History of the United States of America During the Administrations of James Madison

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Library of America, 1986 - 1436 páginas
This monumental work, the second of two Library of America volumes, culminated Henry Adams's lifelong fascination with the American past. Writing at the height of his powers, Adams understood the true subject as the consolidation of the American nation and character, and his treatment has never been surpassed.

Covering the eight years spanning the presidency of James Madison, this volume chronicles "Mr. Madison's War"--the most bungled war in American history. The President and Congress delay while the United States is bullied and insulted by both England and France; then they plunge the country into the War of 1812 without providing the troops, monies, or fleets to wage it. The incompetence of the commanders leads to a series of disasters--including the burning of the White House and Capitol while Madison and his cabinet, fleeing from an invading army, watch from the nearby hills of Maryland and Virginia.

The war has its heroes, too: William Henry Harrison at Tippecanoe and Andrew Jackson at New Orleans, Commodores Perry and Decatur and the officers and crew of the Constitution. As Adams tells it, though, disgrace, is averted by other means: the ineptitude of the British, the skill of the American artillerymen and privateers, and the diplomatic brilliance of Albert Gallatin and John Quincy Adams, who negotiated the peace treaty at Ghent. The history, full of reversals and paradoxes, ends with the largest irony of all: the United States, the apparent loser of the war, emerges as a great new world power destined to eclipse its European rivals.

LIBRARY OF AMERICA is an independent nonprofit cultural organization founded in 1979 to preserve our nation's literary heritage by publishing, and keeping permanently in print, America's best and most significant writing. The Library of America series includes more than 300 volumes to date, authoritative editions that average 1,000 pages in length, feature cloth covers, sewn bindings, and ribbon markers, and are printed on premium acid-free paper that will last for centuries.
 

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Índice

SUBSIDENCE OF FACTION
9
ALIENATION FROM FRANCE
21
CANNINGs CONCESSIONS
33
ERSKINEs ARRANGEMENT
51
DISAvowAL OF ERSKINE
65
FRANCIS JAMEs JACKSON
79
NAPOLEONs TRIUMPH
96
EXECUTIVE WEAKNESS
111
WAR LEGISLATION
598
The Second Administration of James Madison
615
ENGLAND ANGRY
623
RUSSIAN MEDIATION
638
THE EXTRA SESSION OF 1813
653
THE RIVER RAISIN
669
PROCTOR AND PERRY
688
THE BATTLE OF THE THAMES
707

LEGISLATIVE IMPOTENCE
127
INCAPACITY OF GOVERNMENT I4I
143
THE DECREE OF RAMBOUILLET
167
CADOREs LETTER OF AUGUST 5
171
THE MARQUESS WELLESLEY
185
GOVERNMENT BY PROCLAMATION
205
THE FLORIDAS AND THE BANK
223
CONTRACT witH FRANCE
235
DISMISSAL OF ROBERT SMITH
249
NAPOLEONs DELAYS
264
RUSSIA AND SwedEN
281
PINKNEYs INAMICABLE LEAVE
297
THE LITTLE BELT
313
MADISON TRIUMPHANT
327
HARRISON AND TECUMTHE
342
TIPPECANOE
359
MEETING OF THE Twelfth Congress
374
WAR DEBATES
387
WAR LEGISLATION 4OI IX MADISON As MINERVA
417
HESITATIONs 4 32
433
JoEL BARLow
444
REPEAL OF THE ORDERS IN COUNCIL
478
INVASION OF CANADA 4 92
493
SEAT OF WAR ABOUT LAKE ERIE
498
HULLs SURRENDER
511
DETROIT RIVER
512
THE NIAGARA CAMPAIGN
528
STRAITS OF NIAGARA FROM LAKE ERIE
530
NAVAL BATTLES
551
DISCORD
566
EXECUTIVE EMBARRASSMENTS
582
DEARBORNs CAMPAIGN
718
EAST END OF LAKE ONTARIO
734
RIVER ST LAwRENCE FROM WILLIAMSBURG TO MONTREAL
742
WILKINSONS CAMPAIGN 74 O IX MOBILE AND FORT MIMS
764
SEAT OF WAR AMONG THE CREEKs
772
CAMPAIGNS AMONG THE CREEKS
782
THE BLOCKADE
802
ATTACK ON CRANEY ISLAND
809
CHESAPEAKE AND ARGUS
818
PRIVATEERING
834
RUSSIA AND ENGLAND
854
THE LAST EMBARGO
871
MONROE AND ARMSTRONG
889
MASSACHUSETTS DECIDES
907
CHIPPAWA AND LUNDYs LANE
923
BATTLE OF CHIPPAwa
934
BATTLE OF LUNDYs LANE AT SUNSET 942
948
ForT ERIE
955
PLATTSBURG
972
NAVAL BATTLE AT PLATTSBURG
983
BLADENSBURG
993
CAMPAIGN OF WASHINGTON AND BALTIMORE
994
BATTLE OF BLADENSBURG IOOS
1124
ATTACK ON FORT Bowy ER II35
1171
CAPTURE OF FORT BOWYER II82
1183
Index I347
1351
Chronology I419
1419
Note on the Texts I426
1426
Notes I434
1434
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Sobre el autor (1986)

Born in 1838 into one of the oldest and most distinguished families in Boston, a family which had produced two American presidents, Henry Adams had the opportunity to pursue a wide-ranging variety of intellectual interests during the course of his life. Functioning both in the world of practical men and afffairs (as a journalist and an assistant to his father, who was an American diplomat in Washinton and London), and in the world of ideas (as a prolific writer, the editor of the prestigious North American Review, and a professor of medieval, european, and American history at Harvard), Adams was one of the few men of his era who attempted to understand art, thought, culture, and history as one complex force field of interacting energies. His two masterworks in this dazzling effort are Mont Saint Michel and Chartres and The Education of Henry Adams, published one after the other in 1904 and 1907. Taken together they may be read as Adams' spiritual autobiography--two monumental volumes in which he attempts to bring together into a vast synthesis all of his knowledge of politics, economics, psychology, science, philosophy, art, and literature in order to attempt to understand the individual's place in history and society. They constitute one of the greatest historical and philosophical meditations on the human condition in all of literature.