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Ardea Egretta.

Great Egret.

Tantalus Melanopis.

Black Faced Ibis.

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Order VII. Clorera lented}

IX. Web-footed. {Gralle.

the same time, that it would be unfair to conceal

Grallæ. the writer from whom our great countryman took

. the original bint of forming that system, which has

Divis. II. VIII. Pinnated feet.

| Anseres. proved the foundation of all that have been com

Grallæ. posed since that period.

Anseres. Belon of Mans, a Frenchman, who first attempted to range birds according to their natures,

Division I. published a work on ornithology in 1555. His arrangement of rapacious birds is as judicious as

ORDER I.-RaPACIOUS. that of the latest writers. His second chapter

1. Vulture.

Vultur. treats of vultures, falcons, shrikes, and owls ; in 2. Falcon.

Falco. the two next he passes over to the web-footed 3. Owl.

Strix. water fowls, and to the cloven-footed; in the fifth he includes the gallinaceous and struthious,

Ordek II.- Pres. but mixes with them the plovers, buntings, and 4. Shrike.

Lanius. larks; in the sixth are the pies, pigeons, and 5. Parrot.

Psittacus. thrushes; and the seventh takes in the rest of the 6. Toucan.

Ram phastos. passerine order.

7. Motmot.

Ramphastos. Ray, and his illustrious pupil Francis Wil 8. Hornbill.

Buceros. loughby, assumed the same plan; but formed the 9. Beefeater.

Buphaga. great division of the terrestrial and aquatic birds ; 10. Ani.

Crotophaga. they made every species occupy their proper 11. Wattle. place, consulting at once exterior form and na 12. Crow.

Corvus. tural habit.

13. Roller.

Coracias. The subjoined scheme of arrangement, by Mr. 14. Oriole.

Oriolus. Pennant, is introduced with the following obser- 15. Grakle.

Gracula. vations :-Mr. Ray's general plan is so judi-, 16. Paradise. Paridisæa. cious that to me it seems scarcely possible to 17. Curucui.

Trogon. make any change in it for the better; yet, not- 18. Barbet.

Bucco. withstanding he was in a manner the founder of 19. Cuckoo.

Cuculus. systematic zoology, later discoveries have made 20. Wryneck

Junx. a few improvements on his labors. My candid 21. Woodpecker. Picus. 'friend Linné did not take it amiss, that I, in part, 22. Jacamar.

Alcedo. neglected his example; for I permit the land fowl 23. Kingsfisher. Alcedo. to follow one another, undivided by the water- 24. Nuthatch.

Sitta. fowl, the Grallæ, and anseres of his system; but, 25. Tody.

Todus. in my generical arrangement, I most punctually 26. Bee-eater. Merops attend to the order he has given in his several 27. Hoopoe.

Upupa. divisions, except in those of his anseres and a 28. Creeper.

Certhia. few of his grallæ. For, after the manner of Mr. 29. Honeysucker. Trochilus. Brisson, I make a distinct order of water-fowl

ORDER III.-GALLINACEOUS. with pinnated feet, placing them between the waders or cloven-footed water fowl and the web- 30. Cock.

Phasianus. footed. The ostrich, and land birds with wings 31. Turkey.

Meleagris. useless for flight, I place as a distinct order. 32. Pintado.

Numida.

Crax. The trumpeter (psophia Linnæi), and the bus- 33. Curasso.

Pavo. tards, I place at the end of the gallinaceous tribė; 34. Peacock. the last granivorous, swift runners, avoiders of 35. Pheasant.

Phasianus. wet places; and both have bills somewhat 36. Grous.

Tetrao. arched. It must be confessed that both have 37. Partridge.

Tetrao. legs naked above the knees, and the last, like the 38. Trumpeter. Psophia. waders, lay but few eggs. They seem ambigu- 39. Bustard.

Otis. ous birds, that have affinity with each order; and

ORDER IV.-COLUMBINE. it is hoped that each naturalist may be indulged the toleration of placing them as suits his own 40. Pigeon.

Columba. opinion.'

ORDER V.-PASSERINE. Table of Pennant's Arrangement, with the cor

41. Stare.

Sturnus. respondent Orders and Genera in the Systema

42. Thrush.

Turdus. Naturæ of Linné.

43. Chatterer.

Ampelis.
Division 1.-LAND BIRDS. Division II. 44. Coly.

Loxia.
Water Fowl.

45. Grosbeak.

Loxia.
Order I. Rapacious. Accipitres Lin. 46. Bunting.

Emberiza.
II. Pies. Picæ.

47. Tanager.

Tanagra.
III. Gallinaceous. Gallinæ.

48. Finch.

Fringilla. Divis. I. IV. Columbine. Passeres. 49. Flycatcher. Muscicapa. V. Passerine. Passeres.

50. Lark.

Alauda.
51. Wagtail.

Motacilla.
Gralla, 52. Warbler.

Motacilla.

VI. Struthious. Gallinæ.

53. Manakin.
Pipra.

Ind. Orn.

Syn. of birds.
54. Titmouse.
Parus.

