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fall also fail, and live no longer upon Earth, your Works of Righteousness and Mercy, being accepted by God through Christ's. Merits and Intercellion, mall procure you many Friends in the other World, Friends which never die, who shall readily admit you into the Eternal Mansions of their blefled Society. Yea, Christ himself at the last Day will solemoly, admit the Merciful and Charitable to all this endless. Happioess with those most pleasant and inviting Words, Come ye bleffed of my Father, inherit the Kingdom prepared for you from the Foundation of the World, And the chief Cause of such an immense Reward is represented by him to be their feeding the Hungry, clorhing the Naked, visiting the Sick, óc. Matth. 25. 34, 35
There is also allign’d to them an ample Recompense in this present Life. It is promised in Holy Scripture, That those that open their Hands wide in giving to their poor Breibren shall be blessed in all their Works, Deut. 15: 8, 9. That the liberal Soul shall be made fat, and be that watereth shall be watered also himself, Prov. 11. 25., That be who bath a bountiful Eye shall be blessed, because be giveth of his Bread to the Poor, Prov. 22. 2. That he who hath Pity on the Poor lendeth to the Lord, and that which be hath given will be pay him again, Prov. 19. 17. That the Lord will deliver bim in time of Trouble. That the Lord will preserve him and keep him alive, and make him blessed upon the Earth, and not deliver him to the Will of bis Enemies. That the Lord will strengthen him upon i be Bed of languishing, and make all his Bed in his Sickness, Plal, 141. !, 2, 3. That as he which in Alms-giving Toweth Sparingly shall reap Sparingly, so be which soweth bountifully Thall reap bountifully, 2 Cor. 9. 6. So strong are the Obligations, so great the Encouragements co Ads of Beneficence and Charity. Let me therefore beg Leave very briefly to remind you of some of the particular Ways whereby you may become rich in good Works.
Your Wealth and Affluence may enable you to do much Good to the Bodies of Men, not only by a free
and liberal giving to the Relief of the Poor, but also sometimes by a generous lending of Money to fuch as want Scock to carry on their Trades, or by finding out Work for indigent Labourers, and paying them well. for it. You may likewise employ your Riches in doing Good to the Souls of Men diyers Ways, as by ereating Schools, and endowing them with some competent Maintenance, for teaching Poor Men's Children, and instructing them in the Principles of Religion, as well as other Knowledge, or by contributing to such, Charity-Schools already founded; also by giving Bibles, Prayer-books, and other pious Books, co those that are not able to buy them ; by contribucing towards the propagating the Gospel in foreign Plantations ; of, in Imitation of our gracious Sovereign, to the augmenting the Maintenance of such faithful and pious, Minifters thereof here at Home, who want a more comfortable Subfistence, and deserve better Encourage, ment. Thus you may do the highest Good, and make the best use of your Riches in there, and the like no. ble Acts of Piety and Charity, which conduce fo much to the Advancement of Religion, the Salvation of Men, and the Glory of God. But large Estates without Wife dom to improve them to some of these great and good Purposes, are but like the Mines of Gold in the Pofrenion of those filly and ignorant Indians, who understood not the Value and use of that precious Metal,
III. As for your third Advantage, that of. Time and Leisure, having cautioned in my Youth's grand Concern against the mil-spending precious Time, and given Directions for the redeeming it, I shall add no more upon this Head, except only the making it my humble Request, that you would watch against and avoid all those sinful or unprofitable Consumptions of Time into which the Affiluence of Riches, the Diversions of Pleasure, and the Pomps of a vain World, do frequently lead too many persons of your Rank and Quality. Among which evil Ways of employing your Time
you are to account, not only the facrificing whole Days and Weeks to a continual Debauch, or some other wicked Course, whereby all Sense of Religion is tost, and almost all Capacity of serious Thinking, but the spending too many of those few Hours of a sort Life, on which an Eternity depends, either in Sleep, or in Eatiog and Drinking, or in Dresling, or in Vilits, or in Sports and Games, and the like Diversions. For how innocent foever thefe Things are in themselves, and how convenient and necessary foever fome of them may be in this State of Imperfection, yet by an immo. derate and excessive Use of them they quickly change their Nature, and become vicious and criminal, hurt. ful and mischievous.
