and after the departure of my lord the king of France from us at Acre, who there basely abandoned the purpose of his pilgrimage, and broke his vow, against the will of God, to the eternal disgrace of himself and of his realm, we took the road to Joppa; and when we approached near Assur, Saladin met us with a mighty host of his Saracens, and made an attack upon us. However, by the mercy of God, we lost not a man on this day, with the exception of one of extreme valour, and much endeared to the whole army by his merits, namely, Jacques de Avennes, who was ever ready and devoted, lik a stay and support to the army, in all holiness and in the sincerity of the faith, for many years past, to serve God in the army of the Christians. After this, by the will of God, we arrived at Joppa. We fortified that city with trenches and a wall, making it our purpose everywhere, to the very best of our power, to promote the interests of Christianity. Also, on a second day, being the vigil of the Nativity of Saint Mary, Saladin lost an infinite number of his great men, and taking to flight, as though bereft of the benefit of all aid and counsel, laid waste the whole of the land of Sulia. Further, on the third day before the rout of Saladin, we were wounded in the left side with a javelin, but by the grace of God have now recovered from the effects thereof. Know, also, that by the grace of God, we hope within twenty days after the Nativity of our Lord, to recover the Holy City of Jerusalem, and the Sepulchre of our Lord, after effecting which we shall return home. Witness ourselves at Joppa, on the first day of October.” The Letter of the king of England to the abbat of Clairval, on the
same subject. “Richard, by the grace of God, king of England, duke of Normandy and Aquitaine, and earl of Anjou, to the venerable man and his most dearly-beloved friend in Christ, the abbat of Clairval, health and a succession of continued prosperity. After the mournful and universally bewailed loss of the Holy