AVIUM GENERA. GENERA Of Birds.
55. Swallow.
Hirundo.

Div. I.

Div. I.
56. Goatsucker. Caprimulgus.

AVES TERRESTRES. Land Birds.
ORDER VI.-STRUTHIOUS.

Ordo I.—ACCIPITRES. ORDER 1.-RAPACIOUS.
57. Dodo.
Didus.

1. Vultur.

Vulture.
58. Ostrich.
Struthio.

2. Falco.

Falcon.
Division II.

3. Strix.

Owl.
Order VII.-Cloven-FOOTED, or WADERS.

ORDER II.-Picæ. OPDER II.- Pies.
Platalea.

4. Lanius.
59. Spoonbill.

Shrike.
60. Screamer.
Palamedea.

5. Psittacus.

Parrot.
61. Jabiru.
Mycteria.

6. Ramphastos. Toucan.

7. Momotus.
62. Boatbill.

Motmot.
Cancroma.
63. Heron.
Ardea.

8. Scythrops.
64. Umbre.
Scopus. Briss.

9. Buceros.

Hornbill.
65. Ibis.
Tantalus.

10. Buphaga.

Beefeater.
66. Curlew.

Ani.
Scolopax.

11. Crotophaga.
67. Snipe.
Scolopax.

12. Callæas.

Wattle-bird.
68. Sandpiper. Tringa.

13. Corvus.

Crow.
69. Plover.
Charadrius.

14. Coracias.

Roller.
15. Oriolus.

Oriole.
70. Oystercatcher. Hæmatopus.
71. Jacana.
Parra.

16. Gracula.

Grakle.
72. Pratincole.
Hirundo.

17. Paradisæa.

Paradise-bird.
73. Rail.
Rallus.

18. Trogon.

Curucui,
74. Sheathbill.

19. Bucco.

Barbet.
75. Gallinule.
Fulica.

20. Cuculus.

Cuckoo.
21. Yurx.

Wryneck.
ORDER VIII.-PINNATED Feet.

22. Picus.

Woodpecker.
76. Phalarope. Tringa.

23. Galbula.

Jacamar.
77. Coot.
Fulica.

24. Alcedo.

Kingsfisher.
78. Grebe.
Colymbus.

25. Sitta.

Nuthatch.
Order IX.-Web-FOOTED.

26. Todus.

Tody.
27. Merops.

Bee-eater.
79. Avosetta.
Recurvirostra.

28. Upupa.

Hoopoe.
80. Courier.
Currira. Briss.

29. Certhia.
81. Flammant.
Phænicopterus.

Creeper.

30. Trochilus.
82. Albatross.
Diomedia.

Humming-bird.
83. Auk.
Alca.

Ordo III.-PASSERES, ORD. III.- PASSERISE
84. Guillemot. Colymbus.

31, Sturnus.

Starling.
85. Diver.
Colymbus.

32. Turdus.

Thrush.
86. Skimmer.
Rhyncops.

33. Ampelis.

Chatterer.
87. Tern.
Sterna.

34. Colius.

Coly.
88. Gull.
Larus.

35. Loxia.

Grosbeak.
89. Petrel.
Procellaria.

36. Emberiza.

Bunting.
90. Merganser. Mergus

37. Tanagra. Tanager.
91. Duck.
Anas.

38. Fringilla.

Finch.
92. Penguin.

39. Phytotoma.
Phaeton.

40. Muscicapa. Fly-catcher.
93. Pelican,
Pelicanus.

41. Alauda.

Lark.
94. Tropic.
Phaeton,

42. Motacilla.

Wagtail.
95. Darter.
Plotus.

43. Sylvia.

Warbler.
44. Pipra.

Manakin.
TABLE OF THE ORDERS AND GENERA IN THE 45. Parus.

Titmouse.
INDEX ORNITHOLOGICUS, AND GENERAL SY- 46. Hirundo.

Swallow.
NOPSIS OF Birds, PUBLISHED BY LATHAM. 47. Caprimulgus. Goatsucker.
Ind. Orn.
Syn. of birds.

Orno IV.

ORDER IV.
Avium ORDINES. ORDERS OF BIRDS.

ColumBE.

COLUMBINE
Div. I.

Div. I.
48. Columba.

Pigeon.
I. Accipitres. Rapacious.

ORDO V.

ORDER V.
II. Picæ.
Pies.

GALLINÆ.

GALLINACEOUS
III. Passeres. Passerine.

49. Pavo.

Peacock.
IV. Columbæ. Columbine.

50. Meleagris. Turkey.
V. Gallinæ.
Gallinaceous.

51. Penelope.
VI. Struthiones. Struthious.

52. Numida.

Pintado.
Div. II.

Div. II.
53. Crax.

Curasso.
VII, Grallæ.
Waders.

54. Phasianus.

Pheasant.
VIII. Pinnatipedes. Pinnated feet.

55. Tinamus.

Tinamon.
IX. Palmipedes. Wed-footed.

56. Tetrao.

Grouse.

{ Pigmedia

.

See Ornithology/Page 34

PLATEN.

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