Every one knows how neceffary Sleep is for the Refreshimnent of our Bodies, and fome Constitutions require more than others, but yet it is fic that we all redeem as much Time from Sleeping as our Health will permit, and not profusely and needlesly waste ic in that State of Darkness fo nearly resembling Death, in which none of the good and useful Ends of Life can be pursued. If therefore, according to the Custom of some Persons of Quality, you continue to indulge your soft Repose for several Hours after the rest of the World have risen from their Beds, and applied themselves to their Studies or Business, you irrecoverably lose the first and choicest part of the Day. "And though it well becomes you to have a just Regard to the Decency of your Apparel, that it be suitable to your place and Rank, yet if you spend almost all the remaining part of the Morning in the nice and curious dressing and adorning those Bodies, which will be shortly turned into Dust and Corruption, how very little Time will be left for Religion and Devotion, or any serious Affair? Will there indeed be any at all, if after a long and plentiful Dinner (as it too often happens) the Atternoon be no better employed than the Morning, but throws away upon unnecesary Visits, Sports, or
Pastimes, and the Evening as ill bestowed at the Playhouse or the Tavern ?
Visits may be very needful for the Dispatch of Bufiness, the cultivating Friendship, and paying 'Respea where it is due, but in many of them there is no small Lofs of Time, by vain and impertinent Discourses, and Hazard of Sobriety by intemperate Drinking. Neither doth any Character feem more despicable chan that of the Makers of insignificant Visits, who fatigue their better disposed Neigbbours with their infipid Company, when they have nothing worthy to impart to them, nor any Promptitude co be instructed by them, nor any thing to talk of but the Weather. It most indeed be acknowledg?d chat ingenious and vir cuous Persons, of a refind Education, do often caste, not only an innocent, but a kind of exquisite and poinant Pleasure in the Visits they make to, or receive from, Persons that are equally ingenuous and polite. But yet even this Conversation is not to be approved of, if it be too frequent, or too long, fo as to exclude the Duties of Religion, and devour that Time which should be spent in the Closet, or che Chappel. ''Neither do the Pleasores of the most agreeable and police Conversation deserve to be compared with the pure and spiritual Pleasures of a devout Solitude, in which a pious Soul finds it self most delightfully exercised, and, as it were, exalted into the Regions above by its Seraphick Adorations and Celebrations of the Divine Goodness with the highest Praises and Thanksgivings. Much less are the Enjoyments of any Civil Society to be preferred before all the Melody of the Sacred Hymns and; Psalms of Praise, which are solemnly of fered up to God and our Saviour ia our pablick Afa semblies for religious Worship, whereby we not only have Fellowship with the Father and the Son, as St. John speaks, but also hold Communion with the heavenly Inhabitants, and joyo with the Church triumphant in their Hallelujahs.
As for Sports and Games, those only are worthy to be recommeoded to you, which may be needful co procure Health by some innocent Exercise of the Body, and Refreshment of the Mind, without too great an Expence of Time. But when a Gentleman Chree or four times a Week rises before the Sun, and being attended by his Servants, and perhaps by some of his Tenants, fpends almost the whole Day in following a Pack of Hounds while they pursue their fearful Prey, and after they come Home talks all the Evening what Heels they made, recounting all the Turns or Doublings in such a Field or such a Common, and perhaps afterwards entertains the three or four next Companies with a Repetition of the same Discourse; is this to employ ones Time as becomes a Person whom the Divine Benignity has bless'd with more libesal Fortunes and opportune Vacancies for the Service of God and Mankind ? And yet this may be accounted an ingocent Diverfion, and no criminal Consumption of Time, in Comparison of the being sottilhly engagid for many Hours together with drunken Clubs, or the bestowing as many upon lewd and profane Comedies, or the devoting good part of the Day, and perhaps ali the Night, to Cards and Dice, the mischievous Effects of which Games are too often notoriously visible, not only in the Loss of Time and Money, but also in the Cheats and Frauds, the Rage and Passion, the Oaths and Imprecations, the Quarrels and Disorders with which they are attended.
IV. & V. As for the two last Advantages before mentioned, that of Authority over your Servants, Te. nants and Dependents, and that of Reputation, which yoor Wealth and Honour procures you, not only with chem but with others, I shall joyn both these together, and briefly remind you what Improvement is to 'be made of boch. The Interest you have in other Peo. ple, either by the Support or Favour you afford them, or by the Esteem or Affe&tion they bave for you,